Aalsmeer Flower Auction Aalsmeer Flower Auction (Bloemenveiling Aalsmeer) is a flower auction, located in Aalsmeer, the Netherlands.
Accession number (library science) In libraries and museums and other archives, an accession number or catalogue number is a unique, usually sequential, number given to each new item acquired, as it is catalogued.
Additives for cut flowers Additives for cut flowers are substances added to water, intended to extend the viability of cut flowers.
Adventitiousness Adventitious has various meanings in various disciplines and in general usage.
Aero Garden The AeroGarden is an indoor garden made by AeroGrow International.
Aeroponics Aeroponics is the process of growing plants in an air or mist environment without the use of soil or an aggregate medium (known as geoponics).
Agrifirm Agrifirm is a cooperative enterprise in which more than 15,000 Dutch farmers and horticulturalists have combined their purchasing power.
Alice Vonk Alice Vonk (1908–1997) was an American floriculturist.
Allotment (gardening) An allotment garden (British English), often called simply an allotment, or a community garden (North America) is a plot of land made available for individual, non-commercial gardeni...
Amish Paste The Amish Paste heirloom tomato is, as the name implies, a plum tomato of Amish origins, that is commonly used for cooking, although it's sweet enough to eat fresh.
Annual plant An annual plant is a plant that completes its life cycle, from germination to the production of seed, within one year, and then dies.
Applied ecology Applied ecology is a subfield within ecology, which considers the application of the science of ecology to real-world (usually management) questions.
Aquascaping Aquascaping is the craft of arranging aquatic plants, as well as rocks, stones, cavework, or driftwood, in an aesthetically pleasing manner within an aquarium—in effect, gardening under water.
Arboriculture Arboriculture is the cultivation, management, and study of individual trees, shrubs, vines, and other perennial woody plants.
Arborist An arborist, or (less commonly) arboriculturist, is a professional in the practice of arboriculture, which is the cultivation, management, and study of individual trees, shrubs, vines, and...
Atomic gardening Atomic gardens are a form of mutation breeding where plants are exposed to radioactive sources, typically Cobalt-60, in order to generate useful mutations.
Baby Bio Baby Bio is the brand name for a range of house plant care products created by Pan Britannica Industries Ltd (PBI) and now marketed by Bayer.
Back garden A back garden is a residential garden located at the rear of a property, on the other side of the house from the front garden.
Backcrossing Backcrossing is a crossing of a hybrid with one of its parents or an individual genetically similar to its parent, in order to achieve offspring with a genetic identity which is closer to that o...
Backyard Wildlife Habitat Backyard Wildlife Habitat is a program of the National Wildlife Federation that encourages homeowners in the United States to manage their gardens and yards as a wildlife garden, with the goal o...
Bare root Bare root is a technique of arboriculture whereby a plant is dug out, in order to put it into a dormant state, from which they can more rapidly acclimate to new soil conditions Bare root sto...
Basal shoot A basal shoot, root sprout, adventitious shoot, water sprout or sucker is a shoot or cane which grows from a bud at the base of a tree or shrub or from its roots.
Base Cation Saturation Ratio Base Cation Saturation Ratio is a method of interpreting soil test results that is widely used in sustainable agriculture, supported by the National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service a...
Base-cation saturation ratio Base-cation saturation ratio is a method of interpreting soil test results that is widely used in sustainable agriculture, supported by the National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service a...
Bedding (horticulture) Bedding, in horticulture, refers to the temporary planting of fast-growing plants into flower beds to create colourful, temporary, seasonal displays, during spring, summer or winter.
Beirut Rose The Beirut Rose, also known by its French name Rose de Beyrouth, was developed by the French rose producer, Meilland International SA, and unveiled at the ninth Garden Show & Spring Festiva...
Beneficial weed A beneficial weed is any of various plants not generally considered domesticated, but which nonetheless has some companion plant effect, or else is edible or somehow beneficial.
Bletting Bletting is a process that certain fleshy fruits undergo, beyond ripening.
Bolting (horticulture) Bolting is when agricultural and horticultural crops prematurely produce a flowering stem (or stems) before the crop is harvested, in a natural attempt to produce seeds and hence reproduce.
Boston Flower Exchange The Boston Flower Exchange is a wholesale flower market located in Boston, Massachusetts.
Botanical garden A botanical garden is a well-tended area displaying a wide range of plants labelled with their botanical names.
