Adolf Schlatter Adolf Schlatter (16 August 1852 – 19 May 1938) was a world-leading Evangelical theologian and professor specialising in the New Testament and systematics at Greifswald, Berlin and Tübingen.
Adolph Hausrath Adolph Hausrath (13 January 1837 – 2 August 1909), a German theologian, was born at Karlsruhe.
Albert Hauck Albert Heinrich Friedrich Stephan Ernst Louis Hauck (9 December 1845, Wassertrüdingen – 7 April 1918, Leipzig) was a German theologian and church historian.
Albert Kalthoff Albert Kalthoff (5 March 1850 in Barmen – 11 May 1906 in Bremen) was a German theologian.
Albert Schwegler Albert Schwegler (February 10, 1819 – January 5, 1857), was a German philosopher and academic theologian.
Albert Stöckl Albert Stöckl (Möhren, near Treuchtlingen, in Middle Franconia, Bavaria, 15 March 1823-Eichstädt, 15 November 1895) was a German neo-scholastic philosopher and theologian.
Albert Suho Albert Suho (before 1390 - after 1449) was a German cleric and writer.
Albertus Magnus Albertus Magnus, O.P. (1193/1206 – November 15, 1280), also known as Albert the Great and Albert of Cologne, is a Catholic saint.
Alfred Rahlfs Alfred Rahlfs was born in Linden, Hannover, Germany.
Alla Selawry Dr. Alla Selawry (23 August 1913 in Moscow, Russia - 27 July 1992 in Stuttgart, Germany), was a scientist, Anthroposophist, doctor, homeopath, and theologian.
Ambrosius Pelargus Ambrosius Pelargus (* Nidda, c.1493 † Trier, 5 July 1561) was a German Dominican theologian.
Annette Merz Annette Merz is a German theologian and biblical scholar, on the faculty of the University of Utrecht.
Anton Berlage Anton Berlage (born December 21, 1805, Münster, Westphalia, now North Rhine-Westphalia - December 6, 1881, Münster) was a German Catholic dogmatic theologian.
Anton Dereser Anton Dereser was a Discalced Carmelite professor of hermeneutics and Oriental languages.
Arnold Keyserling Count Arnold Alexander Keyserling (February 9, 1922, in Hamburg – September 7, 2005 in Matrei, Tyrol) was a German philosopher and theologian.
August Hermann Francke August Hermann Francke (22 March 1663, Lübeck8 June 1727, Halle) was a German Lutheran clergyman, philanthropist, and Biblical scholar.
August Hermann Niemeyer August Hermann Niemeyer (September 1, 1754 in Halle (Saale) – July 7, 1828 in Magdeburg) was a German theologian, teacher, a librettist, a poet, a travel writer, a Protestant church song p...
August Johann Gottfried Bielenstein August Johann Gottfried Bielenstein (Augusts Bīlenšteins) (March 4, 1826 – July 6, 1907) was a Baltic German linguist, folklorist, ethnographer, and theologian.
August Klostermann August Heinrich Klostermann (16 May 1837, Steinhude, Schaumburg-Lippe - 11 February 1915, Kiel) was a German Lutheran theologian.
August Neander Johann August Wilhelm Neander (January 17, 1789 – July 14, 1850), was a German theologian and church historian.
August Rohling August Rohling (15 February 1839 at Neuenkirchen, Province of Westphalia, Prussia – 23 January 1931 in Salzburg) was a German Catholic theologian, student of anti-Semitic texts, and polemi...
August Wilhelm Knobel August Wilhelm Karl Knobel (February 7, 1807 - May 25, 1863) was a German theologian who was born near Sorau, Niederlausitz.
Bartholomaeus Pitiscus Bartholomaeus Pitiscus (also Barthélemy, Bartholomeo, August 24, 1561 – July 2, 1613) was a 16th-century German trigonometrist, astronomer and theologian who first coined the word Trig...
Benjamin Elbel Benjamin Elbel (1690 – 1756) was a German Franciscan moral theologian.
Bernhard Philberth Bernhard Josef Philberth (26 March 1927, Traunstein, Germany – 8 August 2010, Melbourne, Australia) was an independent physicist, engineer, philosopher and theologian.
Bernhard Stade Bernhard Stade was a German Protestant theologian and histortian.
Bernhard Weiss Bernhard Weiss (June 20, 1827 – January 14, 1918) was a German Protestant New Testament scholar.
Bonifatius Fischer Bonifatius Fischer was a German biblical scholar, textual critic of the Vulgate, and benedictine.
Bruno Bauer Bruno Bauer (6 September 1809 – 13 April 1882) was a German philosopher and historian.
Burchard of Worms Burchard of Worms (950/65 – August 20, 1025) was the Roman Catholic bishop of Worms in the Holy Roman Empire, and author of a canon law collection of twenty books, known as Decretum Burchar...
Christian Hermann Weisse Christian Hermann Weisse (also Weiße; August 10, 1801 – September 19, 1866), was a German Protestant religious philosopher.
Christian Renatus von Zinzendorf Christian Renatus, Count von Zinzendorf was the charismatic leader of the Single Brethren and of Herrnhaag, a Christian religious community built near Büdingen by his father, Nicholas Ludwig, he...
Christian Wilhelm Franz Walch Christian Wilhelm Franz Walch (1726–1784) was a protestant German theologian and professor of theology from Göttingen.
Christian Wilhelm Niedner Christian Wilhelm Niedner (August 9, 1797 – August 13, 1865) was a German church historian and theologian who was a native of Oberwinkel, which today is part of the town of Waldenburg, Saxony.
Christoph Blumhardt Christoph Blumhardt (1 June 1842, Möttlingen near Calw2 August 1919, Jebenhausen near Göppingen) was a German Lutheran theologian and one of the founders of Christian Socialism in Germany and Sw...
Christoph Moufang Franz Christoph Ignaz Moufang (17 February 1817 – 27 February 1890) was a German Catholic theologian and diocesan administrator.
