2002 Somali Reconciliation Conference The 2002 Somali Reconciliation Conference, sometimes called the Eldoret conference were a series of meetings held in Eldoret, Kenya during November 2002.
2007 Somali National Reconciliation Conference The 2007 Somali National Reconciliation Conference was held from 15 July 2007 until 30 August 2007 in Mogadishu; it was announced on 1 March 2007 by Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, the President of...
Abdullahi Issa Abdullahi Issa Mohamud (Cabdullahi Ciise Maxamuud, عبد الله عيسى محمد (b.
Abyssinian-Adal war The Abyssinian–Adal war was a military conflict between the Ethiopian Empire and the Adal Sultanate that took place from 1529 until 1543.
Action of 12 January 2012 The Action of 12 January 2012 was a botched attack by Somali pirates on the Spanish Navy replenishment oiler SPS Patiño, when they mistook the naval unit for a large merchant ship.
Action of 18 March 2006 The Action of 18 March 2006 occurred when two United States naval vessels were attacked by pirates.
Action of 23 March 2010 The Action of 23 March 2010 was an attack by Somali pirates on a Panamanian-flagged merchant vessel and the subsequent capture of the pirates by the Spanish Navy.
Action of 25 March 2010 The Action of 25 March 2010 was an attack by Somali pirates on a Panamanian-flagged merchant vessel and the subsequent capture of the pirates by the Spanish Navy.
Action of 30 March 2010 The Action of 30 March 2010 was a naval battle involving a Seychelles Coast Guard patrol boat and two groups of Somalian pirate vessels.
Adal Sultanate The Adal Sultanate or Kingdom of Adal (Saldaanada Cadal, ʾAdāl, سلطنة عدل) was a medieval multi-ethnic Muslim state located in the Horn of Africa from around 1415 to 1577.
Addis Ababa Agreement (1993) The Addis Ababa Agreement was a settlement reached at the 1993 Conference on National Reconciliation in Somalia.
Advance of the Islamic Courts Union The Advance of the Islamic Courts Union is the period in the Somali Civil War that began on May 2006 with the Islamic Courts Union's (ICU) conquest of Mogadishu from the Alliance for the Restora...
Ahlu Sunna Waljama'a Ahlu Sunna Waljama'a ("The Majority") (ASWJ) is a Somali paramilitary group consisting of moderate Sufis opposed to the radical Islamist groups such as Al-Shabaab in Somalia.
Ajuran Sultanate The Ajuuraan State or Ajuuraan Sultanate (Saldanadda Ajuuraan, اٍمارة أجوران) was a Somali Muslim empire that ruled over large parts of East Africa in the Middle Ages.
Ajuuraan State The Ajuuraan State or Ajuuraan Sultanate was a Somali Muslim empire that ruled over large parts of East Africa in the Middle Ages.
Ajuuraan state The Ajuuraan state, also known as the Ajuuraan sultanate (Saldanadda Ajuuraan, سلطنة أجوران), was a Somali Muslim empire that ruled over large parts of the Horn of Africa in the Middle...
Al-Shabaab Harakat al-Shabaab al-Mujahideen, more commonly known as al-Shabaab, is the Somalia-based cell of the militant Islamist group al-Qaeda, formally recognized in 2012.
Al-Shabaab (militant group) Harakat al-Shabaab al-Mujahideen (HSM) (حركة الشباب المجاهدين; Somali: Xarakada Mujaahidiinta Alshabaab, "Mujahideen Youth Movement" or "Movement of Striving Youth"), more commonl...
Azania (State) Azania, also known as Jubaland or the Juba Valley, is an autonomous region in southern Somalia.
Battle of Amba Sel The Battle of Amba Sel was fought on October 28, 1531 between the Ethiopians under their Emperor Dawit II, and the forces of Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi of the Adal Sultanate.
Battle of Ras Kamboni The Battle of Ras Kamboni was a battle in the 2006-2007 Somali War fought by the Islamic Courts Union (ICU) and affiliated militias against Ethiopian and the Somali Transitional Federal Governme...