Bridge graft A bridge graft is used to supply nutrients to the upper portions of a woody perennial when the bark, and therefore the conductive tissues, have been removed from part of the trunk.
Butterfly gardening Butterfly gardening is a growing school of gardening, specifically wildlife gardening, that is aimed at creating an environment that attracts butterflies, as well as certain moths.
Capability Brown Lancelot Brown (1716 – 6 February 1783), more commonly known as Capability Brown, was an English landscape architect.
Carbon dioxide generator A Carbon dioxide generator or CO2 generator is a machine used to enhance carbon dioxide levels in order to promote plant growth in greenhouses or other enclosed areas.
Chance seedling A chance seedling is a plant that is the product of unintentional breeding.
Chilling requirement The chilling requirement of a fruit is the minimum period of cold weather after which a fruit-bearing tree will blossom.
Citrus production Citrus fruits are the highest value fruit crop in terms of international trade.
Climacteric fruits Climacteric fruits refer to fruits that have high respiration rate during the fruit's ripening.
Clipping (gardening) In gardening, clipping is equivalent to pruning, the practice of removing diseases, over mature or otherwise unwanted portions from a plant.
Coco Peat Coco peat (cocopeat), also known as coir pith, coir fibre pith, coir dust, or simply coir, is made from coconut husks, which are byproducts of other industries that...
Coco peat Coco peat (cocopeat), also known as coir pith, coir fibre pith, coir dust, or simply coir, is made from coconut husks, which are byproducts of other industries that...
Cold Agriculture Cold Agriculture (ColdAg for short) is a method of growing plants most commonly used in experiments at facilities in NELHA. Lines using deep sea water are placed in or over a soil bed and used t...
Cold agriculture Cold agriculture is a method of growing plants most commonly used in experiments at facilities in NELHA. Lines using deep sea water are placed in or over a soil bed and used to chill the soil.
Columbian Exchange The Columbian Exchange was the widespread exchange of animals, plants, culture, human populations, communicable diseases, technology and ideas between the American and Afro-Eurasian hemispheres following the voyage to the Americas by Christopher Columbus in 1492, colonization and trade by...
Controlled-environment agriculture Controlled-environment agriculture (CEA) is any agricultural technology that enables the grower to manipulate a crop's environment to the desired conditions.
Corymbia Corymbia is a genus of about 113 species of tree that were classified as Eucalyptus species until the mid-1990s.
Corymbia citriodora Corymbia citriodora is a tall tree, growing to 35 metres in height, from temperate and tropical north eastern Australia.
Crop protection Plant protection is the science and practice of managing invertebrate pests and vertebrate pests, plant diseases, weeds and other pest organisms that damage agricultural crops and forestry.
Cultigen A cultigen (from the Latin cultus - cultivated, and gens - kind) is a plant that has been deliberately altered or selected by humans; it is the result of artificial selection.
Cultivated plant taxonomy Cultivated plant taxonomy is the study of the theory and practice of the science that identifies, describes, classifies, and names cultigens—those plants whose origin or selection is prima...
Cut flowers Cut flowers are flowers or flower buds (often with some stem and leaf) that have been cut from the plant bearing it.
Cutting (plant) Plant cutting, also known as striking or cloning, is a technique for vegetatively (asexually) propagating plants in which a piece of the stem or root of the source plant is placed in...
Damp proofing Damp proofing in construction is a type of moisture control applied to building walls and floors to prevent moisture from passing into the interior spaces.
Decoction Decoction is a method of extraction by boiling of dissolved chemicals from herbal or plant material, which may include stems, roots, bark and rhizomes.
Deep water culture Deep water culture (DWC) is a hydroponic method of plant production by means of suspending the plant roots in a solution of nutrient-rich, oxygenated water.
Degree day A degree day is a measure of heating or cooling.
Desfontainia Desfontainia is a monotypic genus of flowering plants placed currently in the family Columelliaceae, though formerly in LoganiaceaePotaliaceae (now subsumed in Gentianaceae) or a family of i...
DIF (technique) DIF is a greenhouse technique involving temperature control for the purpose of controlling plant internode length and thus elongation rates.
Environmental design Environmental design is the process of addressing surrounding environmental parameters when devising plans, programs, policies, buildings, or products.
Epicormic shoot An epicormic shoot is a shoot growing from an epicormic bud which lies underneath the bark of a trunk, stem, or branch of a plant.
