A. J. Muste The Reverend Abraham Johannes "A.J." Muste (1885–1967) was a Dutch-born American clergyman and political activist.
A. Philip Randolph Asa Philip Randolph (April 15, 1889 – May 16, 1979) was a leader in the African-American civil-rights movement, the American labor movement and socialist political parties.
Aaron Henry Aaron Henry (July 2, 1922 – May 19, 1997) was an American civil rights leader, politician, and head of the Mississippi branch of the NAACP. He was one of the founders of the Mississippi Freedom ...
Abbie Hoffman Abbot Howard "Abbie" Hoffman (November 30, 1936 – April 12, 1989) was a political and social activist who co-founded the Youth International Party ("Yippies").
Abraham Joshua Heschel Abraham Joshua Heschel (January 11, 1907 – December 23, 1972) was a Polish-born American rabbi and one of the leading Jewish theologians and Jewish philosophers of the 20th century.
Abraham Lincoln DeMond Reverend Abraham Lincoln DeMond (born 1867, Seneca, New York) was an advocate for African-American emancipation.
Abraham Osheroff Abraham Osheroff (October 24, 1915 – April 6, 2008) was an American social activist, carpenter, war veteran, documentary filmmaker, and lecturer.
Abraham Woods Abraham Lincoln Woods, Jr. was an American civil rights leader, who helped coordinate the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom and stood behind Martin Luther King, Jr. during his histor...
Adah Belle Thoms Adah Belle Samuels Thoms was an African American nurse who cofounded the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses, was acting director of the Lincoln School for Nurses, and fought for Afr...
Al Sharpton Alfred Charles "Al" Sharpton, Jr. (born October 3, 1954) is an American Baptist minister, civil rights activist, and television/radio talk show host.
Albert Raby Albert Anderson Raby was a teacher at Chicago's Hess Upper Grade Center who secured the support of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. to desegregate schools and housing in Chicago between 1965 and 1967.
Alexander Crummell Alexander Crummell (March 3, 1819 – September 10, 1898) was a pioneering African-American priest, professor and African nationalist.
Alexander D. Shimkin Alexander Demitri "Alex" Shimkin (October 11, 1944 - July 12, 1972) was an American war correspondent who was killed in Vietnam.
Alexander Manly Alexander (or Alex) Manly (1866–1944) was an African-American newspaper editor in North Carolina in the late 19th century and a descendant of North Carolina Gov.
Alexander Preston Shaw Alexander Preston Shaw was notable as an African-American pastor, editor, and bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church and the Methodist Church.
Alexander Walters Bishop Alexander Walters was an American clergyman and noted civil rights leader.
Alfred Daniel Williams King Alfred Daniel Williams King (July 30, 1930 – July 21, 1969), known as A. D. King, was the younger brother of Martin Luther King, Jr., the famed leader of the American civil-rights movement.
Allard K. Lowenstein Allard Kenneth Lowenstein (January 16, 1929 – March 14, 1980) was a liberal Democratic politician, a one-term congressman representing the 5th District in Nassau County, New York from 1969...
Almena Lomax Hallie Almena Lomax (née Davis) (July 23, 1915 – March 25, 2011) was an African American journalist and civil rights activist.
Alveda King Alveda Celeste King (born January 22, 1951) is an American Christian minister, conservative, pro-life activist, and author.
Amelia Boynton Robinson Amelia Platts Boynton Robinson (born August 18, 1911) was a leader of the American Civil Rights Movement in Selma, Alabama and a key figure in the 1965 march that became known as Bloody Sunday.
Amos Noë Freeman Amos Noë Freeman was an African-American abolitionist, Presbyterian minister and educator.
Amzie Moore Amzie Moore was an African-American civil rights leader, and entrepreneur in the Mississippi Delta.
Andrea Heinemann Simon Andrea Heinemann Simon was a community leader and the mother of award-winning singer, Carly Simon.
Andrew Goodman Andrew Goodman (November 23, 1943, – June 21, 1964) was one of three American civil rights activists murdered near Philadelphia, Mississippi, during Freedom Summer in 1964 by members of th...
Andrew W. Cooper Andrew W. Cooper (August 21, 1927 – January 28, 2002) was an African-American civil rights activist, businessman, and journalist.
Andrew Young Andrew Jackson Young (born March 12, 1932) is an American politician, diplomat, activist and pastor from Georgia.
Angela Davis Angela Yvonne Davis (born January 26, 1944) is an American political activist, scholar, and author.
Angelo Roppolo Angelo Roppolo (June 29, 1920 - July 2, 2012) was a bail bondsman and political consultant in Shreveport, Louisiana, who advised governors, judges, state and national legislators, and many local...
Ann Nixon Cooper Ann Louise Nixon Cooper (January 9, 1902 – December 21, 2009) was a centenarian mentioned in United States President-elect Barack Obama's November 2008 election speech as a representative ...
Anna Arnold Hedgeman Anna Arnold Hedgeman (July 5, 1899 - January 17, 1990) an African-American civil rights leader, politician, educator, and writer.
Anna Langford Anna Langford was an American politician and lawyer who served on the Chicago City Council in Chicago, Illinois.
Anne Braden Anne McCarty Braden (July 28, 1924 – March 6, 2006) was an American advocate of racial equality.
Anne Moody Anne Moody (born September 15, 1940) is an African-American author who has written about her experiences growing up poor and black in rural Mississippi, joining the Civil Rights Movement, and fi...
Archibald Carey, Jr. Archibald James Carey, Jr. (February 29, 1908 – April 21, 1981) was an American lawyer, judge, politician, diplomat and clergyman from the south side of Chicago.
Archibald Grimké Archibald Henry Grimké (August 17, 1849 – February 25, 1930) was an American lawyer, intellectual, journalist, diplomat and community leader in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
Arthur B. Spingarn Arthur Barnette Spingarn was an American leader in fight for civil rights for African Americans.
Arthur Fletcher Arthur Fletcher (December 22, 1924 in Phoenix, Arizona – July 12, 2005 in Washington DC) was an American government official, widely referred to as the "father of affirmative action" as he was ...
Arthur Waskow Arthur Ocean Waskow (born Arthur I. Waskow; 1933) is an American author, political activist, and rabbi associated with the Jewish Renewal movement.
Ashanti Alston Ashanti Alston Omowali is an anarchist activist, speaker, and writer, and former member of the Black Panther Party.
Ashton Jones Ashton Bryan Jones (1896–1979) was an American Quaker minister active from the 1930s to 1970s as an advocate of Civil Rights for African Americans in the United States.
Assata Shakur Assata Olugbala Shakur (born July 16, 1947), as JoAnne Deborah Byron, married name Chesimard is an African-American activist and escaped convict who was a membe...
Aurelia Browder Aurelia Shines Browder Coleman (January 29, 1919 – February 4, 1971) was an African-American civil rights activist in Montgomery, Alabama.
Autherine Lucy Autherine Juanita Lucy was the first black student to attend the University of Alabama, in 1956.
Avery Alexander Rev. Avery Caesar Alexander was a Louisiana civil rights leader and politician.
B. D. Amis B. D. Amis (Benjamin DeWayne Amis; 7 July 1896 – 9 June 1993) was an African American labor organizer and civil rights leader.
Balfour Brickner Balfour Brickner, a leading rabbi in the Reform Judaism movement, was rabbi emeritus of the Stephen Wise Free Synagogue in Manhattan when he passed away.
Barbara Henry Barbara Henry is an American teacher who refused to leave her teaching job when parents, students, and teachers decided to leave their elementary school to protest the desegregation of schools i...
Barbara Katz Rothman Barbara Katz Rothman, Ph.D. is Professor of Sociology at the City University of New York and the author of numerous books.
Barbara Rose Johns Barbara Rose Johns (1935–1991) was a young American civil rights hero who in 1951, at the age of 16, led a student strike for equal education at Moton High School in Farmville, Prince Edward Cou...
Bayard Rustin Bayard Rustin (March 17, 1912 – August 24, 1987) was an American leader in social movements for civil rights, socialism, pacifism and non-violence, and gay rights.
Belford Lawson, Jr. Belford Vance Lawson, Jr. (July 9, 1901 – February 23, 1985) was an American attorney and civil rights activist who made at least eight appearances before the U.S. Supreme Court.
Benjamin "Pap" Singleton Benjamin "Pap" Singleton (1809–1900) was an American activist and businessman best known for his role in establishing African-American settlements in Kansas.
Benjamin Hooks Benjamin Lawson Hooks (January 31, 1925 – April 15, 2010) was an American civil rights leader.
Benjamin J. Davis Benjamin J. "Ben" Davis (8 September 1903, Dawson, Georgia22 August 1964, New York, New York), was an African-American lawyer and communist who was elected to the city council of New York City, ...
Benjamin J. Davis, Jr. Benjamin Jefferson "Ben" Davis, Jr. (1903–1964), was an African-American lawyer and communist who was elected to the city council of New York City, representing Harlem, in 1943.
Bernard Lafayette Bernard Lafayette Jr. (born July 29, 1940 in Tampa, Florida) is a longtime civil rights activist and organizer, who was a leader in the 1960s Civil Rights Movement.
Bernard Segal Bernard G. Segal (June 11, 1907 – June 1, 1997) was an American lawyer known for his advocacy of the poor and his work in the civil rights movement.
Bernice Johnson Reagon Bernice Johnson Reagon (born October 4, 1942) is a singer, composer, scholar, and social activist, who founded the a cappella ensemble Sweet Honey in the Rock in 1973.
Big Six (civil rights) The Big Six refer to the prominent leaders of some of the civil rights organizations active during the height of the African-American Civil Rights Movement, who were instrumental in the organiza...
Bill Douglass William "Bill" Douglass (1923–December 19, 1994) was an American jazz drummer born in Sherman, Texas.
Billy McCormack (Louisiana pastor) Billy Ervin McCormack (August 4, 1928 - May 31, 2012) was a Southern Baptist clergyman from Shreveport, Louisiana, active for more than sixty years in the ministry.
Black McCains The family known in the media as the "black McCains" are the living descendants of Isom McCain and Leddie McCain, African-American slaves owned in Teoc, Mississippi by William Alexander McCain, ...
