Abascantus Abascantus (Greek Αβάσκαντος) was a physician of Lugdunum, who probably lived in the 2nd century.
Acesias Acesias (Greek) was an ancient Greek physician whose age and country are both unknown.
Acron Acron, son of Xenon, was an eminent Greek physician born at Agrigentum.
Acumenus Acumenus (Ἀκουμενός) was a physician of Athens who lived in the 5th century BC, and is mentioned as the friend and companion of Socrates.
Adamantius Adamantius (Gr.) was an ancient physician, bearing the title of Iatrosophista (broadly, "professor of medicine").
Aegimus Aegimus or Aegimius was one of the most ancient of the Greek physicians, who is said by Galen to have been the first person who wrote a treatise on the pulse.
Aelianus Meccius Aelianus Meccius was an ancient physician, who must have lived in the 2nd century BC, as he is mentioned by Galen as the oldest of his tutors.
Aelius Promotus Aelius Promotus (Gr.) was an ancient physician of Alexandria, of whose personal history no particulars are known, and whose date is uncertain.
Aeschines (physician) Aeschines (Gr. ) was an ancient physician who lived in the latter half of the 4th century.
Aeschrion of Pergamon Aeschrion of Pergamon was a physician in the 2nd century AD. He was one of Galen's tutors, who says that he belonged to the sect of the Empirici, and that he had a great knowledge of pharmacy a...
Agapetus (physician) Agapetus (Gr. Agapetus (physician)) was an ancient Greek physician, whose remedy for the gout is mentioned with approbation by Alexander of Tralles and Paul of Aegina.
Agathinus Agathinus was an eminent ancient Greek physician, the founder of a new medical sect, to which he gave the name of Episynthetici.
Agnodice Agnodice or Agnodike was the earliest historical, and likely apocryphal, midwife mentioned among the ancient Greeks.
Alcmaeon of Croton Alcmaeon (Ἀλκμαίων, Alkmaiōn, gen.: Ἀλκμαίωνος; 5th century BC) of Croton (in Magna Graecia) was one of the most eminent natural philosophers and medical theorists of antiquity.
Alexander of Tralles Alexander of Tralles in Lydia (or Alexander Trallianus, c. 525 – c.605) was one of the most eminent of the ancient physicians.
Alexander Philalethes Alexander Philalethes (Gr. ) was an ancient Greek physician, whom Priscian called Alexander Amator Veri (Alexander Truth-Lover), and who was probably the same person quoted by Caelius Aureli...
Alexias Alexias was an ancient Greek physician who was a pupil of Thrasyas of Mantinea, and lived probably around the middle of the 4th century BC. Theophrastus mentions him as having lived shortly be...
Alexion Alexion was an ancient physician, who was probably (judging from his name) a native of Greece.
Alexippus Alexippus (Ancient Greek: ) was an ancient Greek physician who was mentioned by Plutarch as having received a letter from Alexander the Great himself, to thank him for having cured one of his of...
Amentes Amentes was an ancient Greek surgeon, mentioned by Galen as the inventor of some ingenious bandages.
Ammonius Lithotomos Ammonius Lithotomos (c. 276 BC), of Alexandria, was a Greek (some say Egyptian) lithotomist.
Anaxilaus Anaxilaus of Larissa (1st-century BC) was a physician and Pythagorean philosopher.
Ancient Greek medicine Ancient Greek medicine was a compilation of theories that were constantly expanding through new ideologies and trials.
Androcydes (physician) Androcydes (or Androkydes, fl. 4th century BCE) was a Greek physician and writer at the time of Alexander the Great.
Andromachus (physician) Andromachus (Ἀνδρόμαχος; 1st century) was the name of two Greek physicians, father and son, who lived in the time of Nero.
Anonymus Londinensis Anonymus Londinensis is the name given to an anonymous Ancient Greek author of approximately the 1st century AD whose work On Medicine is partially preserved in a papyrus in the British Library.
Antiochis The name Antiochis, in Greek Ἀντιoχίς is the female name of Antiochus.
