Antoni Łyko Antoni Andrzej Łyko (27 May 1907 in Krakow – 3 June 1941 in Auschwitz concentration camp) was a Polish footballer (striker) and a member of the Poland national football team for the 1938 FIFA Wo...
Arthur Goldstein Arthur Goldstein (18 March 1887 in Lipiny Poland — 1943 in Auschwitz, Poland) was a German journalist and communist politician.
Augustyn Suski Augustyn Suski (November 8, 1907 – May 26, 1942), was a Polish poet, pedagogue in the interwar period, and underground activist during World War II. Under the German occupation, Suski (nom-de-...
Benjamin Fondane Benjamin Fondane or Benjamin Fundoianu (born Benjamin Wechsler, Wexler or Vecsler, first name also Beniamin or Barbu, usually abridged to B.; November 1...
Bereck Kofman Bereck Kofman was a French Hasidic orthodox rabbi, independent from the consistory, born in Poland, deported and murdered in Auschwitz.
Bernard Natan Bernard Natan was a Franco-Romanian film director and actor of the 1920s and 1930s.
Bronisław Czech Bronisław "Bronek" Czech (July 25, 1908 – June 4, 1944) was a Polish sportsman and artist.
Béatrice Reinach Béatrice Reinach (1894 – 1944) was a French socialite and a Holocaust victim.
Camill Hoffmann Camill Hoffmann was a Jewish Czechoslovak diplomat and writer born in 1878.
Carlo Taube Carlo Sigmund Taube (born July 4, 1897 in Galicia, died October 1, 1944 in Auschwitz-Birkenau) was a pianist, composer, conductor, and victim of the Holocaust.
Chaim Rumkowski Mordechai Chaim Rumkowski (February 27, 1877 - August 28, 1944) was a Polish Jew and functioned as the German Nazi-nominated head of the Judenrat, or Jewish authorities in the Łódź Ghetto.
Charlotte Salomon Charlotte Salomon (April 16, 1917 – October 10, 1943) was a German-Jewish artist born in Berlin.
Cissi Klein Cissi Pera Klein (April 19, 1929 in Narvik - March 3, 1943 in Auschwitz) was a Norwegian Jewish girl who is commemorated every year as one of the victims of the Holocaust in her home town in Tro...
Czesława Kwoka Czesława Kwoka was a Polish Catholic child who died in the Auschwitz concentration camp at the age of 14.
Dagobert Biermann Dagobert Biermann (November 13, 1904 — February 22, 1943) was a Communist and German resistance fighter against National Socialism.
David Beigelman David Beigelman (1887–1945; also spelled Dawid Bajgelman, Dawid Beigelman), born in Ostrovtse, Radomir gubernie, Poland was a Polish violinist, orchestra leader, and composer of Yidd...
David Vogel (poet) David Vogel (1891–1944) was a Russian-born Hebrew poet, novelist, and diarist.
Deborah Lifchitz Deborah Lifchitz was a French Jewish expert on Semitic languages of Ethiopia, who worked at the Musée de l'Homme in Paris and took part in the Mission Dakar Djibouti in 1932-3.
Denes Friedmann Denes Friedmann (1903-1944) was an Hungarian writer and Chief Rabbi in Újpest (Newpest), Hungary.
Dora Gerson Dora Gerson (23 March 1899 – 14 February 1943) was a Jewish German cabaret singer and motion picture actress of the silent film era who was murdered with her family at Auschwitz concentration camp.
E. L. Elte Emanuel Lodewijk Elte was a Dutch mathematician.
Eddy Hamel Eddy Hamel (21 October 1902 – 30 April 1943) was an American soccer player for Dutch club AFC Ajax.
Edith Frank Edith Frank (née Holländer; 16 January 1900 – 6 January 1945) was the mother of Holocaust diarist Anne Frank.
Edith Stein Edith Stein, also Saint Teresia Benedicta of the Cross, informally also known as Saint Edith Stein (born: October 12, 1891 – died: August 9, 1942), was a German Roman Catholic ...
