2012 Wikipedia blackout The 2012 English Wikipedia blackout is a proposed blackout of the English Wikipedia for 24 hours on 18 January 2012.
ACSnet MHSnet is a store-and-forward messaging system for wide area networks.
Advanced Network and Services Advanced Network and Services was a United States non-profit organization formed in September 1990 by the NSFNET partners to run the network infrastructure for the soon to be upgraded NSFNET Bac...
Archie search engine Archie is a tool for indexing FTP archives, allowing people to find specific files.
ARPANET The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was one of the world's first operational packet switching networks, the first network to implement TCP/IP, and the progenitor of what was to become the global Internet.
As We May Think As We May Think is an essay by Vannevar Bush, first published in The Atlantic in July 1945, and republished again as an abridged version in September 1945 — before and after the at...
ASCII Ribbon Campaign The ASCII ribbon campaign is an Internet phenomenon started in 1998 advocating that email be sent only in plain text, because of inefficiencies or dangers of using HTML email.
Augmentation Research Center SRI International's Augmentation Research Center (ARC) was founded in the 1960s by electrical engineer Douglas Engelbart to develop and experiment with new tools and techniques for collaboration...
Barry Appelman Barry Appelman is recognized as being the father of the "buddy list" and AOL instant messenger.
Bistel Bistel, acronym for Belgian Information System by Telephone, was a Belgian equivalent of Prestel and Minitel on a smaller scale, established in 1986 at the initiative of the then Prime Minis...
CANARIE CANARIE is a Canadian government-supported non-profit corporation, founded in 1993, which maintains a set of leased wide area network links for the transfer of very large data files.
CERN httpd CERN httpd (later also known as W3C httpd) was a web server (HTTP) daemon originally developed at CERN from 1990 onwards by Tim Berners-Lee, Ari Luotonen and Henrik Frystyk Nielsen.
Chromium (web browser) Chromium is the open source web browser project from which Google Chrome and Opera draw their source code.
Commercial Internet eXchange The Commercial Internet eXchange (CIX) was an early interexchange point that allowed the free exchange of TCP/IP traffic, including commercial traffic, between ISPs. It was an important in...
CSNET The Computer Science Network (CSNET) was a computer network that began operation in 1981 in the United States.
Cyberspace Cyberspace is "the notional environment in which communication over computer networks occurs."
CYCLADES The CYCLADES packet switching network was a French research network created in the early 1970s.
Dave Raggett Dave Raggett is a computer specialist who has played a major role in implementing the World Wide Web since 1992.
Delphi (online service) Delphi Forums is a former U.S. online service provider and since the mid 1990s has been a community internet forum site.
DEMOS (ISP) DEMOS (Demos) was the first internet service provider in the USSR.
Digital Archaeology Digital Archaeology, unveiled in London as part of Internet Week Europe 2010, was described as 'the first ever archaeological dig of the Internet'.
Digital Millennium Copyright Act The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) is a United States copyright law that implements two 1996 treaties of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
Dot-com bubble The dot-com bubble (also referred to as the dot-com boom, the Internet bubble and the information technology bubble) was a historic speculative bubble covering roughly 1997–200...
E-Rate E-Rate is the commonly used name for the Schools and Libraries Program of the Universal Service Fund, which is administered by the Universal Service Administrative Company (USAC) under the dir...
Email Electronic mail, most commonly referred to as email or e-mail since ca. 1993, is a method of exchanging digital messages from an author to one or more recipients.
English Wikipedia blackout The English Wikipedia blackout was a 24-hour online protest that started at midnight U.S. EST on January 18, 2012.
ENQUIRE ENQUIRE was a software project written in 1980 by Tim Berners-Lee at CERN, which was the predecessor to the World Wide Web.
EPpy Awards The EPpy Awards are premier accolade for media-affiliated websites that is presented by Editor & Publisher and Mediaweek.
Erwise Erwise was a pioneering web browser, and the first commonly available with a graphical user interface.
Eternal September In Usenet slang, Eternal September (or the September that never ended) began in September 1993, the month that Internet service provider America O...
Federal Internet Exchange Federal Internet Exchange (FIX) points were policy based network peering points where U.S. federal agency networks, such as the National Science Foundation Network (NSFNET), NASA Science N...