Espalier Espalier (or) is the horticultural and ancient agricultural practice of controlling woody plant growth for the production of fruit, by pruning and tying branches to a frame, frequently in formal...
Ethiopian Horticulture Development Agency The Ethiopian Horticulture Development Agency (EHDA) is an Ethiopian government agency that aims to make Ethiopia a leading African country in export-led horticulture, or the cultivation of Ethi...
Floral industry The floral industry is one of the major industries in many developing and underdeveloped countries.
Floribunda (rose) Floribunda (Latin for "many-flowering") is a modern group of garden roses that was developed by crossing hybrid teas with polyantha roses, the latter being derived from crosses between Rosa ...
Floriculture Floriculture, or flower farming, is a discipline of horticulture concerned with the cultivation of flowering and ornamental plants for gardens and for floristry, comprising the floral industry.
Flowerbed A flowerbed is an element of many gardens.
Fogponics Fogponics is an advanced form of aeroponics which uses water in a vaporised form to transfer nutrients and oxygen to enclosed suspended plant roots.
Foliar feeding Foliar feeding is a technique of feeding plants by applying liquid fertilizer directly to their leaves.
Foodscaping Foodscaping, sometimes called edible landscaping or front yard farming, is a type of landscaping in which all or major areas of a lawn on private property or sometimes public propert...
Forest gardening Forest gardening is a low-maintenance sustainable plant-based food production and agroforestry system based on woodland ecosystems, incorporating fruit and nut trees, shrubs, herbs, vines and ...
French intensive gardening French intensive gardening is a method of gardening in which humans work with nature to foster healthy, vibrant plants with smaller space and less water than more traditional gardening.
Fruit salad tree A fruit salad tree is a plant that produces a variety of fruits on one tree.
Garden design Garden design is the art and process of designing and creating plans for layout and planting of gardens and landscapes.
Garden designer A garden designer is someone who designs the plan and features of gardens, either as an amateur or professional.
Garden festival A garden / flora festival or exposition is a festival and exposition held to celebrate the arts of gardening, garden design, landscaping and landscape architecture. There are local garden festivals, regional garden festivals, National Garden Festivals and International Garden Festivals.
Garden Museum The Garden Museum, formerly known as the Museum of Garden History, is based in the deconsecrated parish church of St Mary-at-Lambeth adjacent to Lambeth Palace on the south bank of the Riv...
Garden roses Garden roses are predominantly hybrid roses that are grown as ornamental plants in private or public gardens. They are one of the most popular and widely cultivated groups of flowering plants, especially in temperate climates.
Garden sharing Garden sharing is a local food and urban farming arrangement where a landowner allows a gardener access to land, typically a front or back yard, in order to grow food.
Garden World Images Garden World Images, (GWI) previously known as the Harry Smith Collection, was founded in 1951 and with over 2 Million images is one of the largest photographic suppliers of horticultural/botani...
Gardener Gardening is the practice of growing plants.
Gardenesque The term gardenesque was introduced by John Claudius Loudon in 1832 to describe a style of planting design in accordance with his 'Principle of Recognition'.
Gardening Gardening is the practice of growing and cultivating plants as part of horticulture.
Genius loci In classical Roman religion a genius loci was the protective spirit of a place.
Girdling Girdling, also called ring barking or ring-barking, is the complete removal of a strip of bark (consisting of cork cambium, phloem, cambium and sometimes going into the xylem) from...
Grade (slope) The grade (also called slope, incline, gradient, pitch or rise) of a physical feature, landform or constructed line refers to the inclination of that surface to the...
Graham Stuart Thomas Graham Stuart Thomas OBE (3 April 1909 – 17 April 2003), was an English horticulturalist and garden designer, best known for his work with garden roses, his restoration and stewardship of ...
Greenhouse A greenhouse (also called a glasshouse) is a building or complex in which plants are grown.
Groundcover Groundcover refers to any plant that grows over an area of ground, used to provide protection from erosion and drought, and to improve its aesthetic appearance (by concealing bare earth).
Groundskeeping Groundskeeping is the activity of tending an area of land for aesthetic or functional purposes; typically in an institutional setting.
Grow box A grow box is a partially or completely enclosed system for raising plants indoors or in small areas.
Growing region A growing region is an area suited by climate and soil conditions to the cultivation of a certain type of crop or plant group.