Edward Gött-Getyński Major Edward Karol Gött-Getyński, or Get-Getyński nom-de-guerre Sosnowiecki was a Major of Artillery in the Polish Army during the interwar period, and the underground resistance fight...
Egon Ledeč Egon Ledeč (Kostelec nad Orlicí 16 March 1889 - Auschwitz, October 1944) was a Czech violinist and composer of Jewish origin.
Else Ury Else Ury (November 1, 1877 in Berlin; January 13, 1943 in the Auschwitz concentration camp) was a German writer and children's book author.
Erhard Wechselmann Erhard Eduard Wechselmann (1895–1943) was a German baritone who was murdered in Auschwitz concentration camp.
Erich Salomon Erich Salomon (28 April 1886 – 7 July 1944) was a German-born news photographer known for his pictures in the diplomatic and legal professions and the innovative methods he used to acquire...
Ernst Cohen Ernst Julius Cohen ForMemRS (March 7, 1869 – March 5, 1944) was a Dutch Jewish chemist known for his work on the allotropy of metals.
Ernst Krankemann Ernst Krankemann was an infamous Kapo in Auschwitz concentration camp.
Estusia Wajcblum Roza Robota, referred to in other sources as Rojza, Rozia, or Rosa, was the leader and one of four women hanged in the Auschwitz concentration camp for their role in the Sond...
Etty Hillesum Esther "Etty" Hillesum (15 January 1914 in Middelburg, Netherlands – 30 November 1943 in Auschwitz, Poland) was a young Jewish woman whose letters and diaries, kept between 1941 and 1943, ...
Felix Nussbaum Felix Nussbaum (11 December 1904 – 2 August 1944) was a German-Jewish surrealist painter.
Franceska Mann Franceska Mann (pol. Franciszka Mann, a.k.a. Rosenberg-Manheimer, Man, Mannówna) (born February 4, 1917, died October 23, 1943 in Auschwitz) - polish dancer, who is mentioned in the context of ...
Friedl Dicker-Brandeis Frederika "Friedl" Dicker-Brandeis (30 July 1898 Vienna - 9 October 1944 Auschwitz-Birkenau), was an Austrian artist and educator murdered by the Nazis in the Auschwitz-Birkenau extermination camp.
Friedrich Adler (artist) Friedrich Adler, (29 April 1878 – ca. 11 July 1942), was a German academic, artist and designer.
Fritz Löhner-Beda Fritz Löhner-Beda, born Friedrich Löwy, was an Austrian librettist, lyricist and writer.
Fritz Weiss Fritz Weiss (Czech: Bedřich Weiss) (28 September 1919 - 28 September 1944) was a jazz musician and arranger, active in the first half of the 20th century.
Gertrud Kolmar Gertrud Käthe Chodziesner (10 December 1894 – March 1943), known by the literary pseudonym Gertrud Kolmar, was a German lyric poet and writer.
Gideon Klein Gideon Klein (6 December 1919 – c. January 1945) was a Czech pianist and composer of classical music, organizer of cultural life in Theresienstadt concentration camp.
Gisi Fleischmann Gisi Fleischmann (1894 – 18 October 1944) was a leader of the best known Holocaust era Jewish rescue group: the Bratislava Working Group.
Grigol Peradze Saint Grigol Peradze, was a famous Georgian ecclesiastic figure, theologian, historian, Archimandrite, PhD of History, Professor.
Hana Brady Hana Brady, actually Hana "Hanička" Bradová (16 May 1931 in Nové Město na Moravě, Czechoslovakia – 23 October 1944 in Auschwitz, Poland), was a 13-year old Jewish girl who was murdered in ...
Hans Erl Hans Tobias Erl (Warsaw or Vienna 1882 — Deported to Auschwitz, 1942?) was a German operatic bass.
Hans Krása Hans Krása (30 November 1899 – 17 October 1944) was a Czech composer who was killed in the Holocaust at Auschwitz.
