Abd al-Karim Qasim Abd al-Karim Qasim (عبد الكريم قاسم) (21 November 1914 – 9 February 1963), was a nationalist Iraqi Army general who seized power in a 1958 coup d'état, wherein the Iraqi monarchy was eliminated.
Abdel Rahman Swar al-Dahab Field Marshal Abdel Rahman Suwar al-Dahab was the President of Sudan from April 6, 1985 to May 6, 1986. Born in the town of Omdurman in 1934, he graduated from the Sudanese Military Academy.
Abdul Fatah Al-Sisi Abdul Fatah Saeed Hussein Khalil al-Sisi (عبد الفتاح سعيد حسين خليل السيسي, more commonly known as General Sisi, born 19 November 1954) is an Egyptian Colonel General.
Abdul Fatah al-Sisi Abdul Fatah Saeed Hussein Khalil al-Sisi (عبد الفتاح سعيد حسين خليل السيسي, more commonly known as General Sisi, born 19 November 1954) is an Egyptian Field Marshal who has been Commander...
Abu Muhammad Lu'lu' al-Kabir Abu Muhammad Lu'lu', surnamed al-Kabir ("the Elder"), was the chief minister and de facto ruler of the Emirate of Aleppo since 991, and became the emirate's ruler in his own right from...
Adekunle Fajuyi Francis Adekunle Fajuyi, BEM (26 June 1926 – 29 July 1966) was the first military governor of the former Western Region, Nigeria.
Adly Mansour Adly Mahmoud Mansour (عدلى محمود منصور born 23 December 1945) is the acting President of Egypt and a judge who heads the Supreme Constitutional Court.
Adolfo de la Huerta Felipe Adolfo de la Huerta Marcor (May 26, 1881 – July 9, 1955) was a Mexican politician and interim President of Mexico from June 1 to December 1, 1920.
Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr (Arabic أحمد حسن البكر 1 July 1914 – 4 October 1982) was the fourth President of Iraq, serving in this capacity from 17 July 1968 until 16 July 1979.
Alberto Fujimori Alberto Fujimori Fujimori (or ; born 28 July 1938) served as President of Peru from 28 July 1990 to 17 November 2000.
Alfredo Ovando Candía Alfredo Ovando Candía (6 April 1918 – 24 January 1982) was a Bolivian president and dictator (1964–66 and 1969–70), general and political figure.
Alfredo Stroessner Alfredo Stroessner Matiauda (also Strössner or Strößner; November 3, 1912 – August 16, 2006) was a Paraguayan military officer who served as President of Paraguay from 1954 to 1989.
Alphonse Massamba-Débat Alphonse Massamba-Debat (1921 – March 25, 1977, Brazzaville) was a political figure of the Republic of the Congo who led the country from 1963 until 1968.
Amadou Sanogo General Amadou Haya Sanogo (born 1972 or 1973) is a Malian military officer and the leader of the 2012 Malian coup d'état against President Amadou Toumani Toure.
Amadou Toumani Touré Amadou Toumani Touré (born 4 November 1948; also known as "ATT") is a Malian politician who was President of Mali from 2002 to 2012.
Aman Andom Aman Mikael Andom (21 June 1924 – 23 November 1974) was the first post-imperial acting Head of State of Ethiopia.
Anand Panyarachun Anand Panyarachun (born August 9, 1932) was Thailand's Prime Minister twice, between 1991–1992 and once again in 1992.
Anastasio Bustamante Anastasio Bustamanteste y Oseguera (27 July 1780 – 6 February 1853) was president of Mexico three times, from 1830 to 1832, from 1837 to 1839 and from 1839 to 1841.
Anastasio Somoza García Anastasio Somoza García was officially the President of Nicaragua from 1 January 1937 to 1 May 1947 and from 21 May 1950 to 29 September 1956, but ruled effectively as dictator from 1936 until his assassination.
Andrew Juxon-Smith Brigadier Andrew Terence Juxon-Smith (1933 – 1996) was a politician and military official in Sierra Leone.
Andry Rajoelina Andry Nirina Rajoelina was the President of the High Transitional Authority of Madagascar.
André Kolingba André-Dieudonné Kolingba (12 August 1936 – 7 February 2010) was the fourth president of the Central African Republic (CAR), from 1 September 1981 until 1 October 1993.
Andrés Rodríguez (President) Andrés Rodríguez Pedotti (June 19, 1923 – April 21, 1997) was the President of Paraguay from February 3, 1989 to August 15, 1993.
Ansumane Mané Ansumane Mané (c. 1940 – 30 November 2000) was a Guinea-Bissau soldier who led a 1998 uprising against the government of President João Bernardo Vieira, which caused a brief, but bloody Ci...
Antanas Smetona Antanas Smetona (August 10, 1874 – January 9, 1944) was one of the most important Lithuanian political figures between World War I and World War II. He served as the first President of Lith...
Antoine Meatchi Antoine Meatchi (15 September 1915 – March 1984) was a Togolese politician.
Antonio López de Santa Anna Antonio de Padua María Severino López de Santa Anna y Pérez de Lebrón (21 February 1794 – 21 June 1876), often known as Santa Anna or López de Santa Anna and sometimes called "the Na...
António de Spínola António Sebastião Ribeiro de Spínola, GCTE, ComA (generally referred to as António de Spínola, though this particular surname never had a particle) (April 11...