Battle of Ras Kamboni (2007) The Battle of Ras Kamboni was a battle in the 2006-2007 Somali War fought by the Islamic Courts Union (ICU) and affiliated militias against Ethiopian and the Somali Transitional Federal Governme...
East African Campaign (World War II) The East African Campaign was a series of battles fought in Horn of Africa during World War II by Allied (predominantly British Commonwealth) forces against Axis forces, primarily from Italy, be...
Essina Essina was an ancient emporium located in the Horn of Africa.
Ethio-Somali War The Ethio-Somali War (also Ethiopian-Somali War or Ogaden War was a conventional conflict fought by Ethiopia and Somalia between July 1977 and March 1978 over the disputed Ogaden reg...
Ethiopian-Adal War The Ethiopian–Adal War was a military conflict between the Ethiopian Empire and the Adal Sultanate from 1529 until 1543.
Ethiopian-Adal war The Ethiopian–Adal war was a military conflict between the Ethiopian Empire and the Adal Sultanate that took place from 1529 until 1543.
Flag of Maakhir The flag of the Maakhir de facto autonomous region of Somalia was originally established with the declaration of the first Maakhir government, though with the emergency situation in Ma...
Francesco De Martini Francesco De Martini was an Italian captain of the Military Information Service (Servizio Informazioni Militari, or SIM) in Eritrea, when the Allies invaded the Italian East Africa during Wo...
Garsogude Sultanate The Garsogude Sultanate was a sultanate founded by the Garsogude clan in the southern Gedo, Bay and Lower Shebelle regions of present-day Somalia.
Geledi sultanate The Geledi sultanate (Saldanadda Geledi, سلطنة غلدي) was a Somali kingdom that ruled parts of the Horn of Africa during the late-17th century and 19th century.
Gerad Ali Dable Gerad Ali Dable was the 13th Sultan of the Warsangali Sultanate, reigning from 1491 to 1503.
Gerad Dhidhin Gerad Dhidhin (Abdulaahi Kooge Maxamuud Harti, عبد الله كوجى محمود هرتى), also known as Gerad Abdulahi, was the founder of the Warsangali Sultanate in the late 13th century in the terr...
Gobroon Dynasty The Gobroon Dynasty or Geledi Sultanate was a Somali royal house that ruled parts of East Africa during the 18th and 19th centuries.
Gobroon dynasty The Gobroon dynasty or Geledi sultanate was a Somali royal house that ruled parts of the Horn of Africa during the 18th and 19th centuries.
Haji Dirie Hirsi Haji Dirie Hirsi (Xaaji Diiriye Xirsi, حاجي ديريه حرسي), (1905–1975), was a Somali trader and businessman who contributed to the founding of the Somali Youth League in 1942-1945.
Hanad Zakaria Warsame Hanad Zakaria Warsame was a doctor, born to a Somali father and an Ethiopian mother.
Hannassa Hannassa is an historic town in southern Somalia.
Hasna Doreh Hasna Doreh (Xasna Dooreeh, حسناء دوريه) was an early 20th-century Somali female commander of the Dervish State, a state which frequently engaged in battles against the imperial powers durin...
Haud Haud (or Hawd) is a region of thorn-bush and grasslands in the Horn of Africa.
Hawo Tako Hawo Osman Tako (Xaawo Cusmaan Taako, حواء عثمان تاكو) (d.1948) was a prominent early 20th century Somali nationalist.
Haylaan Haylaan, also known as Heylaan, is an ancient town in the northern Sanaag region of Somalia.
History of Mogadishu Mogadishu (Muqdisho, popularly حَمَر Xamar ; مقديشو literally "The Seat of the Shah") is the largest city in Somalia and the nation's capital.
History of Somalia Somalia (Soomaaliya; الصومال), officially the Federal Republic of Somalia (Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya, جمهورية الصومال الفدرالية) and formerly known as the Somali Democratic Republic, is a country located in the Horn of Africa.