Heinz Alt Heinz Alt (19226 January 1945) was a German composer and one of the victims of Nazi regime.
Heinz Levy Heinz Levy (April 29, 1904 – July 31, 1944) was a Dutch boxer who competed in the 1924 Summer Olympics.
Herman Levij Either Herman Albertus "Herman" Levij or Heinz Levy was a Dutch boxer who competed in the 1924 Summer Olympics.
Igor S. Korntayer Igor S. Korntayer, S. Korn-Teuer, born in the 1890s, killed by the Nazis c. 1941.
Ilse Weber Ilse Weber (January 11, 1903 - October 6, 1944) née Herlinger, was born in Witkowitz near Mährisch-Ostrau.
Ilya Fondaminsky Ilya Isidorovich Fondaminsky (Илья′ Исидо′рович Фондами′нский, 1880, Moscow, Russia — November 19, 1942, Auschwitz, Nazi Germany) was a Jewish Russian author (writing under the pseudonym B...
Irène Némirovsky Irène Némirovsky (24 February 1903 – 17 August 1942) was a French novelist who died at the age of 39 in Auschwitz, Nazi Germany-occupied Poland.
Itzhak Katzenelson Itzhak Katzenelson (יצחק קצנלסון, (יצחק קאַצ(ע)נעלסאָן(זון; also transcribed Icchak-Lejb Kacenelson, Jizchak Katzenelson; Yitzhok Katznelson) (1 July 1886, Karelichy – 1 May 1944, Au...
Ivana Hirschmann Ivana Hirschmann (5 May 18668 May 1943) was first female physical education teacher and professor of gymnastics in Croatia.
Jakob Edelstein Jakob Edelstein, was a Czechoslovakian Zionist, social democrat and the first Jewish Elder in the Theresienstadt ghetto Jakob Edelstein was born into a devout Ashkenazi family in Horodenka at ...
James Simon (composer) James Simon (September 29, 1880-August 12, 1944, the date of his deportation from Theresienstadt to Auschwitz) was a German composer, pianist and musicologist.
Jan Karcz Jan Karcz (b. 16 October 1892 in Modlica near Kraków - 25 January 1943 in Auschwitz) was a Polish Army Colonel, posthumously promoted to the rank of a Brigadier General.
Jan Mosdorf Jan Mosdorf, was a Polish right-wing politician, director of the nationalist organization All-Polish Youth and member of the far-right political party National Radical Camp.
Jan Rubczak Jan Rubczak (b. January 18, 1884 in Stanisławów - May 27, 1942 in Auschwitz) was a Polish painter and graphic artist.
Jane Haining Jane Haining was a Church of Scotland missionary.
Jonas Slier Jonas Slier (March 22, 1886, in Amsterdam – November 5, 1942, in Auschwitz concentration camp) was a Dutch gymnast who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Juan Luria Juan Luria (1862–1942) was a Polish baritone.
Julius Hirsch Julius Hirsch (7 April 1892 – declared dead 8 May 1945) was a German international footballer who was killed during the Holocaust.
Józef Cyrek Józef Cyrek (born 13 September 1904 in Bysina; d. 2 September 1940 at Auschwitz) was a Polish writer and Roman Catholic clergyman, member of the Society of Jesus involved in the religious publis...
Józef Noji Józef Noji (born September 8, 1909 in the village of Pęckowo, near Czarnków, died February 15, 1943 in the Auschwitz concentration camp) was a Polish track and field athlete and participant of t...
Józef Siemieński Józef Siemieński (b. March 2, 1882 in Skrzydłów near Radomsko - October 14, 1941 in Auschwitz) was a Polish archivist, historian of law.
Józef Stefan Godlewski Józef Stefan Godlewski (b. August 5, 1894 in Warsaw - September 6, 1942 in Auschwitz) was a Polish writer.
