Analects The Analects, or Lunyu, also known as the Analects of Confucius, is the collection of sayings and ideas attributed to the Chinese philosopher Confucius and his contempora...
Baopuzi The Baopuzi, written by the Jin Dynasty scholar Ge Hong 葛洪 (283-343), is divided into esoteric Neipian 內篇 "Inner Chapters" and exoteric Waipian 外篇 "Outer Chapters".
Biographies of Exemplary Women The Biographies of Exemplary Women is a book compiled by the Han Dynasty scholar Liu Xiang circa 18 BC. It includes 125 biographical accounts of exemplary women in ancient China, taken from...
Book by category A Book by category is one kind of reference book in ancient China.
Book of Documents The Classic of History is a compilation of documentary records related to events in ancient history of China.
Book of History The Classic of History is a compilation of documentary records related to events in ancient history of China.
Book of Rites The Book of Rites, literally the Record of Rites, is one of the Five Classics constituting the core of the traditional Confucian canon.
Book of Songs (Chinese) The Book of Songs, translated variously as the Classic of Poetry, the Book of Odes, and often known simply as its original name The Odes, is the earliest existi...
Book of Vermilion Fish Book of Vermilion Fish is the very first monograph on goldfish in the world, written by Chinese writer Zhang Qiande in 1596 during the Ming Dynasty.
Cantong qi The Kinship of the Three, also referred to as The Book of the Kinship of Three, is the earliest book on theoretical alchemy in China.
Chinese classics Chinese classic texts, or Chinese canonical texts, today often refer to the Chinese texts which originated before the imperial unification by the Qin Dynasty in 221 BCE, especially the Neo...
Chinese Text Project The Chinese Text Project (CTP; ) is a digital library project that assembles collections of early Chinese texts.
Chu Ci Chu Ci (EFEO: Tch'ou-ts'eu) (also known as Verses of Chu, Songs of Chu or Songs of the South) is an anthology of Chinese poetry traditionally attributed mainly ...
Chu Shi Biao The Chu Shi Biao may refer to either of two official memorials submitted by the chancellor Zhuge Liang to Liu Shan, the second ruler of the state of Shu Han in the Three Kingdoms period.
Classic of Filial Piety Xiao Jing or Classic of Filial Piety (; alternative transliteration Hsiao Ching) is a Confucian classic treatise giving advice on filial piety; that is, how to behave towards a...
Classic of History The Classic of History is a compilation of documentary records related to events in ancient history of China.
Classic of Music The Classic of Music (Chinese: t 樂經 s 乐经 p Yuèjīng; w Yüeh-ching) was a Confucian classic text lo...
Classic of Poetry The Classic of Poetry, translated variously as the Book of Songs, Book of Odes, or simply known as the Odes or Poetry is the oldest existing collection of Chinese poetry, comprising 305 works dating from the 11th to 7th centuries BC. It is one of...
Classic of Rites The Book of Rites, also known as the Book of Customs, Classic of Rites, the Record of Rites, Liki, Li Ji, Li Gi or Li Ch'i, was one of the Chinese Five Classics...
Customs of Cambodia The Customs of Cambodia or A Record of Cambodia: The Land and Its People is the English translated name of the document written by the Chinese diplomat Zhou Daguan during his stay ...
Di Zi Gui Di Zi Gui (Standards for being a Good Pupil and Child) was written in the Qing Dynasty during the reign of the Kangxi Emperor (r.
Doctrine of the Mean The Doctrine of the Mean, is both a doctrine of Confucianism and also the title of one of the Four Books of Confucian philosophy.
Dream of the Red Chamber Dream of the Red Chamber, composed by Cao Xueqin, is one of China's Four Great Classical Novels.
Dunhuang Go Manual The Dunhuang Go Manual or Dunhuang Go Classic is the earliest surviving manual on the strategic board game of Go.
Erya Erya (Erh-ya) is the oldest surviving Chinese dictionary or Chinese encyclopedia known.
Etiquette and Ceremonial The Book of Etiquette and Ceremonial is a Chinese classic text about Zhou dynasty social behavior and ceremonial ritual as it was practiced and understood during the Spring and Autumn Period.
Etiquette and Rites The Etiquette and Rites is a Chinese classic text about Zhou dynasty social behavior and ceremonial ritual as it was practiced and understood during the Spring and Autumn Period.
Fangyan The Fāngyán, edited by Yang Xiong, was the first Chinese dictionary of dialectal terms.
Gao Bing Gao Bing (高棅, 1350 to 1423) flourished during the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644) as an author and poetry theorist.
Gongyang Zhuan The Gōngyáng Zhuàn is a commentary on Chunqiu, or the Spring and Autumn Annals, and is thus one of the classic books of ancient Chinese.