Bob Avakian Bob Avakian (born on March 7, 1943) is Chairman of the Revolutionary Communist Party, USA (RCP), which he has led since its formation in 1975.
Bobby Seale Robert George "Bobby" Seale (born October 22, 1936) is an American political activist.
Brenda Cherry Brenda Cherry (born March 19, 1958), is an American Civil Rights Activist from Paris, Texas.
Burt Lancaster Burton Stephen "Burt" Lancaster (November 2, 1913October 20, 1994) was an American film actor noted for his athletic physique, blue eyes, and distinctive smile (which he called "Th...
C. Bette Wimbish C. Bette Wimbish; May 24, 1924November 30, 2009 was born in Perry, Florida to Tom and Ola Mae Davis.
C. Delores Tucker C. Delores Tucker (née Cynthia Delores Nottage) (October 4, 1927 – October 12, 2005) was an African-American politician and civil rights activist best known for her participation in ...
C. L. Franklin Clarence LaVaughn Franklin (often billed as Bishop C. L. Franklin, Reverend C.L. Franklin) (January 22, 1915 – July 27, 1984), was an African-American Baptist preacher, a civil right...
C. T. Vivian Cordy Tindell Vivian (born July 30, 1924) is a minister, author, and was a close friend and lieutenant of Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. during the American Civil Rights Movement.
Calvin O. Butts Calvin O. Butts, III (born 1949), is the Pastor of the Abyssinian Baptist Church in the City of New York, President of the State University of New York College at Old Westbury, and Chairman and ...
Candy Dawson Boyd Candy Dawson Boyd (born August 8, 1946) is an American writer, activist and educator.
Carl braden Carl Braden was born in New Albany, Indiana and died February 8, 1975 in Louisville, Kentucky.
Carl Braden Carl Braden (1914 - February 8, 1975) was born in New Albany, Indiana, and died in Louisville, Kentucky.
Carl Gershman Carl Gershman has been the President of the National Endowment for Democracy since its 1984 founding.
Carson Gulley Carson Gulley (Arkansas, 1897-1962) was head chef at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, Van Hise refectory from about 1927 to 1954.
Catherine Doherty Ekaterina Fyodorovna Kolyschkine de Hueck Doherty, better known as Catherine Doherty Servant of God (August 15, 1896 – December 14, 1985) was a Roman Catholic social worker and foundress ...
Cecil B. Moore Cecil Bassett Moore was a Philadelphia lawyer, civil rights activist who led the fight to integrate Girard College, president of the local NAACP, and member of Philadelphia's City Council.
Channing E. Phillips Channing Emery Phillips (March 23, 1928 - November 11, 1987) was an American minister, civil rights leader and social activist, who made history as the first African-American placed in nominat...
Charles Barron Charles Barron (born October 7, 1950) has represented Brooklyn's 42nd District on the New York City Council since 2001.
Charles Evers James Charles Evers (born September 11, 1922), the older brother of slain civil rights activist Medgar Evers, is a leading civil rights spokesman within the Republican Party in his native Miss...
Charles Hamilton Houston Charles Hamilton Houston (September 3, 1895 – April 22, 1950) was a prominent African-American lawyer, Dean of Howard University Law School, and NAACP Litigation Director who played a significan...
Charles Koen Charles Koen, also known as Chuck Koen, is a civil rights activist.
Charles Langford Charles Douglas Langford (December 9, 1922 – February 11, 2007) was an Alabama state senator who represented Rosa Parks in the famous civil rights case of the 1960s.
Charles Lenox Remond Charles Lenox Remond (1 February 1810 – 22 December 1873) was an American orator, abolitionist and military organizer during the American Civil War.
Charles Owen Rice Monsignor Charles Owen Rice (November 21, 1908 – November 13, 2005) was a Roman Catholic priest and an American labor activist.
Charles Richard Stith Ambassador Charles R. Stith (born 29 August 1949) is an African-American educator, author and politician.
Charles Sherrod Charles Sherrod (born 1937) was a key member and organizer of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) during the 1960s Civil Rights Movement.
Charles Steele, Jr. Charles Steele, Jr. is an American businessman, politician and civil rights leader.
Charles W. Cansler Charles Warner Cansler (May 15, 1871 – November 1, 1953) was an American educator, civil rights advocate, and author, active primarily in Knoxville, Tennessee, USA. A grandson of William ...
Charles William Carpenter Charles William Carpenter (1886-1971), was a notable 20th Century Baptist minister and Civil Rights activist.
Charlie Brady Hauser Dr. Charlie Brady Hauser (October 13, 1917 – November 11, 2007), eminent educator and legislator, was a Professor of Education at Winston-Salem State University in North Carolina for 21 years, a...
Charlotte Anita Whitney Charlotte Anita Whitney, best known as "Anita Whitney," was an American women's rights activist, political activist, suffragist, and early Communist Labor Party of America and Communist Party US...
Charlton Heston Charlton Heston (born John Charles Carter; October 4, 1923 – April 5, 2008) was an American actor and political activist.
Chester Wickwire Chester "Chet" L. Wickwire (December 11, 1913 – August 31, 2008) was chaplain emeritus of the Johns Hopkins University.
Chevene Bowers King Chevene Bowers "C.B." King (October 12, 1923 - March 15, 1988) was a pioneering African American attorney, civil rights leader, and politician in Georgia.
Clara Fraser Clara Fraser (March 12, 1923 – February 24, 1998) was a feminist and socialist political organizer, who co-founded and led the Freedom Socialist Party and Radical Women.
Clara Luper Clara Shepard Luper (born Clara Mae Shepard May 3, 1923 – June 8, 2011) was a civic leader, retired schoolteacher, and a pioneering leader in the American Civil Rights Movement.
Clarence M. Mitchell, Jr. Clarence M. Mitchell, Jr. was a civil rights activist and was the chief lobbyist for the NAACP for nearly 30 years.
Claude Black Claude William Black, Jr. (November 28, 1916 – March 13, 2009) was an American Baptist minister and political figure.
Claude Lightfoot Claude M. Lightfoot (1910–1991) was an African-American activist, politician, and author.
Claudette Colvin Claudette Colvin (born September 5, 1939) is a pioneer of the African-American civil rights movement.
Clay Smothers Claiborne Washington Smothers, I, known as Clay Smothers (April 1, 1935 – June 11, 2004), was an African-American member of the Texas House of Representatives from District 33-G in Dallas...
Clayborne Carson Clayborne Carson (born June 15, 1944) is an African-American professor of history at Stanford University, and director of the Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute.
Clennon Washington King, Jr. Clennon Washington King, Jr. (July 18, 1920 – February 12, 2000) was the first African-American man to run for the office of President of the United States, and whose attempts at civil rig...
Cleveland Sellers Cleveland Sellers, Jr. was born in 1944 in Denmark, South Carolina to Cleveland and Pauline Sellers.
Clifton DeBerry Clifton DeBerry (1924-2006) was an American communist and two-time candidate for President of the United States of the Socialist Workers Party.
Clyde Kennard Clyde Kennard (June 12, 1927July 4, 1963) was an American civil rights pioneer and martyr from Mississippi.
Colia Clark The 2012 United States Senate election in New York will take place on November 6, 2012 concurrently with the U.S. presidential election as well as other elections to the United States Senate and...
Conrad Lynn Conrad J. Lynn November 4.1908 – November 16, 1995) was an African American civil rights lawyer and activist known for providing legal representation for activists, including many unpopular defe...
Conrad Worrill Conrad Worrill (born August 15, 1941) is an African-American writer, educator, activist, and former talk show host for the WVON call-in program On Target.
Coretta Scott King Coretta Scott King (April 27, 1927January 30, 2006) was an American author, activist, and civil rights leader.
Cornel West Cornel Ronald West (born June 2, 1953) is an American philosopher, academic, activist, author, public intellectual, and prominent member of the Democratic Socialists of America.
Cyril Briggs Cyril Valentine Briggs was an African-Caribbean and African-American writer and communist political activist born in the West Indies.
Daisy Bates (civil rights activist) Daisy Lee Gatson Bates (November 11, 1914 – November 4, 1999) was an American civil rights activist, publisher, journalist, and lecturer who played a leading role in the Little Rock Integration ...
David Dellinger David T. Dellinger (August 22, 1915 – May 25, 2004) was an influential American radical, a pacifist and activist for nonviolent social change.
Denise Nicholas Denise Nicholas is an American actress and social activist who was involved in the American Civil Rights Movement.
Dexter Scott King Dexter Scott King (born January 30, 1961) is the second son of civil rights leaders Martin Luther King, Jr. and Coretta Scott King.
Diana Bajoie Diana E. Bajoie (born February 8, 1948) is the director of community relations for the LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans and a Democratic member of the New Orleans City Council.
Diane Nash Diane Judith Nash (born May 15, 1938) was a leader and strategist of the student wing of the 1960s Movement.
Dick Campbell (producer) Dick Campbell, born Cornelius Coleridge Campbell (June 27, 1903 – December 20, 1994), was a key figure in black theater during the Harlem Renaissance.
Dick Gregory Richard Claxton "Dick" Gregory (born October 12, 1932) is an American comedian, social activist, social critic, writer, and entrepreneur.
Donald Gaines Murray Donald Gaines Murray, Sr. was the first African-American to enter the University of Maryland School of Law since 1890 as a result of winning the landmark civil rights case Murray v. Pearson in 1935.
Donald L. Cox Donald Lee Cox (April 16, 1936 – February 19, 2011), known as Field Marshal DC, was an early member of the leadership of the African American revolutionary leftist organization the Black Panther...
Donald L. Hollowell Donald Lee Hollowell (1917–2004) was a civil rights attorney in the U.S. state of Georgia.
Doris Derby Dr. Doris Derby is a ten year veteran of the Civil Rights Movement, and was a working member of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).
Dorothy Cotton Dorothy Cotton (born 1930) was a leader of the 1960s African-American Civil Rights Movement and a member of the inner-circle of one of its main organizations, the Southern Christian Leadership C...
Dorothy Height Dorothy Irene Height (March 24, 1912 – April 20, 2010) was an American administrator, educator, and a Civil Rights and Women's Rights activist specifically focused on the issues of African...