Hizbul Islam Hizbul Islam ("Islamic Party"), also known as Hizbul Islaami, Hisbi Islam, or Hezb-ul Islam is a Somali Islamist insurgent group.
Hobyo Hobyo (Hobyaa, هبيا), also known as Obbia, is an ancient port city in the north-central Mudug region of Somalia.
House of Galluweger The House of Galluweger or Gaalaware was a Somali royal house, based in present-day southern Somalia.
Ibrahim Adeer Ibrahim Adeer (Ibraahin Adeer, ابراهيم أدير) was a Somali ruler.
Ibrahim Haji Jama Mee'aad Ibrahim al-Afghani also known as Ibrahim Haji Jama Mee'aad was a prominent member of Somalia's Al-Shabaab, an insurgent group fighting Somalia's Transitional Federal Government.
Ifat Sultanate The Ifat Sultanate was a medieval Muslim Sultanate in the Horn of Africa.
International Somalia Contact Group The International Somalia Contact Group is an informal group of mainly western UN Ambassadors that was established at the United Nations headquarters in New York in June 2006 to support "peace a...
Irir Samaale Irir Samaale (var. Irir Samali) is the oldest common ancestor of several Somali clans and their respective sub-clans.
Italian conquest of British Somaliland The Italian conquest of British Somaliland (conquista italiana della Somalia britannica) was a military campaign in the Horn of Africa, which took place in August 1940 between forces of Italy an...
Italian guerrilla war in Ethiopia The Italian guerrilla war in Ethiopia was as an armed struggle fought from the summer of 1941 to the autumn of 1943 by remnants of Italian troops in Ethiopia, in what had been the short-lived at...
Italian Somaliland Italian Somaliland (Somalia italiana, الصومال الإيطالي Al-Sumal Al-Italiy, Dhulka Talyaaniga ee Soomaaliya), also known as Italian Somalia, was a colony of the Kingdom of Italy in present-day northeastern, central and southern Somalia.
Jabhatul Islamiya Jabhatul Islamiya (JABISO) also known as the Somali Islamic Front (SIF) was an Islamist insurgent group in Somalia.
January 2012 Somali pirate hijacking attempt The January 2012 Somali pirate hijacking attempt was a botched attack by Somali pirates on the Spanish Navy replenishment oiler SPS Patiño, when they mistook the naval unit for a large merch...
Jubaland Jubaland State of Somalia, also known as Jubaland (Jubbaland,), the Juba Valley (Dooxada Jubba) or Azania (Azaaniya,), is an autonomous region in southern Somalia.
Military history of Somalia The military history of Somalia encompasses the major conventional wars, conflicts and skirmishes involving the historic empires, kingdoms and sultanates in the territory of present-day Somalia,...
Mogadishu Mile The Mogadishu Mile refers to a route that was run by United States Army Rangers and Delta Force soldiers from a helicopter crash site to an appointed rally point held by the 10th Mountain Divisi...
Mogadishu-Villabruzzi Railway The Mogadiscio-Villabruzzi Railway (Ferrovia Mogadiscio-Villabruzzi) is an historical railway system that ran through southern Somalia.
Mohamed Farrah Aidid General Mohamed Farrah Hassan Aidid (Maxamed Faarax Xasan Caydiid,) (December 15, 1934 – August 1, 1996) was a controversial Somali military leader, often described as a warlord.
Moktar Ali Zubeyr Sheikh Moktar Ali Zubeyr (Mukhtaar Cali Zuubeyr, مختار علي الزبير) also known as Muktar Abdirahman "Godane", Ahmad Abdi Godane, Ahmad Abdi Aw Muhammad, Mukhtar Abu Zubey...
Mosylon Mosylon, also known as Mosullon, was an ancient trading center located in the Horn of Africa.
Muaskar Anole Muaskar Anole (Anole School) also known as Anoole, Caanole, Mu'askar Anole, Mucaskarka Caanoole, Caanoole Mu'askar, Mucaskarka al-Furqan, al-Furqan Camp...
Nikon (Somalia) Nikon (alternatively spelled Nicon) was a port town that is mentioned in the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea as being located far south along the Horn of Africa, in the region labeled there...
