A. Kingsley Macomber Abraham Kingsley Macomber was an American adventurer, businessman, philanthropist, Thoroughbred-racehorse owner and breeder.
Adam Render Adam Render (surname often recorded as Renders; 1822–1881) was a German-American hunter, prospector and trader in southern Africa who is generally recorded as the first white man to see th...
Adolf Overweg Adolf Overweg (July 24, 1822 – September 27, 1852) was a German geologist, astronomer, and traveler from Hamburg.
Afonso de Paiva Afonso de Paiva (c. 1443 – c. 1490) was a Portuguese diplomat and explorer of Ethiopia and the Barbary Coast together with Pêro da Covilhã.
Ahmed Hassanein Ahmed Hassanein Pasha, KCVO, MBE or Aḥmad Moḥammad Makhlūf Ḥasanēn al-Būlākī was an Oxford-educated Egyptian courtier, diplomat, Olympic athlete in fencing, photographer, writer, politician, e...
Alexander Bulatovich Alexander Ksaverievich Bulatovich (Алекса́ндр Ксаве́рьевич Булато́вич; 26 September 1870 – 5 December 1919) tonsured Father Antony (отец Антоний) was a Russian military officer, explorer o...
Alexander Gordon Laing Major Alexander Gordon Laing (27 December 1793 – 26 September 1826) was a Scottish explorer and the first European to reach Timbuktu via the north/south route.
Alexandre de Serpa Pinto Alexandre Alberto da Rocha de Serpa Pinto (aka Serpa Pinto; April 20, 1846 – December 28, 1900) was a Portuguese explorer of southern Africa and a colonial administrator.
Alexandre Delcommune Alexandre Delcommune, or del Commune, (6 October 1855 – 7 August 1922) was a Belgian officer of the armed Force Publique of the Congo Free State who undertook extensive explorations of t...
Alexandrine Tinné Alexandrine Petronella Francina Tinne (alternative spellings: Pieternella, Françoise, Tinné) (17 October 1835 – 1 August 1869) was a Dutch explorer in Africa and the first European w...
Alvise Cadamosto Alvise Cadamosto or Alvide da Ca' da Mosto (also known in Portuguese as Luís Cadamosto; c. 1432 – July 16, 1483) was an Italian slave trader and explorer, who was hired by the Po...
Antoni Jakubski Antoni Władysław Jakubski was a Polish zoologist and explorer.
Antonio de Noli Academic Society The Antonio de Noli Academic Society is an international, non-profit research organization founded in 2009 at Serra Riccò (Province of Genoa, Italy) by descendants of the Genoese navigator Anton...
Antoniotto Usodimare Antonio de Noli (born 1415 or possibly 1419; Demise whereabouts unknown) was a 15th century Genoese nobleman and navigator, and the first governor of the earliest European overseas colony in Sub...
Antão Gonçalves Antão Gonçalves was a 15th-century Portuguese explorer and slave trader who was the first European to buy Africans as slaves from black slave traders.
António da Silva Porto António Francisco Ferreira da Silva Porto (24 August 1817 - 2 April 1890) was a Portuguese trader and explorer in Angola, in the Portuguese West Africa.
António de Noli Antonio de Noli (born 1415 or possibly 1419;) was a 15th-century Genoese nobleman and navigator, and the first governor of the earliest European overseas colony in Subsaharan Africa.
António Fernandes António Fernandes, or sometimes Álvaro Fernandes, was one of the leading Portuguese explorers of the earlier 15th century, the age of Henry the Navigator.
Arthur Donaldson Smith Dr. Arthur Donaldson Smith (1866–1939) was an American doctor, hunter, and explorer of Africa.
Arthur Henry Neumann Arthur Henry Neumann (12 June 1850 – 29 May 1907) was a British explorer, hunter, soldier, farmer and travel writer, famous for his exploits in Equatorial East Africa.
Arthur J. M. Jephson Arthur Jermy Mounteney Jephson (1859–1908) was a young adventurer and African explorer, who accompanied H.M.Stanley on the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition, 1887-1889.
Arthur Jephson Arthur Jermy Mounteney Jephson (1859–1908) was an adventurer and African explorer, who accompanied H.M.Stanley on the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition, 1887-1889.
August Frederik Beutler August Frederik Beutler was an ensign in the employ of the Dutch East India Company who headed an epic 1752 reconnaissance expedition lasting 8 months from 29 February to November, eastward from...