António Pinto Soares António Pinto Soares (1780 - April 6, 1865) was Head of State of Costa Rica from September 11 to September 27, 1842.
Arseniy Yatsenyuk Arseniy Petrovych Yatsenyuk is a Ukrainian politician, economist and lawyer who is the interim Prime Minister of Ukraine, disputed by Russia and Venezuela, following the 2014 revolution that removed Viktor Yanukovych from power.
Arturo Rawson Arturo Rawson (June 4, 1885 – October 8, 1952) was the President of Argentina from June 4, 1943 to June 7, 1943.
Ashur-rabi I Ashur-rabi I was the King of Assyria from 1453 BC to 1435 BC. The son of the former king Enlil-nasir I, he seized the throne after a successful coup on Ashur-Saduni, who was the king for only on...
Augusto Pinochet Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte, more commonly known as Augusto Pinochet (North American English: Commonwealth English:).
Ayub Khan Muhammad Ayub Khan, N.Pk., H.Pk., HJ, psc, (May 14, 1907 – April 19, 1974) was a General and later self-appointed Field Marshal in the Pakistan Army and the first military dictator of Paki...
Ayub Khan (Field Marshal) Muhammad Ayub Khan (May 14, 1907 – 19 April 1974) was a Pakistani general and politician, serving as the second President of Pakistan and its first military dictator from 1958 until his for...
Ayub Khan (field marshal) Muhammad Ayub Khan (May 14, 1907 – 19 April 1974) was a five-star general officer and statesman, serving as the second President of Pakistan and its first military dictator from 1958 until ...
Ayub Khan (President of Pakistan) Muhammad Ayub Khan (14 May 1907 – 19 April 1974) was a five-star general officer and statesman, serving as the second President of Pakistan and its first military dictator from 1958 until h...
Azali Assoumani Azali Assoumani (غزالي عثماني, born January 1, 1959) was a president of the Comoros.
Bantu Holomisa Bantubonke Harrington Holomisa (born 25 July 1955) is a South African Member of Parliament and President of the United Democratic Movement.
Benito Mussolini Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945) was an Italian politician, journalist, and leader of the National Fascist Party, ruling the country as Prime Minister from 1922 until his ousting in 1943.
Blaise Compaoré Blaise Compaoré (born February 3, 1951) is a Burkinabé politician who has been the President of Burkina Faso since 1987.
Bruno Carranza José Bruno Carranza Ramírez (October 5, 1822 - January 25, 1891) was briefly President of Costa Rica (albeit with the title Temporary Head of the Republic) in 1870.
Carlos Castillo Armas Carlos Castillo Armas (November 4, 1914 – July 26, 1957) was a Guatemalan military officer who seized power in a CIA-orchestrated coup in 1954.
Carlos Dávila Carlos Gregorio Dávila Espinoza (September 15, 1887 - October 19, 1955), was a Chilean political figure, Chairman of Government Junta of Chile in 1932, and Secretary General of the Organization ...
Carlos Mancheno Cajas Carlos Mancheno Cajas (October 9, 1902 - October 11, 1996) was President of Ecuador from 23 August 1947 to 2 September 1947.
Cemal Gürsel Cemal Gürsel (1895–1966), was a Turkish army officer, and the fourth President of Turkey.
Christophe Soglo Christophe Soglo was a Beninese military officer and political leader and one of the most important figures in Benin's period of political instability and frequent, though usually bloodless, cou...
Chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogwu Patrick Chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogwu, (1937–1967) was born in the Northern Region’s capital of Kaduna to Igbo immigrant parents from the Mid-Western Region-Okpanam Town, near Asaba in the present day...
Chun Doo-hwan Chun Doo-hwan is a ROK Army general who served as the leader of South Korea from 1979 to 1988, ruling as an unelected military strongman from December 1979 to September 1980, and the fifth President of South Korea from 1980 to 1988.
Corazon Aquino María Corazón Sumulong "Cory" Cojuangco Aquino (January 25, 1933 – August 1, 2009) was a Filipino politician who served as the 11th President of the Philippines, the first woman to hold that office.
César Mendoza General César Leonidas Mendoza Durán was a member of the Government Junta which ruled Chile from 1973 to 1990, representing the country-wide police force, the Carabineros de Chile.
Daouda Malam Wanké Daouda Malam Wanké (died September 15, 2004) was a military and political leader in Niger.
David Dacko David Dacko (March 24, 1930 – November 20, 2003) was the first President of the Central African Republic (CAR), from August 14, 1960 to January 1, 1966, and the third president of the CAR from S...
Deodoro da Fonseca Marshal Manuel Deodoro da Fonseca (5 August 1827 – 23 August 1892) became the first president of the Republic of Brazil after heading a military coup that deposed Emperor Pedro II and proclaimed...
Duong Van Minh Dương Văn Minh, popularly known as "Big Minh", was a Vietnamese general and politician. He was a senior general in the Army of the Republic of Vietnam during the rule of Ngô Đình Diệm. In 1963, he became president of the Republic after leading a coup in which Diệm was assassinated.
Dzhokhar Dudayev Dzhokhar Musayevich Dudaev (Dudin Musa-khant Dʒouxar/Дудин Муса-кIант Жовхар; Джоха́р Муса́евич Дуда́ев; 15 April 1944 – 21 April 1996) was a Soviet Air Force general and Chechen leade...