Christoph Schütz Christoph Schütz (November 6, 1689 in Umstadt, Germany - January 4, 1750 in Bad Homburg, Germany) was a pietist writer and a songbook publisher.
Christophe Moehrlen Christophe Moehrlen (20 January 1800 – 28 February 1871), pen name: Christoph Irenius, was a Swiss French Protestant pastor of German origin, schoolteacher and author of children's literature.
Christopher Wittich Christopher Wittich or Christophorus Wittichius (1625, Brieg – 1687, Leiden) was a Silesian-born Dutch theologian.
Clemens Timpler Clemens Timpler (1563/4 – 28 February 1624) was a German philosopher, physicist and theologian.
Conrad of Gelnhausen Conrad of Gelnhausen (1320 – 1390) was a German theologian and canon lawyer, and one of the founders of the conciliar movement of the late fourteenth century.
Conrad Pellicanus Conrad Pellicanus (1478–1556) was a German theologian and humanist.
Constantin von Dietze Friedrich Carl Nicolaus Constantin von Dietze (9 August 1891 - 18 March 1973) was an agronomist, lawyer, economist, and theologian.
Constantin von Tischendorf Lobegott Friedrich Constantin (von) Tischendorf (January 18, 1815 – December 7, 1874) was a noted German Biblical scholar.
Daniel Ernst Jablonski Daniel Ernst Jablonski (November 20, 1660 Nassenhuben – May 25, 1741 Berlin), German theologian and reformer of Czech origin, known for his efforts to bring about a union between Lutheran ...
Daniel Gerdes Daniel Gerdes was a German Calvinist theologian and historian.
Daniel Gotthilf Moldenhawer Daniel Gotthilf Moldenhawer (December 11, 1753 – November 21, 1823), was a German-Danish philologist, theologian, librarian, bibliophile, palaeographer, diplomat, and Bible translator.
Daniel Lorenz Salthenius Daniel Lorenz Salthenius (March 16, 1701 – January 29, 1750) was a professor of theology at the University of Königsberg from 1732 until his death.
Daniel Zwicker Daniel Zwicker (1612–1678) was a German physician from Danzig, and a Socinian theologian and controversialist of the Polish Brethren.
David Cassel David Cassel (March 7, 1818 – January 22, 1893) was a German historian and Jewish theologian.
David Christiani David Christiani was a German mathematician, philosopher and theologian.
David Gans David Gans was a Jewish mathematician, historian, astronomer and astrologer.
David Gregor Corner David Gregor Corner, born circa 1585 in Hirschberg, Germany (now Jelenia Góra, Poland) was a German Benedictine abbot, hymn writer and theologian best known for his influential 1631 Gross C...
David Pareus David Pareus was a German Reformed Protestant theologian and reformer.
David Strauss David Friedrich Strauss (or Strauß) (January 27, 1808 – February 8, 1874) was a German theologian and writer.
Dietrich von Hildebrand Dietrich von Hildebrand (October 12, 1889 - January 26, 1977) was a German Catholic philosopher and theologian who was called (informally) by Pope Pius XII "the 20th Century Doctor of the Church.
Dorothee Sölle Dorothee Steffensky-Sölle (born Nipperdey; September 30, 1929 – April 27, 2003) was a German liberation theologian and writer who coined the term Christofascism.
Eberhard Arnold Eberhard Arnold (July 26, 1883 – November 22, 1935) was a Christian German writer, philosopher, and theologian.
Eberhard Schrader Eberhard Schrader, was a German orientalist primarily known for his achievements in Assyriology.
Edith Stein Edith Stein, also known as St. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross, O.C.D. (Teresia Benedicta vom Kreuz, Teresia Benedicta a cruce) (12 October 1891 – 9 August 1942), was a German Jewish philoso...
Edmund Pfleiderer Edmund Pfleiderer (1842-1902) was a German philosopher and theologian.
Eduard Karl August Riehm Eduard Karl August Riehm (December 20, 1830 – April 5, 1888), was a German Protestant theologian.
Eduard Zeller Eduard Gottlob Zeller, was a German philosopher and academic theologian of the Tübingen School of theology.
Edward Michelis Edward Michelis (born inMünster, St. Mauritz, 6 February 1813; died in Luxembourg, 8 June 1855) was a German Roman Catholic theologian.
Eilhard Lubinus Eilhard Lubinus (1565-1621) was a German Lutheran theologian and philosopher, also known as a classical scholar, mathematician and cartographer.
Emil Bock Emil Bock was a German anthroposophist, author, theologian and one of the founders of The Christian Community.
Emil Frommel Emil Frommel (1828–1896) was a German theologian and author, born at Karlsruhe.
Erich Neumann (psychologist) Erich Neumann (אריך נוימן; January 23, 1905 – November 5, 1960), was a psychologist, philosopher, writer, and student of Carl Jung.
Ernst Bloch Ernst Bloch (July 8, 1885 – August 4, 1977) was a German Marxist philosopher.
Ernst Friedrich Karl Rosenmüller Ernst Friedrich Karl Rosenmüller (December 10, 1768 – September 17, 1835) was a German Orientalist and theologian born in Heßberg, now a part of Veilsdorf in the District of Hildburghausen...
Ernst Lohmeyer Ernst Lohmeyer (1890–1946) was a German scholar of the New Testament, evangelic theologian and Bible professor, executed by Soviet authorities occupying the former East Germany.
Ernst Ludwig Theodor Henke Ernst Ludwig Theodor Henke (1804 in Helmstedt – 1872 in Marburg), was a German theologian and historian, and the son of the theologian Heinrich Henke (1752-1809).
Ernst Petzold Ernst Petzold (born 27 March 1930) is a German Lutheran theologian and pastor.
Ernst Ranke Ernst Ranke (Wiehe 10 September 1814 – Marburg, 30 July 1888) was a German Evangelist theologian.