Karl Motesiczky Karl Wolfgang Franz Count Motesiczky was an Austrian psychoanalyst and an active opponent of National Socialism.
Kazimierz Kierzkowski Kazimierz Kierzkowski was a Polish political and social activist, major of the Polish Army and member of the Armia Krajowa.
Kazimierz Wojciechowski Kazimierz Wojciechowski (born 16 August 1904 in Jasło; d. 27 June 1941 at Auschwitz) was a Polish Roman Catholic clergyman, member of the religious institute of the Salesians of Don Bosco involv...
Kazimierz Zdziechowski Kazimierz Zdziechowski, also known under pseudonyms Władysław Zdora, Władysław Mouner, (1878–1942) was a Polish landowner, prose writer, publicist, literary critic and novelist.
Konstanty Troczyński Konstanty Troczyński (b. December 9, 1906 in Częstochowa - 1942 in Auschwitz) was a Polish literature theoretician and critic.
Kurt Gerron Kurt Gerron (11 May 1897 – 28 October 1944) was a German Jewish actor and film director.
Kurt Grelling Kurt Grelling (March 2, 1886 – September 1942) was a logician, philosopher and member of the Berlin Circle.
Kurt Sternberg Kurt Sternberg (June 19, 1885 - September 21, 1942) was a German philosopher and author.
Lavoslav Singer Lavoslav Singer was Croatian industrialist notable for his role in the development of Bjelovar.
Lea Deutsch Lea Deutsch (18 March 1927 – May, 1943) was a Croatian Jewish child actress who died during the Holocaust.
Leib Langfus Leib Langfus was one of the victims of Auschwitz-Birkenau.
Leon Schwartzmann Leon Schwartzmann (Szwarcman, Szwarzman, Schwarzman, Schwarzmann) (1887, Warsaw – 1942 Auschwitz) was a Polish–French chess master.
Lilli Jahn Lilli Jahn was a German-Jewish doctor and victim of the Nazism in Germany.
Lion van Minden Lion van Minden (June 10, 1880 – September 6, 1944) was a Dutch Olympic epee fencer.
Lisl Frank Lisl Frank (22 January 1911 – October 4, 1944) achieved success as a singer, dancer and actress before World War II.
Léon Monosson Léon Monosson (21 December 1892, Shchedrin – 17 February 1943, Auschwitz) was a Belarusian–French chess master.
Magda Spiegel Magda Spiegel (1887–1944) was a German contralto who was a member of the Frankfurt Opera ensemble and was murdered in the Auschwitz concentration camp.
Mala Zimetbaum Malka Zimetbaum, also known as "Mala" Zimetbaum or "Mala the Belgian" (January 26, 1922 - September 15, 1944), was a Belgian woman of Polish Jewish descent, known for her escape from the A...
Malva Schalek Malva Schalek, aka Malvina Schalková (18 February 1882–1944), was a Czech-Jewish painter.
Marie Jonas Marie Anna Jonas, née Levinsohn (12 January 1893 in Fischhausen - 1944 in Auschwitz), was a doctor and a Holocaust victim.
Mario Finzi Mario Finzi (July 15, 1913 - February 22, 1945) was born in Bologna, Italy, from an Italian Jewish family: both his father Amerigo Finzi, and his mother, Ebe Castelfranchi, were teachers.
Max Ehrlich Max Michaelis Ehrlich (7 December 1892, Berlin – 1 October 1944, Auschwitz concentration camp) was a German actor, screenwriter, and director on the German theater, comedy and cabaret scene of t...
Maximilian Kolbe Saint Maximilian Maria Kolbe, O.F.M. Conv., (Polish: Maksymilian Maria Kolbe; 8 January 1894 – 14 August 1941) was a Polish Conventual Franciscan friar, who volunteered to die in place of a ...
Menachem Birnbaum Menachem Birnbaum, was an Austrian Jewish book illustrator and portrait painter.
Mirjam Kristiansen Henry Wilhelm Kristiansen was a Norwegian newspaper editor and politician for the Communist Party.