Growing season In botany, horticulture, and agriculture the growing season is the period of each year when native plants and ornamental plants grow; and when crops can be grown.
Growing-degree day Growing degree days (GDD), also called growing degree units (GDUs), are a heuristic tool in phenology.
Growstones Growstones are a substrate for growing plants that can be used for soilless purposes or as a soil conditioner.
Guerrilla gardening Guerrilla gardening is the act of gardening on land that the gardeners do not have the legal rights to utilize, such as an abandoned site, an area that is not being cared for, or private property.
Habit (biology) In biology, habit has different senses according to its branches.
Hard landscape materials The term hard landscape is used by practitioners of landscape architecture and garden design to describe the construction materials which are used to improve a landscape by design.
Hardiness (plants) Hardiness of plants describes their ability to survive adverse growing conditions.
Hardiness zone A hardiness zone (a subcategory of vertical zonation) is a geographically defined area in which a specific category of plant life is capable of growing, as defined by climatic conditions, includ...
Hilling Hilling, earthing up or ridging is the technique in agriculture and horticulture of piling soil up around the base of a plant.
Historic garden conservation University of Bath MSc Conservation of Historic Gardens and Cultural LandscapesHistoric garden conservation is a specialised type of historic preservation and restoration concerned with historic...
History of gardening The history of ornamental gardening may be considered as aesthetic expressions of beauty through art and nature, a display of taste or style in civilized life, an expression of an individual's or culture's philosophy, and sometimes as a display of private status or national pride—in private...
Hoop house A hoop house (also called a hoop greenhouse or hoophouse) is a greenhouse with a plastic roof wrapped over flexible piping.
Horticultural botany Horticultural botany is the study of the botany of current and potential cultivated plants, with emphasis on the ornamental plants of horticulture, by a horticultural botanist or plantsman—p...
Horticultural building system Horticultural Building Systems are defined as the instance where vegetation and an architectural/architectonic system exist in a mutually defined and intentionally designed relationship that sup...
Horticultural flora A horticultural flora, also known as a garden flora, is a plant identification aid structured in the same way as a native plants flora.
Horticultural oil Horticultural Oils or Narrow Range Oils are lightweight oils, either petroleum or vegetable based.
Horticultural therapy Horticultural therapy (also known as Social and Therapeutic Horticulture or STH) is defined by the American Horticultural Therapy Association (AHTA) as the engagement of a person in gardening an...
Horticulture Horticulture is the part of agriculture that deals with the science, technology, and business involved in intensive plant cultivation for human use.
Houseplant care Houseplant care is the act of growing houseplants and ensuring they have the necessary conditions for survival and continuing growth.
Hungry gap In cultivation of vegetables in a British-type climate, the hungry gap is the gardeners' name for the period in spring when there is little or no fresh produce available from a vegetable garden ...
Hybrid Tea Hybrid tea is an informal horticultural classification for a group of roses created by cross-breeding two different types of roses, initially by hybridising hybrid perpetuals with tea roses.
Hybrid tea rose Hybrid Tea is a cultivar group of roses, created by cross-breeding two different types of roses, initially by hybridising Hybrid Perpetuals with Tea roses.
Hydroculture Hydroculture is the growing of plants in a soilless medium, or an aquatic based environment.
Hydrozoning Hydrozoning is the practice of clustering together plants with similar water requirements in an effort to conserve water.
Invasive species Invasive species, also called invasive exotics or simply exotics, is a nomenclature term and categorization phrase used for flora and fauna, and for specific restoration-preservation processes in native habitats, with several definitions.
Italian Renaissance garden The Italian Renaissance garden was a new style of garden which emerged in the late 15th century at villas in Rome and Florence, inspired by classical ideals of order and beauty, and intended for...
Japanese rock garden The Japanese rock garden or "dry landscape" garden, often called a zen garden, creates a miniature stylized landscape through carefully composed arrangements of rocks, water features, moss...
Joan Dye Gussow Joan Dye Gussow (born 1928) is a professor, author, food policy expert, environmentalist and gardener.
Kitchen garden The traditional kitchen garden, also known as a potager (in French, jardin potager) or in Scotland a kailyaird, is a space separate from the rest of the residential garden – the...
Lancelot "Capability" Brown Lancelot Brown (Baptised 30 August 1716 – 6 February 1783), more commonly known as Capability Brown, was an English landscape architect.