Great Learning The Great Learning was one of the "Four Books" in Confucianism.
Great Tang Records on the Western Regions The Great Tang Records on the Western Regions is a narrative of Xuanzang's nineteen-year journey through Chang'an to Central Asia and eventually South Asia between 626 and 645.
Guangya The Guangya ("Expanded Erya") was an early 3rd-century CE Chinese dictionary, edited by Zhang Yi during the Three Kingdoms period.
Guanzi (text) The Guanzi is an encyclopedic compilation of Chinese philosophical materials named after the 7th century BCE philosopher Guan Zhong, Prime Minister to Duke Huan of Qi. The Han Dynasty schola...
Guliang Zhuan The Gǔliáng Zhuàn is considered one of the classic books of ancient Chinese history.
Guoyu (book) The Discourses of the States or Guoyu is a classical Chinese history book that collected the historical records of numerous states from the Western Zhou to 453 BC. Its author is un...
Guwen Guanzhi Guwen Guanzhi (Chinese: 古文觀止, Wade-Giles: ku3-wen2 kuan1-chih3, pinyin: gǔwén guānzhǐ) is an anthology of essays written in Literary Chinese.
Han Feizi (book) The Han Feizi is a work written by Han Feizi at the end of the Warring States period in China.
Hanshu Yiwenzhi Hanshu Yiwenzhi (simplified Chinese 汉书·艺文志; traditional Chinese 漢書·藝文志), or Treatise on Literature, is the bibliographical section of the History of the Former Han dynasty by the fam...
Huainanzi The Huáinánzǐ is a 2nd-century BCE Chinese philosophical classic from the Han dynasty that blends Daoist, Confucianist, and Legalist concepts, including theories such as Yin-Yang and the Fiv...
Huangdi Neijing Huangdi Neijing, also known as The Inner Canon of Huangdi or Yellow Emperor's Inner Canon, is an ancient Chinese medical text that has been treated as the fundamental do...
Huangdi Sijing The Huangdi sijing are long-lost Chinese manuscripts that were discovered among the Mawangdui Silk Texts.
Huangdi Yinfujing The Huangdi Yinfujing, or Yinfujing, is a circa 8th century CE Daoist scripture associated with Chinese astrology and Neidan-style Internal alchemy.
Ji Xiao Xin Shu The book Ji Xiao Xin Shu was written by the Chinese general Qi Jiguang of the Ming Dynasty.
Kaicheng Stone Classics The Kaicheng Stone Classics (開成石經) or Tang Stone Classics are a group of twelve early Chinese classic works carved on the orders of Emperor Wenzong (Li Ang) of the Tang dynasty in 833–837 ...
Kaogongji Kaogong ji or The Records of Examination of Craftsman, sometimes translated as Book of Diverse Crafts, is a classic work on science and technology in Ancient China, compiled towards ...
Liao Fan Liao Fan (born 14 February 1974) is a Chinese film and theatre actor.
Liao-Fan's Four Lessons Liao-Fan's Four Lessons (了凡四訓) is a book written by Yuan Liaofan, who was born during the Ming Dynasty, in about 1550, in Wujiang County, Jiangsu Province.
Liexian Zhuan The Liexian Zhuan, edited by Liu Xiang, was the first Daoist hagiography.
Liezi The Liezi is a Daoist text attributed to Lie Yukou, a circa 5th century BCE Hundred Schools of Thought philosopher, but Chinese and Western scholars believe it was compiled around the 4th ce...
Lingshu Jing Lingshu Jing, also known as Divine Pivot, Spiritual Pivot, or Numinous Pivot, is an ancient Chinese medical text whose earliest version was probably compiled in...
Lunheng The Lunheng, published in 80 CE, is a wide-ranging Chinese classic text containing critical essays by Wang Chong (27- ca. 100 CE) on natural science, Chinese mythology, philosophy, and literature.
Luxuriant Dew of the Spring and Autumn Annals The Luxuriant Dew of the Spring and Autumn Annals is one of the works attributed to Dong Zhongshu that has survived to the present, though its compilation might have continued past his lifet...
Lüshi Chunqiu The Lüshi Chunqiu (Lü-shih Ch'un-ch'iu) is an encyclopedic Chinese classic text compiled around 239 BCE under the patronage of the Qin Dynasty Chancellor Lü Buwei.
Man Jiang Hong Man Jiang Hong is the title of a set of Chinese lyrical poems sharing the same pattern.
Mawangdui Silk Texts The Mawangdui Silk Texts are texts of Chinese philosophical and medical works written on silk and found at Mawangdui in China in 1973.