Antipater (1st century BC physician) Antipater was an ancient Greek physician and author of a work titled "On the Soul", of which the second book is quoted by the Scholiast on Homer, in which he said that the soul increased, dimini...
Antipater (2nd century physician) Antipater was an ancient Greek physician and contemporary of Galen at Rome in the 2nd century, who gives an account of his death and the morbid symptoms that preceded it.
Apollonius Glaucus Apollonius Glaucus (Greek: Ἀπολλώνιος Γλαῦκος) was a physician and writer who must have lived during or before the 2nd century CE, as his work On Internal Diseases is quoted by Caelius Aurel...
Archigenes Archigenes, an eminent ancient Greek physician, who lived in the 1st and 2nd centuries.
Aretaeus of Cappadocia Aretaeus, is one of the most celebrated of the ancient Greek physicians, of whose life, however, few particulars are known.
Aristogenes (physician) Aristogenes (3rd century BC) the name of two Greek physicians mentioned by the Suda, of whom one was a native of Thasos, and wrote several medical works, of which some of the titles are preserved.
Asclepiades of Bithynia Asclepiades (c. 124 or 129 – 40 BC) was a Greek physician born at Prusa in Bithynia in Asia Minor and flourished at Rome, where he established Greek medicine near the end of the 2nd century BCE....
Claudius Agathemerus Claudius Agathemerus (Gr. ) was an ancient Greek physician who lived in the 1st century.
Criton of Heraclea Criton of Heraclea (Κρίτων, Titus Statilius Crito, T. Statilius Crito) was a 2nd-century (c.100 AD) Greek chief physician and procurator of Roman Emperor Trajan (98-117) in the campaign in Dacia.
Ctesias Ctesias of Cnidus was a Greek physician and historian from Cnidus in Caria.
Damocrates Servilius Damocrates (or Democrates, Δαμοκράτης, Δημοκράτης) was a Greek physician at Rome in the middle to late 1st century CE. He may have received the praenomen "Servillius" from...
Democedes Democedes of Croton (Δημοκήδης), described in The Histories of Herodotus as "the most skillful physician of his time".
Demosthenes Philalethes Demosthenes Philalethes was an ancient Greek physician of Asia Minor who was one of the pupils of Alexander Philalethes, a contemporary of Aristoxenus, and a follower of the teachings of Herophilos.
Dexippus of Cos Dexippus of Cos, (also called Dioxippus; 4th century BC), a Greek physician of Cos, who was one of the pupils of the celebrated Hippocrates, and lived in the 4th century BC. Hecatomnus, prince o...
Dieuches Dieuches, (Διεύχης), a Greek physician, who lived probably in the 4th century BC, and belonged to the Dogmatic school of medicine.
Diocles of Carystus Diocles of Carystus (Διοκλῆς ὁ Καρύστιος; lived 4th century BC), a very celebrated Greek physician, was born at Carystus in Euboea, lived not long after the time of Hippocrates, to whom Pliny sa...
Diphilus (physician) Diphilus,, a Greek physician of Siphnus, one of the Cyclades, who was a contemporary of Lysimachus, king of Thrace, about the beginning of the 3rd century BC. He wrote a work entitled, On Diet...
Draco (physician) Draco (or Dracon, Δράκον) was the name of several physicians in the family of Hippocrates.
Epicles Epicles (Epiklês) was an Ancient Greek medical writer who lived after Bacchius, and therefore probably in the 2nd or 1st century BC.
Eudoxus of Cnidus Eudoxus of Cnidus (Εὔδοξος ὁ Κνίδιος, Eúdoxos ho Knídios; 408–355 BC) was a Greek astronomer, mathematician, scholar and student of Plato.
Euryphon Euryphon, (Εὐρυφῶν), a celebrated Greek physician of Cnidos in Caria, who was probably born in the former half of the 5th century BC, as Soranus says that he was a contemporary of Hippocrates, ...
Evenor Evenor (Ancient Greek:) is the name of a character from the myth of Atlantis and of several historical figures.
Gaius Stertinius Xenophon Gaius Stertinius Xenophon, often referred to in ancient literature as simply Xenophon, was a physician who served the Roman Emperor, Claudius, the fourth member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty.