Ernst Sellin Ernst Sellin (May 26, 1867 in Alt Schwerin – January 1, 1946 in Epichnellen bei Eisenach) was a German theologian.
Ernst Teichmann Ernst Gustav Georg Teichmann (20 February 1869, Nienburg – 27 June 1919, Frankfurt am Main) was a German theologian and zoologist known for his investigations in the field of genetics.
Ernst Troeltsch Ernst Troeltsch (17 February 1865, Haunstetten – 1 February 1923, Berlin) was a German Protestant theologian and writer on philosophy of religion and philosophy of history, and an influential fi...
Ersnt Ranke Ernst Ranke was a German Evangelist theologian.
Eta Linnemann Eta Linnemann (October 19, 1926 Osnabrück - 9 May 2009 Leer (Ostfriesland)) was a German Protestant theologian.
Eusebius Amort Eusebius Amort (November 15, 1692 – February 5, 1775) was a German Roman Catholic theologian.
Ferdinand Christian Baur Ferdinand Christian Baur (21 June 1792 – 2 December 1860) was a German Protestant theologian and founder and leader of the (new) Tübingen School of theology (named for the University of Tü...
Ferdinand Weerth Ferdinand Weerth was a German theologian and school-reformer in the Principality of Lippe.
Fortunatus Hueber Fortunatus Hueber (born at Neustadt; died 12 February 1706, at Munich) was a German Franciscan historian and theologian.
Friedrich August Rauch Friedrich August Rauch (afterwards Frederick August Rauch) (27 July 1806 at Kirchbracht in Hesse Darmstadt – 2 March 1841) was a professor of systematic theology at Marshall College in Merce...
Friedrich Gustav Lisco Friedrich Gustav Lisco (February 12, 1791 – July 5, 1866) was a German Protestant Christian theologian.
Friedrich Heiler Friedrich Heiler (January 30, 1892 - April 18, 1967) was a German theologian and historian of religion.
Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi (25 January 1743 – 10 March 1819) was an influential German philosopher, literary figure, socialite and the younger brother of poet Johann Georg Jacobi.
Friedrich Immanuel Niethammer Friedrich Philipp Immanuel Niethammer (March 6, 1766 – April 1, 1848) was a German theologian, religious philosopher and Lutheran educational reformer who was a native of Württemberg.
Friedrich Rittelmeyer Friedrich Rittelmeyer (5 October 1872, Dillingen an der Donau, Bavarian Swabia – 23 March 1938 in Hamburg) was a Protestant German minister, theologian and co-founder and driving force of The Ch...
Friedrich Samuel Bock Friedrich Samuel Bock (Königsberg 20 May 1716 – Königsberg 30 September 1785) was a German philosopher and theologian.
Friedrich Schleiermacher Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher (November 21, 1768 – February 12, 1834) was a German theologian, philosopher, and biblical scholar known for his attempt to reconcile the criticisms of the ...
Friedrich Siegmund-Schultze Friedrich Siegmund-Schultze was a German academic working in theology, social pedagogy and social ethics, as well as a pioneer of peace movements.
Georg Plock Georg Plock (1865–1930) was a former pastor and a gay rights advocate from Germany.
George William Alberti George William Alberti was a German essayist and theologian, who spent many years in England.
Gerd Theissen Gerd Theißen (or Theissen, born 24 April 1943 ) is a German Protestant theologian and New Testament scholar.
Gerhard Besier Gerhard Besier (born 30 November 1947 in Wiesbaden) is a German Lutheran theologian, historian and politician best known for his work on church-state relations in the Third Reich and in the Germ...
Gerhard J. Bellinger Gerhard J. Bellinger is a German Theologian, university Professor for Theology of the New Testament and History of Christianity and History of religions at Dortmund University of Technology.
Gerhard Kittel Gerhard Kittel (September 23, 1888, Breslau – July 11, 1948, Tübingen) was a German Protestant theologian, lexicographer of biblical languages, and open anti-Semite.,.
Gerhard Tersteegen Gerhard Tersteegen (November 25, 1697 – April 3, 1769), was a German Reformed religious writer, born at Moers, at that time the capital of a countship belonging to the house of Orange-Nassau (it...
Gerhoh of Reichersberg Gerhoh of Reichersberg (b. at Polling 1093; d. at Reichersberg, 27 June 1169) was one of the most distinguished theologians of Germany in the twelfth century.
Gottlob Christian Storr Gottlob Christian Storr (September 10, 1746 – January 17, 1805) was a German Protestant theologian born in Stuttgart.
Gustaf Dalman Gustaf Hermann Dalman was a German Lutheran theologian and orientalist.
Gustav Adolf Deissmann Gustav Adolf Deissmann (7 November 1866 – 5 April 1937) was a German Protestant theologian, best known for his leading work on the Greek language used in the New Testament, which he showed...
Gustav Adolf Wislicenus Gustav Adolf Wislicenus was a German theologian, one of the leaders of the Free Congregations.
Günther Bornkamm Günther Bornkamm was a German New Testament scholar and Professor of New Testament at the University of Heidelberg.
H. W. J. Thiersch Heinrich Wilhelm Josias Thiersch, usually known as H. W. J. Thiersch, was a German philologist, theologian, and minister, active in the short-lived Catholic Apostolic Church.
Hans Asmussen Hans Christian Asmussen (born 21 August 1898 in Flensburg — died 30 December 1968 in Speyer) was a German Evangelical theologian.
Hans Conzelmann Hans Conzelmann (27 October 1915 – 20 June 1989) was a Protestant, German theologian and New Testament scholar.
Hans Denck Hans Denck was a German theologian and Anabaptist leader during the Reformation.
Hans Duhm Hans Duhm (12 August 1878, Göttingen – 4 January 1946) was a German–Swiss chess master.
Hans Ehrenberg Hans Philipp Ehrenberg (June 4, 1883 – March 21, 1958) was a German theologian.