Landscape contracting Landscape Contracting is: "a profession that involves the art and technology of landscape and garden project planning, construction and landscape management, and maintenance and gardening; for g...
Landscape design Landscape design is an independent profession and a design and art tradition, practised by landscape designers, combining nature and culture.
Landscape fabric Landscape fabric is a textile material used to control weeds by inhibiting their exposure to sunlight.
Landscape manager Landscape managers are professionally trained and qualified experts in landscaping management for conservation and recreation stewardship of designed and natural landscapes.
Landscape Ontario Landscape Ontario Horticultural Trades Association was founded in 1973 by combining three separate horticultural associations into one.
Landscape products Landscape products refers to a group of building industry products used by garden designers and landscape architects and exhibited at trade fairs devoted to these industries.
Layering Layering is a means of plant propagation in which a portion of an aerial stem grows roots while still attached to the parent plant and then detaches as an independent plant.
Leaching (agriculture) In agriculture, leaching refers to the loss of water-soluble plant nutrients from the soil, due to rain and irrigation.
Liners "Liners" is a horticultural term referring to trays of very young plants, usually grown for sale to retailers or wholesalers, who then grow them to a larger size before selling them to consumers.
Liz Christy Garden The Liz Christy Garden is a community garden located at Bowery and Houston Streets in Manhattan on Parks Department land.
Market garden A market garden is the relatively small-scale production of fruits, vegetables and flowers as cash crops, frequently sold directly to consumers and restaurants.
Master gardener program Master Gardener programs (also known as Extension Master Gardener Programs) are volunteer programs to advise and educate the public on gardening and horticulture.
Matrix planting Matrix planting is a form of self-sustaining gardening, with a focus on attractive rather than food-bearing plants.
Matt's Wild Cherry Matt's Wild Cherry is a cultivar of tomato ostensibly based on the original wild tomato plants, acquired by a friend of Doctor Matt Liebman in Hidalgo, Mexico.
Medieval gardening Medieval gardening, or gardening during the medieval period, was the chief method of providing food for households, but also encompassed orchards, cemeteries and pleasure gardens.
Microgreen Sprouting is the practice of germinating seeds to be eaten either raw or cooked.
Microponics Microponics is the symbiotic integration of fish, plants and micro-livestock in a semi-controlled environment.
Micropropagation Micropropagation is the practice of rapidly multiplying stock plant material to produce a large number of progeny plants, using modern plant tissue culture methods.
Mother plant A Mother plant is a plant grown for the purpose of taking cuttings or offsets in order to grow more quantity of the same plant.
National Public Gardens Day National Public Gardens Day, occurring annually on the Friday before Mother's Day, is a day to promote awareness of botanic gardens, arboreta, zoos, historic gardens, or any of North America's p...
National Tulip Day National Tulip Day (Dutch: Nationale Tulpendag) is an annual event in January that preludes the tulip season in the Netherlands.
Natural landscaping Natural landscaping, also called native gardening, is the use of native plants, including trees, shrubs, groundcover, and grasses which are indigenous to the geographic area of the garden.
Naturescaping Naturescaping is a term that refers to a method of landscape design and landscaping that allows people and nature to coexist.
No-dig gardening No-dig gardening is a non-cultivation method used by some organic gardeners.
Notcutts Notcutts Garden Centres Ltd. is a private limited company.
Olericulture Olericulture is the science of vegetable growing, dealing with the culture of non-woody (herbaceous) plants for food.
Orchard An orchard is an intentional planting of trees or shrubs that is maintained for food production.
Organic fertilizer Organic fertilizers are fertilizers derived from animal or vegetable matter.
Organic horticulture Organic horticulture is the science and art of growing fruits, vegetables, flowers, or ornamental plants by following the essential principles of organic agriculture in soil building and conserv...
Orlah prohibition The prohibition on "uncircumcised" fruit or restriction on orlah-fruit is a command found in the Hebrew Bible not to eat fruit produced by a tree during the first three years after pla...
Ornamental bulbous plant Ornamental bulbous plants, often called ornamental bulbs or just bulbs in gardening and horticulture, are herbaceous perennials grown for ornamental purposes, which have underground ...
Ornamental plant Ornamental plants are plants that are grown for decorative purposes in gardens and landscape design projects, as houseplants, for cut flowers and specimen display.
