American Dynamics AD-150 The AD-150 is a high-speed VTOL unmanned aerial vehicle that is being developed by American Dynamics Flight Systems as a future competitor for the United States Marine Corps' Tier III VUAS progr...
Armstrong Whitworth AW.171 The Armstrong Whitworth AW.171 was a British project of the 1950s to develop a supersonic VTOL flying wing aircraft.
Armstrong Whitworth AW.681 The Armstrong Whitworth AW.681, also known as the Whitworth Gloster 681 or Hawker Siddeley HS.681, was a projected British long-range STOL military transport aircraft design by Arms...
Avro Canada TS-140 The Avro Canada TS-140 was a proposed by Avro Canada to the United States Navy TS-140 Specification in 1956.
Avro Canada VZ-9 Avrocar The Avro Canada VZ-9 Avrocar was a VTOL aircraft developed by Avro Aircraft Ltd. (Canada) as part of a secret U.S. military project carried out in the early years of the Cold War.
Aérospatiale Ludion The Sud-Aviation/Aérospatiale SA-610 Ludion (Ludion - Cadet) was a tiny, unorthodox VTOL aircraft demonstrated at the 1967 Paris Air Show.
Aérospatiale N 500 The Aérospatiale N 500 Cadet was a single-seat VTOL research aircraft built by Nord in 1967.
Bell D-188A The Bell D-188A (unofficial military designations XF-109/XF3L) was a proposed eight-engine Mach 2-capable vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) tiltjet fighter that never proceeded past ...
Bell Eagle Eye The Bell Eagle Eye, Model 918, is a United States tiltrotor unmanned aerial vehicle that was offered as one of the competitors in the U.S. Navy's VT-UAV (Vertical Takeoff - UAV) program.
Bell Model 65 The Bell Model 65 Air Test Vehicle (ATV) was an experimental tiltjet VTOL aircraft built by Bell using parts from a number of commercial aircraft.
Bell X-14 The Bell X-14 (Bell Type 68) was an experimental VTOL aircraft flown in the United States in the 1950s.
Bensen B-10 The Bensen B-10 Propcopter was an unconventional VTOL aircraft developed by Igor Bensen in the United States in the late 1950s.
Bensen B-12 The Bensen B-12, variously dubbed the Sky-Way or Sky-Mat was an unconventional multirotor developed by Igor Bensen in the United States in the late 1950s.
Blue Origin Goddard Blue Origin Goddard is the name of the first development vehicle in the Blue Origin New Shepard program, which flew for the first time on November 13, 2006.
Blue Origin New Shepard The Blue Origin New Shepard reusable launch vehicle is a vertical-takeoff, vertical-landing (VTVL), suborbital manned rocket that is being developed by Blue Origin, a company owned by Amazon.com...
British Aerospace Harrier II The British Aerospace Harrier II is a second-generation vertical/short takeoff and landing (V/STOL) jet aircraft used previously by the Royal Air Force (RAF) and, between 2006 and 2010, the Roya...
British Aerospace P.1216 The British Aerospace (BAe) P.1216 was a planned supersonic Advanced Short Take Off/Vertical Landing (ASTOVL) aircraft from the 1980s.
British Aerospace P.125 The British Aerospace P.125 was a British supersonic STOVL multirole combat aircraft being developed in the 1980s.
British Aerospace Sea Harrier The British Aerospace Sea Harrier is a naval short take-off and vertical-landing/vertical take-off and landing jet fighter, reconnaissance and attack aircraft, a development of the Hawker Siddel...
Canadair CL-84 The Canadair CL-84 "Dynavert", designated by the Canadian Forces as the CX-131, was a V/STOL turbine tiltwing monoplane designed and manufactured by Canadair between 1964 and 1972.
Chrysler VZ-6 The Chrysler VZ-6 was an American VTOL ducted-fan test vehicle designed and built by Chrysler for the United States Army Flying Jeep competition.
Convertiplane A convertiplane in popular usage is an aircraft that converts in flight to change its method of obtaining lift.
Curtiss-Wright VZ-7 The Curtiss-Wright VZ-7 was a VTOL aircraft designed by the Curtiss-Wright company for the US Army.
DARPA TX The DARPA TX, or Transformer is a 5-year, 3-phase flying car effort coordinated by DARPA for the United States Military.
Dassault Balzac Mirage IIIV The Balzac Mirage IIIV was a pair of prototypes that Dassault Aviation had built to test some concepts they made for a Mach 2-capable VTOL fighter based on 1960 Nato requirements.
Dassault Balzac V The Dassault Balzac V was a French vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) testbed of the early 1960s.
Dassault Mirage IIIV The Dassault Mirage IIIV was a French vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) prototype fighter aircraft of the mid-1960s.
Deflected slipstream Deflected slipstream is an approach to creating an aircraft that can take off and land vertically (VTOL), or at least with a very short runway (STOL).
Discopter The Discopter was invented by Alexander Weygers, who was a Dutch-American artist and polymath.
Dornier Aerodyne The Dornier Aerodyne was the designation of an unmanned "wingless" VTOL aircraft.