August Schynse August Schynse was a German Catholic missionary and African explorer born at Wallhausen, near Kreuznach, and educated at Bonn.
Augustin de Beaulieu Augustin de Beaulieu (1589–1637) was a French general of the 17th century, who in 1619 was put in charge of an armed expedition to the East Indies composed of three ships (275 crews, 106 cannons...
Axel Wilhelm Eriksson Axel Wilhelm Eriksson (1846–1901) was a Swedish ornithologist, settler and trader in what is now Namibia.
Bartolomeu Dias Bartolomeu Dias (Anglicized: Bartholomew Diaz; c. 1451 – 29 May 1500), a nobleman of the Portuguese royal household, was a Portuguese explorer.
Bernardino Drovetti Bernardino Michele Maria Drovetti was an Italian diplomat, lawyer, explorer and antiquarian, appointed by Napoleon as French consul to Egypt at a time when the country and its antiquities were b...
Boyd Alexander Boyd Alexander (16 January 1873 – 2 April 1910) was an English British Army officer, explorer and ornithologist.
Burkhart Waldecker Burkhart Waldecker was a German explorer who, in 1937, discovered the most southern source of the White Nile in Burundi.
Carl Peters Carl Peters Founder of Goshin Ryu Taijutsu.
Charles de Foucauld Blessed Charles Eugène de Foucauld (15 September 1858 – 1 December 1916) was a French Catholic religious and priest living among the Tuareg in the Sahara in Algeria.
Charles Gwynn Sir Charles Gwynn KCB, CMG, DSO, FRGS (1870-1962) was an Irish born Major General of the British Army, geographer, explorer, and author of works on military history and theory.
Charles John Andersson Karl John (Karl Johan) Andersson (March 4, 1827, in Värmland, Sweden – July 9, 1867 in Angola) was a Swedish explorer, hunter and trader as well as an amateur naturalist and ornithologist.
Charles Rawden Maclean Charles Rawden Maclean, also known as "John Ross", was born on 17 August 1815 in Fraserburgh and died 13 August 1880 at sea on the RMS Larne while en route to Southampton.
Charles Tilstone Beke Charles Tilstone Beke (10 October 1800 – 31 July 1874) was an English traveller, geographer and Biblical critic.
Christian de Bonchamps The Marquis Christian de Bonchamps was a French explorer in Africa and a colonial officer in the French Empire during the late 19th- early 20th-century epoch known as the "Scramble for Africa", ...
Christina Dodwell Christina Dodwell FRGS (born 1 February 1951, Nigeria) is a British explorer, travel writer, and lecturer.
Chuma and Susi Chuma and Susi were loyal servants of explorer David Livingstone.
Clemens Denhardt Clemens Andreas Denhardt (1852–1928) and his brother Gustav Denhardt (1856–1917), born in Zeitz, Saxony-Anhalt, were distinguished German explorers of Africa at the time of the Scramble fo...
Curt von François Curt Karl Bruno von François (2 October 1852 – 28 December 1931) was a military and political figure in the early days of German colonialism in Africa.
Daniel Houghton Daniel Houghton was an Irish explorer and one of the earliest Europeans to travel through the interior of West Africa.
Dao Yi Zhi Lue Dao Yi Zhi Lue or Dao Yi Zhi is a book written c. 1330 by Yuan Dynasty Chinese traveller Wang Dayuan 汪大渊 recounting his travels to over a hundred places in South Asia, Southeast Asia, an...
David Livingstone David Livingstone (19 March 1813 – 1 May 1873) was a Scottish Congregationalist pioneer medical missionary with the London Missionary Society and an explorer in Africa.
Delia Akeley Delia Julia Akeley (1875 – 1970), commonly known by her nickname, Mickie, was an American explorer.
Dimitrie Ghica-Comăneşti Dimitrie Ghica-Comănești (also Demeter Ghica, Ghica Comăneșteanu, Prince Ghica de Roumanie; December 31, 1839–1923) was a Romanian nobleman, explorer, famous hunter, adventurer...
Dinis Dias Dinis Dias was a 15th-century Portuguese explorer.
Diogo Cão Diogo Cão (in old Portuguese: Cam) was a Portuguese explorer and one of the most notable navigators of the Age of Discovery, who made two voyages sailing along the west coast of Africa to ...
Diogo de Azambuja Diogo de Azambuja (born Montemor-o-Velho, 1432; died 1518) was a Portuguese noble.
Diogo de Silves Diogo de Silves, is the presumed name of an obscure Portuguese explorer of the Atlantic who allegedly discovered the Azores islands in 1427.