P-Patch A P-Patch is a parcel of property used for gardening allotments; the term is specific to Seattle, Washington.
Permaculture Permaculture is a branch of ecological design, ecological engineering, and environmental design that develops sustainable architecture and self-maintained agricultural systems modeled from natur...
Permaforestry Permaforestry is an approach to the wildcrafting and harvesting of the forest biomass that uses cultivation to improve the natural harmonious systems.
Permeable paving Permeable paving is a range of sustainable materials and techniques for permeable pavements with a base and subbase that allow the movement of stormwater through the surface.
Perpetual harvest greenhouse system The Perpetual Harvest Greenhouse System (PHGS) is a concept for a greenhouse system that incorporates different new technologies, that have been proven to work separately.
Pervious concrete Pervious concrete is a special type of concrete with a high porosity used for concrete flatwork applications that allows water from precipitation and other sources to pass directly through, ther...
Petty's Orchard Petty's Orchard in Templestowe, Victoria, Australia, is one of Melbourne’s oldest commercial orchards.
Plant nursery A nursery is a place where plants are propagated and grown to usable size.
Plantify Plantify.co.uk is an online plant shop based in Windsor, Berkshire (UK) that sells a wide variety of herbaceous and perennial plants.
Pleaching Pleaching or plashing is a technique of interweaving living and dead branches through a hedge for stock control.
Plug (horticulture) Plugs in horticulture are small-sized seedlings grown in trays from expanded polystyrene or polythene filled usually with a peat or compost substrate.
Pollination Pollination is the process by which pollen is transferred in the reproduction of plants, thereby enabling fertilization and reproduction.
Polytunnel A polytunnel (also known as a polyhouse, hoop greenhouse or hoophouse, or high tunnel) is a tunnel made of polyethylene, usually semi-circular, square or elongated in shape.
Pomato The pomato (or tomtato) is a chimera produced by grafting a tomato plant and a potato plant, both of which are members of the Solanaceae (nightshade) family.
Pomology Pomology (from Latin pomum (fruit) + -logy) is a branch of botany that studies and cultivates fruit.
Post-harvest handling In agriculture, postharvest handling is the stage of crop production immediately following harvest, including cooling, cleaning, sorting and packing.
Postharvest In agriculture, postharvest handling is the stage of crop production immediately following harvest, including cooling, cleaning, sorting and packing.
Pot-in-pot Pot-in-pot is a type of system used in plant nurseries.
Propagule In biology, a propagule is any material that is used for the purpose of propagating an organism to the next stage in their life cycle via dispersal.
Pruning Pruning is a horticultural and silvicultural practice involving the selective removal of parts of a plant, such as branches, buds, or roots.
Pteridomania Pteridomania or Fern-Fever was a craze for ferns.
Raised bed gardening Raised bed gardening is a form of gardening in which the soil is formed in 34 foot wide beds, which can be of any length or shape.
Raised-bed gardening Raised-bed gardening is a form of gardening in which the soil is formed in 34 foot (1.0–1.2 m) wide beds, which can be of any length or shape.
Ramification (botany) In botany, ramification is the divergence of the stem and limbs of a plant into smaller ones, i.e. trunk into branches, branches into increasingly smaller branches, etc.
Ripening Ripening is a process in fruits that causes them to become more palatable.
Riverm Riverm is an ecologically safe, liquid organic fertilizer which was developed in Ukraine by Ukraine's International Ecological Foundation AQUA-VITAE and National Agrarian University of Ukraine.
Rolawn Rolawn Limited has become Europe's largest producer of lawn turf.
Root ball A root ball is the main mass of roots at the base of a plant such as a shrub.
Root barrier Root barrier is a physical underground wall, placed so that structures and plants may cohabit happily together.
Rootstock A rootstock is part of a plant, often an underground part, from which new above-ground growth can be produced.
Rose trial grounds Rose trial grounds or rose test gardens are agricultural areas where garden roses are grown to be assessed for qualities such as health, floriferousness, novelty, and scent.
Royal Flora Ratchaphruek The Royal Flora Ratchaphruek was a flower festival held 1 November 2006, to 31 January 2007, in the Thai city of Chiang Mai that drew 3,781,624 visitors.
Sakuteiki Sakuteiki is the oldest published Japanese text on garden-making.