File Transfer Protocol File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard network protocol used to transfer files from one host to another host over a TCP-based network, such as the Internet.
Firefox Mozilla Firefox (known simply as Firefox) is a free and open-source web browser developed for Windows, OS X, and Linux, with a mobile version for Android, by the Mozilla Foundation and its...
FormMail Formmail and its many variants, is a free open source web server CGI script that captures and processes form contents and then typically e-mails them to one or more recipients.
FrameNet FrameNet is a project housed at the International Computer Science Institute in Berkeley, California which produces an electronic resource based on a theory of meaning called frame semantics.
GADS Task Force The Gateway Algorithms and Data Structures (GADS) Task Force was the precursor to the Internet Engineering Task Force.
George Amaro George Amaro was responsible for the connection of Roraima (Brazilian Amazon) to the Internet.
Google Chrome Google Chrome is a freeware web browser developed by Google.
Gopher (protocol) The Gopher protocol is a TCP/IP application layer protocol designed for distributing, searching, and retrieving documents over the Internet.
Great Hacker War The Great Hacker War was a purported 1990–1991 conflict between the Masters of Deception (MOD) and an unsanctioned splinter faction of the older guard hacker group Legion of Doom (LOD), an...
GTE mainStreet GTE mainStreet, also known as mainStreet USA, was one of the first interactive television projects.
High Performance Computing Act of 1991 The High Performance Computing and Communication Act of 1991 (HPCA) is an Act of Congress promulgated in the 102nd United States Congress as on 1991-12-09.
History of the Internet The history of the Internet begins with the development of electronic computers in the 1950s.
History of the web browser The history of the web browser dates back to early 1990s when a variety of technologies laid the foundation for the first web browser, the WorldWideWeb, by Tim Berners-Lee in 1991, which brought...
History of the World Wide Web The World Wide Web ("WWW" or simply the "Web") is a global information medium which users can read and write via computers connected to the Internet.
History of web syndication technology This article is specifically dedicated to the history of web syndication technology and, more generally, to the history of technical innovation on many dialects of web syndication feeds such as ...
History of wikis The history of wikis is generally dated from 1994, when Ward Cunningham gave the name "WikiWikiWeb" to the knowledge base, which ran on his company's website at c2.com, and the wiki software t...
Home Page (film) Home Page was a 1999 documentary by Doug Block on the genesis of weblogs and the lives of early independent content producers on the Internet.
HyTelnet HyTelnet was an early attempt to create a universal or at least simpler interface for the various Telnet-based information resources available before the World Wide Web.
ICANN The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN,) is a nonprofit organization that coordinates the Internet's global domain name system.
Information superhighway The information superhighway or infobahn was a popular term used through the 1990s to refer to digital communication systems and the Internet telecommunications network.
International Internet Preservation Consortium The International Internet Preservation Consortium is an international organization of libraries and other organizations established to coordinate efforts to preserve internet content for the future.
Internet Archive The Internet Archive is a non-profit digital library with the stated mission of "universal access to all knowledge."
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is a department of ICANN, a nonprofit private American corporation, which oversees global IP address allocation, autonomous system number all...
Internet Engineering Task Force The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) develops and promotes Internet standards, cooperating closely with the W3C and ISO/IEC standards bodies and dealing in particular with standards...
Internet Experiment Note An Internet Experiment Note (IEN) is a sequentially numbered document in a series of technical publications issued by the participants of the early development work groups that created the...
Internet Explorer Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer and Windows Internet Explorer, commonly abbreviated IE or MSIE) is a series of graphical web browsers developed by...
Internet governance Internet governance is the development and application of shared principles, norms, rules, decision-making procedures, and programs that shape the evolution and use of the Internet.
Internet in a Box Internet in a Box (IBox) was one of the first commercially available Internet connection software packages available for sale to the public.
Internet in Colombia Access to the Internet in Colombia shows a marked increase during the last few years.
Internet in Russia Internet in Russia (also Russian Internet (российский Интернет), sometimes Runet - by state officials) is a part of the Internet, which is related to Russia.
Internet pioneers The following are some Internet pioneers who contributed to its early development.
Internet Protocol Suite The Internet protocol suite is the set of communications protocols used for the Internet and other similar networks.
Internet protocol suite The Internet protocol suite is the networking model and a group of communications protocols used for the Internet and similar networks.