Miroslav Šalom Freiberger Miroslav Šalom Freiberger (January 9, 1903 Zagreb, Croatia – c. Auschwitz) was chief rabbi of Zagreb and a catechist, translator, writer and spiritual leader.
Mommie Schwarz Mommie Schwarz (real name Samuel Leser Schwarz; 28 July 1876 - 19 November 1942) was a Dutch Jewish painter and graphic artist.
Mordechai Chaim Rumkowski Mordechai Chaim Rumkowski was a Polish Jew and functioned as the German Nazi-nominated head of the Ältestenrat, or Jewish authorities in the Łódź Ghetto.
Moshe Dovid Winternitz Rabbi Moshe Dovid Winternitz, (1855–1944), was Head of Beth din (Rabbinical Court) in Satmar, Hungary (this position was second to the Rabbi of the city) and one of the greatest scholars of his time.
Moshe Sofer (II) Rabbi Moshe Sofer was a prominent Orthodox Jewish Rabbi in the early 20th century.
Norbert Barlicki Norbert Barlicki (6 June 1880, Sieciechów, Masovian Voivodeship - 27 September 1941, Auschwitz) was a Polish publicist, lawyer and politician.
Oskar Rosenfeld Oskar Rosenfeld was an Austrian-Jewish writer killed at Auschwitz concentration camp.
Ottilie Metzger-Lattermann Ottilie Metzger-Lattermann also formerly Ottilie Metzger-Froitzheim (15 July 1878 – February 1943) was a German contralto who was a famous performer of works by Wagner during the 1910s, an...
Ottla Kafka Ottilie "Ottla" Kafka (29 October 1892 – 1943) was the youngest sister of Franz Kafka.
Otto Selz Otto Selz (14 February 1881 – 27 August 1943) was a German psychologist from Munich, Bavaria, who formulated the first non-associationist theory of thinking, in 1913.
Pavel Friedman Pavel Friedman was a Jewish Czechoslovak poet who received posthumous fame for his poem The Butterfly.
Pavel Haas Pavel Haas (21 June 189917 October 1944) was a Czech composer who was murdered during the Holocaust.
Peter Hammerschlag Peter Hammerschlag (June 27, 1902, Alsergrund, Vienna 1942, Auschwitz concentration camp) was an Austrian writer, surrealist poet, actor, Kabarett artist and graphic artist.
Peter Kien Peter Kien was a Jewish artist and poet active at the Theresienstadt concentration camp.
Petr Ginz Petr Ginz (February 1, 1928 – September 28, 1944) was a Czechoslovak boy of partial Jewish background who was deported to the Terezín concentration camp during the Holocaust.
Piotr Feliks Piotr Feliks was a Polish political, social and education activist.
Rafael Schächter Rafael Schächter (born 25 May 1905, died on the death march during the evacuation of Auschwitz in 1945) was a Czechoslovak composer, pianist and conductor of Jewish origin, organizer of cultura...
Regina Jonas Regina Jonas (3 August 1902 – 12 December 1944) was a Berlin-born rabbi.
Reinhold Strassmann Reinhold Strassmann (or Straßmann) (24 January 1893 Berlin – late October 1944 Auschwitz concentration camp) was a German mathematician who proved Strassmann's theorem.
René Blum (ballet) René Blum (13 March 1878 – September 1942), theatrical impresario, was the founder of the Ballet de l'Opéra at Monte Carlo and was brother of Prime Minister Léon Blum.
Riccardo Pacifici Riccardo Reuven Pacifici was a rabbi from an Italian Jewish family of ancient Sephardic origins, with roots in the Jewish Spanish and rabbinical traditions.
Robert Danneberg Robert Danneberg was an Austrian Jewish politician, a member of the Social Democratic Workers Party of Austria and a prominent Austro-Marxist theoretician.
Roman Rybarski Roman Franciszek Rybarski (July 3, 1887 in Zator - March 6, 1942 in Auschwitz) was a Polish economist and politician.