Dési Bouterse Desiré Delano "Dési" Bouterse (born 13 October 1945) is a Surinamese politician who has been President of Suriname since 2010.
Edelmiro Julián Farrell Edelmiro Julián Farrell Plaul (February 12, 1887 – October 21, 1980) was an Argentine general of Irish descent.
Eduard Shevardnadze Eduard Shevardnadze (ედუარდ შევარდნაძე, Эдуа́рд Амвро́сиевич Шевардна́дзе, tr.
Eduardo Lonardi Eduardo Ernesto Lonardi Doucet (September 15, 1896 – March 22, 1956) was an Argentine Lieutenant General and served as de facto president from September 23 to November 13, 1955.
Efraín Ríos Montt José Efraín Ríos Montt (born June 16, 1926) is a Guatemalan politician who was President of Guatemala from 1982 to 1983.
Emilio Bello Emilio Bello Codecido (1868 – 1941) was a Chilean lawyer, diplomat and President of the Government Junta that ruled Chile in 1925.
Enlil-Nasir II Enlil-Nasir II was the king of Assyria from 1420 BC to 1414 BC. The brother of Ashur-nadin-ahhe I, he seized the throne in a successful coup.
False Dmitriy I False Dmitriy I (Cyrillic Лжедмитрий; other transliterations: Dimitri, Dimitrii, Dimitriy, Dimitry, Dmitri, Dmitrii, Dmitry) was the Tsar of Russia from 21 July 1605 until his death on 17 Ma...
Ferdinand Marcos Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos, Sr. (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was a Filipino strongman politician who held the title of President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986.
Ferenc Szálasi Ferenc Szálasi (Szálasi Ferenc in Hungarian,) (6 January 1897 – 12 March 1946) was the leader of the fascist Arrow Cross Party – Hungarist Movement, the "Leader of the Nation" (Nemze...
Fidel Castro Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (born August 13, 1926) is a Cuban communist revolutionary and politician who was Prime Minister of Cuba from 1959 to 1976, and President from 1976 to 2008.
France-Albert René France-Albert René (born 16 November 1935) was the long-time socialist President of Seychelles from 1977 to 2004.
Francisco Franco Francisco Franco Bahamonde (4 December 189220 November 1975) was the dictator of Spain from 1939 to his death in 1975.
Francisco Nef Vice Admiral Francisco Nef Jara (August 3, 1863 - June 9, 1931) was a Chilean naval officer and member of the Government Junta that ruled Chile between 1924 and 1925.
Frank Bainimarama Rear Admiral Josaia Voreqe Bainimarama, CF, MSD, OStJ, Fijian Navy, known commonly as Frank Bainimarama and sometimes by the chiefly title Ratu (born 27 April 1954), is a Fijian naval ...
François Bozizé François Bozizé Yangouvonda (born 14 October 1946) is a Central African politician who was the President of the Central African Republic from 2003 to 2013.
Fred Akuffo Lieutenant General Frederick William Kwasi Akuffo (21 March 1937 – 26 June 1979) was a soldier and politician.
Fulgencio Batista Fulgencio Batista y Zaldívar (January 16, 1901 – August 6, 1973) was the elected President of Cuba from 1940 to 1944, and dictator from 1952 to 1959, before being overthrown as a result of the C...
Gabriel París Gordillo Gabriel París Gordillo (March 8, 1910 – March 21, 2008) was President of Colombia from May 1957 to August 1958 as Chairman of the Colombian Military Junta Government following the 1957 Coup d'état.
Gabriel Ramushwana Gabriel Ramushwana (born 1941) was a head of state of the South African Bantustan Venda (1990–1994).
Gamal Abdel Nasser Gamal Abdel Nasser Hussein was the second President of Egypt, serving from 1956 until his death. He planned the 1952 overthrow of the monarchy, and was deputy prime minister in the new government. In 1953, Nasser introduced far-reaching land reforms.
Georgios Papadopoulos Colonel Georgios Papadopoulos was the head of the military coup d'état that took place in Greece on 21 April 1967 and leader of the junta that ruled the country from 1967 to 1974. Papadopoulos was a Colonel of Artillery.
Georgy Lvov Prince Georgy Yevgenyevich Lvov (Гео́ргий Евге́ньевич Львов; Georgij Evgen'evič L'vov) (2 November 18617 March 1925) was a Russian statesman and the first post-imperial prime minister of Rus...
Getúlio Vargas Getúlio Dornelles Vargas served as President of Brazil, first as dictator, from 1930 to 1945, and in a democratically elected term from 1951 until his suicide in 1954.
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947) is a Filipino politician who served as the 14th President of the Philippines from 2001 to 2010, as the 12th Vice President of the Philippines from 19...
Gnassingbé Eyadéma General Gnassingbé Eyadéma was the President of Togo from 1967 until his death in 2005. He participated in two successful military coups, in January 1963 and January 1967, and became President on April 14, 1967.
Gregorio Conrado Álvarez Gregorio Conrado Álvarez Armelino (born November 26, 1925 in Montevideo) is a Uruguayan general and former dictator.
Gustavo Leigh Air General Gustavo Leigh Guzmán (September 19, 1920 - September 29, 1999) was a Chilean general, who represented the Air Force in the 1973 Chilean coup d'état and, for a time, in the ruling jun...