Galen Aelius Galenus or Claudius Galenus (AD 129 – /), better known as Galen of Pergamon, was a prominent Greek physician, surgeon and philosopher in the Roman empire.
Glaucias (physician 3rd c.BC) Glaucias (Γλαυκίας; c. 3rd century BC) was a Greek physician of the Empiric school who wrote commentaries on the works of Hippocrates.
Glaucias (physician 4th c.BC) Glaucias ( also Glaukos or Glaucus) was the physician who attended Hephaestion during his final illness and was executed by crucifixion on Alexander's orders.
Heliodorus (surgeon) Heliodorus was a surgeon in the 1st century AD, probably from Egypt, and mentioned in the Satires of Juvenal.
Heraclides of Erythrae Heraclides of Erythrae, (1st century BC), a physician of Erythrae in Ionia, who was a pupil of Chrysermus, a fellow-pupil of Apollonius, and a contemporary of Strabo in the 1st century BC. Galen...
Heraclides of Tarentum Heraclides of Tarentum, (c. 2nd century BC), was a Greek physician of the Empiric school who wrote commentaries on the works of Hippocrates.
Heraklas Heraklas was a Greek physician of the 1st century AD whose descriptions of surgeons' knots and slings are preserved in book 48 of Oribasius' Medical Collections under the title From Hera...
Herodicus Herodicus (Ἡρóδιĸος) was a Greek physician of the fifth century BC, and a native of Selymbria.
Herophilos Herophilos, sometimes Latinized Herophilus (335–280 BC), was a Greek physician deemed to be the first anatomist.
Hicesius (physician) Hicesius, (Ἱκέσιος), a Greek physician, who lived probably at the end of the 1st century BC, as he is quoted by Crito, and lived shortly before Strabo.
Hippocrates Hippocrates of Cos or Hippokrates of Kos (Ἱπποκράτης; Hippokrátēs; c. 460 – c. 370 BC), was an ancient Greek physician of the Age of Pericles (Classical Greece), and is considered one ...
Hippocrates (physician) Hippocrates (Ἱπποκράτης) was the name of several physicians in the time of Ancient Greece, some of whom were in the same family as the celebrated Hippocrates of Cos (Hippocrates II).
Leonidas (physician) Leonidas, (Λεωνίδας), a Greek physician who was a native of Alexandria, and belonged to the sect of the Episynthetici.
Luke the Evangelist Luke the Evangelist (Loukás) is one of the Four Evangelists or authors of canonical Gospels of Jesus Christ.
Mantias Mantias, (Μαντίας; 3rd century BC) a Greek physician who was the tutor of Heraclides of Tarentum, and one of the followers of Herophilus; and who lived therefore most probably in the 3rd century...
Medical community of ancient Rome Medical community as used in this article refers to medical institutions and services offered to populations under the jurisdiction of the late Roman Republic and the Roman Empire.
Medius (physician) Medius (Μήδιος; 4th-3rd century BC) a Greek physician who was a pupil of Chrysippus of Cnidos, and who lived therefore probably in the 4th and 3rd centuries BC. Galen says he was held in good re...
Meges of Sidon Meges (Μέγης; 1st century BC) an eminent surgeon, born at Sidon in Phoenicia, who practised at Rome with great reputation and success, shortly before the time of Celsus, and therefore probably i...
Menecrates of Syracuse Menecrates of Syracuse was the physician at the court of Philip of Macedon, 359—336 BC. He seems to have been a successful practitioner, but to have made himself ridiculous by calling himself Ze...
Menemachus Menemachus, (Μενέμαχος), a Greek physician born at one of the cities named Aphrodisias, who belonged to the Methodic school of medicine, and lived in the 2nd century.
Menodotus of Nicomedia Menodotus (Μηνόδοτος; 2nd century) of Nicomedia in Bithynia, was a physician; a pupil of Antiochus of Laodicea; and tutor to Herodotus of Tarsus.
Metrodora Metrodora was a Greek female physician and author of the oldest medical text known to have been written by a woman, On the Diseases and Cures of Women.