Diogo Dias Diogo Dias, also known as Diogo Gomes, was a 15th-century Portuguese explorer.
Diogo Fernandes Pereira Diogo Fernandes Pereira, sometimes called simply Diogo Fernandes, was a Portuguese 16th-century navigator, originally from Setúbal, Portugal.
Diogo Gomes Diogo Gomes (c. 1420 – c. 1500), was a Portuguese navigator, explorer and writer.
Diogo Soares Diogo Soares de Albergaria, also known as Diego Soares de Melo and the "Gallego" was a 16th-century Portuguese navigator and explorer.
Dixon Denham Dixon Denham (1 January 1786 – 9 June 1828) was an English soldier, explorer of West Central Africa, and ultimately Governor of Sierra Leone.
Dragutin Lerman Dragutin Lerman (24 August 1863 - 12 July 1918) was a Croatian explorer.
Duarte Pacheco Pereira Duarte Pacheco Pereira (c. 1460 – 1533), called the Portuguese Achilles (Aquiles Lusitano) by the poet Camões, was a Portuguese sea captain, soldier, explorer and cartographer.
Edmund Musgrave Barttelot Edmund Musgrave Barttelot (28 March 1859 – 19 July 1888) was a British Army officer, who became notorious after his allegedly brutal and deranged behaviour during his disastrous command of...
Eduard Robert Flegel Eduard Robert Flegel (October 13, 1855 – September 11, 1886) was a German explorer who played an important role in the Scramble for Africa.
Eduard Rüppell Wilhelm Peter Eduard Simon Rüppell was a German naturalist and explorer.
Eduard Vogel Eduard Vogel (7 March 1829 - February 1856) was a German explorer in Central Africa.
Edward Arthur Maund Edward Arthur Maund (1851 - 17 March 1932, Hampstead) was an African explorer and Rhodesian pioneer.
Emil Holub Emil Holub was a Czech physician, explorer, cartographer, and ethnographer in Africa.
Emin Pasha Mehmed Emin Pasha (March 28, 1840 – October 23, 1892) — he was born Isaak Eduard Schnitzer and baptized (circa 1847) Eduard Carl Oscar Theodor Schnitzer — was a physician, natura...
Emmanuel Bertrand-Bocandé Emmanuel Bertrand-Bocandé was an explorer, businessman, and French colonial administrator who helped spread French influence in Basse Casamance, Senegal, specifically on the island of Carabane.
Ernst Marno Ernst Marno (1844, Vienna – 1883, Khartoum) was an Austrian explorer in East Africa.
Eudoxus of Cyzicus Eudoxus of Cyzicus (fl. c. 130 BC) (Greek: Ευδοξος) was a Greek navigator who explored the Arabian Sea for Ptolemy VIII, king of the Hellenistic Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt.
Eugène Maizan Eugène Maizan (1819–July 1845) was a French Naval lieutenant and explorer, possibly the first European to penetrate East Africa and the first to enter tropical Africa from Zanzibar.
Euthymenes Euthymenes of Massalia (early sixth century BCE) was a Greek explorer from Massilia (Marseille), who explored the coast of West Africa as far, apparently, as a great river, of which the outflow ...
Fernão do Pó Fernão do Pó, also Fernão Pó, Fernando Pó, Fernando Poo (15th century) was a Portuguese navigator and explorer of the West African coast.
Fernão Gomes Fernão Gomes (15th century) was a Portuguese merchant and explorer from Lisbon, the son of Tristão Gomes de Brito.
Francis Galton Sir Francis Galton, FRS (16 February 1822 – 17 January 1911) was an English Victorian polymath: anthropologist, eugenicist, tropical explorer, geographer, inventor, meteorologist, proto-gen...
Francisco Barreto Francisco Barreto (occasionally Francisco de Barreto, 1520 - July 9, 1573) was a Portuguese soldier and explorer.
Francisco de Lacerda Dr Francisco José Maria de Lacerda (died 18 October 1798) was a Portuguese explorer in the 18th century.
Francisco Álvares Francisco Álvares (c. 1465, Coimbra - 1536~1541, Rome) was a Portuguese missionary and explorer.
Frank Cole Frank Cole (1954 – 2000) was an award-winning Canadian documentary filmmaker and avid surfer who became the first North American to cross the Sahara alone on camel from the Atlantic Ocean ...
Franz Stuhlmann Franz Ludwig Stuhlmann (1863–1928) was a German zoologist and African explorer, born in Hamburg.