Gustavo Rojas Pinilla Gustavo Rojas Pinilla (12 March 1900 – 17 January 1975) was the 19th President of Colombia from 1953 to 1957.
Hafez al-Assad Hafez al-Assad was a Syrian statesman, politician and general who was President of Syria from 1971 to 2000, Prime Minister from 1970 to 1971, Regional secretary of the Regional Command of the Syrian Regional Branch and Secretary General of the National Command of the Ba'ath Party from 1971 to 2000.
Hafizullah Amin Hafizullah Amin (1 August 1929 – 27 December 1979) was an Afghan politician and statesman during the Cold War.
Heraclius Heraclius (Flavius Heraclius Augustus, Φλάβιος Ἡράκλειος, c. 575 – February 11, 641) was Eastern Roman Emperor from 610 to 641.
Heydar Aliyev Heydar Alirza oglu Aliyev or Geydar Aliev (Heydər Əlirza oğlu Əliyev, Гейда́р Али́евич Али́ев, Geydar Aliyevich Aliyev; 10 May 1923 – 12 December 2003), also spelled Haydar Ali...
Houari Boumediene Houari Boumediène (also written Houari Boumedienne, هواري بومدين, 23 August 1932 – 27 December 1978) (also known as Mohammed Ben Brahim Boukharouba) served as Algeria's Chairman of the Rev...
Hugo Banzer Hugo Banzer Suárez (May 10, 1926 – May 5, 2002) was a politician, military general, dictator and President of Bolivia.
Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara Colonel Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara (May 9, 1949 – April 9, 1999) was a military officer in the West African country of Niger who seized power in a January 1996 coup d'état and ruled the country until his assassination during the military coup of April 1999.
Idi Amin Idi Amin Dada (192516 August 2003) was the third president of Uganda, from 1971 to 1979.
Idriss Déby General Idriss Déby Itno (إدريس ديبي; born 1952) is a Chadian politician who has been the President of Chad since 1990.
Ignatius Kutu Acheampong General Ignatius Kutu Acheampong (23 September 1931 – 16 June 1979) was a military head of state of Ghana who ruled from 13 January 1972 to 5 July 1978, when he was deposed in a palace coup.
Imelda Marcos Imelda Marcos, (born July 2, 1929) is the widow of Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos and forms half of their so-called conjugal dictatorship.
Ioannis Metaxas Ioannis Metaxas (Ιωάννης Μεταξάς) (12 April 1871 – 29 January 1941) was a Greek general and politician, serving as Prime Minister of Greece from 1936 until his death in 1941.
Jaba Ioseliani Jaba (or Dzhaba) Ioseliani (July 10, 1926 – March 4, 2003) was a Georgian politician, writer and leader of the paramilitary Mkhedrioni organisation.
Jean-Baptiste Bagaza Colonel Jean-Baptiste Bagaza (born 29 August 1946) is a Burundian politician who was Chairman of the Supreme Revolutionary Council in Burundi until November 10, 1976, and President from November...
Jean-Baptiste Ouédraogo Major Dr. Jean-Baptiste Ouédraogo (born June 30, 1942) was President of Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso) from 8 November 1982 to 4 August 1983, when he was overthrown in a coup d'état which brough...
Jean-Bédel Bokassa Jean-Bédel Bokassa (; 22 February 1921 – 3 November 1996, also known as Bokassa I of Central Africa and Salah Eddine Ahmed Bokassa) was the military ruler of the Central Africa...
Jean-Hilaire Aubame Jean-Hilaire Aubame was a Gabonese politician active during both the colonial and independence periods.
Jeong Ho-yong General Jeong Ho-yong (korean: 정호용, 鄭鎬溶, born 10 September 1932) was South Korean Soldier and politician, and Interior Minister, Military Minister of South Korea.
Jerry Rawlings Jerry John Rawlings (born 22 June 1947) is a former air force officer who led a coup in Ghana 1979 and became the country's head of state.
Jesús Jiménez Zamora Jesús María Ciriaco Jiménez Zamora was President of Costa Rica on two occasions: 1863 to 1866, and 1868 to 1870.
Johan Kraag Johannes Samuel Petrus (Johan) Kraag (July 29, 1913 – May 24, 1996) was a Surinamese politician who served as the President of Suriname from December 29, 1990, until September 16, 1991.
John Amadu Bangura Brigadier John Amadu Bangura, C.B.E. was the acting Governor-General of Sierra Leone from 18 April 1968 until 22 April 1968.
John Okello John Gideon Okello (1937, Lango District, Uganda – 1971?) was an East African revolutionary and the leader of the Zanzibar Revolution in 1964.
Johnny Paul Koroma Major Johnny Paul Koroma (born May 9, 1960) was the Head of State of Sierra Leone from May 1997 to February 1998.
Jorge Rafael Videla Jorge Rafael Videla (2 August 1925 – 17 May 2013) was a senior commander in the Argentine Army and dictator of Argentina from 1976 to 1981.
Joseph Arthur Ankrah Lieutenant General Joseph Arthur Ankrah (18 August 1915 – 25 November 1992) served as the first commander of the Army of Ghana, the Ghanaian Chief of the Defence Staff and from 1966 and 1969 as ...
José Félix Uriburu Lieutenant General José Félix Benito Uriburu y Uriburu (1868–1932) was the first de facto President of Argentina; he achieved the position through a military coup, and his tenure las...