Mencius (book) The Mencius, commonly called the Mengzi, is a collection of anecdotes and conversations of the Confucian thinker and philosopher Mencius.
Nineteen Old Poems Nineteen Old Poems, also known as Ku-shih shih-chiu shih is an anthology of Chinese poems, consisting of nineteen poems which were probably originally collected during the Han Dynasty.
Old Texts In Chinese philology, the Old Texts refer to some versions of the Five Classics discovered during the Han Dynasty, written in archaic characters and supposedly produced before the burning of the...
Peiwen Yunfu The Peiwen Yunfu is a 1711 Chinese rime dictionary of literary allusions and poetic dictions.
Qi Min Yao Shu Qí mín yào shù (）is the most completely preserved of the ancient Chinese agricultural texts, and was written by the Northern Wei Dynasty official Jia Sixie.
Qian fu lun Qian fu lun ( "Comments of a Recluse") is a political-metaphysical text by the Later Han philosopher Wang Fu. It contains criticisms of contemporary societies, especially the power of consor...
Quan Tangshi Quan Tangshi, also known as Chuan Tang-shih and Complete Tang Poems, is the premier collection of Tang poetry, containing some 49,000 poems, the Quantangshi is the m...
Quantangshi The Quantangshi, or Complete Tang Poems is the most complete collection of Tang poetry.
Ruzang Ruzang or Confucian collection are ongoing projects to published collected Confucian works.
Seven Military Classics The Seven Military Classics were seven important military texts of ancient China, which also included Sun-tzu's The Art of War.
Shenxian zhuan The Shenxian zhuan is a hagiography of xian "transcendents; immortals", partially attributed to the Daoist scholar Ge Hong (283-343).
Shiming The Shiming, also known as the Yìyǎ, is a Chinese dictionary that employed phonological glosses, and "is believed to date from c.
Shuanggudui Shuanggudui is an archeological site located near Fuyang in China's Anhui province.
Shuihudi Qin bamboo texts The Shuihudi Qin bamboo texts are early Chinese texts written on bamboo slips, and are also sometimes called the Yúnmèng Qin bamboo texts.
Shuowen Jiezi Shuōwén Jiězì, often shortened to Shuowen, was an early 2nd-century Chinese dictionary from the Han Dynasty.
Six Secret Teachings The Six Secret Teachings, is a treatise on civil and military strategy traditionally attributed to the legendary figure Jiāng Zǐyá, a confederate of King Wen of Zhou, founder of the Zhou Dyn...
Spring and Autumn Annals The Spring and Autumn Annals is the official chronicle of the State of Lu covering the period from 722 to 481 BCE. It is the earliest surviving Chinese historical text to be arranged on anna...
Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio or Liaozhai Zhiyi (also Strange Tales from a Chinese Studio or Strange Tales of Liaozhai,) is a collection of nearly 500 mostly supern...
Sun Bin's Art of War Sun Bin's Art of War is an ancient Chinese classic work on military strategy written by Sun Bin, an alleged descendant of Sun Tzu who served as a military strategist in the Qi state during t...
Tengwang Ge Xu Tengwang Ge Xu (Preface to the Prince of Teng's Pavilion, full name Qiuri deng Hongzhou Tengwang Ge Jianbie Xu (Preface to a farewell feast atop the Prince of Teng's Pavilion in Autumn...
The Art of War The Art of War is an ancient Chinese military treatise attributed to Sun Tzu, a high-ranking military general, strategist and tactician. The text is composed of 13 chapters, each of which is devoted to one aspect of warfare.
The Book of Balance and Harmony The Book of Balance and Harmony ("Zhong he ji" 《中和集》) is a thirteenth-century Chinese anthology by the Taoist master Daochun Li which outlines the teachings and practices of the Quanzhen Sch...
The Book of Lord Shang The Book of Lord Shang (Shang1 chün1 shu1, Shāngjūnshū, or colloquially Shāngzi; 商君書) was an early Legalist work generally attributed to the eponymous Lord Shang.
The Classic of the Plough The Classic of the Plough is a classical Chinese text written by Lu Kuei-Meng, ca 880 AD. He describes (amongst other items) an antique iron plough.
The Customs of Cambodia The Customs of Cambodia or A Record of Cambodia: the Land and Its People (真臘風土記) is the English translated name of the document written by the Yuan Chinese diplomat Zhou Daguan (Ch...
The General's Garden The General's Garden, also known as the Book of the Heart or the New Book, is an ancient Chinese military treatise attributed to the famous Three Kingdoms period military...
The Kinship of the Three The Kinship of the Three, also referred to as The Book of the Kinship of Three, is the earliest book on theoretical alchemy in China.