Dorothy Kenyon Dorothy Kenyon (February 17, 1888 – February 12, 1972) was a New York lawyer, judge, feminist and political activist in support of civil liberties.
Dorothy Mae Richardson Dorothy Mae Richardson (1923?-April 28, 1991) was an African-American community activist who is credited with introducing a new model of community development in the late 1960s when she led a re...
Dorothy Tillman Dorothy J. Tillman (born May 12, 1947 in Montgomery, Alabama) is a former Chicago alderman in the 3rd Ward (map).
Dovey Johnson Roundtree Dovey Johnson Roundtree (born April 17, 1914) is an African-American civil rights activist, ordained minister, and attorney.
Dwight York Dwight York (born June 26, 1935, also reported as 1945), also known as Malachi Z. York, Issa Al Haadi Al Mahdi, et alii, is an American musician, writer, black supremacist, and ...
Earl G. Harrison Earl Grant Harrison (April 27, 1899 - July 28, 1955) was an American attorney, academician, and public servant.
Earl Shinhoster Earl T. Shinhoster was a Black civil rights activist in Savannah, Georgia.
Ed Blankenheim Edward Norval "Ed" Blankenheim (March 16, 1934 – September 26, 2004) was one of the original thirteen freedom riders who rode Greyhound buses in 1961 as part of the US civil rights movement, in ...
Ed Shaw Edward "Ed" Shaw was an American socialist and lifelong member of the Socialist Workers Party.
Ed Shaw (activist) Edward "Ed" Shaw (1923 – 1995) was an American socialist and lifelong member of the Socialist Workers Party.
Eddie Mae Steward Eddie Mae Steward was known for her civil rights activism in the state of Florida.
Edgar Nixon Edgar Daniel Nixon (July 12, 1899 – February 25, 1987) was an African-American civil rights leader and union organizer who played a crucial role in organizing the landmark Montgomery Bus Boycott...
Edmonson sisters Mary Edmonson and Emily Edmonson, "two respectable young women of light complexion", were African Americans who became celebrities in the United States abolitionist movement after gaining ...
Edmund J. Davis Edmund Jackson Davis (October 2, 1827February 7, 1883) was an American lawyer, soldier, and politician.
Edna Griffin Edna M. Griffin (1909–2000) was an American civil rights pioneer and human rights activist.
Elizabeth Jennings Graham Elizabeth Jennings Graham (1827– June 5, 1901), became a 19th-century African-American civil rights figure after she insisted on her right to ride on a New York City streetcar in 1854.
Elizabeth Tate Elizabeth Tate (June 22, 1906 – September 11, 1999) was a civil rights advocate during the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s that desegregated African-Americans across the Unit...
Ella Baker Ella Josephine Baker (December 13, 1903 – December 13, 1986) was an African-American civil rights and human rights activist beginning in the 1930s.
Emmitt Douglas Emmitt James Douglas (October 14, 1926 – March 25, 1981) was an African-American businessman from New Roads, Louisiana, who served as president of his state's National Association for the Advanc...
Enoch Douglas Davis Enoch Douglas Davis (1908—1985) was an American reverend, author and civil rights activist who spent the majority of his life in the town of St. Petersburg, Florida.
Ernest Nathan Morial Ernest Nathan Morial (known as Dutch) (October 9, 1929–December 24, 1989) was a U.S. political figure and a leading civil rights advocate.
Esau Jenkins Esau Jenkins (July 3, 1910 - October 1972) was the founder/overseer of Haut Gap Middle School in Charleston County School District.
Esther Rolle Esther Rolle (November 8, 1920 November 17, 1998) was an American actress.
Ethel Minor Ethel Minor (November 26, 1922 - June 25, 2012 in San Antonio, Texas) is a political figure and civil rights activist.
Eugene Callender Eugene S. Callender (January 21, 1926 – November 2, 2013) was an American pastor and civil rights activist.
Eugene Carson Blake Eugene Carson Blake (November 7, 1906 – July 31, 1985) was an American Presbyterian Church leader.
Evelyn G. Lowery Evelyn Gibson Lowery (February 16, 1925 – September 26, 2013) was an American civil rights activist and leader.
Ezell A. Blair, Jr. Jibreel Khazan, is an African American civil rights activist who was one of the Greensboro Four.
Fannie Lee Chaney Fannie Lee Chaney (September 4, 1921 – May 22, 2007) was an American baker turned civil rights activist after her son James Chaney was murdered by the Ku Klux Klan during the 1964 Freedom Summer...
Fannie Lou Hamer Fannie Lou Hamer (born Fannie Lou Townsend; October 6, 1917 – March 14, 1977) was an American voting rights activist and civil rights leader.
Fay Bellamy Powell Fay D. Bellamy Powell (May 1, 1938 – January 5, 2013) was an African-American civil rights activist.
Florence Kelley Florence Kelley (September 12, 1859 – February 17, 1932) was an American social and political reformer.
Florence Mars Florence Mars was a civil rights activist and author best known for her book Witness in Philadelphia about the murder of three civil rights activists in the U.S. state of Mississippi.
Florynce Kennedy Florynce Rae "Flo" Kennedy (February 11, 1916 – December 22, 2000), was an American lawyer, activist, civil rights advocate, and feminist.
Francis James Grimké Francis James Grimké (4 November 1852 – 11 October 1937) was a Presbyterian minister who was prominent in working for equal rights for African Americans.
Fred Evans (radical militant) Fred "Ahmed" Evans (1928 - 1978) was an American radical militant who helped plan and execute the Glenville Shootout, a serious of violent events which stretched from July 23—July 28, 1968.
Fred Gray (attorney) Fred David Gray (born December 14, 1930) is a civil rights attorney and activist who practices law in Alabama.
Fred Hampton, Jr. Fred Hampton, Jr. (born December 29, 1969) is an African-American political activist and the son of Fred Hampton, Sr. His father was a Black Panther who was killed by the Chicago Police in 1969.
Fred Phelps Fred Waldron Phelps, Sr. (born November 13, 1929) is an American pastor heading the Westboro Baptist Church (WBC), an independent Baptist church based in Topeka, Kansas.
Fred Shuttlesworth Frederick Lee "Freddie" Shuttlesworth (March 18, 1922 – October 5, 2011), born Frederick Lee Robinson, was a U.S. civil rights activist who led the fight against segregation and other form...
Frederick Douglass Frederick Douglass (born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, c. February 1818 – February 20, 1895) was an African-American social reformer, orator, writer and statesman.
Frederick J. Loudin Frederick Jeremiah Loudin (c.1836 - November 3, 1904) was the leader of the Loudin Jubilee Singers His commanding presence and ambitious personality caused him to emerge as an unofficial...
Frederick Vanderbilt Field Frederick Vanderbilt Field (April 13, 1905 – February 1, 2000) was an American leftist political activist and a great-great-grandson of railroad tycoon Cornelius "Commodore" Vanderbilt, disinher...
Furman L. Templeton Furman L. Templeton was a campaigner for African American civil rights in Baltimore, Maryland.
Gaye Adegbalola Gaye Adegbalola is an American blues singer and guitarist, teacher, lecturer, activist, and photographer.
Gaylon Alcaraz Gaylon Alcaraz (born October 26, 1970) is a community organizer and human rights activist in Chicago, Illinois.
George Bundy Smith George Bundy Smith (born 1937, New Orleans, Louisiana) is a retired judge in New York State.
George Frisbie Hoar George Frisbie Hoar (August 29, 1826September 30, 1904) was a prominent United States politician and United States Senator from Massachusetts.
George Houser George M. Houser (born June 2, 1916) is a Methodist minister, civil rights activist, and activist for the independence of African nations.
George Jackson (Black Panther) George Lester Jackson (September 23, 1941 – August 21, 1971) was an African-American left-wing activist, Marxist, author, a member of the Black Panther Party, and co-founder of the Black G...
George Middleton (1735-1815) George Middleton (1735 – April 6, 1815) was an African American Revolutionary War veteran, a Prince Hall Freemason, and a community civil rights activist in Massachusetts.
George Middleton (1735–1815) George Middleton (1735 – April 6, 1815) was an African American Revolutionary War veteran, a Prince Hall Freemason, and a community civil rights activist in Massachusetts.
George W. Gibbs, Jr. George Washington Gibbs, Jr. (November 7, 1916 – November 7, 2000), a sailor in the United States Navy, became the first African American to set foot on the continent of Antarctica on the ...
George Washington Williams George Washington Williams (October 16, 1849 – August 2, 1891) was an American Civil War veteran, minister, politician and historian.
Gilbert Jonas Gilbert Maurice Jonas, was an American businessman and long-time fundraiser for the NAACP.
Glen H. Taylor Glen Hearst Taylor (April 12, 1904 – April 28, 1984) was an American politician, businessman and United States Senator from Idaho.
Gloria Richardson Gloria St. Clair Hayes Richardson (born May 6, 1922) is best known as the leader of the Cambridge Movement, a civil rights struggle in Cambridge, Maryland in the early 1960s.
Grace Lee Boggs Grace Lee Boggs (born June 27, 1915) is an author, lifelong social activist and feminist.
Grace Lorch Grace Lonergan Lorch (ca. 1903-1974) was a teacher and civil rights activist best known for her work as a white escort for the Little Rock Nine.
Graham T. Perry Graham T. Perry was a prominent African-American attorney who served as assistant attorney general for the State of Illinois.
Gregory Tarver Gregory Williams Tarver, Sr., known as Greg Tarver, is an African American businessman and Democratic politician in Shreveport, Louisiana, who served on the Shreveport City Council from 19...
Gus Hall Gus Hall (born Arvo Kustaa Halberg; October 8, 1910 – October 13, 2000) was a leader and Chairman of the Communist Party USA (CPUSA) and its four-time U.S. presidential candidate.
H. K. Edgerton H. K. Edgerton is a black Southern heritage activist and former president of the NAACP's Asheville, North Carolina branch.
Hakim Jamal Hakim Abdullah Jamal (1931 – May 1, 1973) was the name adopted by African-American activist Allen Donaldson, who was a cousin of Malcolm X and later became an associate of Michael X. Jamal...
Hallie Quinn Brown Hallie Quinn Brown (March 10, 1849 – September 16, 1949) was an African-American educator, writer and activist.