Roza Robota Roza Robota, referred to in other sources as Rojza, Rozia, or Rosa, was the leader and one of four women hanged in the Auschwitz concentration camp for their role in the Sond...
Rudolf Levy Rudolf Levy (1875—1944) was a renowned painter who worked with and was a student of Henri Matisse.
Rudolf Wels Rudolf Wels (28 April 1882, in Osek near Rokycany, western Bohemia - 8 March 1944, in KZ Auschwitz) was a Czech architect active in western Bohemia and in Prague.
Ruth Maier Ruth Maier was an Austrian woman whose diaries describing her experiences of the Holocaust in Austria and Norway were published in 2007 to generally favorable reviews, leading her to be describe...
Rutka Laskier Rutka (Ruth) Laskier (1929—1943) was a Jewish teenager from Poland who is best known for her 1943 diary chronicling three months of her life during the Holocaust.
Salo Landau Salo (Salomon) Landau (1 April 1903, Bochnia, Galicia, Austria-Hungary – 15 November 1943, Grodziszcze, Świdnica County, Poland) was a Dutch chess player, who died in a Nazi concentration camp.
Samuel Blits Estella "Stella" Agsteribbe (April 6, 1909 – September 17, 1943) was a Dutch gymnast.
Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita (Amsterdam, June 6, 1868 – Auschwitz, ca. February 11, 1944) was a graphic artist active in the years before the Second World War.
Samuel Schwarz Samuel Leser "Mommie" Schwarz (28 July 1876 - 19 November 1942) was a Dutch Jewish painter and graphic artist.
Sascha Schapiro Alexander "Sascha" Schapiro, also known by the noms de guerre Alexander Tanarov, Sascha Piotr, and Sergei, was a Ukrainian anarchist revolutionary and father of eminent 20t...
Settela Steinbach Anna Maria (Settela) Steinbach (December 23, 1934, Buchten – July 31, 1944) was a Dutch girl who was gassed in Nazi Germany's Auschwitz-Birkenau extermination camp.
Shimon Sofer (II) Shimon Sofer was the Rav of the Hungarian city of Eger and the progenitor of the Erlauer Hasidic dynasty.
Sim Gokkes Sim Gokkes (21 March 1897, Amsterdam – 5 February 1943, Auschwitz) was a Dutch composer.
Simon Okker Simon Okker (June 1, 1881 – March 6, 1944) was a Dutch Olympic epee- and foil fencer.
Stanisław Dubois Stanisław Józef Dubois - a political activist, member of Polish Socialist Party, Youth Organisation of Workers' University Youth, and a journalist.
Stanisław Sedlaczek Stanisław Sedlaczek, born in Kołomyja, in what is now Ukraine, was a Polish professor and scoutmaster.
Sándor Büchler Alexander Büchler, or Bűchler Sándor was a Hungarian rabbi and educator.
Tadeusz Tański Tadeusz Tański (March 11, 1892 – March 23, 1941) was a Polish automobile engineer and the designer of, among others, the first Polish serially-built automobile, the CWS T-1.
Theodore Ritch Theodore Ritch (Odessa, 1894–1943) was a Russian tenor.
Victor Aronstein Victor Aronstein was a German-Jewish doctor whose practice in Alt-Hohenschönhausen, Berlin served as a meeting place for communists and social democrats during the rule of the Nazi Party.
Victor Perez Victor "Young" Perez (October 18, 1911 – January 22, 1945) was a Tunisian Jewish boxer, who became the World Flyweight Champion in 1931 and 1932.
Viktor Ullmann Viktor Ullmann was a Silesia-born Austrian, composer, conductor and pianist of Jewish origin.
Wilhelm Orbach Wilhelm Orbach (1894, Offenbach am Main – 1944, Auschwitz) was a German chess master.
Willy Rosen Willy Rosen (1894–1944) was a German-Jewish composer, songwriter, and renown cabaret player.