Dornier Do 31 The Dornier Do 31 was a West German experimental VTOL jet transport built by Dornier.
Dornier DO-960 The Dornier DO-960 was a hybrid computer designed for the Dornier Do 31 experimental VTOL aircraft.
DuPont Aerospace DP-1 The DuPont Aerospace DP-1 was a subscale prototype for a fixed-wing VSTOL transport aircraft, intended to take off and land like a helicopter and fly like an airplane.
DuPont Aerospace DP-2 The DuPont Aerospace DP-2 is a fixed-wing VSTOL transport aircraft that is designed to take off and land like a helicopter and fly like an airplane.
Eurocopter X3 The Eurocopter X3 (X-Cubed) is an experimental high-speed compound helicopter under development by Eurocopter.
EWR VJ 101 The EWR VJ 101 was an experimental German jet fighter VTOL tiltjet aircraft.
Fairey FB-1 Gyrodyne The Fairey FB-1 Gyrodyne was an experimental British rotorcraft that used single lifting rotor and a tractor propeller mounted on the tip of the starboard stub wing to provide both propulsion an...
Fairey Jet Gyrodyne The Fairey Jet Gyrodyne was a British experimental compound autogyro built by the Fairey Aviation Company that incorporated helicopter, gyrodyne and autogyro characteristics.
Fairey Rotodyne The Fairey Rotodyne was a 1950s British compound gyroplane designed and built by Fairey Aviation and intended for commercial and military applications.
Focke Rochen The Focke Rochen, also known as Focke-Wulf Schnellflugzeug or Focke-Wulf VTOL was a German VTOL aircraft project.
Focke-Achgelis Fa 269 The Focke-Achgelis Fa 269 was a tiltrotor VTOL aircraft project designed by Heinrich Focke.
Focke-Wulf Fw 260 The Focke-Wulf Fw 260 Flamingo and Focke-Wulf Fw 300 were a pair of related VTOL airliner projects, designed by Focke-Wulf during the early 1960s.
Garrett STAMP The Garrett STAMP was a two person flying jeep prototype made by a division of AiResearch Manufacturing Co. of Phoenix, Arizona, for the United States Marine Corps STAMP program, in the early 1970s.
Harrier Jump Jet The Harrier, informally referred to as the Jump Jet, is a family of military jet aircraft capable of vertical/short takeoff and landing (V/STOL) operations.
Hawker Siddeley Harrier The Hawker Siddeley Harrier, known colloquially as the "Harrier Jump Jet", was developed in the 1960s and formed the first generation of the Harrier series of aircraft.
Hawker Siddeley HS.141 The Hawker Siddeley HS.141 was a 1970s design study and submission for a British V/STOL airliner requirement.
Hawker Siddeley P.1127 The Hawker P.1127 and the Hawker Siddeley Kestrel FGA.1 were the experimental and development aircraft that led to the Hawker Siddeley Harrier, the first vertical and/or short take-off a...
Hawker Siddeley P.1154 The Hawker Siddeley P.1154 was a planned supersonic vertical/short take-off and landing fighter aircraft designed by Hawker Siddeley Aviation.
Hiller VZ-1 Pawnee The Hiller VZ-1 Pawnee (U.S. Army designation; earlier Army designation: HO-1) was a unique direct lift rotor aircraft, using contra-rotating ducted fans for lift inside a platform upon wh...
Hoverbike A hovercar is a transport vehicle appearing in works of science fiction.
Joint Combat Aircraft The Joint Combat Aircraft (JCA) is the official designation of the United Kingdom Ministry of Defence used for the F-35 Lightning II, formerly the Joint Strike Fighter, and the result of...
Junkers EF 009 The Junkers EF 009 Hubjäger (German: "lift-fighter") was an unrealized design for an unorthodox jet fighter dating from the late 1930s.
Kankoh-maru The Kankoh-maru is the name of a proposed vertical takeoff and landing (VTVL), single-stage-to-orbit (SSTO), reusable launch vehicle (rocket-powered spacecraft.
Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II The Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II is a family of single-seat, single-engine, fifth-generation multirole fighters under development to perform ground attack, reconnaissance, and air defense m...
Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II procurement Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II procurement is the planned selection and purchase of the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II, also known as the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF), by various...
Lockheed Martin X-35 The Lockheed Martin X-35 was an experimental aircraft developed by Lockheed Martin for the Joint Strike Fighter Program.
Lockheed XV-4 Hummingbird The Lockheed XV-4 Hummingbird (originally designated VZ-10) was a U.S. Army project designed and built by the Lockheed Corporation in the 1960s, one of many attempts to produce a V/STOL ve...
Lunar Landing Research Vehicle The Bell Aerosystems Lunar Landing Research Vehicle (LLRV) was an Apollo Project era program to build a simulator for the Moon landings.
M200G Volantor The M200G Volantor is a prototype of a flying saucer-style hovercraft, designed by aeronautics engineer Paul Moller.