Hamilton E. Holmes Hamilton E. Holmes (8 July 1941 – 26 October 1995) was an American orthopedic physician.
Harriette Moore Harriette Vyda Simms Moore was an African-American teacher and civil rights worker.
Harry Burns (activist) Harry V. Burns (November 11, 1922 – 2000) was an American civil rights leader from San Antonio, Texas.
Harry Haywood Harry Haywood (February 6, 1898 – 1985) was a leading figure in both the Communist Party of the United States (CPUSA) and the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU).
Harry Ring Harry Ring (1918 - April 18, 2007) was an American communist and a founding member of the Socialist Workers Party.
Harry T. Moore Harry Tyson Moore (November 18, 1905 – December 25, 1951) was an African-American teacher, founder of the first branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) ...
Henry Beard Delany Henry Beard Delany (February 5, 1858 – April 14, 1928) was the first black person elected Bishop of the Episcopal Church in the United States.
Henry Braden Henry English Braden, IV, known as Hank Braden (August 24, 1944 - July 15, 2013), was an African-American lawyer, lobbyist, and Democratic politician from his native New Orleans, Louisiana.
Henry Moskowitz Henry Moskowitz was a doctor of philosophy, a civil rights activist, and one of the co-founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
Henry Winston Henry M. Winston (2 April 191113 December 1986) was an African-American political leader and Marxist civil rights activist.
Herbert Aptheker Herbert Aptheker (July 31, 1915 – March 17, 2003) was an American Marxist historian and political activist.
Herbert Fielding Herbert Ulysses Fielding (born July 6, 1923 in Charleston, South Carolina) is an American politician who became the first African-Americans elected to the South Carolina General Assembly since t...
Herman H. Long Herman Hodge Long was an American college administrator and author of several pioneering studies dealing with race relations who served as president of his alma mater, Alabama's Talladega Colleg...
Homer A. Jack Homer A. Jack was an American Unitarian Universalist clergyman pacifist and social activist who helped found the Congress of Racial Equality and National Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy.
Homer Plessy Homer Adolph Plessy (March 17, 1862 – March 1, 1925) was the American Creole plaintiff in the United States Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson.
Hosea Hudson Hosea Hudson was an African-American labor leader in the Southern United States.
Hosea Williams Hosea Lorenzo Williams (January 5, 1926 – November 16, 2000) was a United States civil rights leader, ordained minister, businessman, philanthropist, scientist, and politician.
Howard Zinn Howard Zinn (August 24, 1922January 27, 2010) was an American historian, author, playwright, and social activist.
Hubert Harrison Hubert Henry Harrison (April 27, 1883 – December 17, 1927) was a West Indian-American writer, orator, educator, critic, and radical socialist political activist based in Harlem, New York.
Huey P. Newton Huey Percy Newton (February 17, 1942 – August 22, 1989) was an African-American political and urban activist who, along with Bobby Seale, co-founded the Black Panther Party in 1966.
Hunter Pitts O'Dell Jack O'Dell (aka Hunter Pitts O'Dell), born August 11, 1923, is a prominent African-American member of the American Civil Rights movement.
Ice-T Tracy Lauren Marrow (born February 16, 1958), better known by his stage name Ice-T, is an American rapper, singer and actor.
Ida B. Kinney Ida B. Kinney (born May 25, 1904), née Ida Ford, was an African American civil rights activist.
Ida B. Wells Ida Bell Wells-Barnett (July 16, 1862 – March 25, 1931) was an African-American journalist, newspaper editor, suffragist, sociologist and, with her husband, newspaper owner Ferdinand L. Barnett,...
Inez Baskin Inez J. Baskin was an American journalist and civil rights supporter who covered the Civil Rights Movement and the Montgomery Bus Boycott for African American readers and publications.
Ira B. Harkey Jr. Ira B. Harkey Jr. (January 15, 1918 – October 8, 2006) was an author of books, professor of journalism, and editor and publisher of the Pascagoula, Mississippi Chronicle-Star from 1951...
Irene Morgan Irene Morgan (April 9, 1917 – August 10, 2007), later known as Irene Morgan Kirkaldy, was an African-American woman who was arrested in Middlesex County, Virginia, in 1944 for refusing to ...
J. D. DeBlieux Joseph Davis DeBlieux, known as J.D. DeBlieux, was a Democratic member of the Louisiana State Senate who represented East Baton Rouge Parish from 1956 to 1960 and again from 1964 to 1976.
J. Quinn Brisben John Quinn Brisben was the Socialist Party USA candidate for President of the United States in the 1992 U.S. presidential election.
J. Whyatt Mondesire J. Whyatt Mondesire (born October 10, 1949) was a reporter at The Philadelphia Inquirer during the early career.
Jackie Robinson Jack Roosevelt "Jackie" Robinson (January 31, 1919 – October 24, 1972) was an American baseball player who became the first African American to play in Major League Baseball (ML...
James Bevel James Luther Bevel (October 19, 1936 – December 19, 2008) was a leader of the 1960s Civil Rights Movement who, as the Director of Direct Action and Director of Nonviolent Education of the Southe...
James Chaney James Earl "J.E." Chaney (May 30, 1943 – June 21, 1964), from Meridian, Mississippi, was one of three American civil rights workers who were murdered during Freedom Summer by members of the Ku ...
James Compton James W. Compton (born April 7, 1939 in Aurora, Illinois), was president and CEO of the Chicago Urban League from 1978–2006.
James Forman James Forman (October 4, 1928 – January 10, 2005) was an American Civil Rights leader active in the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, the Black Panther Party, and the International Bla...
James Forten James Forten (September 2, 1766 – March 4, 1842) was an African-American abolitionist and wealthy businessman.
James H. Robinson (clergyman) Reverend Dr. James H. Robinson was an African-American clergyman who founded the cross-cultural exchange program Operation Crossroads Africa.
James Herman Robinson James Herman Robinson (January 24, 1907 – November 6, 1972) was an American clergyman and humanitarian, best known as the founder of Operation Crossroads Africa (OCA), a cross-cultural exc...
James Hood James Alexander Hood (November 10, 1942 – January 17, 2013) was one of the first African Americans to enroll at the University of Alabama in 1963 and was made famous when Alabama Governor G...
James L. Farmer, Jr. James Leonard Farmer, Jr. (January 12, 1920 – July 9, 1999) was a civil rights activist and leader in the American Civil Rights Movement.
James Lawson James Morris Lawson, Jr. (born September 22, 1928) was a leading theoretician and tactician of nonviolence within the American Civil Rights Movement.
James Lawson (American activist) James Morris Lawson, Jr. (born September 22, 1928) was a leading theoretician and tactician of nonviolence within the American Civil Rights Movement.
James Nabrit James Madison Nabrit III was an African American civil rights attorney and ally of Thurgood Marshall who won several important decisions before the U.S. Supreme Court.
James Nabrit, Jr. James Madison Nabrit, Jr. was a prominent civil rights attorney who won several important arguments before the U.S. Supreme Court, served as president of Howard University for much of the 1960s,...
James Orange James Edward Orange was a pastor and a leading civil rights activist in the 1960s Civil Rights Movement in America.
James Peck (pacifist) James Peck (December 19, 1914July 12, 1993) was an American activist who practiced nonviolent resistance during World War II and in the Civil Rights movement.
James R. Lawson James R. Lawson (1918 - 9 July 1985) was an African-American activist who founded the United African Nationalist Movement, an anti-imperialist lobbying group based in Harlem, advocating freedom ...
James Reeb James Reeb (January 1, 1927 – March 11, 1965) was an American Unitarian Universalist minister from Boston, Massachusetts, and a pastor and civil rights activist in Washington, D.C. While m...
James W. Ford James W. "Jim" Ford was the Vice-Presidential candidate for the Communist Party USA in 1932, 1936, and 1940.
James W. Holley, III James W. Holley, III (November 24, 1926 – October 5, 2012) was an American politician and dental surgeon.
James Weldon Johnson James Weldon Johnson (June 17, 1871June 26, 1938) was an American author, educator, lawyer, diplomat, songwriter, and early civil rights activist.
Jane Fonda Jane Fonda (born Lady Jayne Seymour Fonda; December 21, 1937) is an American actress, writer, political activist, former fashion model, and fitness guru.
Jared Ball Jared A. Ball is an associate professor of communication studies at Morgan State University in Baltimore in the U.S. state of Maryland.
Jarvis Tyner Jarvis Tyner is an American activist and the current Executive Vice Chair of the Communist Party USA. He is a resident of Manhattan, New York City.
Jean Seberg Jean Dorothy Seberg (November 13, 1938August 30, 1979) was an American actress.
Jerry Harkness Jerald B. "Jerry" Harkness (born May 7, 1940) is an American former basketball player.
Jesse Hill Jr. Jesse Hill, Jr. (May 30, 1926 – December 17, 2012) was a civil rights leader, business executive, and actuary.
Jesse Jackson Jesse Louis Jackson, Sr. (born Jesse Louis Burns; October 8, 1941) is an American civil rights activist and Baptist minister.
Jesse N. Stone Jesse Nealand Stone, Jr. (June 17, 1924–May 14, 2001), was an African-American attorney and educator from Shreveport, Louisiana, who broke past color barriers in state government.
Jim Jones James Warren "Jim" Jones (May 13, 1931 – November 18, 1978) was the founder and the leader of the Peoples Temple, best known for the cult murder/suicide in 1978 of 909 of its me...
Jo Ann Robinson Jo Ann Gibson Robinson (April 17, 1912 – August 29, 1992) was a civil rights activist and educator in Montgomery, Alabama.
Joe Cornelius, Sr. Joseph Burgess Cornelius, Sr., known as Joe Cornelius, Sr. (born September 1942), is a businessman and community organizer in Minden, Louisiana, who is a former interim mayor of his city, ...
Joe Madison Joe Madison, alternatively known as "The Black Eagle" or "Madison", is an American radio talk-show host and activist.
Joel Augustus Rogers Joel Augustus Rogers (September 6, 1880 – March 26, 1966) was a Jamaican-American author, journalist, and historian who contributed to the history of Africa and the African diaspora, especially ...
John Aubrey Davis, Sr. Dr. John Aubrey Davis, Sr. was an African-American political science professor and American Civil Rights activist who served as the head academic researcher on the historic Brown v. Board of Edu...