François Levaillant François Levaillant (later in life as Le Vaillant, "The Valiant") (6 August 1753 – 22 November 1824) was a French author, explorer, naturalist, zoological collector, and noted ornithol...
Frederick Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard Frederick John Dealtry Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard GCMG, CB, DSO, PC (22 January 1858 – 11 April 1945), known as Sir Frederick Lugard between 1901 and 1928, was a British soldier, explorer of...
Frederick Selous Frederick Courteney Selous DSO (31 December 1851 – 4 January 1917) was a British explorer, officer, hunter, and conservationist, famous for his exploits in South-East Africa.
Frederick Thomas Green Frederick Thomas (Fred) Green (April 4, 1829 – May 5, 1876) was an explorer, hunter and trader in what is now Namibia and Botswana.
Friedrich Bohndorff Friedrich Bohndorff (August 16, 1848, Plau am See, Mecklenburg-Schwerin - after 1894) was a German researcher and ornithologist.
Friedrich Gerhard Rohlfs Friedrich Gerhard Rohlfs (April 14, 1831 - June 2, 1896) was a German geographer, explorer, author and adventurer.
Frédéric Cailliaud Frédéric Cailliaud (9 June 1787 – 1 May 1869) was a French naturalist, mineralogist and conchologist.
Gaetano Casati Gaetano Casati (1838–1902) was an Italian explorer of Africa, born in Lesmo in upper Italy.
Georg August Schweinfurth Georg August Schweinfurth (December 29, 1836 – September 19, 1925) was a Baltic German botanist, traveller in East Central Africa and ethnologist.
George Francis Lyon George Francis Lyon (1795–1832) was a rare combination of Arctic and African explorer.
George Grenfell George Grenfell (born 21 August 1849, Sancreed, Cornwall, Eng.
Gil Eanes Gil Eanes (or Eannes, in the old Portuguese spelling;) was a 15th-century Portuguese navigator and explorer.
Giovanni Battista Belzoni Giovanni Battista Belzoni (5 November 1778 – 3 December 1823), sometimes known as The Great Belzoni, was a prolific Italian explorer and pioneer archaeologist of Egyptian antiquities.
Giuseppe Maria Giulietti Giuseppe Maria Giulietti (December 28, 1847-May 25, 1881) was an Italian soldier, geographer and explorer.
Gonçalo da Silveira Gonçalo da Silveira, S.J. was a Portuguese Jesuit missionary in southern Africa.
Gonçalo de Sintra Gonçalo de Sintra or de Cintra (d.1444/45), was a 15th century Portuguese explorer and slave raider.
Gustav Adolf von Götzen Count Gustav Adolf von Götzen (12 May 1866 – 2 December 1910) was a German explorer and Governor of German East Africa.
Gustav Denhardt Gustav Denhardt and his brother Clemens Andreas Denhardt, born in Zeitz, Saxony-Anhalt, were distinguished German explorers of Africa at the time of the Scramble for Africa.
Gustav Nachtigal Gustav Nachtigal (23 February 1834 – 20 April 1885) was a German explorer of Central and West Africa.
Hanmer Warrington Hanmer George Warrington was born in Acton, Cheshire, England, served in the British Army, attaining the rank of lieutenant colonel and subsequently became British Consul General at Tripoli on ...
Hanno the Navigator Hanno the Navigator (also known as Hanno II of Carthage) was a Carthaginian explorer c. 500 BC, best known for his naval exploration of the African coast.
Hans Tappenbeck Hans Tappenbeck (born January 14, 1861 Wolsier (today part of Havelaue), Western Havelland, Germany; † July 26, 1889 in Douala, Cameroon) was a German officer and explorer of Africa.
Harry Johnston Sir Henry "Harry" Hamilton Johnston, GCMG, KCB (12 June 1858 - 31 July 1927), was a British explorer, botanist, linguist and colonial administrator, one of the key players in the "Scramble for A...
Heinrich Barth Heinrich Barth (16 February 1821 – 25 November 1865) was a German explorer of Africa and scholar.
Henry Morton Stanley Sir Henry Morton Stanley GCB, born John Rowlands (28 January 1841 – 10 May 1904), was a British journalist and explorer famous for his exploration of central Africa and his search fo...
Hermann Detzner Hermann Philipp Detzner (16 October 1882 – 1 December 1970) was an officer in the German colonial security force (Schutztruppe) in Kamerun (Cameroon) and German New Guinea, as ...