José Manuel Marroquín Jose Manuel Marroquin Ricaurte (August 6, 1827 – September 19, 1908) was a Colombian political figure and the 27th President of Colombia.
José María Alfaro Zamora José María Alfaro Zamora (March 20, 1799 – June 12, 1856) was the Costa Rican Head of State between the periods of 1842 and 1844 as well as 1846 and 1847 and President of Costa Rica betwee...
José María Montealegre José María Montealegre Fernández (19 March 1815 - September 26, 1887) was President of Costa Rica from 1859 to 1863.
José María Orellana José María Orellana Pinto (July 11, 1872 – September 26, 1926) was a Guatemalan politician, President of Guatemala from December 10, 1921 to September 26, 1926.
José Mendes Cabeçadas José Mendes Cabeçadas Júnior, OTE, ComA, commonly known as Mendes Cabeçadas (August 19, 1883 in Loulé – June 11, 1965 in Lisbon), was a Portuguese Navy officer, free mason and republ...
José Miguel Carrera José Miguel Carrera Verdugo (October 15, 1785 – September 4, 1821) was a Chilean general, member of the prominent Carrera family, and considered one of the founders of independent Chile.
José Sisto José Sisto, also called José Sisto Rodrigo and José Sixto, was twice Governor of Guam, first after overthrowing Francisco Portusach Martínez, and again after being legitimately place...
José Toribio Merino José Toribio Merino Castro (December 14, 1915 - August 30, 1996) was one of the principal coup leaders of the 1973 Chilean coup d'état, along with General Augusto Pinochet of the Army, General Gustavo Leigh of the Air Force, and General Mendoza of the "Carabineros" (National Police).
João Bernardo Vieira João Bernardo "Nino" Vieira (27 April 1939 – 2 March 2009) was the President of Guinea-Bissau from 1980 to 1984, for the second time from 1984 to 1999, and for the third time from 2005 to 2009.
Juan Carlos Onganía Juan Carlos Onganía Carballo (March 17, 1914 – June 8, 1995) was de facto President of Argentina from 29 June 1966 to 8 June 1970.
Juan Lavalle Juan Galo Lavalle (October 17, 1797 – October 9, 1841) was an Argentine military and political figure.
Juan Pablo Bennett Division General Juan Pablo Bennett Argandoña (January 25, 1871 – August 12, 1951) was a Chilean military officer and member of the Government Junta that ruled Chile between 1924 and 1925.
Juan Velasco Alvarado Juan Francisco Velasco Alvarado (June 16, 1910 – December 24, 1977) was a left-wing Peruvian General who ruled Peru from 1968 to 1975 under the title of "President of the Revolutionary Gov...
Julius Maada Bio Brigadier (Ret.) Julius Maada Wonie Bio (born May 12, 1964) is a Sierra Leonean politician who was the military Head of State of Sierra Leone from January 16, 1996 to March 29, 1996 under the Na...
Justin Lekhanya Retired General Justin Metsing Lekhanya (born April 7, 1938 in Thaba-Tseka, Lesotho) was the prime minister, defense minister and chairman of the military council of Lesotho from 24 January 1986...
Juvénal Habyarimana Juvénal Habyarimana (March 8, 1937 – April 6, 1994) was the third President of the Republic of Rwanda, the post he held longer than any other president to date, from 1973 until 1994.
Józef Piłsudski Józef Klemens Piłsudski was a Polish statesman; Chief of State, "First Marshal", and leader of the Second Polish Republic. From mid-World War I he had a major influence in Poland's politics, and was an important figure on the European political scene.
Kavadh II Kavadh II (قباد Qobād or Qabād), also known as Sheroya or Shiruya (Siroes, Shiroye), was king of the Sasanian Empire during some months in 628.
Kenan Evren Kenan Evren (born 17 July 1917) is a retired Turkish military officer who was the seventh President of Turkey from 1980 to 1989.
Klement Gottwald Klement Gottwald (23 November 1896 – 14 March 1953) was a Czechoslovakian Communist politician, longtime leader of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ or CPCz or CPC), prime minister and ...
Konstantinos Kollias Konstantinos Kollias (Κωνσταντίνος Κολλιας) (1901- 13 July 1998) was a former Greek Attorney General who was proclaimed Prime Minister by the Greek military junta of 1967-1974 that overthrew Pan...
Lansana Conté Lansana Conté (c. 1934 – 22 December 2008) was the second President of Guinea, serving from 3 April 1984 until his death in December 2008.
Lon Nol Marshal Lon Nol (លន់ នល់; November 13, 1913 – November 17, 1985) was a Cambodian politician and general who served as Prime Minister of Cambodia twice, as well as serving repeatedly as Defense M...
Luis Altamirano Division General Luis Altamirano Talavera (July 5, 1867 – July 25, 1938) was a Chilean military officer, minister, Vice President of the Republic and finally President of the Government Junta of...
Luis García Meza Tejada Luis García Meza Tejada (born August 8, 1932, La Paz, Bolivia) is a former Bolivian dictator.
Mamadu Ture Kuruma Major General Mamadu Ture Kuruma (or N'Krumah) (born 26 April 1947) is a Guinea-Bissauan military vice-chief of staff and the leader of the Military Command that took power following a co...