John Beecher John Beecher (January 22, 1904May 11, 1980) was an activist poet, writer, and journalist who wrote about the Southern United States during the Great Depression and the American Civil Rights Movement.
John Conyers John James Conyers, Jr. (born May 16, 1929) is the U.S. Representative for Michigan's 13, serving in Congress since 1965 (the district was numbered as the 1st District until 1993, and as the 14...
John Cross, Jr. John H. Cross, Jr. was an American pastor and Civil Rights activist.
John Dunjee John William Dunjee was an American missionary, educator, Baptist minister, and founder of Baptist churches across the United States.
John Eaton (General) John Eaton, Jr. was a U.S. Commissioner of Education and a brevet brigadier general during the American Civil War.
John Eaton (general) John Eaton, Jr. (December 5, 1829 – February 9, 1906) was a U.S. Commissioner of Education and a brevet brigadier general during the American Civil War.
John Joseph Egan Monsignor John Joseph Egan (9 October 1916 – 19 May 2001) was an American Roman Catholic priest and social activist.
John L. Cashin, Jr. John Logan Cashin, Jr. was an American dentist, civil rights campaigner, and politician.
John L. LeFlore John L. LeFlore was a civil rights leader and politician in Mobile, Alabama.
John M. Clayton (Arkansas) John Middleton Clayton (October 13, 1840 – January 29, 1889) was a Republican Congressman-elect in post-Civil War Arkansas.
John P. Davis John Preston Davis (January 19, 1905 - September 11, 1973) was an American lawyer and activist intellectual became prominent for his work with the Joint Committee on National Recovery and the fo...
John R. Lynch John Roy Lynch (September 10, 1847 – November 2, 1939) was an American politician, attorney, writer and military officer, who was elected as the first African-American Speaker of the Missi...
Johnnie Carr Johnnie Rebecca Daniels Carr (January 26, 1911 – February 22, 2008) was a leader in the Civil Rights movement in the United States from 1955 until her death.
Johnny Lee Clary Johnny Lee Clary (born June 18, 1959) is a former Ku Klux Klan leader who became a Pentecostal Christian and now travels around the globe preaching the gospel and teaching against racism and hat...
Jonathan Daniels Jonathan Myrick Daniels (March 20, 1939 – August 20, 1965) was an Episcopal seminarian, killed for his work in the American civil rights movement.
Jonathan Kozol Jonathan Kozol (born September 5, 1936) is a non-fiction writer, educator, and activist, best known for his books on public education in the United States.
Joseph DeLaine Reverend Joseph Armstrong DeLaine (1898-1974) was a Methodist minister & civil rights leader from Clarendon County, South Carolina.
Joseph E. Boone Rev. Joseph Everhard Boone was a civil rights activist and organizer who marched together with Martin Luther King Jr.
Joseph Lowery Joseph Echols Lowery (born October 6, 1921) is a minister in the United Methodist Church and leader in the American civil rights movement.
Joseph Raya Joseph Raya (August 15, 1916 – June 10, 2005), born in Zahlé, Lebanon, was a prominent Melkite Greek Catholic archbishop, theologian, civil rights advocate and author.
Joseph Robert Booker Joseph Robert Booker (or J.R. Booker) was an African-American rights leader born in Helena, Arkansas on September 19, 1893.
Josephine Baker Josephine Baker (June 3, 1906 – April 12, 1975) was an American-born French dancer, singer, and actress who came to be known in various circles as the "Black Pearl," "Bronze Venus" and even the ...
Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin (August 31, 1842 – March 13, 1924) was an African-American publisher, journalist, civil rights leader, suffragist, and editor of Women’s Era, the first newspaper ...
Josephine Turpin Washington Josephine Turpin Washington (July 31, 1861 – March 17, 1949) was a noted African-American writer and teacher.
Juanita Craft Juanita Craft (b. Juanita Jewel Shanks February 9, 1902-August 6, 1985) was an American civil rights pioneer and member of the Dallas City Council in Texas.
Juanita Jackson Mitchell Juanita Jackson Mitchell (January 2, 1913-July 7, 1992) was born in Hot Springs, Arkansas, and was the first African-American woman to practice law in Maryland.
Julian Bond Horace Julian Bond (born January 14, 1940), known as Julian Bond, is an American social activist and leader in the American civil rights movement, politician, professor, and writer.
Julius L. Chambers Julius LeVonne Chambers (October 6, 1936 – August 2, 2013) was an American lawyer, civil rights leader and educator.
K. Leroy Irvis K. Leroy Irvis (December 27, 1919 – March 16, 2006) was the first African American to serve as a speaker of the house in any state legislature in the United States since Reconstruction.
Kabaka Oba Michael Bailey, better known as Kabaka Oba (February 9, 1958April 15, 2006), was an American civil rights activist and public transportation worker who was fatally shot outside of the city...
Kalonji Jama Changa Kalonji Jama Changa (born Nigel Brown on December 5, 1970) is an American community activist, lecturer, journalist and filmmaker, voted one of Departure Magazines Leaders of the New School ...
Kate Brown (activist) Katherine "Kate" Brown was an employee of the United States Senate and African American civil rights activist.
Kelly Miller Smith Kelly Miller Smith, Sr. (October 28, 1920 – June 3, 1984) was a Baptist preacher, author, and prominent activist in the American Civil Rights Movement.
Kenneth and Mamie Clark Kenneth Bancroft Clark (July 24, 1914 – May 1, 2005) and Mamie Phipps Clark (April 18, 1917 – August 11, 1983) were African-American psychologists who as a married team conducted important...
Khalid Abdul Muhammad Khalid Abdul Muhammad (born Harold Moore Jr.; January 12, 1948 – February 17, 2001) was an African-American activist who came to prominence as the National Assistant to Louis Farrakhan of ...
Lamar Smith (activist) Lamar Smith was a U.S. civil rights figure, black farmer, World War I veteran and an organizer of black voter registration.
Larry Platt "General" Larry Platt is an American civil and political rights activist and rapper who gained fame with his performance of "Pants on the Ground" on the ninth season of American Idol.
Lee Lorch Lee Lorch is a mathematician and was an early civil rights activist, who is Professor Emeritus of Mathematics at York University in Toronto, Canada.
Lemuel Haynes Lemuel Haynes was an influential African American religious leader who argued against slavery.
Lena Horne Lena Mary Calhoun Horne (June 30, 1917 – May 9, 2010) was an African American singer, actress, civil rights activist and dancer.
Lenni Brenner Lenni Brenner (born 1937) is an American Marxist Trotskyist writer.
Leo Terrell Leo James Terrell (born February 1, 1955) is an American civil rights attorney and talk radio host based in Los Angeles, California.
Leon Sullivan Leon Howard Sullivan (October 16, 1922 - April 24, 2001) was a Baptist minister, a civil rights leader and social activist focusing on the creation of job training opportunities for African Amer...
Lester Rodney Lester Rodney (April 17, 1911 – December 20, 2009) was an American journalist who helped break down the color barrier in baseball as sports writer for the Daily Worker.
Lillian Smith (author) Lillian Eugenia Smith (December 12, 1897 – September 28, 1966) was a writer and social critic of the Southern United States, known best for her best-selling novel Strange Fruit (1944).
Lillie Mae Carroll Jackson Lillie May Carroll Jackson (May 25, 1889 Baltimore, Maryland – July 5, 1975 Baltimore, Maryland), pioneer civil rights activist, organizer of the Baltimore Branch of the NAACP.
Lincoln Ragsdale Lincoln Johnson Ragsdale, Sr. (July 27, 1926 – June 9, 1995) was an influential leader in the Phoenix-area African-American Civil Rights Movement.
Lois Mark Stalvey Lois Mark Stalvey (August 22, 1925 – December 7, 2004) was an American author, educator and civil rights activist.
Lola Hendricks Lola Mae Hendricks (née Haynes) (born December 1932) was corresponding secretary for Fred Shuttlesworth's Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights from 1956 to 1963.
Lorenzo Kom'boa Ervin Lorenzo Kom'boa Ervin (born 1947) is an American writer, activist, and black anarchist.
Louis Berry Louis Berry (October 9, 1914 - May 3, 1998) was the first African American permitted to practice law in his native formerly segregated city of Alexandria in Rapides Parish in Central Louisiana.
Louis Farrakhan Louis Farrakhan Muhammad, Sr. (born Louis Eugene Wolcott; May 11, 1933, and formerly known as Louis X) is the leader of the syncretic and mainly African-American religious movem...
Louis L. Redding Louis Lorenzo Redding (October 25, 1901 – September 28, 1998) was a prominent lawyer and civil rights advocate from Wilmington, Delaware.
Louis Westerfield Louis Westerfield (born 1949 in De Kalb, Mississippi - August 24, 1996) was a lawyer, law professor and served as the first African-American Dean of the University of Mississippi School of Law.
Louise Thompson Patterson Louise Alone Thompson Patterson (September 9, 1901 – August 27, 1999) was an American social activist and college professor.
Lyman T. Johnson Lyman Tefft Johnson was an American educator and influential role model for racial desegregation in Kentucky.
Lyndon B. Johnson Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908 – January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was the 36th President of the United States (1963–1969), a position he assumed after his se...
Lynn Wells Lynn Wells was a civil rights activist in Atlanta, Georgia during the 1960s and was a member of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), the Southern Student Organizing Committee (S...
Mabel Keaton Staupers Mabel Keaton Staupers (February 27, 1890 – November 29, 1989) was a pioneer in the American nursing profession.
Madaline A. Williams Madaline A. (Worthy) Williams (May 5, 1894 – December 14, 1968) was an American Democratic Party politician who was the first African-American woman elected to the New Jersey Legislature.
Madeline Wheeler Murphy Madeline Wheeler Murphy (October 24, 1922 – July 8, 2007) was a well known African-American community activist, civil rights champion, advocate for the poor, and panelist on the Baltimore ...
Maidie Norman Maidie Ruth Norman (October 16, 1912 – May 2, 1998) was an American stage, film and television actress and African-American literature and theater instructor.
Malcolm X MalcolmX (May19, 1925February21, 1965), born Malcolm Little and also known as El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (الحاجّ مالك الشباز), was an African-American Muslim minister and human rights ...