Hermann Steudner Carl Theodor Hermann Steudner was a botanist and an explorer of Africa.
Hermann Wissmann Hermann von Wissmann (4 September 1853 – 15 June 1905) was a German explorer and administrator in Africa.
Hermenegildo Capelo Hermenegildo de Brito Capelo was born in Palmela, Portugal, in 1841, and died in Lisbon, Portugal, in 1917.
Hugh Clapperton Bain Hugh Clapperton (18 May 1788 – 13 April 1827) was a Scottish naval officer and explorer of West and Central Africa.
Hugo Zöller Hugo Zöller (12 January 1852 – 1933 in Munich) was a German explorer and journalist.
Ibn Battuta أبو عبد الله محمد بن عبد الله اللواتي الطنجي بن بطوطة,, or simply Ibn Battuta (ابن بطوطة) (February 25, 1304 – 1368 or 1369), was a Moroccan explorer of Berber descent.
Ibn Selim el-Aswani Ibn Selim el-Aswani (ابن سليم الأسواني) was a tenth-century Egyptian diplomat who was dispatched to Nubia and left a written record of his travels.
Isabelle Eberhardt Isabelle Eberhardt (17 February 1877 – 21 October 1904) was an explorer and writer who lived and travelled extensively in North Africa.
James Augustus Grant James Augustus Grant, CB, CSI, FRS, FRGS was a Scottish explorer of eastern equatorial Africa.
James Bruce James Bruce (14 December 1730 – 27 April 1794) was a Scottish traveller and travel writer who spent more than a dozen years in North Africa and Ethiopia, where he traced the origins of the Blue Nile.
James Hingston Tuckey James Hingston Tuckey (August 1776-4 October 1816) was an Irish-born British explorer and a captain in the Royal Navy.
James Richardson (explorer of the Sahara) James Richardson (born November 3, 1809 in Boston, Lincolnshire; died March 4, 1851 in Ngurutua near Kuka, Bornu) Richardson made an expedition in 1845 from Tunis and Tripoli in Libya to Ghadame...
Jaume Ferrer Jaume Ferrer was a Majorcan sailor and explorer.
Jean de Thévenot Jean de Thévenot (16 June 1633 – 28 November 1667) was a French traveller in the East, who wrote extensively about his journeys.
Jean Dybowski Jean Thadée Emmanuel Dybowski (18 April 1856 – December 18, 1928) was a French agronomist, naturalist and explorer of Polish heritage born in Charonne, Paris.
Jerónimo Lobo Jerónimo Lobo (1595 - 29 January, 1678) was a Portuguese Jesuit missionary.
Joachim von Pfeil Count Joachim von Pfeil was a German explorer and colonist in Africa and New Guinea.
Johann Franz Drège Johann Fran(t)z Drège (or Jean François Drège) (25 March 1794 Altona, Hamburg, Germany - 3 February 1881 Altona, Hamburg, Germany), commonly referred to by his standard botanical author ab...
Johann Ludwig Burckhardt Johann Ludwig (also known as John Lewis, Jean Louis) Burckhardt (November 24, 1784 – October 15, 1817) was a Swiss traveller, geographer, and orientalist.
John Arthur John William Arthur, OBE, MD (born Glasgow, 1881, died Edinburgh, 1952) was a medical missionary and Church of Scotland minister who served in British East Africa (Kenya) from 1907 to 1937.
John Beecroft John Beecroft (1790 – 10 June 1854) was an explorer, governor of Fernando Po and British Consul of the Bight of Benin and Biafra.
John Cranch John Cranch was an English naturalist and explorer.
John Hanning Speke John Hanning Speke (4 May 1827 – 15 September 1864) was an officer in the British Indian Army who made three exploratory expeditions to Africa and who is most associated with the search for...
John Kirk (explorer) John Kirk CMG KCB (December 19, 1832 – January 15, 1922) was a Scottish physician, naturalist, companion to explorer David Livingstone, and British administrator in Zanzibar.
John Lander (explorer) John Lander (1807 – 6 November 1839) was the younger brother of Cornish explorer Richard Lemon Lander and accompanied him on his first expedition to western Africa.
John Petherick John Petherick (1813 – 15 July 1882), Welsh traveller in East Central Africa, was born in Glamorganshire, and adopted the profession of mining engineer.
Johnny Ward Johnny Ward (born 1983) is an Irish traveler, blogger, lifestyle designer, digital nomad and entrepreneur who has traveled throughout more than 100 countries around the globe.