Heinrich Bassermann Heinrich Gustav Bassermann was a German Lutheran theologian born in Frankfurt am Main.
Heinrich Ewald Georg Heinrich August Ewald (16 November 1803 – 4 May 1875) was a German orientalist, theologian, and Biblical exegete.
Heinrich Heppe Heinrich Ludwig Julius Heppe (March 30, 1820, Kassel, Hesse-Kassel – July 25, 1879, Marburg) was a German Calvinist theologian and church historian.
Heinrich Joseph Dominicus Denzinger Heinrich Joseph Dominicus Denzinger (1819 – 1883) was a leading German Catholic theologian and author of the Enchiridion Symbolorum et Definitionum (Handbook of Creeds and Definitions)...
Heinrich Joseph Floss Heinrich Joseph Floß, or Floss (29 July 1819–4 May 1881), was a church historian and moral theologian in the 19th century.
Heinrich Julius Holtzmann Heinrich Julius Holtzmann (7 May 1832 – 4 August 1910), German Protestant theologian, son of Karl Julius Holtzmann (1804–1877), was born at Karlsruhe, where his father ultimately became prelate ...
Heinrich Lang Heinrich Lang (born in Württemberg, 14 November 1826 – 13 January 1876) was a German Protestant theologian.
Heinrich Müller (theologian) Heinrich Müller (18 October 1631 – 13/23 September 1675) was a German devotional author, Protestant author of hymns and Lutheran theologian.
Heinrich Paulus Heinrich Eberhard Gottlob Paulus (1 September 1761 – 10 August 1851) was a German theologian and critic of the Bible.
Heinrich Schlier Heinrich Schlier was a theologian, initially with the Evangelical Church and later with the Catholic Church.
Heinrich Scholz Heinrich Scholz (*December 17, 1884 in Berlin, † December 30 1956 in Münster, Westphalia) was a German logician, philosopher, and theologian who was a peer of Alan Turing and who wrote in his me...
Heinrich Schrörs Johann Heinrich Schrörs was a German Catholic church historian.
Heinrich von Dissen Heinrich von Dissen (born 18 October 1415, at Osnabrück in Westphalia; died at Cologne, 26 November 1484) was a German Carthusian theologian and writer.
Henning Graf Reventlow Henning Graf Reventlow, full name Henning Lothar Gert Count Reventlow (September 22, 1929 - September 09, 2010) was a German Protestant theologian, Old Testament scholar and university pro...
Henry of Friemar Henry of Friemar (born at Friemar, a small town near Gotha in Thuringia, about the end of the thirteenth century; died probably at Erfurt about 1355) was a German Augustinian theologian.
Henry of Langenstein Henry of Langenstein, also known as Henry of Hesse the Elder (c.1325 – 11 February 1397) was a German Scholastic philosopher, theologian and mathematician.
Henry of Oyta Henry of Oyta (Heinrich Totting von Oyta) (c.1330 – 1397) was a German theologian and nominalist philosopher.
Herbert Vorgrimler Herbert Vorgrimler is a Catholic theologian and author, who has written 33 books published in English, most of them translated from his over 90 books in German.
Hieronymus Dungersheim Hieronymus Dungersheim or Dungersheym von Ochsenfart(1465–1540) was a German Catholic theologian and controversialist (skeptic).
History of religions school The history of religions school (German Religionsgeschichtliche Schule) is a term applied to a group of German Protestant theologians based around the University of Göttingen in the 1890s.
Horst Kasner Horst Kasner (as Horst Kaźmierczak; August 6, 1926 in Berlin – September 2, 2011 in Templin) was a German Protestant theologian and father of German Chancellor Angela Merkel.
Ignaz Maybaum Ignaz Maybaum (2 March 1897, Vienna - 1976) was a rabbi and 20th century liberal Jewish theologian.
Ignaz von Döllinger Johann Joseph Ignaz von Döllinger (February 28, 1799 – January 14, 1890), sometimes spelt Doellinger, was a German theologian, Catholic priest and church historian who rejected the dogma o...
Immanuel Oscar Menahem Deutsch Immanuel Oscar Menahem Deutsch (1829 – 28 October 1873) was a German Jewish scholar of Semitic studies, the Talmud and Middle Eastern studies.
Isaak August Dorner Isaak August Dorner (June 20, 1809 – July 8, 1884) was a German Lutheran church leader.
Jacob Bidermann Jacob Bidermann was born in the Austrian village of Ehingen, about 30 miles southwest of Ulm.
Jacob Gretser Jacob Gretser (March 27, 1562 – January 29, 1625) was a celebrated German Jesuit writer.
Jacob Heerbrand Jacob Heerbrand was a German Protestant theologian and controversialist.
Jacob Keller Jacob Keller (1568 – 23 February 1631) was a German Jesuit theologian, author, and religious instructor.
Jacob Lorhard Jacob Lorhard (Jacobus Lorhardus) (1561 – 19 May 1609) was a German philosopher and pedagogue based in St. Gallen, Switzerland.
Jacob Taubes Jacob Taubes (February 25, 1923 – March 21, 1987) was a sociologist of religion, philosopher, and scholar of Judaism.
Jakob Böhme Jakob Böhme (probably April 24, 1575 – November 17, 1624) was a German Christian mystic and theologian.
Jakob Zukrigl Jakob Zukrigl (July 26, 1807 - June 9, 1876) was an Austrian-German Catholic theologian born in the Moravian village of Gross-Olkowitz.
Johann Blumhardt Johann Christoph Blumhardt (1805–1880) was a German Lutheran theologian and the father of Christoph Blumhardt.
Johann Christian Friedrich Tuch Johann Christian Friedrich Tuch (December 17, 1806 – April 12, 1867) was a German Orientalist and theologian born in Quedlinburg.
Johann Christoph Döderlein Johann Christoph Döderlein or Doederlein (January 20, 1745 – December 2, 1792) was a German theologian.