Nur ibn Mujahid Nur ibn Mujahid ibn ‘Ali ibn ‘Abdullah al Dhuhi Suha (Nuur ibn Muujahiid, نور بن مجاهد) (literally, "Light"; died 1567), of the Ahl Suhawyan division of the Marehan branch of the Somali Daro...
Ogaden War The Ogaden War was a conventional conflict between Somalia and Ethiopia in 1977 and 1978 over the Ogaden region of Ethiopia.
Operation Deliverance Operation Deliverance was a Canadian Forces peace making military operation in Somalia and formed part of the United Nations peace making deployment to that country.
Operation Provide Relief Operation Provide Relief was part of United Nations (UN) endorsed effort called The Unified Task Force (UNITAF) to secure and facilitate humanitarian relief for the people of Somalia, an effort ...
Operation United Shield Operation United Shield was the codename of the multinational military operation that was conducted 9 January 1995 to 3 March 1995.
Opone Opone was an ancient city situated in the Somali Peninsula.
Prime Minister of Somalia The Prime Minister of Somalia (Ra'iisul wasaare, رئيس وزراء الصومال) is the head of government in Somalia.
Propaganda in the War in Somalia Even before the beginning of the War in Somalia there were significant assertions and accusations of the use of disinformation and propaganda tactics, classed as forms of information warfare, by...
Qandala Qandala (also known as Candala, Andala, Bender Chor, Bandar Kor, Bender Kor or Taba Tege) is an ancient port town in the northeastern Bari province of Somalia.
Ras Bar Balla Ras Bar Balla is an historic town in the southern Lower Juba region of Somalia.
Ras Kamboni Brigades The Ras Kamboni Brigades also known as the Ras Kamboni Brigade, Muaskar Ras Kamboni or Mu'askar Ras Kamboni was an Islamist insurgent group active in Somalia (mostly in the Jub...
Rhamu Incident The Rhamu Incident, on the 29 June 1977, was a brief armed conflict between Kenya and Somalia, in which the latter invaded the Northern Frontier District on the eve of the Ogaden War.
Royal Corps of Colonial Troops The Royal Italian Corps of Colonial Troops was a corps of the Italian armed forces, in which were grouped all the Italian colonial troops until the end of World War II in Africa.
Royal Corps of Somali Colonial Troops The Royal Corps of Somali Colonial Troops (Regio corpo truppe coloniali della Somalia italiana) was the colonial body of the Royal Italian Army based in Italian Somaliland, in present-day northe...
Royal Italian Corps of Colonial Troops The Royal Italian Corps of Colonial Troops (Italian: Regio Corpo Truppe Coloniali) was a corps of the Italian armed forces, in which were grouped all the Italian colonial troops until the en...
Salvatore Colombo The Most Rev. Dr. Pietro Salvatore Monsignor Colombo, O.F.M., Bishop of Mogadiscio, was born 28 October 1922 in Carate Brianza, Italy.
Sarapion Sarapion (also spelled Serapion) was an ancient port city located in the Horn of Africa.
Sesea Sesea was an ancient maritime kingdom or nation located on the Somali peninsula in the land of Aromatics.
Shaykh Sufi Abd Al-Rahman bin Abdallah al Shashi (عبد الرحمن بن عبد الله شاشي) (b.
Somali Civil War The Somali Civil War is an ongoing civil war taking place in Somalia.
Somali Democratic Republic The Somali Democratic Republic (Jamhuuriyadda Dimuqraadiga Soomaaliya, الجمهورية الديمقراطية الصومالية al-Jumhūrīyah ad-Dīmuqrāṭīyah aṣ-Ṣūmālīyah, Repubblica Democratica Somala) was the ...
Somali National Movement The Somali National Movement (Dhaq dhaqaaqa wadaniga soomaliyeed, الحركة الوطنية الصوماليه) was a 1980s–1990s Somali rebel group.
Somali nationalism Somali nationalism is centered on the notion that the Somali people share a common language, religion, culture and ethnicity, and as such constitute a nation unto themselves.