Scarification (botany) Scarification in botany involves cutting the seed coat using abrasion, thermal stress, or chemicals to encourage germination.
Seasonal thermal energy storage (STES) Seasonal thermal energy storage (or STES) is the common umbrella term for several technologies for storing heat or cold for periods of up to several months.
Seasonal thermal store A seasonal thermal store (also known as a seasonal heat store or inter-seasonal thermal store) is a store designed to retain heat deposited during the hot summer months for use durin...
Seed swap Seed swaps are events where gardeners meet to exchange seeds.
Seedbed A seedbed or seedling bed is the local soil environment in which seeds are planted.
Sense of place The term sense of place has been defined and used in many different ways by many different people.
Sheet mulching In permaculture, sheet mulching is an agricultural no-dig gardening technique that attempts to mimic natural forests' processes.
Slow Gardening Slow Gardening is a philosophical approach to gardening which encourages participants to savor everything they do, using all the senses, through all seasons, regardless of garden type of style.
Slow gardening Slow gardening is a philosophical approach to gardening which encourages participants to savor everything they do, using all the senses, through all seasons, regardless of garden type of style.
Snedding Snedding is the process of stripping the side shoots and buds from the length of a branch or shoot, usually of a tree or woody shrub.
Soft landscape materials The term soft landscape is used by practitioners of landscape design, landscape architecture, and garden design; and gardeners to describe the vegetative materials which are used to improve ...
Softscape Softscape refers to the elements of a landscape that comprise live, horticultural elements.
Soil Soil is the mixture of minerals, organic matter, gases, liquids and a myriad of micro- and macro- organisms that can support plant life.
Soil conservation Soil conservation is a set of management strategies for prevention of soil being eroded from the Earth’s surface or becoming chemically altered by overuse, acidification, salinization or other ...
Soil life Soil life, soil biota, or edaphon is a collective term for all the organisms living within the soil.
Soil pH The soil pH is a measure of the acidity or basicity in soils.
Soil type In terms of soil texture, soil type usually refers to the different sizes of mineral particles in a particular sample.
Space in landscape design Space in landscape design refers to theories about the meaning and Nature of Space as a volume and as an element of design.
Spirit of place Spirit of place (or soul) refers to the unique, distinctive and cherished aspects of a place; often those celebrated by artists and writers, but also those cherished in folk tales, festivals and...
Sport (botany) In botany, a sport or bud sport is a part of a plant (normally a woody plant, but sometimes in herbs as well) that shows morphological differences from the rest of the plant.
Sprouting Sprouting is the practice of germinating seeds to be eaten raw or cooked.
Square foot gardening Square foot gardening is the practice of planning and creating small but intensively planted gardens.
Stale seed bed A false or stale seed bed is a useful organic weed control technique which involves creating a seedbed some weeks before seed is due to be sown.
Stumpery A stumpery is a garden feature similar to a rockery but made from parts of dead trees.
Sun scald (flora) Sun scald is the freezing of bark following high temperatures in the winter season, resulting in permanent visible damage to bark.
Sustainable gardening Sustainable gardening (which is taken here to include sustainable landscapes, sustainable landscape design, sustainable landscape architecture and sustainable sites) comprises a disparate group of horticultural interests that share, to a greater or lesser extent, the aims and...
Sustainable landscaping Sustainable landscaping encompasses a variety of practices that have developed in response to environmental issues.
Sustainable planting Sustainable planting is an approach to planting design and landscaping-gardening which supports with the principles of sustainability.
Synergistic gardening Synergistic gardening is a system of organic gardening, developed by Emilia Hazelip.
The Botany of Desire The Botany of Desire: A Plant's-Eye View of the World is a 2001 nonfiction book by journalist Michael Pollan.
The breeding of strawberries The breeding of strawberries is a long story that starts with the selection and cultivation of European strawberry species in western Europe in the 1400s while a similar discovery and cultivatio...
The Garden Conservancy The Garden Conservancy is an American nonprofit organization dedicated to preserving exceptional gardens and landscapes.
The Gardeners Dictionary The Gardeners Dictionary was a widely cited reference series, written by Philip Miller, which tended to focus on plants cultivated in England.
The profitable arte of gardening The profitable arte of gardening was the first book about gardening published in England, being first published in 1563 under the title A most briefe and pleasaunte treatise, teaching h...
Timorex Gold Timorex Gold is a biofungicide based on a plant extract of Melaleuca alternifolia, which was developed by Biomor, a member of the Stockton Group.