Internet Society The Internet Society (ISOC) is an international, non-profit organization founded in 1992 to provide leadership in Internet related standards, education, and policy.
Internet Society - Bulgaria Internet Society - Bulgaria is a non-governmental organization (NGO), founded on December 4, 1995, in Sofia by a group of Bulgarian Internet professionals.
Internet Society – Bulgaria Internet Society - Bulgaria is a non-governmental organization (NGO), founded on December 4, 1995, in Sofia by a group of Bulgarian Internet professionals.
Internet2 Internet2 is a not-for-profit United States computer networking consortium led by members from the research and education communities, industry, and government.
InterNIC The Network Information Center (NIC), also known as InterNIC from 1993 until 1998, was the internet governing body primarily responsible for domain name allocations and X.500 directo...
John Romkey John Romkey developed the first in the industry TCP/IP stack for IBM PC in 1983.
Jumplist Jumplist was a term used in the early years of the world wide web to describe a collection of links, which were individually referred to as jumps.
Les Horribles Cernettes Les Horribles Cernettes ("The Horrible CERN Girls") is an all-female parody pop group, self-labelled "the one and only High Energy Rock Band", founded by employees of CERN which performs at ...
Lumière (magazine) Lumière was the first online fashion magazine and the first website to use an all-black screen background.
MAE-East MAE-East is an Internet Exchange Point spread across the east coast of the United States, with locations in Vienna, Virginia; Reston, Virginia; Ashburn, Virginia; New York, New York; and Miami, ...
MAE-West MAE-West is a major Internet exchange point located on the west coast of the U.S. in San Jose, California and Los Angeles, California.
Memex The memex (a portmanteau of "memory" and "index" or "memory" and "extender") is the name of the hypothetical proto-hypertext system that Vannevar Bush described...
Merit Network Merit Network, Inc., is a nonprofit member-governed organization providing high-performance computer networking and related services to educational, government, health care, and nonprofit organi...
MHSnet MHSnet is a store-and-forward messaging system for wide area networks.
Microwave Bypass (company) Microwave Bypass, Inc. pioneered the first wireless Ethernet solution (WWAN) in 1987, dubbed the "EtherWave Transceiver."
MIDnet MIDnet was one of the original regional networks on the NSFNET, the precursors to the Internet.
MindVox MindVox was a famed early Internet service provider in New York City.
Minitel The Minitel was a Videotex online service accessible through telephone lines, and is considered one of the world's most successful pre-World Wide Web online services.
Mundaneum The Mundaneum was an institution created in 1910, following an initiative begun in 1895 by Belgian lawyers Paul Otlet and Henri La Fontaine, as part of their work on documentation science.
Napster Napster is a name given to two music-focused online services.
National Capital Freenet National Capital Freenet (NCF) (French: Libertel de la Capitale Nationale), is a non-profit community organization internet service provider, with the goal of linking people in Canada's capi...
National Center for Supercomputing Applications The National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) is an American state-federal partnership to develop and deploy national-scale cyberinfrastructure that advances science and engin...
National Science Foundation Network The National Science Foundation Network (NSFNET) was a program of coordinated, evolving projects sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF) beginning in 1985 to promote advanced re...
NCSA Telnet NCSA Telnet is an implementation of the Telnet protocol created at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign National Center for Supercomputing Applications in 1986 and continuously develop...
NEARnet NEARnet (New England Academic and Regional Network) was a high-speed network of academic, industrial, government, and non-profit organizations centered in Cambridge and Boston, Massachusetts.
Nerds 2.0.1 Nerds 2.0.1: A Brief History of the Internet is a three-hour documentary film written and hosted by Mark Stephens under the pseudonym Robert X. Cringely and produced by Oregon Public Broadca...
NetDay NetDay (1995–2004) was an event established in 1995 that "called on high-tech companies to commit resources to schools, libraries, and clinics worldwide so that they could connect to the Internet".
Network access point A Network Access Point (NAP) was a public network exchange facility where Internet service providers (ISPs) connected with one another in peering arrangements.
Network Startup Resource Center The Network Startup Resource Center (NSRC) is a nonprofit organization, based at the University of Oregon, that supports deployment of Internet research and education networks in academic instit...