The Methods of the Sima The Methods of the Sima (also known as The Marshal's Art of War) is a text discussing laws, regulations, government policies, military organization, military administration, discip...
The Secret of the Golden Flower The Secret of the Golden Flower, a Chinese Taoist book about meditation, was translated by Richard Wilhelm (also translator, in the 1920s, of the Chinese philosophical classic the I Ching).
The Story of the Western Wing The Story of the Western Wing, also translated as Romance of the West Chamber, is one of the most famous Chinese dramatic works.
Thick Black Theory Thick Black Theory is a philosophical treatise written by Li Zongwu :zh:李宗吾 (1879–1944), a disgruntled politician and scholar born at the end of Qing dynasty.
Thirteen Classics The Thirteen Classics is a term for the group of thirteen classics of Confucian tradition that became the basis for the Imperial Examinations during the Song Dynasty and have shaped much of East...
Thirty-Six Stratagems The Thirty-Six Stratagems was a Chinese essay used to illustrate a series of stratagems used in politics, war, as well as in civil interaction.
Thousand Character Classic The Thousand Character Classic is a Chinese poem used as a primer for teaching Chinese characters to children from the sixth century onward.
Three Character Classic The Three Character Classic, Trimetric Classic or San Zi Jing is one of the Chinese classic texts.
Three Strategies of Huang Shigong The Three Strategies of Huang Shigong is a text on military strategy that was historically associated with the Han dynasty general Zhang Liang.
Ti Tzu Kui Ti Tzu Kui was written during the reign of the Qing Dynasty Emperor Kangxi by Li Yu Xiu.
Tui bei tu Tui bei tu is a Chinese prophecy book from the 7th-century Tang dynasty.
Wangchuan ji The Wangchuan ji is a collection of Tang poetry written by the two poets Wang Wei and Pei Di, also known in other ways, such as Wheel River Collection.
Wei Liaozi The Wei Liaozi is a text on military strategy, one of the Seven Military Classics of ancient China.
Wen Xuan The Wen xuan, or Selections of Refined Literature, is one of the earliest existing anthologies of Chinese poetry and literature, and is the earliest to arrange its pieces by topic.
Wuhan University School of Chinese Classics Wuhan University School of Chinese Classics is a school in Wuhan University that teaches Chinese classics, a joint collaboration between Wuhan's Schools of Chinese, History, and Philosophy.
Wuzi The Wuzi is a classic Chinese work on military strategy attributed to Wu Qi. It is considered one of China's Seven Military Classics.
Xi yu fan guo zhi 西域番国志 (Pinyin: Xi Yu Fan Guo Zhi or Hsi-yü fan-kuo chih; literally "A Record of the Barbarian Countries in the Western Region.
Xiao Erya The Xiao Erya was an early Chinese dictionary that supplements the Erya.
Xiao Jing Xiao Jing or Classic of Filial Piety (; alternative transliteration Hsiao Ching) is a Confucian classic treatise giving advice on filial piety; that is, how to behave towards a...
Xiping Stone Classics The Xiping Stone Classics are a collection of Han Dynasty stone carved books on various Confucian classics.
Yellow Court Classic The Yellow Court Classic ("Huang Ting Jing", 黄庭经), a Chinese Taoist Internal Alchemy (Neidan, 內丹) text, was received from the unknown source (according to a lore, as a Heavenly Scripture fro...
Yili (text) The Yili or The Ceremonies and Rites and Book of Etiquette and Ceremonial is a Chinese classic text about Zhou Dynasty rituals.
Yiwenzhi Yiwenzhi, or the Treatise on Literature, is the bibliographical section of the Hanshu (Book of Han) by the Chinese historian Ban Gu (32-92), who completed the work begun by...
Yu Gong The Yu Gong or Tribute of Yu is a chapter of the Book of Xia (夏書/夏书) section of the Book of Documents, one of the Five Classics of ancient Chinese literature.
Yuan Hai Zi Ping Yuan Hai Zi Ping is the first comprehensive and systematic book on the theory of Four Pillars of Destiny.
Zhangjiashan Han bamboo texts The Zhangjiashan Han bamboo texts are ancient Han Dynasty Chinese written works dated 196–186 BCE. They were discovered in 1983 by archaeologists excavating tomb no.
Zhengzitong The Zhengzitong was a 17th-century Chinese dictionary.
Zhou Bi Suan Jing The Zhou Bi Suan Jing, or Chou Pei Suan Ching, (周髀算經) is one of the oldest and most famous Chinese mathematical texts.
Zuo Zhuan Zuo Zhuan (Tso Chuan;), or Chunqiu Zuo Zhuan, sometimes translated as the Chronicle of Zuo or the Commentary of Zuo, is among the earliest Chinese wor...