Manuel A. Odría Manuel Arturo Odría Amoretti (November 26, 1896 – February 18, 1974) was the President of Peru from 1948 to 1956.
Manuel Quintas de Almeida Manuel Quintas de Almeida (1957 – 26 December 2006) was a lieutenant in the military of São Tomé and Príncipe.
Marcos Pérez Jiménez Marcos Evangelista Pérez Jiménez (Michelena, Táchira, April 25, 1914 – Alcobendas, Spain, September 20, 2001) was a Venezuelan military and general officer of the Army of Venezuela and the Presi...
Marien Ngouabi Marien Ngouabi (or N'Gouabi) (December 31, 1938 – March 18, 1977) was the military President of the Republic of the Congo from January 1, 1969 to March 18, 1977.
Marmaduke Grove Air Commodore Marmaduque Grove Vallejo (July 6, 1878 - May 15, 1954) was a Chilean Air Force officer, political figure and member of the Government Junta of the Socialist Republic of Chile in 1932.
Marmaduque Grove Air Commodore Marmaduque Grove Vallejo (July 6, 1878 - May 15, 1954) was a Chilean Air Force officer, political figure and member of the Government Junta of the Socialist Republic of Chile in 1932.
Mathieu Kérékou Mathieu Kérékou, (born 2 September 1933) was President of Benin from 1972 to 1991 and again from 1996 to 2006.
Maurice Bishop Maurice Rupert Bishop (21 May 1943 – 19 October 1983) was a Grenadian politician and revolutionary who seized power in a coup in 1979 from Eric Gairy and served as Pr...
Maurice Kouandété Iropa Maurice Kouandété was a military officer and politician in Benin. He was born to Somba parents in the Gaba District of Dahomey. Kouandété enrolled in the army in his late teens. Over the years, he became popular among junior soldiers in the north and gained the contempt of those in the south.
Maximiliano Hernández Martínez Maximiliano Hernández Martínez (October 29, 1882, San Matías, La Libertad – May 15, 1966, Hacienda Jamastrán, Honduras) was the President of El Salvador from 1931 to 1944.
Mengistu Haile Mariam Mengistu Haile Mariam (መንግስቱ ኃይለ ማርያም, pronounced born 27 May 1937) is an Ethiopian politician who was the most prominent officer of the Derg, the Communist military junta that governed Ethiopi...
Michel Djotodia Michel Am-Nondokro Djotodia (born c. 1949) is a Central African politician who was President of the Central African Republic from 2013 to 2014.
Michel Micombero Michel Micombero (1940 – 16 July 1983) was the first President of Burundi from November 28, 1966 to November 1, 1976.
Mobutu Sese Seko Mobutu Sese Seko Kuku Ngbendu wa Za Banga (born Joseph-Desiré Mobutu; 14 October 1930 – 7 September 1997) was the President of Democratic Republic of the Congo (which Mobutu renamed Zaire ...
Mohamed ElBaradei Mohamed Mustafa ElBaradei (محمد مصطفى البرادعى, born 17 June 1942) is an Egyptian law scholar and diplomat who was the acting Vice President of Egypt from 14 July 2013 to 14 August 2013.
Mohamed Hussein Tantawi Mohamed Hussein Tantawi Soliman (محمد حسين طنطاوى سليمان, born 31 October 1935) is an Egyptian field marshal and former statesman.
Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz (born 20 December 1956) is the President of Mauritania, in office since 2009.
Mohammed Daoud Khan Sardar Mohammed Daoud Khan or Daud Khan (July 18, 1909 – April 28, 1978) was Prime Minister of Afghanistan from 1953 to 1963, and later became the President of Afghanistan.
Mohammed Omar Mullah Mohammed Omar (ملا محمد عمر; born c. 1959), often simply called Mullah Omar, is the spiritual leader of the Taliban.
Moussa Dadis Camara Captain Moussa Dadis Camara (born 1 January 1964 or 29 December 1968) now called Moïse Dadis Camara is an ex-officer of the Guinean army who served as the President of the Republic of Guin...
Moussa Traoré Moussa Traoré (born 25 September 1936) is a Malian soldier and politician.
Muammar Gaddafi Muammar Muhammad Abu Minyar al-Gaddafi (معمر محمد أبو منيار القذافي) (20 October 2011), commonly known as Colonel Gaddafi was a Libyan revolutionary and politician, and the de facto ruler...
Muhammad Naguib Muhammad Naguib (محمد نجيب, 20 February 1901 – 28 August 1984) was the first President of Egypt, serving from the declaration of the Republic on 18 June 1953 to 14 November 1954.
Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq (Punjabi, 12 August 1924 – 17 August 1988), was the sixth President of Pakistan from 1978 until his death in 1988, having declared martial law for the third time in the coun...
Muhammadu Buhari Muhammadu Buhari (born December 17, 1942) was a Major General in the Nigerian Army and a former military ruler of Nigeria from December 31, 1983 to August 27, 1985.
Murtala Mohammed General Murtala Ramat Muhammed (November 8, 1938–February 13, 1976) was a military ruler (Head of the Federal Military Government) of Nigeria from 1975 until his assassination in 1976.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (19 May 1881 (conventional) – 10 November 1938) was a Turkish army officer in the Ottoman military, revolutionary statesman, and the first President of ...