NeXT Computer The NeXT Computer (also called the NeXT Computer System) was a workstation computer developed, manufactured, and sold by NeXT Inc., a company founded by Steve Jobs and several other vetera...
Next Generation Internet Program The Next Generation Internet Program (also NGI, NGI Initiative) was a United States Government project intended to drastically increase the speed of the Internet.
NeXTcube The NeXTcube was a high-end workstation computer developed, manufactured and sold by NeXT from 1990 until 1993.
NeXTcube Turbo The NeXTcube Turbo was a high-end workstation computer developed, manufactured and sold by NeXT. It superseded the earlier NeXTcube workstation and was housed in the same cube-shaped magnesium e...
Nicole Stenger Nicole Stenger is a French born American artist, pioneer in Virtual Reality and Internet movies.
Noel Chiappa J. Noel Chiappa (b. 1956 Bermuda) is an US-resident Internet pioneer and researcher working in the area of information systems architecture and software, principally computer networks.
North American Network Operators' Group The North American Network Operators' Group is an educational and operational forum for the coordination and dissemination of technical information related to backbone/enterprise networking tec...
Packet processing In digital communications networks, packet processing refers to the wide variety of algorithms that are applied to a packet of data or information as it moves through the various network element...
Packet Radio Van The Packet Radio Van was a van refitted by Don Cone at SRI International, and equipped with technology that was used in the first ARPANET internetworked transmission on November 22, 1977.
Packet switching Packet switching is a digital networking communications method that groups all transmitted data – regardless of content, type, or structure – into suitably sized blocks, called pac...
Panix (ISP) Panix is the third-oldest ISP in the world after NetCom and the World.
Persistent Uniform Resource Locator A persistent uniform resource locator is a Uniform Resource Locator that is used to redirect to the location of the requested Web resource.
Protests against SOPA and PIPA On January 18, 2012, a series of coordinated protests occurred against two proposed laws in the United States Congress—the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) and the PROTECT IP Act (PIPA).
RSCS Remote Spooling Communications Subsystem or RSCS is a subsystem ("virtual machine" in VM terminology) of IBM's VM/370 operating system which accepts files transmitted to it from local or r...
Rtelnet RTelnet is a SOCKS client version of telnet in Unix-like systems.
Stanford Digital Library Project The Stanford Digital Library Project (SDLP) (also called The Stanford Integrated Digital Library Project and The Stanford Digital Library Technologies Project) was a research program run by Hect...
Stanford University Network The Stanford University Network, also known as SUN, SUNet or SU-Net is the campus computer network for Stanford University.
Subversive Proposal The "Subversive Proposal" was an Internet posting by Stevan Harnad on June 27 1994 (presented orally at the 1994 Network Services Conference in London on November 28, 1994) calling on all author...
Very high-speed Backbone Network Service (vBNS) The very high-speed Backbone Network Service (vBNS) came on line in April 1995 as part of a National Science Foundation (NSF) sponsored project to provide high-speed interconnection betwee...
Videotex Videotex (or "interactive videotex") was one of the earliest implementations of an end-user information system.
ViolaWWW ViolaWWW, first developed in the early 1990s, for Unix and the X Windowing System, was the first popular web browser, though to a limited audience.
Virtual avatar An avatar is the graphical representation of the user or the user's alter ego or character.
Wayback Machine The Wayback Machine is a digital archive of the World Wide Web and other information on the Internet created by the Internet Archive, a non-profit organization, based in San Francisco, California.
Web search engine A web search engine is a software system that is designed to search for information on the World Wide Web.
Webby Award A Webby Award is an award for excellence on the Internet presented annually by The International Academy of Digital Arts and Sciences.
Who Controls the Internet? Who Controls the Internet? Illusions of a Borderless World is a 2006 book by Jack Goldsmith and Tim Wu that offers an assessment of the struggle to control the Internet.
Yandex browser Yandex.Browser is a freeware web browser developed by the Russian web search corporation Yandex that uses the WebKit layout engine and is based on the Chromium open source project.
Yandex Browser Yandex Browser (stylized as Yandex.Browser) (Яндекс.Браузер) is a freeware web browser developed by the Russian web search corporation Yandex that uses the Blink ...
Yandex.Browser Yandex.Browser is a freeware web browser developed by the Russian web search corporation Yandex that uses the WebKit layout engine and is based on the Chromium open source project.