Malik Zulu Shabazz Malik Zulu Shabazz (born Paris Lewis; September 7, 1966)) is an American attorney and former National Chairman of the New Black Panther Party.
Manning Johnson Manning R. Johnson was the Communist candidate for U.S. Representative from New York 22nd District, 1935; he subsequently left the party, wrote Color, Communism, and Common sense, and wa...
Marian Wright Edelman Marian Wright Edelman (born June 6, 1939) is an American activist for the rights of children and against the Second Amendment.
Marie Foster Marie Foster was a leader in the Civil Rights Movement in the U.S. during the 1960s.
Marimba Ani Marimba Ani (born Dona Richards) is an anthropologist and African Studies scholar best known for her work Yurugu, a comprehensive critique of European thought and culture, and her coin...
Mario Marcel Salas Mario Marcel Salas. (born July 30, 1949 in San Antonio, Texas) is a civil rights leader, author and politician.
Mario Savio Mario Savio (December 8, 1942 – November 6, 1996) was an American political activist and a key member in the Berkeley Free Speech Movement.
Marion Barry Marion Shepilov Barry, Jr. (born March 6, 1936) is an American politician who served as the second elected Mayor of the District of Columbia from 1979 to 1991, and again as the fourth Mayor from...
Marjane Satrapi Marjane Satrapi (Persian: مرجان ساتراپی) (born 22 November 1969 in Rasht, Iran) is an Iranian-born French cartoonist, illustrator, film director, and children's book author.
Mark B. Cohen Mark B. Cohen (born June 4, 1949) is a Democratic politician from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Mark Comfort Mark Everett Comfort (Oklahoma, February 6, 1934 – Sprague River, Oregon, November 6, 1976) was a community activist who worked in early Oakland grassroots civil rights movements in the 1960s, b...
Marlon Riggs Marlon Troy Riggs (February 3, 1957 – April 5, 1994) was a gay African-American filmmaker, educator, poet, and gay rights activist.
Martha S. Lewis Martha S. Lewis (born February 24, 1924 in Kensett, Arkansas, died July 2, 2007 in Albany, New York) was an American government official and social worker.
Martin Luther King III Martin Luther King III (born October 23, 1957) is an American human rights advocate and community activist.
Martin Luther King, Jr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American clergyman, activist, humanitarian, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement.
Marvel Cooke Marvel Jackson Cooke was a pioneering American journalist, writer, and civil rights activist.
Marvin Gaye Marvin Gaye (April 2, 1939 – April 1, 1984), born Marvin Pentz Gay, Jr. was an American singer-songwriter and musician.
Mary Burnett Talbert Mary Burnett Talbert (September 17, 1866 – October 15, 1923) was an American orator, activist, suffragist and reformer.
Mary Church Terrell Mary Church Terrell, daughter of former slaves, was one of the first African-American women to earn a college degree.
Mary Fair Burks Mary Fair Burks was an American educator, scholar, and civil rights activist from Montgomery, Alabama.
Mary McLeod Bethune Mary Jane McLeod Bethune (July 10, 1875 – May 18, 1955) was an American educator and civil rights leader best known for starting a school for African-American students in Daytona Beach, Florida,...
Mary White Ovington Mary White Ovington (April 11, 1865 – July 15, 1951) was an American suffragist, Republican, journalist, and co-founder of the NAACP.
Maud Cuney Hare Maud Cuney Hare (née Cuney, 1874–1936) was an American pianist, musicologist, writer, and African-American activist in Boston, Massachusetts in the United States.
Maury Maverick, Jr. Maury Maverick, Jr. (January 3, 1921 – January 28, 2003) was an American lawyer, politician, activist, and columnist from the U.S. state of Texas.
Mavis Staples Mavis Staples (born July 10, 1939 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is an American rhythm and blues and gospel singer, actress and civil rights activist who recorded with The Staple Singers, her fa...
Max Yergan Max Yergan (July 19, 1892 in Raleigh, North Carolina – April 11, 1975) was an African-American activist notable for being a Baptist missionary for the YMCA, then a Communist working with Paul Ro...
McKinley Burnett McKinley Burnett (1897 - 1968) played a pivotal role in the landmark Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka school desegregation case as President of the Topeka NAACP by recruiting 13 Topeka fami...
Medgar Evers Medgar Wiley Evers (July 2, 1925June 12, 1963) was an African-American civil rights activist from Mississippi involved in efforts to overturn segregation at the University of Mississippi.
Mel King Melvin H. 'Mel' King (born 1928) is an American educator, activist, and writer.
Melanie Kaye/Kantrowitz Melanie Kaye/Kantrowitz is an essayist, poet, activist and academic, born in 1945 in Brooklyn, New York.
Melnea Cass Melnea Agnes Cass (née Jones; June 16, 1896–December 16, 1978) was an American community and civil rights activist.
Michael Schwerner Michael Henry Schwerner (November 6, 1939 – June 21, 1964), was one of three Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) field workers killed in Philadelphia, Mississippi, by the Ku Klux Klan in response...
Michael Zinzun Michael Zinzun was an American ex-Black Panther and anti-police brutality activist of African American and Apache descent.
Michelle Alexander Michelle Alexander (born October 7, 1967) is an associate professor of law at Ohio State University, a civil rights advocate and a writer.
Mildred and Richard Loving Mildred Delores Jeter Loving and her husband Richard Perry Loving were plaintiffs in the landmark U.S. Supreme Court case Loving v. Virginia.
Mildred Brown Mildred Brown was an African-American journalist, newspaper publisher, and leader in the Civil Rights Movement in Omaha, Nebraska.
Millen Brand Millen Brand (January 19, 1906 – March 19, 1980) was an American writer and poet.
Modjeska Monteith Simkins Modjeska Monteith Simkins (December 5, 1899 – April 9, 1992) was an important leader of African-American public health reform, social reform and the civil rights movement in South Carolina.
Morris Dees Morris Seligman Dees, Jr. (born December 16, 1936) is the co-founder and chief trial counsel for the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC), and a former direct mail marketeer for book publishing.
Moses Grandy Moses Grandy (ca. 1786? - ?), was an African-American author, abolitionist, and, for more than the first four decades of his life, an enslaved person.
Muhammad Kenyatta Muhammad I. Kenyatta, born Donald Brooks Jackson (1945-January 6, 1992), was an African-American professor, civil rights leader and politician.
Myrlie Evers-Williams Myrlie Evers-Williams (born March 17, 1933) is a civil rights activist and journalist who worked for over three decades to seek justice for the murder of her civil rights activist husband Medgar...
Nannie Helen Burroughs Nannie Helen Burroughs, (May 2, 1878 – May 20, 1961) was an African-American educator, orator, religious leader, civil rights activist, feminist and businesswoman.
Nellie Stone Johnson Nellie Stone Johnson (December 17, 1905 – April 2, 2002) was an American civil rights activist and union organizer.
Nelson Peery Nelson Peery (born 1925) is an American political activist and author.
Nina Simone Nina Simone (born Eunice Kathleen Waymon; February 21, 1933 – April 21, 2003) was an American singer, songwriter, pianist, arranger, and civil rights activist widely associated with ...
Norma Becker Norma Becker (1930 – 2006) was a founder of the Fifth Avenue Vietnam Peace Parade Committee, which drew tens of thousands to protest the Vietnam War, and of the Mobilization for Survival coalition.
Norma McCorvey Norma Leah McCorvey (née Nelson; born September 22, 1947), better known by the legal pseudonym "Jane Roe", was the plaintiff in the landmark American lawsuit Roe v. Wade in 1973.
Norman Hill Norman Hill (born April 22, 1933 in Summit, New Jersey) is an influential African-American administrator, activist and labor leader.
Norris Wright Cuney Norris Wright Cuney, or simply Wright Cuney, (May 12, 1846March 3, 1898) was an American politician, businessman, union leader, and African-American activist in Texas in the United States.
Odetta Odetta Holmes (December 31, 1930 – December 2, 2008), known as Odetta, was an American singer, actress, guitarist, songwriter, and a civil and human rights activist, often referred to as "...
Oliver Hill Oliver White Hill, Sr. was a civil rights attorney from Richmond, Virginia.
Ollie Harrington Oliver "Ollie" Wendell Harrington, of multi-ethnic descent, was called by Langston Hughes, "America's greatest African-American cartoonist," an assessment that has stood the test of time.
Oscar Adams Oscar William Adams, Jr. (February 7, 1925 – February 15, 1997) was the first African-American Alabama Supreme Court justice and the first African American elected to statewide office in A...
Oscar Brown Oscar Brown, Jr (October 10, 1926May 29, 2005) was an American singer, songwriter, playwright, poet, civil rights activist, and actor.
Oscar Dunn Oscar James Dunn (1826 – November 22, 1871) was one of three African Americans who served as a Republican Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana during the era of Reconstruction.
Ossie Davis Ossie Davis (born Raiford Chatman Davis; December 18, 1917 – February 4, 2005) was an Emmy Award and Grammy Award-winning, American film, television and Broadway actor, director, poet, pla...
Otis Moss Jr. Otis Moss Jr. (born February 26, 1935) is an American pastor, theologian, speaker, author, and activist.
Otto P. Snowden Otto Phillip Snowden (1914–1995) was an influential 20th century leader in Boston's African American community.
Patricia Stephens Due Patricia Stephens Due (December 9, 1939 – February 7, 2012) was one of the leading African-American civil rights activists in the United States, especially in her home state of Florida.
Patrick O'Boyle Patrick Aloysius O'Boyle (July 18, 1896 – August 10, 1987) was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church.
Paul Kendrick Paul Kendrick (born in 1983) is an author of popular history.
Paul R. Jones Paul Raymond Jones (June 1, 1928 – January 26, 2010) was an important American collector of African American art.
Paul Robeson Paul Leroy Robeson (April 9, 1898 – January 23, 1976) was an African-American singer and actor who became involved with the Civil Rights Movement.
Pauli Murray The Reverend Dr. Anna Pauline "Pauli" Murray (November 20, 1910 – July 1, 1985) was an American civil rights activist, women's rights activist, lawyer, and author.
Pee Wee Kirkland Richard (Rick) Pee Wee Kirkland is a former street basketball player from New York City, United States of America.