Napoleon Napoleon Bonaparte was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the latter stages of the French Revolution and its associated wars in Europe.
Napoleon III Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (20 April 1808 – 9 January 1873) was the first President of the French Republic and, as Napoleon III, the Emperor of the Second French Empire.
Ne Win Winfield is a brand of cigarette that is popular in Australia and New Zealand.
Nguyen Cao Ky Nguyễn Cao Kỳ (8 September 1930 – 23 July 2011) served as the chief of the Vietnam Air Force in the 1960s, before leading the nation as the prime minister of South Vietnam in a military junta fr...
Nguyen Chanh Thi Lieutenant General Nguyễn Chánh Thi was an officer in the Army of the Republic of Vietnam.
Nguyen Khanh Nguyễn Khánh (November 8, 1927 – January 11, 2013) was a South Vietnamese military officer and Army of the Republic of Vietnam general who served in various capacities as head of state and prime...
Nguyen Van Thieu Nguyễn Văn Thiệu (Northern Vietnamese pronunciation: Southern Vietnamese pronunciation: 5 April 1923 – 29 September 2001) was president of South Vietnam fro...
Nguyễn Cao Kỳ Nguyễn Cao Kỳ (8 September 1930 – 23 July 2011) served as the chief of the Vietnam Air Force in the 1960s, before leading the nation as the prime minister of South Vietnam in a military junta fr...
Nguyễn Chánh Thi Lieutenant General Nguyễn Chánh Thi (23 February 1923 – 23 June 2007) was an officer in the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN).
Nicolás Lindley López Nicolás Lindley López (November 16, 1908 – May 3, 1995) was a Peruvian military commander who headed the military government in Peru for several months in 1963.
Nikos Sampson Nikos Sampson (also Nicos; Νίκος Σαμψών; December 16, 1935 – May 9, 2001) was the de facto president of Cyprus who succeeded Archbishop Makarios, after a coup d'état, as President of C...
Nur Muhammad Taraki Nur Muhammad Taraki (15 July 1917 – 14 September 1979) was an Afghan politician and statesman during the Cold War.
Oliver Cromwell Oliver Cromwell was an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland.
Omar al-Bashir Field Marshal Omar Hassan Ahmad Al-Bashir (عمر حسن أحمد البشير; born 1 January 1944) is the President of Sudan and the head of the National Congress Party.
Omar Torrijos Omar Efraín Torrijos Herrera (February 13, 1929 – July 31, 1981) was the Commander of the Panamanian and National Guard and the de facto dictator of Panama from 1968 to 1981.
Osmín Aguirre y Salinas Osmín Aguirre y Salinas (December 25, 1889 – July 17, 1977) was President of El Salvador 21 October 1944 - 1 March 1945.
Oswaldo López Arellano Oswaldo Enrique López Arellano (30 June 1921 – 16 May 2010) was a two-time President of Honduras, first from 1963 to 1971 and again from 1972 to 1975.
Oupa Gqozo Joshua Oupa Gqozo (born 10 March 1952) was the military ruler of the former homeland of Ciskei in South Africa.
Park Chung-hee Park Chung-hee (14 November 1917 – 26 October 1979) was a Korean general and statesman who led South Korea from 1961 until his assassination in 1979.
Pavlo Skoropadskyi Pavlo Petrovych Skoropadskyi (Павло Петрович Скоропадський; Paul Petrowitsch Skoropadskyj; 3 May 1873 – 26 April 1945) was a Ukrainian and Russian aristocrat, military and state leader, de...
Pedro Carmona Pedro Francisco Carmona Estanga (6 July, 1941 in Barquisimeto, Lara, Venezuela) is a former Venezuelan trade organization leader who was briefly declared President of Venezuela during an abortiv...
Pedro Dartnell Division General Pedro Pablo Dartnell Encina (December 24, 1873 – September 26, 1944) was a Chilean military officer and member of the Government Junta of Chile in 1925.
Pedro Eugenio Aramburu Pedro Eugenio Aramburu Silveti was an Argentine Army General. He was a major figure behind the military coup against Juan Perón in 1955. He became de facto president of Argentina from November 13, 1955 to May 1, 1958.
Pedro Pablo Ramírez Pedro Pablo Ramírez (January 30, 1884 – May 12, 1962) was de facto President of Argentina from June 7, 1943 to February 24, 1944.
Pervez Musharraf Pervez Musharraf (born 11 August 1943) is a retired four-star general and a politician who was brought to power through a military coup d'état in 1999.
Phaedon Gizikis Phaedon Gizikis was a Greek Army general and President of Greece from 1973 to 1974.
Phetracha Phetracha (alternative spellings: Bedraja, P'etraja, Petraja, Petratcha; also called Phra Phetracha; สมเด็จพระเพทราชา; 1632–1703) was a king of the Ayutthaya kingdom in Thail...
Pierre Buyoya Major Pierre Buyoya (born 24 November 1949 in Rutovu, Bururi Province) is a Burundian politician who has ruled Burundi twice, from 1987 to 1993 and from 1996 to 2003.
Plaek Phibunsongkhram Field Marshal Plaek Pibulsongkram (แปลก พิบูลสงคราม ; July 14, 1897-June 11, 1964), often known as Phibun Songkhram or simply Phibun in English, was Prime Minister and virtual milita...