Johnny Ward (blogger) Johnny Ward (born 1983) is an Irish lifestyle designer, travel blogger, digital nomad and entrepreneur who was traveled throughout more than 100 countries around the globe.
Joseph Moloney Joseph Moloney was the Irish-born British medical officer on the 1891-92 Stairs Expedition which seized Katanga in Central Africa for the Belgian King Leopold II, killing its ruler, Msiri, in th...
Joseph Ritchie Doctor Joseph Ritchie (c 1788 - 20 November 1819) was an English surgeon, explorer and naturalist.
Joseph Thomson (explorer) Joseph Thomson (14 February 1858 – 2 August 1895) was a Scottish geologist and explorer who played an important part in the Scramble for Africa.
José Alberto de Oliveira Anchieta José Alberto de Oliveira Anchieta (variations José d'Anchieta, José Anchieta, José de Anchieta - b. October 9, 1832 in Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal, d. September 14, 1897 in Cac...
João de Santarém João de Santarém was a Portuguese explorer who discovered São Tomé and Príncipe together with Pêro Escobar.
João de Sá João de Sá, knight was a Portuguese explorer, who accompanied Vasco da Gama on the voyage that of the first ships to sail directly from Europe to India.
João de Trasto João de Trasto is the name of an obscure (and possibly fictional) Portuguese mariner, who is alleged to have captained the first exploratory expedition dispatched by Prince Henry the Navigator i...
João Fernandes João Fernandes (John, Joam) (not to be confused with João Fernandes Lavrador) was a Portuguese explorer of the 15th century.
João Fernandes (explorer) João Fernandes (John, Joam) (not to be confused with João Fernandes Lavrador) was a Portuguese explorer of the 15th century.
João Grego João Grego was a Portuguese explorer of the African coast.
João Infante João Infante was a Portuguese explorer of the African coast.
Karl Klaus von der Decken Baron Karl Klaus (Carl Claus) von der Decken (born August 8, 1833 in Kotzen, Brandenburg, Germany; died October 2, 1865 near Bardera, Somalia) was a German explorer of eastern Africa and t...
Karl Peters Karl Peters (27 September 1856 - 10 September 1918), was a German colonial ruler, explorer, politician and author, the prime mover behind the foundation of the German colony of East Africa (in t...
Kenyon Painter Kenyon Painter was an American banker and noted big game hunter.
Kingsley Holgate Kingsley Holgate is a South African explorer, humanitarian and author.
Kurt Dinter Moritz Kurt Dinter (10 June 1868 Bautzen - 16 December 1945 Neukirch/Lausitz), was a German botanist and explorer in South West Africa.
Lançarote de Freitas Lançarote de Freitas, better known as Lançarote de Lagos or Lançarote da Ilha, was a 15th-century Portuguese explorer and slave trader from Lagos, Portugal.
Leonid Artamonov Leonid Konstantinovich Artamonov (Леони́д Константи́нович Артамо́нов; 25 February 1859 – 1 January 1932) was a Russian military engineer, adviser and general, geographer and traveler, explorer ...
Lopes Gonçalves Lopes Gonçalves (15th century) was a Portuguese explorer of the Atlantic.
Louis Gustave Binger Louis Gustave Binger was a French officer and explorer who claimed the Côte d'Ivoire for France.
Lourenço Marques Lourenço Marques was a 16th century Portuguese trader and explorer.
László Almásy László Ede Almásy de Zsadány et Törökszentmiklós (22 August 1895 – 22 March 1951) was a Hungarian aristocrat, motorist, desert explorer, aviator, Scout-leader and sportsman who also served as th...
Macgregor Laird Macgregor Laird was a Scottish merchant pioneer of British trade on the River Niger.
Malamine Camara Malamine Camara was a Senegalese sergeant in the French colonial army, and a key figure in the extension of French colonial rule in the Congo Basin.
Martin Behaim Martin (von) Behaim (6 October 1459 – 29 July 1507), (also known as Martinho da Boémia, Martin Bohemus, Martin Behaim von Schwarzbach, or) was a German mariner, artist, cosmographer,...
Mary Kingsley Mary Henrietta Kingsley (13 October 1862 – 3 June 1900) was an English ethnographic and scientific writer and explorer whose travels throughout West Africa and resulting work helped shape ...
Mary Livingstone (née Moffat) Mary Livingstone (née Moffat; 1821-27 April 1862) was the wife of the Scottish Congregationalist missionary David Livingstone.