Tomato grafting Tomato Grafting has been utilized worldwide in Asia and Europe for greenhouse and high tunnel production and is gaining popularity in the United States.
Topiary Topiary is the horticultural practice of training live perennial plants by clipping the foliage and twigs of trees, shrubs and subshrubs to develop and maintain clearly defined shapes, perhaps g...
Topsoil Topsoil is the upper, outermost layer of soil, usually the top to.
Toronto Botanical Garden The Toronto Botanical Garden (TBG) is located at 777 Lawrence Avenue East at Leslie Street, in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Transplanting In agriculture and gardening, transplanting or replanting is the technique of moving a plant from one location to another.
Tree shaping Tree shaping (also known as Pooktre, arborsculpture, tree training, and by several other alternative names) uses living trees and other woody plants as the medium to create str...
Tree topping Tree topping is the practice of removing whole tops of trees or large branches and/or trunks from the tops of trees, leaving stubs or lateral branches that are too small to assume the role of a ...
Triple mix Triple mix is a mixture of three equal parts of topsoil, peat, and compost.
Tropical horticulture Tropical horticulture is a branch of horticulture that studies and cultivates plants in the tropics, i.e., the equatorial regions of the world.
Upside-down gardening Upside-down gardening is a hanging vegetable garden being the suspension of soil and seedlings of a kitchen garden to stop pests and blight,and eliminate the typical gardening tasks of tilling, ...
Urban gardening Urban gardening may refer to: growing plants indoors, also to bring on early development of germination by growing indoors under growing lights, such companies supply equipment to aid in doing t...
Urban horticulture Urban and peri-urban horticulture (UPH) includes all horticultural crops grown for human consumption and ornamental use within and in the immediate surroundings of cities.
Van Vleck House and Gardens Van Vleck House and Gardens, a former private estate by the eponymous family, is a non-profit community resource in Montclair, New Jersey that displays a public botanical garden of mostly ericac...
Vavilovian mimicry Vavilovian mimicry (also crop mimicry or weed mimicry) is a form of mimicry in plants where a weed comes to share one or more characteristics with a domesticated plant through genera...
Vegetable farming Vegetable farming is the growing of vegetables for human consumption.
Vegetation and slope stability Vegetation and slope stability are interrelated by the ability of the plant life growing on slopes to both promote and hinder the stability of the slope.
Veriflora Veriflora is a certification process for sustainably grown flowers and plants.
Victory garden Victory gardens, also called war gardens or food gardens for defense, were vegetable, fruit and herb gardens planted at private residences and public parks in the United States, Uni...
Volunteer (botany) In gardening and agronomic terminology, a volunteer is a plant that grows on its own, rather than being deliberately planted by a farmer or gardener.
Water feature In landscape architecture and garden design, a water feature is one or more items from a range of fountains, pools, ponds, cascades, waterfalls, and streams.
Water sprout Water sprouts are shoots that arise from the trunk of a tree or from branches that are several years old, from latent buds.
Weed of cultivation A weed of cultivation is any plant that is well-adapted to environments in which land is cultivated for growing some other plant.
Whip (tree) A whip is a slender, unbranched shoot or plant.
Whoopie sling A whoopie sling is an easily adjustable rope sling designed for tree pruning or tree removal.
Wildlife garden A wildlife garden (or wild garden) is an environment that is attractive to various forms of wildlife such as birds, amphibians, reptiles, insects, mammals and so on.
Willow water Willow water is a biological method to extract the rooting hormones indolebutyric acid (IBA) and salicylic acid (SA), that are present in sufficient quantities in the Willow (Salix) trees to ext...
Winkler scale The Winkler scale, sometimes known as the heat summation method, is a technique for classifying the climate of wine growing regions.
Winter sowing winter sowing is a method of starting seeds outdoors in winter.
Xenogamy Xenogamy (Greek xenos=strange, gamos=marriage) is the transfer of pollen grains from the anther to the stigma of a different plant.
Xeriscaping Xeriscaping (less commonly known as xeroscape) is landscaping and gardening that reduces or eliminates the need for supplemental water from irrigation.
Étienne Soulange-Bodin Étienne Soulange-Bodin (1774–1846) was the French agronomist and army officer who is commemorated by his hybrid magnolia, Magnolia × soulangeana.