Johann Christoph Heilbronner Johann Christoph Heilbronner (March 13, 1706, Ulm - January 17, 1745 (or c.1747), Leipzig) was a German mathematical historian (Mathematikhistoriker) and theologian.
Johann Conrad Dippel Johann Conrad Dippel (August 10, 1673 – April 25, 1734) was a German pietist theologian, alchemist and physician.
Johann David Michaelis Johann David Michaelis, a famous and eloquent German biblical scholar and teacher, was a member of a family which had the chief part in maintaining that solid discipline in Hebrew and the cognat...
Johann Dietenberger Johann Dietenberger was a German Catholic Scholastic theologian, who was a secret Armadillo.
Johann Gerhard Meuschen Johann Gerhard Meuschen (May 4, 1680 – December 15, 1743) was a German Lutheran theologian born in Osnabrück.
Johann Gottlob Leidenfrost Johann Gottlob Leidenfrost (November 27, 1715 – December 2, 1794) was a German doctor and theologian who first described the scientific phenomenon eponymously named the Leidenfrost effect.
Johann Heinrich Ernesti Johann Heinrich Ernesti (12 March 1652 – 16 October 1729) was a Saxon philosopher, theologian, Latin classicist and poet.
Johann Heinrich van Ess Johann Heinrich van Ess (February 15, 1772 – October 13, 1847), was a German Catholic theologian, born at Warburg, Westphalia.
Johann Jakob Griesbach Johann Jakob Griesbach (January 4, 1745 – March 24, 1812), German biblical textual critic, was born at Butzbach, a small town in the state of Hesse-Darmstadt, where his father, Konrad Kaspar (17...
Johann Jakob Kneucker Johann Jakob Kneucker (February 12, 1840 – December 25, 1909) was a German theologian born in the village of Wenkheim, today part of Werbach, Baden-Württemberg.
Johann Joachim Spalding Johann Joachim Spalding (1 November 1714 – 25 May 1804) was a German Protestant theologian and philosopher of Scottish ancestry who was a native of Tribsees, Swedish Pomerania.
Johann Konrad Wilhelm Löhe Johann Konrad Wilhelm Löhe was a pastor of the Lutheran Church, Neo-Lutheran writer, and is often regarded as being a founder of the deaconess movement in Lutheranism and a founding sponsor of t...
Johann Leonhard Hug Johann Leonhard Hug (1 June 1765, Constance – 11 March 1846, Freiburg im Breisgau), was a German Roman Catholic theologian, orientalist and biblical scholar.
Johann Martin Augustin Scholz Johann Martin Augustin Scholz (1794 – 1852), a pupil of Johann Leonhard Hug (1765-1846), professor from University of Bonn, travelled extensively throughout Europe and the Near East in ord...
Johann Michael Feder Johann Michael Feder (b. 25 May 1753, at Oellingen in Bavaria; d. 26 July 1824, at Würzburg) was a German Roman Catholic theologian.
Johann Michael Heineccius Johann Michael Heineccius (1674–1722) was a well-known German preacher and theologian, the brother of Johann Gottlieb Heineccius.
Johann Theodor Katerkamp Johann Theodor Katerkamp (January 17, 1764 – June 9, 1834) was a German Catholic church historian who was born in Ochtrup.
Johann Thomas Ludwig Wehrs Johann Thomas Ludwig Wehrs (18 July 1751 in Göttingen – 26 January 1811 in Isernhagen) was a German theologian and a founder of the Göttinger Hainbund literary group.
Johann Tobias Beck Johann Tobias Beck (22 February 1804 Balingen, Württemberg – 28 December 1878 Tübingen) was a German theologian.
Johann Traugott Leberecht Danz Johann Traugott Leberecht Danz (31 May 1769 – 15 May 1851) was a German theologian and church historian born in Weimar.
Johann von Staupitz Johann von Staupitz (ca. 1460, Motterwitz – 28 December 1524, St Peter's Archabbey, Salzburg) was a theologian, university preacher, Vicar-General of the Augustinian Order in Germany who ...
Johann Wilhelm Petersen Johann Wilhelm Petersen (July 1, 1649 in Osnabrück, Germany - January 31, 1727 in Zerbst, Germany) was a German theologian, mystic, and Millennialist.
Johannes Acronius Johannes Acronius (1565 – 29 September 1627) was a German Reformed theologian.
Johannes Agricola Johannes Agricola (originally Schneider, then Schnitter) (April 20, 1494 – September 22, 1566) was a German Protestant reformer.
Johannes Cocceius Johannes Cocceius (or Coccejus) (August 9, 1603 – November 4, 1669), was a Dutch theologian born at Bremen.
Johannes Crellius Johannes Crellius (Polish: Jan Crell, English John Crell) (26 July Hellmitzheim 1590 – Raków 1633) was a Polish and German theologian.
Johannes Weiss Johannes Weiss (December 13, 1863 – August 24, 1914) was a German theologian and Biblical exegete.
Johannes Zahn Johannes Christoph Andreas Zahn (1 August 1817 in Eschenbach/Pegnitz – 17 February 1895 in Neuendettelsau) was a German theologian and musicologist best known for his opus Melodien der deutsc...
Jonathan Paul Jonathan Anton Alexander Paul (1853–1931) was a German Pentecostal minister, writer, theologian, and Bible scholar and translator.
Joseph Annegarn Joseph Annegarn (b. 13 October 1794, at Ostbevern in Westphalia; d. 8 July 1843, at the Lyceum Hosianum, Braunsberg, East Prussia, where he was professor of church history) was a German Catholic...
Joseph Schwane Joseph Schwane was a German Catholic theological writer.
Joseph Wittig Joseph Wittig (January 22, 1879 – August 22, 1949) was a German theologian and writer born in Neusorge, a village in the district of Neurode, Silesia.
Julius Müller Julius Müller (April 10, 1801 – September 27, 1878), was a German Protestant theologian.