Somali Rebellion The Somali Rebellion started in 1986 when Siad Barre began attacking clan-based dissident groups opposed to his rule with his special forces, the "Red Berets" (Duub Cas).
Somali Republic Somalia ( ; Soomaaliya; الصومال ), officially the Somali Republic (Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliya, جمهورية الصومال ) and formerly known as the Somali Democratic Republic under communist ...
Somali Revolution (1986-1992) The Somali Revolution started in 1986 when Siad Barre began attacking clan-based dissident groups opposed to his rule with his special forces, the "Red Berets".
Somali Studies Somali Studies is the scholarly term for research concerning Somalis and Somalia.
Somali Youth League The Somali Youth League (SYL) ( Ururka Dhalinyarada Soomaaliyeed, عصبة الشبيبة الصومالية), initially known as the Somali Youth Club (SYC), was the first political party in ...
Somalialand Somalialand is an archaic spelling of Somaliland, referring to British Somaliland, French Somaliland and Italian Somaliland.
Somalian Revolution (1986-1992) The Somali Revolution started in 1986 when Siad Barre began attacking clan-based dissident groups opposed to his rule with his special forces, the "Red Berets" (Duub Cas).
Somalian Revolution (1986–1992) The Somali Revolution started in 1986 when Siad Barre began attacking clan-based dissident groups opposed to his rule with his special forces, the "Red Berets" (Duub Cas).
Somaliland Campaign The Somaliland Campaign, also sometimes called the Anglo-Somali War, was a series of military expeditions that took place between 1900 and 1920 in the Horn of Africa, pitting the Dervishes...
Somaliland campaign (1920) The Somaliland campaign of 1920 was the final British expedition against the Dervish forces of Mohammed Abdullah Hassan (often called the "Mad Mullah" in English), the Somali religious leader.
State of Somaliland The State of Somaliland was a short-lived independent state in the territory of modern-day Somalia.
Sultanate of Harar The Sultanate of Harar was a medieval kingdom in present-day Harar, Ethiopia.
Sultanate of Hobyo The Sultanate of Hobyo (Saldanadda Hobyo, سلطنة هوبيو), also known as the Sultanate of Obbia, was a 19th-century Somali kingdom in present-day northeastern and central Somalia and east...
Trust Territory of Somalia The Trust Territory of Somalia (officially, the "Trust Territory of Somaliland under Italian administration") was a United Nations Trust Territory in present-day northeastern, central and ...
Unified Task Force Unified Task Force (UNITAF) was an American-led, United Nations-sanctioned multinational force which operated in Somalia between 5 December 1992 – 4 May 1993.
United Nations Operation in Somalia I United Nations Operation in Somalia I (UNOSOM I) was the first part of a United Nations (UN) sponsored effort to provide, facilitate, and secure humanitarian relief in Somalia, as well as ...
United Nations Operation in Somalia II United Nations Operation in Somalia II (UNOSOM II) was the second phase of the United Nations intervention in Somalia, from March 1993 until March 1995.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 141 United Nations Security Council Resolution 141, adopted unanimously on July 5, 1960, after examining the application of the Republic of Somalia for membership in the United Nations, the Council ...
Walashma dynasty The Walashma dynasty was a Muslim noble family based in the Horn of Africa.
War in Somalia (2006-2009) The War in Somalia was an armed conflict involving largely Ethiopian and Somali Transitional Federal Government (TFG) forces and Somali troops from Puntland versus the Somali Islamist umbrella g...
War in Somalia (2006–2009) The War in Somalia was an armed conflict involving largely Ethiopian and Somali Transitional Federal Government (TFG) forces and Somali troops from Puntland versus the Somali Islamist umbrella g...
Wargaade Wall Wargaade Wall is an ancient stone construction in Wargaade, Somalia.
Warsangali Sultanate The Warsangali Sultanate (Saldanadda Warsangeli, سلطنة الورسنجلي) was a Somali imperial ruling house centered in northeastern and in some parts of southeastern Somalia.