McDonnell Douglas AV-8B Harrier II The McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) AV-8B Harrier II is a single-engine ground-attack aircraft that constitutes the second generation of the Harrier Jump Jet family.
Moller M200G Volantor The M200 Neuera (formerly, the M200G Volantor) is a prototype of a flying saucer-style hovercraft, designed by aeronautics engineer Paul Moller.
Moller M200X TheMoller M200X is a 2 person Flying-saucer-like VTOL (Vertical Take-Off and Landing) aircraft that can fly up to a height of 3 meters (10 feet) -- called a "volantor" by its inventor Paul Moller.
Moller M400 Skycar The Moller Skycar is a prototype personal VTOL (vertical take-off and landing) aircraft – a "flying car" – invented by Paul Moller who has been attempting to develop such vehicles for fifty years.
Moller Skycar M400 The Moller Skycar is a prototype personal VTOL (vertical take-off and landing) aircraft — a "flying car" — called a "Volantor" by its inventor Paul Moller, who has been attempting to d...
Piasecki VZ-8 Airgeep The Piasecki VZ-8 Airgeep (company designation PA-59) was a prototype vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) aircraft developed by Piasecki Helicopter.
Piasecki X-49 The Piasecki X-49 is a four-bladed, twin-engined, experimental compound helicopter under development by Piasecki Aircraft.
Powered lift Powered lift or powered-lift refers to a type of aircraft that can take off and land vertically and functions differently from a rotorcraft in horizontal flight.
Puffin (aircraft) The Puffin is an American proposed hover-capable, electric-powered, low-noise, personal vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) technology-concept proprotor aircraft.
Rockwell XFV-12 The Rockwell XFV-12 was a prototype supersonic United States Navy fighter which was built in 1977.
Rolls-Royce Thrust Measuring Rig The Rolls-Royce Thrust Measuring Rig (TMR) was a pioneering vertical take-off and landing aircraft developed by Rolls-Royce in the 1950s.
Ryan XV-5 Vertifan The Ryan XV-5 Vertifan was a jet-powered V/STOL experimental aircraft in the 1960s.
Short SC.1 The Short SC.1 was the first British fixed-wing vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) aircraft.
Sikorsky S-69 The Sikorsky S-69 was an experimental compound co-axial helicopter developed as the demonstrator of the Advancing Blade Concept (ABC) under US Army and NASA funding.
Sikorsky S-72 The Sikorsky S-72 was an experimental hybrid helicopter/fixed-wing aircraft developed by helicopter manufacturer Sikorsky Aircraft.
SoloTrek XFV The SoloTrek XFV (Exo-skeletal Flying Vehicle) was a single-person VTOL aircraft.
Tail-sitter A tail-sitter or tailsitter is a type of VTOL aircraft that takes off and lands on its tail, then tilts horizontally for forward flight.
Tailsitter A tailsitter is a type of VTOL aircraft that launches and lands on its tail.
Transformer (flying car) The Transformer or TX is a 5-year, 3-phase flying car effort coordinated by DARPA for the United States Military.
Trek Aerospace Dragonfly The Trek Aerospace Dragonfly is a horizontally configured cargo-carrying aircraft from Trek Aerospace that began development in 2004.
Urban Aeronautics X-Hawk The Urban Aeronautics X-Hawk is a design for a flying car which is being developed by Rafi Yoeli in Tel Aviv, Israel.
VFW VAK 191B The VFW VAK 191B was an experimental German VTOL nuclear strike fighter of the early 1970s.
VTOL A vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) aircraft is one that can hover, take off, and land vertically.
VTOL X-Plane The Vertical Take-Off and Landing Experimental Aircraft (VTOL X-Plane) program is an American research project sponsored by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
Williams X-Jet The Williams X-Jet, created by Williams International, was a small, light-weight Vertical Take Off and Landing (VTOL) system powered by a modified Williams F107 turbofan aircraft engine designat...
Yakovlev Yak-141 The Yakovlev Yak-141 (Яковлева Як-141; NATO reporting name "Freestyle"), also known as the Yak-41, was a supersonic vertical takeoff/landing (VTOL) fighter aircraft designed by Yakovlev.
Yakovlev Yak-33 The Yakovlev Yak-33 was a vertical take-off and landing supersonic multi-purpose aircraft family, studied in the early 1960s, with variants of a basic design used to fulfill different roles, in ...
Yakovlev Yak-36 The Yakovlev Yak-36, also known as Izdeliye V, (NATO reporting name "Freehand") was a Soviet technology demonstrator for a VTOL combat aircraft.
Yakovlev Yak-38 The Yakovlev Yak-38 (Яковлева Як-38; NATO reporting name: "Forger") was Soviet Naval Aviation's only operational VTOL strike fighter aircraft, in addition to being its first operational ca...
Yakovlev Yak-43 The Yakovlev Yak-43 was a Soviet VTOL (vertical takeoff and landing) fighter designed as a successor to the ill-fated Yakovlev Yak-141M, which failed to reach production.
Yakovlev Yak-45 The Yakovlev Yak-45 as the designation for a series of design studies in 1973-1974 for a single seat fighter.