Julius Smend Julius Smend was a German theologian born in Lengerich, Westphalia.
Justus Baronius Calvinus Justus Baronius Calvinus (b. at Kanthen, Germany, c. 1570; d. after 1606) was a German theologian, a Roman Catholic convert and apologist.
Jörg Rüpke Jörg Rüpke (born December 27, 1962 in Herford, West Germany) is a German scholar of comparative religion and classical philology, recipient of the Prix Gay Lussac-Humboldt in 2008, and of the Ad...
Jürgen Henkys Jürgen Henkys (born in 1929 in Heiligenkreutz, Ostpreußen, Germany) is a German Protestant minister.
Karl Christian Ulmann Karl Christian Ulmann (3 February 1793, Riga – 8 October 1871) was a Baltic-German theologian.
Karl Daub Karl Daub (March 20, 1765 – November 22, 1836) was a German Protestant theologian.
Karl Friedrich Bahrdt Karl Friedrich Bahrdt (August 25, 1741 – April 23, 1792), German theologian, prolific author, and adventurer, who was controversial even in his day, and is considered by some one of the most imm...
Karl Hase Karl August von Hase (25 August 1800 – 3 January 1890), German Protestant theologian and church historian.
Karl Heinrich Graf Karl Heinrich Graf (February 28, 1815 – July 16, 1869) was a German Old Testament scholar and orientalist.
Karl Holl Karl Holl (May 15, 1866—May 23, 1926 in Berlin) was a Professor of theology and church history at Tübingen and Berlin and is considered one of the most influential church historians of his era.
Karl Jaspers Karl Theodor Jaspers (23 February 1883 – 26 February 1969) was a German psychiatrist and philosopher who had a strong influence on modern theology, psychiatry and philosophy.
Karl Josef Becker Karl Josef Becker S.J. is a German Catholic theologian and consultor for the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith since 15 September 1977.
Karl Josef von Hefele Karl Josef von Hefele (March 15, 1809 – June 6, 1893) was a Roman Catholic bishop and theologian of Germany.
Karl Rudolf Hagenbach Karl Rudolf Hagenbach (March 4, 1801 – June 7, 1874) was a Swiss church theologian and historian.
Karl Schwarz Karl Schwarz (19 November 1812 - 25 March 1885) was a German Protestant theologian.
Karl Ullmann Karl (Carl) Christian Ullmann (March 3, 1796, Epfenbach, Electoral Palatinate – January 12, 1865) was a German Calvinist theologian from the Electoral Palatinate.
Karl-August von Reisach Karl-August von Reisach (7 July 1800, in Roth, Bavaria22 December 1869, in the Redemptorist monastery of Contamine, France) was a German Catholic theologian and Cardinal.
Kaspar Olevianus Kaspar Olevianus (or Caspar Olevian) (10 August 1536 – 15 March 1587) was a significant German Reformed theologian during the Protestant Reformation and along with Zacharius Ursinus was sa...
Kaspar Ulenberg Kaspar Ulenberg (24 December 1549 – 16 February 1617) was a Catholic convert, theological writer and translator of the Bible.
Kasper Franck Kasper Franck (2 November 1543 – 12 March 1584) was a German theologian and controversialist.
Klaus Koch Klaus Koch (born October 4, 1926) is an Old Testament Scholar with major contribution to the growth of Biblical Studies.
Konrad Hubert Konrad Hubert, also Konrad Huber, Konrad Huober, or Konrad Humbert (13 April 1507 – 13 April 1577) was a German Reformed theologian, hymn writer and reformer.
Konrad Pellikan Konrad Pellikan was a German Protestant theologian, humanist, and Christian Hebraist who worked chiefly in Switzerland.
Konrad Öttinger Konrad Öttinger (born 1530, Pforzheim, Germany; date and place of death unknown) was a Reformation era German Protestant theologian.
Leonhard Hutter Leonhard Hutter (also Hütter, Latinized as Hutterus; January 19, 1563 – October 23, 1616) was a German Lutheran theologian.
Leonore Siegele-Wenschkewitz Leonore Siegele-Wenschkewitz was a German church historian and director of the Evangelische Akademie Arnoldshain.
Lucas Holstenius Lucas Holstenius was the Latinized name of Lukas Holste (1596 – February 2, 1661), German Catholic humanist, geographer and historian.
Ludwig Diestel Ludwig Diestel (September 28, 1825 – May 15, 1879) was a German Protestant theologian who was a native of Königsberg.
Ludwig Ott Ludwig Ott (October 24, 1906, in Neumarkt-St. Helena – October 25, 1985, in Eichstaett) was a Catholic theologian and Medievalist from Bavaria.
Ludwig von Gerdtell Friedrich Siegfried Heinrich Ludwig von Gerdtell was a German theologian associated with the Disciples of Christ movement.
Magnus Hundt Magnus Hundt was a German philosopher, physician and theologian.
Marian Dobmayer Marian Dobmayer (born 24 October 1753, at Schwandorf, Bavaria; died 21 December 1805, at Amberg, Bavaria) was a German Benedictine theologian.
Martin Dibelius Martin Dibelius (September 14, 1883 – November 11, 1947) was a German academic theologian and New Testament professor at the University of Heidelberg.
Martin Eisengrein Martin Eisengrein (28 December 1535 – 4 May 1578) was a German Catholic theologian and polemical writer.
Martin Grabmann Martin Grabmann (5 January 1875 – 9 January 1949) was a German Catholic priest, medievalist and historian of theology and philosophy.
Martin Luther Martin Luther OSA (10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German monk, Catholic priest, professor of theology and seminal figure of a reform movement in 16th century Christianity, subsequent...
Martinus von Biberach Magister Martinus von Biberach (died 1498) was a theologian from Heilbronn, Germany.
Matthew of Kraków Matthew of Kraków (c. 1335 – 5 March 1410), also commonly known as Matthäus von Krakau, was a renowned German-Polish scholar and priest of the fourteenth century.