Penn Kemble Richard Penn Kemble (January 21, 1941 – October 15, 2005), commonly known as "Penn," was an American political activist and a founding member of Social Democrats, USA. He supported democracy an...
Percy Greene Percy Greene was born on September 7, 1897 in Jackson, Mississippi.
Percy Sutton Percy Ellis Sutton (November 24, 1920 – December 26, 2009) was a prominent black American political and business leader.
Perry Wilbon Howard Perry Wilbon Howard, II (June 14, 1877 - February 1, 1961), was an African American attorney and longtime Republican National Committeeman from the U.S. state of Mississippi.
Pete Seeger Peter "Pete" Seeger (born May 3, 1919) is an American folk singer.
Peter J. Countryman Peter J. Countryman was an American social activist and civil rights leader.
Preston King (academic) Preston Theodore King (born 3 March 1936) is an American academic and African-American civil rights activist who moved to the United Kingdom in 1961, facing charges for draft evasion at home for...
Print Matthews John Prentiss "Print" Matthews (August 27, 1840November 6, 1883) was an American social reformer of the Reconstruction era, and an advocate for African American rights in Copiah County, Mississippi.
Prudence Crandall Prudence Crandall (September 3, 1803 - January 28, 1890), a schoolteacher raised as a Quaker, stirred controversy with her education of African-American girls in Canterbury, Connecticut.
Quanell X Quanell X (born Quanell Ralph Evans on December 7, 1970) is the leader of the New Black Panther Party in Houston, Texas.
Queen Mother Moore Queen Mother Moore was an African-American civil rights leader and a black nationalist who was friends with such civil rights leaders as Marcus Garvey, Nelson Mandela and Jesse Jackson.
R. Eugene Pincham R. Eugene Pincham was a pioneering African American civil rights attorney, judge of the Circuit Court of Cook County, Illinois, justice of the Appellate Court of Illinois, and ardent critic of t...
Rachel B. Noel Rachel Bassette Noel (January 15, 1918 – February 4, 2008) was an African-American educator, politician and civil rights leader.
Rachel v. Walker Rachel v. Walker (1834) was a "freedom suit" filed by Rachel, an African-American slave, in the St. Louis Circuit Court.
Ralph Abernathy Ralph David Abernathy, Sr. (March 11, 1926 – April 17, 1990), was a leader of the American Civil Rights Movement, a minister, and a close associate of Martin Luther King, Jr. in the Southern Chr...
Ralph Mark Gilbert Ralph Mark Gilbert (March 17, 1899, Jacksonville, Florida - August 23, 1956, New York City) was an American civil rights leader and a Baptist minister.
Randall Robinson Randall Robinson (born 6 July 1941) is an African-American lawyer, author and activist, noted as the founder of TransAfrica.
Randolph Blackwell Randolph T. Blackwell (born March 10, 1927 in Greensboro, North Carolina, died May 21, 1981) was a veteran of the African-American civil rights movement, serving in Martin Luther King's Southern...
Rashad Robinson Rashad Robinson serves as Executive Director of Color of Change, having joined the organization in May 2011.
Ray Raphael Ray Raphael (born April 19, 1943) is an American historian and author of sixteen books.
Raymond V. Haysbert Raymond V. Haysbert Sr. was a prominent African-American business executive and civil rights leader during the second half of the 20th century in Baltimore, Maryland.
Reverdy Cassius Ransom Reverdy Cassius Ransom (January 4, 1861 – April 22, 1959) was a United States African American Christian socialist, civil rights activist, and he was ordained and served in the African Met...
Richard S. Fraser Richard S. Fraser was an American Trotskyist and the principal theoretician of the doctrine of revolutionary integrationism in the 1950s within the Socialist Workers Party, against George Breitm...
Robert "Say" McIntosh Robert "Say" McIntosh is a colorful political and black rights activist and restaurant owner in Little Rock, Arkansas.
Robert B. Choate, Jr. Robert Burnett Choate, Jr. (November 6, 1924 – May 3, 2009) was an American businessman, political activist, and self-described "citizen lobbyist" most famous for his work in consumer protection.
Robert F. Williams Robert Franklin Williams (February 26, 1925 – October 15, 1996) was a civil rights leader, the president of the Monroe, North Carolina NAACP chapter in the 1950s and early 1960s, and ...
Robert Fox (activist) Robert Fox sparked a civil rights battle in Louisville, Kentucky, in the late 19th century.
Robert Graetz Robert S. Graetz (May 16, 1928 - ) is a Lutheran clergyman who, as the white pastor of a black congregation in Montgomery, Alabama, openly supported the Montgomery Bus Boycott, a landmark event ...
Robert L. Millender, Sr. Robert L. Millender, Sr. was an attorney, a rights activist in the city of Detroit and political campaigner, best known for his drive to improve the representation of African Americans in politi...
Robert Minor Robert Berkeley "Bob" Minor (18841952) was political cartoonist, a radical journalist, and a leading member of the American Communist Party.
Robert Parris Moses Robert Parris Moses (born January 23, 1935 in Harlem, New York, usually known as Bob Moses) is an American, Harvard-trained educator who was a leader in the 1960s Civil Rights Movement and...
Rodney Mims Cook, Sr. Rodney Mims Cook (March 23, 1924 – January 13, 2013) was a Georgia public figure who served for over twenty years as an Atlanta city alderman and member of the Georgia House of Representatives.
Roger Nash Baldwin Roger Nash Baldwin (January 21, 1884 – August 26, 1981) was one of the founders of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU).
Ronald Myers Rev. Ronald V. Myers, Sr., M.D. (born February 29, 1956) is an American physician, Baptist minister, musician, and civil rights activist.
Rosa Parks Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an African-American civil rights activist, whom the United States Congress called "the first lady of civil rights" and "...
Roslyn Brock Roslyn McCallister Brock (born May 30, 1965) is an African-American civil rights leader, healthcare executive, and health activist.
Roy Innis Roy Emile Alfredo Innis (born June 6, 1934) is an American activist and politician.
Roy Wilkins Roy Wilkins (August 30, 1901 – September 8, 1981) was a prominent civil rights activist in the United States from the 1930s to the 1970s.
Ruby Bridges Ruby Nell Bridges Hall (born September 8, 1954) is an American activist known for being the first black child to attend an all-white elementary school in the South.
Ruby Dee Ruby Dee (born October 27, 1922) is an American actress, poet, playwright, screenwriter, journalist, activist, and widow of actor Ossie Davis.
Ruby Hurley Ruby Hurley (November 7, 1909 – August 9, 1980) was a leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement and administrator for the NAACP. She was known as the "queen of civil rights".
Rufus Early Clement Rufus Early Clement (1900–1967) was the sixth and longest-serving president of historically black Atlanta University in Atlanta, Georgia.
Rutledge Pearson Rutledge Pearson (September 9, 1929 - May 1967) was an educator, civil rights leader and human rights activist.
S. Howard Woodson Samuel Howard Woodson, Jr. was an American pastor, civil rights leader, and Democratic Party politician from New Jersey.
Sallie Robinson Sallie Robinson (born 1851, date of death unknown), a 19th-century African-American civil rights activist.
Sallie Wyatt Stewart Sallie Wyatt Stewart succeeded Mary McLeod Bethune as President of the National Association of Colored Women.
Sam Cooke Samuel Cook (January 22, 1931 – December 11, 1964), known by his stage name Sam Cooke, and on one recording as Dale Cook, was an American recording artist, singer-songwriter and...
Sam Smith (journalist) Sam Smith (born 1937) is an American journalist and political activist who was an early pioneer in alternative media.
Samaria (Mitcham) Bailey Samaria (Mitcham) Bailey (born June 29, 1947) in Macon, Georgia was an instrumental figure in the civil rights movement.
Samuel L. Jackson Samuel Leroy Jackson (born December 21, 1948) is an American film and television actor and film producer.
Samuel R. Scottron Samuel Raymond Scottron (February 1841 - October 14, 1908) was a prominent African-American inventor from Brooklyn, N.Y. who began his career as a barber.
Samuel Wilbert Tucker Samuel Wilbert Tucker was an American lawyer and a cooperating attorney with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
Sanford R. Leigh Sanford Rose Leigh (born 1934, Bridgeport, Connecticut), also known as Sandy Leigh (and after his amnesia Guy Wilson) was an African-American Civil Rights Activist and the director of the larges...
Sarah J. Garnet Sarah J. Tompkins Garnet (née Smith) (July 31, 1831 - Sept.
Sarah Louise Delany Sarah Louise "Sadie" Delany (September 19, 1889 – January 25, 1999) was an African-American educator and civil rights pioneer who was the subject, along with her younger sister Elizabeth "Bessie...
Scipio Africanus Jones Scipio Africanus Jones (3 August 1863 – 2 March 1943) was an African-American educator, attorney, judge, philanthropist, and Republican politician from the state of Arkansas.
Septima Poinsette Clark Septima Poinsette Clark (May 3, 1898–December 15, 1987) was an American educator and civil rights activist.
Sheyann Webb Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "Smallest Freedom Fighter" and co-author of the book, Selma, Lord, Selma.
Shirley Graham Du Bois Shirley Graham Du Bois (November 11, 1896 – March 27, 1977) was an American award-winning author, playwright, composer, and activist for African-American and other causes.
Shirley Sherrod Shirley Sherrod is a former Georgia State Director of Rural Development for the United States Department of Agriculture.
Silvia Baraldini Silvia Baraldini (born in Rome, Italy, December 12, 1947) is an Italian activist.
Siobhan Brooks Siobhan Brooks (born 1972) is an African-American lesbian feminist sociologist known for her work with African-American women in the sex worker industry and feminist issues affecting these women.
Sonia Sanchez Sonia Sanchez (born Wilsonia Benita Driver, September 9, 1934) is an African-American poet most often associated with the Black Arts Movement.
St. Clair Drake John Gibbs St. Clair Drake (January 2, 1911 – June 15, 1990) was an African-American sociologist and anthropologist whose scholarship and activism led him to document much of the social turmoil ...
Stanley Hallett Stanley James Hallett was an American urban planner and specialist in urban community development who helped seed numerous innovative initiatives and organizations throughout his career.