Mnesitheus Mnesitheus (Μνησίθεος; 4th century BC) of Athens, was a Greek physician, who probably lived in the 4th century BC, as he is quoted by the comic poet Alexis.
Moschion (physician) Moschion, (Μοσχίων), a physician quoted by Soranus, Andromachus, and Asclepiades Pharmacion, and who lived, therefore, in or before the 1st century.
Nicander Nicander of Colophon (2nd century BC), Greek poet, physician and grammarian, was born at Claros, (Ahmetbeyli, Izmir in modern Turkey), near Colophon, where his family held the hereditary priesth...
Numisianus Numisianus, an eminent Greek physician at Corinth, whose lectures Galen attended c. 150, having gone to Corinth for that very reason.
Nymphodorus (physician) Nymphodorus, (Νυμφόδωρος; 3rd century BC), a Greek physician, who must have lived in or before the 3rd century BC, as he is mentioned by Heraclides of Tarentum.
Oribasius Oribasius or Oreibasius was a Greek medical writer and the personal physician of the Roman emperor Julian the Apostate.
Pausanias of Sicily Pausanias (5th century BC) was a native of Sicily who belonged to the family of the Asclepiadae, and whose father's name was Anchitus.
Pedanius Dioscorides Pedanius Dioscorides (c. 40 – 90 AD) was a Roman physician, pharmacologist and botanist of Greek origin, the author of De Materia Medica—a 5-volume encyclopedia about herbal medicine and re...
Philagrius of Epirus Philagrius of Epirus a Greek medical writer, born in Epirus, lived after Galen and before Oribasius, and therefore probably in the 3rd century.
Philinus of Cos Philinus of Cos (Φιλῖνος; 3rd century BC) was a Greek physician.
Philip of Acarnania Philip of Acarnania was friend and physician of Alexander the Great, of whom a well-known story is told by several ancient authors.
Philistion of Locri Philistion of Locri (Φιλιστίων) was a physician and writer on medicine who lived in the 4th century BC.
Philotimus Philotimus was an eminent Greek physician, a pupil of Praxagoras, and a fellow pupil of Herophilus.
Philoxenus (physician) Philoxenus (Φιλόξενος), a Greco-Egyptian surgeon, who, according to Celsus, wrote several valuable volumes on surgery.
Philumenus Philumenus (Φιλούμενος), a Greek physician, mentioned by an anonymous writer as one of the most eminent members of his profession.
Plistonicus Plistonicus (or Pleistonicus, Πλειστόνικος), was an ancient Greek physician, a pupil of Praxagoras, who therefore lived in the 4th and 3rd centuries BC. He appears to have written a work o...
Polybus (physician) Polybus (fl. c. 400 BC) was one of the pupils of Hippocrates, and also his son-in-law.
Praxagoras Praxagoras was an influential figure of medicine in ancient Greece.
Proclus of Rhegium Proclus or Proklos (Πρόκλος; 1st century), probably a native of Rhegium, was a physician among the Bruttii in Italy.
Rufus of Ephesus Rufus of Ephesus (fl. late 1st century AD) was a Greek physician and author who wrote treatises on dietetics, pathology, anatomy, and patient care.
Serapion of Alexandria Serapion of Alexandria, was a physician who lived in the 3rd century BC. He belonged to the Empiric school, and so much extended and improved the system of Philinus of Cos, that the creation of ...
Themison of Laodicea Themison of Laodicea (Θεμίσων) (123 B.C.E. to 43 B.C.E.) was the founder of the Methodic school of medicine, and one of the most eminent physicians of his time.
Theodas of Laodicea Theodas (or Theudas) of Laodicea, was a physician of the Empiric school, in the 2nd century.
Thessalus (physician) Thessalus,, a physician from ancient Greece, and the son of Hippocrates, the famous physician.
Xenocrates of Aphrodisias Xenocrates (Ξενοκράτης; 1st century) a Greek physician of Aphrodisias in Cilicia, who must have lived about the middle of the 1st century, as he was probably a contemporary of Andromachus the Yo...