Matthias Döring Matthias Döring was a German Franciscan historian and theologian.
Matthias Faber Matthias Faber, S.J., (24 February 1586 – 26 April 1653) was a German Jesuit priest, who gained fame as a religious writer and preacher.
Matthias Joseph Scheeben Matthias Joseph Scheeben (Meckenheim, Bonn, 1 March 1835 – Cologne, 21 July 1888) was a German Catholic theological writer and mystic.
Matthias Vehe Matthias Vehe known as Glirius was a German Protestant religious radical, who converted to a form of Judaism and anti-trinitarianism, rejecting the New Testament as revelation.
Melchior Hittorp Melchior Hittorp was a German Roman Catholic theologian and liturgical writer.
Michael Baumgarten Michael Baumgarten (March 25, 1812 – July 21, 1889), German Protestant theologian, was born at Haseldorf in Schleswig-Holstein.
Michael Creizenach Michael Creizenach (born in Mainz May 16, 1789; died in Frankfort-on-the-Main, August 5, 1842) was a German Jewish educator and theologian.
Michael Lattke Michael Stephan Lattke (born 12 May 1942) is a scholar of the New Testament and early Christianity.
Michael Theobald Michael Theobald (born 1948) is a German academic theologian who is Professor of New Testament in the Catholic Theological Faculty at the University of Tübingen.
Michael Welker Michael Welker is a German Protestant theologian and professor of Systematic theology.
Moritz von Aberle Moritz von Aberle (25 April 1819 – 3 November 1875) was a German Catholic theologian.
Moses Mendelssohn Moses Mendelssohn (6 September 1729 – 4 January 1786) was a German Jewish philosopher to whose ideas the Haskalah (the 'Jewish enlightenment' of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries)...
Mühlhiasl Muhlhiasl (or Muehlhiasl) of Apoig (* 16.
Nicholas Magni Nicholas Magni (Nicolaus Magni de Iawor, Mikuláš Magni z Jawora, Nikolaus Groß von Jauer) (c.
Nicolaus Ferber Nicolaus Ferber was a German Franciscan and controversialist.
Nicolaus Ludwig Zinzendorf Nikolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf und Pottendorf, Imperial Count of Zinzendorf and Pottendorf, (May 26, 1700 – May 9, 1760), German religious and social reformer and bishop of the Moravian Ch...
Otto Langmann Otto Langmann was a German theologian and diplomat.
Otto Pfleiderer Otto Pfleiderer (September 1, 1839 – July 28, 1908) was a German Protestant theologian.
Otto Zöckler Otto Zöckler (1833, Grünberg, Hesse – 1906) was a German theologian, professor at Greifswald.
Patritius Sporer Patritius Sporer (died 29 May 1683) was a German Franciscan moral theologian.
Paul Drews Paul Drews was a German Lutheran theologian.
Paul Tschackert Paul Tschackert (January 10, 1848 – July 7, 1911) was a German Protestant theologian and church historian born in Freystadt, Silesia.
Paul Wilhelm Schmiedel Paul Wilhelm Schmiedel (December 22, 1851 – April 10, 1935) was a German theologian and professor of New Testament exegesis born in Zaukeroda (Zauckerode, now a part of Freital, Saxony) ne...
Peter Agricola Peter Agricola (June 29, 1525 – July 5 or 7, 1585) was a German Renaissance humanist, educator, classical scholar and theologian, diplomat and statesman, disciple of Martin Luther, friend and co...
Peter Böhler Peter Böhler or Peter Boehler was a German-born Moravian missionary and bishop who was influential in the Moravian Church in the Americas and England during the eighteenth century.
Peter Joseph Elvenich Peter Joseph Elvenich (January 29, 1796 – June 16, 1886) was a German Catholic theologian and philosopher born in Embken, a village that today is part of Nideggen, North Rhine-Westphalia.
Peter Lampe Peter Lampe (born 28 January 1954) is a German theologian and Professor of New Testament Studies at the University of Heidelberg in Germany.
Philip Schaff Philip Schaff (January 1, 1819 – October 20, 1893), was a Swiss-born, German-educated Protestant theologian and a Church historian who spent most of his adult life living and teaching in the Uni...
Quirinus Kuhlmann Quirinus Kuhlmann (February 25, 1651 – October 4, 1689) was a German Baroque poet and mystic.
Rainer Riesner Rainer Riesner (born 2 June 1950 in Friedberg) is a German theologian and university lecturer.
Rauf Ceylan Dr. Rauf Ceylan (* June 19, 1976 in Duisburg) is a German migration - and religion sociologist and author.
Richard Adelbert Lipsius Richard Adelbert Lipsius (February 14, 1830, Gera, Thuringia – August 19, 1892, Jena, Thuringia) was a distinguished German Protestant theologian.
Richard Otto Zöpffel Richard Otto Zöpffel (June 14, 1843 – January 7, 1891) was a German church historian and theologian born in Arensburg, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire (today Kuressaare, Estonia).
Romano Guardini Romano Guardini (17 February 1885, Verona – 1 October 1968, Munich) was a Catholic priest, author, and academic.
Rudolf Ehlers Rudolf Ehlers (March 30, 1834 – August 7, 1908) was a German theologian and clergyman born in Hamburg.
Rudolf Kittel Rudolf Kittel (28 March 1853, Eningen, Württemberg - 20 October 1929, Leipzig) was a German Old Testament scholar.
Rudolf of Fulda Rudolf of Fulda was a monk of the Benedictine order during the Carolingian period in the ninth century.
Rudolf Schnackenburg Rudolf Schnackenburg (5 January 1914 – 28 August 2002) was a German Catholic priest and New Testament scholar.
Rudolf Seydel Rudolf Seydel (May 27, 1835 – December 8, 1892) was a German philosopher and theologian born in Dresden.