May French Sheldon Mary French Sheldon (1847–1936), as author May French Sheldon, was an American publisher, author and explorer.
Michael Asher (explorer) Michael Asher is an author, historian, deep ecologist, and notable desert explorer who has covered more than 30,000 miles on foot and camel.
Mirko and Stjepan Seljan Mirko Seljan (April 5, 1871 – c. 1913) and Stjepan Seljan (August 19, 1875 – June 7, 1936) were Croatian explorers.
Mungo Park (explorer) Mungo Park (11 September 1771 – 1806) was a Scottish explorer of the African continent.
Nathaniel Isaacs Nathaniel Isaacs (1808–1872) was an English adventurer who played a part in the history of Natal, South Africa.
Nehsi Nehsi was an official at the court of the ancient Egyptian pharaoh Hatshepsut.
Nicolau Coelho Nicolau Coelho (c.1460, Felgueiras - 1502, off the coast of Mozambique) was an expert Portuguese navigator and explorer during the age of discovery.
Nikolay Leontiev Nikolay Stepanovich Leontiev (Никола́й Степа́нович Леонтьев; 26 October 1862 – 1910) was a Russian military officer and adviser, geographer and traveler, explorer of Africa, writer, first Count ...
Nuno Tristão Nuno Tristão was a 15th-century Portuguese explorer and slave trader, active in the early 1440s, traditionally thought to be the first European to reach the region of Guinea (legendarily, as far...
Oscar Baumann Oscar Baumann (June 25, 1864 in Vienna - October 12, 1899 in Vienna) was an Austrian cartographer with a keen interest in ethnography.
Oskar Lenz Oskar Lenz (April 13, 1848 - March 1, 1925) was a German-Austrian geologist and mineralogist who was a native of Leipzig.
Panayotis Potagos Panayotis Potagos (1839-1903) was a Greek physician and explorer from Arcadian Vytina.
Parfait-Louis Monteil Parfait-Louis Monteil was a French colonial military officer and explorer who made an epic journey in West Africa between 1890 and 1892, travelling east from Senegal to Lake Chad, and then north...
Paul Crampel Paul Crampel (17 November 1864 – 9 April 1891) was a French explorer born in Nancy.
Paul du Chaillu Paul Belloni du Chaillu (July 31, 1835 – April 29, 1903) was a French-American traveler and anthropologist.
Paul Du Chaillu Paul Belloni du Chaillu (July 31, 1835 – April 29, 1903) was a French-American traveler and anthropologist.
Paul Güssfeldt Dr Paul Güssfeldt was a German geologist, mountaineer and explorer.
Paul Pogge Paul Friedrich Johann Moritz Pogge (24 December 1838 – 16 March 1884) was a German explorer in Africa.
Paul Reichard Paul Reichard (2 December 1854 – 19 September 1938) was a German explorer who traveled extensively in Africa.
Pedro de Sintra Pedro de Sintra also known as Pêro de Sintra was a Portuguese explorer.
Pedro Páez Pedro Páez Jaramillo (Portuguese: Pêro Pais; 1564 – May 25, 1622) was a Spanish Jesuit missionary in Ethiopia.
Pellegrino Matteucci Doctor Pellegrino Matteucci (12 October 1850 – 8 August 1881) was an Italian explorer known for his expeditions to Africa.
Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza Pietro Paolo Savorgnan di Brazzà, then known as Pierre Paul François Camille Savorgnan de Brazza (26 January 1852 - 14 September 1905), was an Italian explorer, born in the Papal States an...
Prince Kamal el Dine Hussein Prince Kamal el Dine Hussein (كمال الدين حسين) (20 December 1874 – 6 August 1932) was the son of Sultan Hussein Kamel of Egypt.
Pêro da Covilhã Pedro or Pêro da Covilhã (c. 1460 – after 1526) was a Portuguese diplomat and explorer.
Pêro de Alenquer Pêro de Alenquer (15th century) Portuguese explorer of the African coast.
Pêro de Ataíde Pêro de Ataíde or Pedro d'Ataíde (d'Atayde, da Thayde), nicknamed O Inferno (Hell), (c.
Pêro Dias Pêro Dias was a Portuguese explorer of the African coast.
Pêro Escobar Pedro Escobar, also known as Pêro Escobar, was a 15th-century Portuguese navigator who discovered São Tomé and Príncipe together with João de Santarém circa 1470.
Quentin Keynes Quentin George Keynes (17 June 1921 – 26 February 2003) was an explorer, writer, filmmaker, and bibliophile.