Stanley Levison Stanley David Levison (May 2, 1912 - September 12, 1979) was a Jewish businessman from New York, who had also attained a law degree from St. John's University.
Stanley Tolliver Stanley Eugene Tolliver, Sr. was an African American attorney, school board president, civil rights activist, and radio talk show host.
Stephen H. Gloucester Stephen Gloucester, one of the four sons of John Gloucester, was among the primary organizers for the Underground Railroad in Philadelphia and the founder of The First African Presbyterian Churc...
Stetson Kennedy William Stetson Kennedy (October 5, 1916 – August 27, 2011) was an American author and human rights activist.
Steven Whitehurst Steven Whitehurst is an African-American author, poet, and educator.
Stevie Wonder Stevland Hardaway Morris (born May 13, 1950 as Stevland Hardaway Judkins), known by his stage name Stevie Wonder, is an American musician, singer and songwriter.
Stewart Cleveland Cureton Dr. Stewart Cleveland Cureton (March 24, 1930 – December 30, 2008), also known as S.C. Cureton, was President of the National Baptist Convention from March 1999 to September 1999.
Stokely Carmichael Stokely Carmichael (also Kwame Ture; June 29, 1941November 15, 1998) was a Trinidadian-American black activist active in the 1960s American Civil Rights Movement.
Susan McKinney Steward Susan Maria McKinney Steward (March 1847 – March 17, 1918) was an American physician and author.
Susan Paul Susan Paul (1809-1841) was an African-American abolitionist from Boston, Massachusetts.
Sylvester Croom, Sr. The Reverend Sylvester Croom, Sr. (June 26, 1926 – January 2, 2000) served for years after integration as chaplain for University of Alabama athletes.
T. J. Jemison Theodore Judson Jemison (August 1, 1918 – November 15, 2013), better known as T. J. Jemison, was the president of the National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc. from 1982 to 1994.
T. R. M. Howard Theodore Roosevelt Mason Howard (March 4, 1908 – May 1, 1976) was an American civil rights leader, fraternal organization leader, entrepreneur and surgeon.
Taj Anwar Taj Anwar Jackson, is a model, community organizer, philanthropist, political motivator, promoter and a social commentator.
Taj Matthews Taj Matthews (born March 24, 1976 in San Antonio, Texas) is an American journalist, entrepreneur, author of Grandpa was a Preacher: A Letter to my Grandson.
Ted Berry Theodore M. Berry (November 5, 1905 – October 15, 2000), an American politician of the Charter Party of Cincinnati, Ohio, was the first African-American mayor of Cincinnati, Ohio.
Thelma Glass Thelma Glass was an American civil rights activist, noted for helping to organize the Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1955, and a professor of geography.
Thomas N. Barnes Thomas N. Barnes, CMSgt USAF (ret.) (November 16, 1930 – March 17, 2003) was the fourth Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force and the first and to date only African-American in that position.
Thomas Wyatt Turner Thomas Wyatt Turner (March 16, 1877 – April 21, 1978) was an American civil rights activist, biologist and educator.
Thurgood Marshall Thurgood Marshall (July 2, 1908January 24, 1993) was an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, serving from October 1967 until October 1991.
Tim Wise Timothy Jacob "Tim" Wise (born October 4, 1968) is an American anti-racism activist and writer.
Tom Hayden Thomas Emmet "Tom" Hayden (born December 11, 1939) is an American social and political activist, author, and politician, who is director of the Peace and Justice Resource Center in Culver City, ...
Tom Kahn Tom David Kahn (September 15, 1938 – March 27, 1992) was an American social democrat known for his leadership in other organizations.
Truman Gibson Truman Kella Gibson, Jr. (January 22, 1912 – December 23, 2005) was an American lawyer, government advisor, and later influential boxing promoter who played a unique and unheralded role in...
Unita Blackwell Unita Blackwell (born March 18, 1933) is an American civil rights activist who was the first African-American woman, and the tenth African American, to be elected mayor in the U.S. state of Miss...
Utrice Leid Utrice C. Leid is a Trinidadian American civil rights activist and journalist.
Vernon Dahmer Vernon Ferdinand Dahmer, Sr. (March 10, 1908 - January 11, 1966) was an American civil rights leader and president of the Forrest County chapter of the NAACP in Hattiesburg, Mississippi.
Vernon Johns Vernon Johns (April 22, 1892 – June 11, 1965) was an American minister and civil rights leader who was active in the struggle for civil rights for African Americans from the 1920s.
Vincent Harding Vincent Gordon Harding (born July 25, 1931) is an African-American historian and a scholar of various topics with a focus on American religion and society.
Viola Liuzzo Viola Fauver Gregg Liuzzo (April 11, 1925 – March 25, 1965) was a Unitarian Universalist civil rights activist from Michigan, who was murdered by Ku Klux Klan members after the 1965 Selma ...
W. E. B. Du Bois William Edward Burghardt "W. E. B." Du Bois was an American sociologist, historian, civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, author and editor.
W. Harry Davis W. Harry Davis, Sr. (12 April 1923 – 11 August 2006) was an American civil rights activist, amateur boxing coach, civic leader and businessman in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
W. S. McIntosh William Sumpter "W. S." McIntosh (February 2, 1921 –- March 4, 1974) was a civil rights leader from Dayton, Ohio.
W. W. Law Westley Wallace Law (January 1, 1923 – July 29, 2002) was a civil rights leader from Savannah, Georgia.
Wally Nelson Wallace Floyd Nelson (27 March 1909 – 23 May 2002) was an American civil rights activist and war tax resister.
Walter Francis White FACK YOU (July 1, 1893 – March 21, 1955) was an American civil rights activist who led the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) for almost a quarter of a ...
Walter L. Cohen Walter L. Cohen, Sr. (January 22, 1860 – December 29, 1930) was an African-American Republican politician and businessman in the U.S. state of Louisiana.
Walter P. Carter Walter Percival Carter was a civil rights activist and a central figure in Baltimore’s civil rights movement, organizing demonstrations against discrimination throughout Maryland.
Whitney Young Whitney Moore Young Jr. (July 31, 1921 – March 11, 1971) was an American civil rights leader.
Will D. Campbell Will Davis Campbell (July 18, 1924 – June 3, 2013) was a Baptist minister, activist, author, and lecturer.
William Ashbie Hawkins William Ashbie Hawkins (1862–1941) was one of Baltimore's first African American lawyers.
William Bradford Huie William Bradford "Bill" Huie (November 13, 1910 – November 20, 1986) was an American journalist, editor, publisher, television interviewer, screenwriter, lecturer, and novelist.
William Byron Rumford William Byron Rumford (February 2, 1908 – June 12, 1986) was an American pharmacist and politician.
William E. Harbour William E. Harbour is a civil rights activist who participated in the Freedom Rides.
William F. Butler William F. Butler was an African American leader born in Jefferson County, Kentucky, USA who became president of the Negro Republican Party formed after the American Civil War.
William F. Yardley William Francis Yardley (January 8, 1844 – May 20, 1924) was an American attorney, politician and civil rights advocate, operating primarily out of Knoxville, Tennessee, in the late 19th c...
William Holmes Borders Rev. William Holmes Borders, Sr. was a civil rights activist and leader and pastor of Wheat Street Baptist Church in Atlanta, Georgia from 1937-1988.
William J. Guste William Joseph "Billy" Guste, Jr. (May 26, 1922 – July 25, 2013), was a New Orleans attorney, businessman and Democratic attorney general of Louisiana from 1972 to 1992.
William Jernagin William Jernagin (1870 - 1958) was an African-American Baptist pastor and Pan-African activist.
William Kunstler William Moses Kunstler (July 7, 1919 – September 4, 1995) was an American self-described "radical lawyer" and civil rights activist, known for his controversial clients.
William L. Moore William Lewis Moore (April 28, 1927 – April 23, 1963) was a postal worker and Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) member who staged lone protests against racial segregation.
William L. Patterson William L. Patterson (August 27, 1891 – March 5, 1980) was a leader in the Communist Party USA and head of the International Labor Defense, a group that offered legal representation to com...
William Lewis Moore William Lewis Moore was a postal worker and Congress of Racial Equality member who staged lone protests against racial segregation.
William Mandel William Marx "Bill" Mandel (born June 4, 1917, in New York City) is an American broadcast journalist, left-wing political activist and author, best known as a Soviet affairs analyst.
William Monroe Trotter William Monroe Trotter (sometimes just Monroe Trotter, April 7, 1872 – April 7, 1934) was a newspaper editor and real estate businessman based in Boston, Massachusetts, and an activist for...
William Parker (abolitionist) William Parker, a former slave from Roedown Plantation in Anne Arundel County, Maryland, was an anti-slavery activist and a principal character in the events of September 11, 1851 in Christiana...
William Robert Ming William Robert Ming, Jr. (May 7, 1911 – June 30, 1973) was an American lawyer, attorney with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and law professor at Universit...
William Sloane Coffin William Sloane Coffin, Jr. (June 1, 1924 – April 12, 2006) was an American Christian clergyman and long-time peace activist.
William Still William Still (October 7, 1821 – July 14, 1902) was an African-American abolitionist, conductor on the Underground Railroad, writer, historian and civil rights activist.
William Weinstone William Wolf "Will" Weinstone was an American Communist politician and labor leader.
Williana Burroughs Williana "Liane" Jones Burroughs was an American teacher, communist political activist, and politician.
Willye Dennis Willye F. Clayton Dennis was a librarian, civil rights activist and former Florida state legislator.
Wyatt Tee Walker Wyatt Tee Walker is a United States black pastor, national civil rights leader, theologian, and cultural historian.
Xernona Clayton Brady Xernona Clayton Brady is an American civil rights leader and broadcasting executive.
Yolanda King Yolanda Denise King (November 17, 1955 – May 15, 2007) was the first-born child of Coretta Scott King and civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Her younger siblings are Martin L...
Z. Alexander Looby Zephaniah Alexander Looby (April 8, 1899 – March 24, 1972) was a lawyer active in the American Civil Rights Movement.
Zelma Wyche Zelma Charles Wyche (January 24, 1918 - September 24, 1999) was an African American civil rights activist in majority black Tallulah in Madison Parish in northeastern Louisiana.