Rudolf Smend Rudolf Smend was a German theologian born in Lengerich, Westphalia.
Rudolph Sohm Gotthold Julius Rudolph Sohm (29 October 1841 in Rostock – 16 May 1917 in Leipzig) was a German jurist and Church historian as well as a theologian.
Samson Raphael Hirsch Samson Raphael Hirsch (June 20, 1808 – December 31, 1888) was a German rabbi best known as the intellectual founder of the Torah im Derech Eretz school of contemporary Orthodox Judaism.
Sebald Heyden Sebald Heyden (8 December 1499 – 9 July 1561) was a German musicologist, cantor, theologian, hymn-writer and religious poet.
Siegmund Jakob Baumgarten Siegmund Jakob Baumgarten (14 March 1706, Wolmirstedt – 4 July 1757, Halle) was a German Protestant theologian.
Simon Grynaeus Simon Grynaeus, German scholar and theologian of the Reformation, son of Jacob Gryner, a Swabian peasant, was born at Veringendorf, in Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen.
Theophil Großgebauer Theophil Großgebauer (24 November 1627, Ilmenau – 8 July 1661, Rostock) was a German theologian active at the University of Rostock, most notable for his work Wächterstimme aus dem verwüsteten...
Thomas Christian Tychsen Thomas Christian Tychsen (May 8, 1758, Horsbüll – October 23, 1834, Göttingen) was a German orientalist and Lutheran theologian.
Thomas Maria Renz Thomas Maria Renz (born December 9, 1957 in München) is a German theologian and, since April 29, 1997, an auxiliary bishop of the Diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart and the Titular Bishop of Rucuma.
Thomas à Kempis Thomas à Kempis, C.R.S.A. (Thomas van Kempen or Thomas Hemerken or Haemerken, litt.
Tilman Pesch Tilman Pesch (b. at Cologne, 1 February 1836; d. at Valkenburg, Limburg, the Netherlands, 18 October 1899) was a German Jesuit philosopher.
Udo Schnelle Udo Schnelle (born 1952) is professor of New Testament at the University of Halle-Wittenberg, and is the author of a number of theological works.
Ulrich Duchrow Ulrich Duchrow (born 13 June 1935), professor ofsystematic theology at the University of Heidelberg specialising in ecumenical theology and theology-economy issues.
Ulrich of Strasburg Ulrich of Strasburg was a German Dominican theologian and scholastic philosopher.
Urbanus Rhegius Urbanus Henricus Rhegius or Urban Rieger (May 1489, Langenargen – 23 May 1541, Celle) was a Protestant Reformer who was active both in Northern and Southern Germany in order to promo...
Valentin Ernst Löscher Valentin Ernst Löscher, (born at Sondershausen December 29, 1673; died at Dresden December 12, 1749) was a German orthodox Lutheran theologian.
Valentin Weigel Valentin Weigel was a German theologian, philosopher and mystical writer, from Saxony, and an important precursor of later theosophy.
Valerius Herberger Valerius Herberger (21 April 1562-18 May 1627) was a German Lutheran preacher and theologian.
Veit Erbermann Veit Erbermann (or Ebermann) (born on 25 May 1597 – died on 8 April 1675) was a German theologian and controversialist.
Vitus Miletus Vitus Miletus (surname originally Möller) (born at Gmünd, Swabia, 1549; died at Mainz, 11 September 1615) was a German Roman Catholic theologian.
Walter Grundmann Walter Grundmann (21 October 1906, Chemnitz - 30 August 1976, Eisenach) was a German Protestant theologian during the Third Reich and GDR. He was a member of the Nazi party from 1930 onwards, a...
Walter Künneth Walter Künneth (1 January 1901, Etzelwang - 26 October 1997, in Erlangen) was a German Protestant theologian.
Walther Eichrodt Walther Eichrodt (August 1, 1890, Gernsbach, Baden - May 20, 1978, Basel) was a German Old Testament scholar and Protestant theologian.
Weizsäcker family The (von) Weizsäcker family was and is influential over the span of several generations, hailing from the former Kingdom of Württemberg.
Werner Jeanrond Werner Günter Adolf Jeanrond is Master of St Benet's Hall at the University of Oxford.
Wigand Wirt Wigand Wirt (1460–1519) was a German theologian who is best known for his polemic writings attacking the Catholic doctrine of the immaculate conception.
Wilhelm Abraham Teller Wilhelm Abraham Teller (9 January 1734 – 9 December 1804) was a German Protestant theologian who championed a rational approach to Christianity.
Wilhelm Bousset Wilhelm Bousset was a German theologian and New Testament scholar.
Wolfgang Achtner Wolfgang Achtner has played a key role as an ambassador for the science-and-religion dialogue in Germany Achtner studied systematic theology and the Old Testament in Mainz, Göttingen and Heidelberg.
Wolfgang Meuslin Wolfgang Meuslin (also known as Musculus; 1497–1563) was a 16th-century German monk and hymn writer.
Wolfgang Nastainczyk Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Nastainczyk (January 1, 1932 in Leobschütz, Oberschlesien) is a German theologian, lecturer and priest who taught at the University of Regensburg alongside Joseph Ratzinger (n...
Wolfgang Printz Wolfgang Caspar Printz, normally referred to as Wolfgang Printz, was a German composer who studied theology and was appointed cantor at Promnitz, Treibel and Sorau.
Zacharias Ursinus Zacharias Ursinus (18 July 1534 – 6 May 1583) was a sixteenth-century German Reformed theologian, born Zacharias Baer in Breslau (now Wrocław, Poland).
Zwickau prophets The Zwickau Prophets were three men from Zwickau of the Radical Reformation who were possibly involved in a disturbance in nearby Wittenberg and its reformation in early 1522.
Édouard Guillaume Eugène Reuss Edouard Guillaume Eugène Reuss ('Eduard Wilhelm Eugen Reuss'; July 18, 1804 – April 15, 1891), was a Protestant theologian from Alsace.