René Caillié René Caillié (September 19, 1799 – May 17, 1838) was a French explorer, and the first European to return alive from the town of Timbuktu.
Richard Buchta Richard Buchta (19 January 1845 – 29 July 1894) was an Austrian explorer, born in Radlow, Galicia.
Richard Büttner Oskar Alexander Richard Büttner (28 September 1858 - 1927) was a German botanist and mineralogist involved in the exploration of the Congo.
Richard Francis Burton Captain Sir Richard Francis Burton KCMG FRGS (19 March 1821 – 20 October 1890) was an English geographer, explorer, translator, writer, soldier, orientalist, cartographer, ethnologist, spy, ling...
Richard Kandt Richard Kandt (* 17 December 1867 in Posen; † 29 April 1918 in Nuremberg; original name Kantorowicz) was a German physician and explorer of Africa.
Richard Lemon Lander Richard Lemon Lander (8 February 1804 – 6 February 1834) was a Cornish explorer of western Africa.
Richard Mohun Richard Dorsey Loraine Mohun (1865 – July 13, 1915) was an American explorer and soldier of fortune.
Robert Felkin Robert William Felkin (13 March 1853 – 28 December 1926) was a medical missionary and explorer, a ceremonial magician and member of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, a prolific author on Ug...
Roberto Ivens Roberto Ivens (Ponta Delgada, June 12, 1850, - January 28, 1898, Dafundo, Oeiras) was a Portuguese explorer of Africa, geographer, colonial administrator, and an officer of the Portuguese Navy.
Romolo Gessi Romolo Gessi, also called Gessi Pasha, was an Italian soldier and an explorer of north-east Africa, especially Sudan and the Nile River.
Samuel Baker Sir Samuel White Baker, KCB, FRS, FRGS (8 June 1821 – 30 December 1893) was a British explorer, officer, naturalist, big game hunter, engineer, writer and abolitionist.
Sancho de Tovar Sancho de Tovar, 6th Lord of Cevico, Caracena and Boca de Huérgano (c.
Sataspes Sataspes was a Persian navigator and cavalry commander whose name is derived from Sat and Asp.
Selim Aga Selim Aga (born around 1826 in Taqali area of Sudan, died December 1875 in Liberia), a native of Sudan who was abducted by slave traders when he was eight years of age, was brought to Scotland i...
Sidi Mubarak Bombay Sidi Mubarak Bombay also known as Chuma (1820–1885) was an African guide who participated in numerous expeditions by 19th century British explorers to East Africa.
Stanley Portal Hyatt Stanley Portal Hyatt (2 January 1877 – 30 June 1914) was an English explorer, hunter, and writer.
Thomas Alexander Barns Thomas Alexander Barns FZS FES, also known as T. A. Barns and T. Alexander Barns, and in his private life as Alexander Barns (4 June 1881 – 4 March 1930), was an English busin...
Thomas Baines (John) Thomas Baines (27 November 1820 – 8 May 1875) was an English artist and explorer of British colonial southern Africa and Australia.
Thomas Edward Bowdich Thomas Edward Bowdich (20 June 1791 – 10 January 1824) was an English traveller and author.
Théodore Monod Théodore André Monod (Rouen, April 9, 1902 - Versailles, November 22, 2000) was a French naturalist, explorer, and humanist scholar.
Trader Horn Alfred Aloysius "Trader" Horn (born Alfred Aloysius Smith; 1861–1931) was an ivory trader in central Africa.
William Grant Stairs William Grant Stairs was a Canadian-British explorer, soldier, and adventurer who had a leading role in two of the most controversial expeditions in the history of the colonisation of Africa.
William Winwood Reade William Winwood Reade (26 December 1838 - April 24 1875) was a British historian, explorer, and philosopher.
Zheng He Zheng He (13711433), formerly romanized as Cheng Ho, was a Hui court eunuch, mariner, explorer, diplomat, and fleet admiral during China's early Ming Dynasty.
Álvaro Caminha Álvaro Caminha was appointed by King John II of Portugal in 1492 Captain-major – apparently the third – of São Tomé and Príncipe which had been discovered 22 years earlier.
Álvaro Fernandes António Fernandes, or sometimes Álvaro Fernandes, was one of the leading Portuguese explorers of the earlier 15th century, the age of Henry the Navigator.
Álvaro Martins Álvaro Martins, also known as Álvaro Martins Homem, was a 15th-century Portuguese alleged to have explored the western Atlantic and later the African coast.