Plaek Pibulsonggram Field Marshal Plaek Pibunsongkhram (แปลก พิบูลสงคราม ; July 14, 1897-June 11, 1964), often known as Phibun Songkhram or simply Phibun in English, was Prime Minister and virtual milit...
Plaek Pibunsongkhram Field Marshal Plaek Pibulsongkram (แปลก พิบูลสงคราม ; July 14, 1897-June 11, 1964), often known as Phibun Songkhram or simply Phibun in English, was Prime Minister and virtual milita...
Pol Pot Pol Pot (ប៉ុល ពត; 19 May 1925 – 15 April 1998), born Saloth Sar (សាឡុត ស) was a Cambodian communist revolutionary who led the Khmer Rouge from 1963 until 1997.
Pote Sarasin Pote Sarasin was a Thai diplomat and politician from the influential Sarasin Family.
Prince Johnson Prince Yormie Johnson (born 6 July 1952) is a Liberian politician and the current Senior Senator from Nimba County.
Prosper Avril Matthieu Prosper Avril (born December 12, 1937) is a Haitian political figure who was President of Haiti from 1988 to 1990.
Qaboos bin Said al Said Qaboos bin Said Al Said (قابوس بن سعيد آل سعيد born 18 November 1940) is the Sultan of Oman and its Dependencies.
Raoul Cédras Joseph Raoul Cédras (born Jérémie, Haiti July 9, 1949) is a former military officer, and was de facto ruler of Haiti from 1991 to 1994.
Rezā Shāh Rezā Shāh Pahlavi (Persian: رضاشاه پهلوی; born Rezā Khan (15 March 1878 – 26 July 1944), was the Shah of the Imperial State of Iran from 15 December 1925 until he was forced to abdicate b...
Ricardo Pérez Godoy Ricardo Pío Pérez Godoy (9 June 1905 – 26 July 1982) was a general of the Peruvian army who launched a coup d'état in July 1962 and headed a military junta until March 1963.
Roberto Micheletti Roberto Micheletti Baín (born 13 August 1943) is a Honduran politician who served as the interim de facto president of Honduras from June 28, 2009 till January 27, 2010 as a result of the 20...
Roger Lafontant Roger Lafontant (1931–September 29, 1991) is the former leader of the Tonton Macoutes and the former Minister of dictator Jean-Claude Duvalier.
Ruben Alonso Rosales Ruben Alonso Rosales (1925 - 2000) was one of a six-man junta government that took control of El Salvador by peaceful coup in 1960.
Rubén Alonso Rosales Rubén Alonso Rosales was one of a six-man junta government that took control of El Salvador by peaceful coup in 1960.
Rómulo Betancourt Rómulo Ernesto Betancourt Bello (22 February 1908 – 28 September 1981), known as "The Father of Venezuelan Democracy", was President of Venezuela from 1945 to 1948 and again from 1959 to 1964, as well as leader of Acción Democrática, Venezuela's dominant political party in the 20th century.
Salou Djibo Lieutenant General Salou Djibo (born 15 April 1965) is a Nigerien military officer.
Samuel Doe Samuel Kanyon Doe (May 6, 1951 – September 9, 1990) was the leader of Liberia from 1980 to 1990.
Sangoulé Lamizana Major General Aboubakar Sangoulé Lamizana (January 31, 1916 – 26 May 2005) was the second president of Upper Volta (since 1984 renamed Burkina Faso), in power from January 3, 1966 to Novem...
Sani Abacha General Sani Abacha (20 September 1943 – 8 June 1998) was a Nigerian soldier and politician who served as the de facto President of Nigeria from 1993 to 1998.
Saprang Kalayanamitr General Saprang Kalayanamitr (พลเอก สพรั่ง กัลยาณมิตร; also known as Poei (เปย) or Big Poei (บิ๊กเปย), born 8 July 1948 in Lampang, Thailand) is a retired officer of the Royal Thai ...
Sarit Thanarat Field Marshal Sarit Thanarat (Thai: สฤษดิ์ ธนะรัชต์, alternatively spelled Dhanarajata), (June 16, 1908 – December 8, 1963) was a Thai career soldier who staged a coup in 1957, thereafter se...
Saye Zerbo Colonel Saye Zerbo (27 August 1932 – 19 September 2013) was a President of Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso) from 25 November 1980 to 7 November 1982.
Seyni Kountché Seyni Kountché (1 July 1931 – 10 November 1987) was a Nigerien military officer who led a 1974 coup d'état that deposed the government of Niger's first president, Hamani Diori.
Siad Barre Mohamed Siad Barre (Maxamed Siyaad Barre; محمد سياد بري; October 6, 1919January 2, 1995) was the military dictator and President of the Somali Democratic Republic from 1969 to 1991.
Social Liberal Union The Social-Liberal Union is a Romanian political alliance formed on 5 February 2011 between three parties, the Social Democratic Party, and the Centre Right Alliance made of the National Libera...
Sonthi Boonyaratglin General (Ret.) Sonthi Boonyaratglin (สนธิ บุญยรัตกลิน,) (born 2 October 1946) is former Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Thai Army and former head of the Council for National Security, the milita...
Sunthorn Kongsompong General Sunthorn Kongsompong (1931 - 1999) was the de facto head of government of Thailand from 1991 - 1992, following a military coup d'etat led by Sunthorn and General Suchinda Kraprayoon ...
Surayud Chulanont General (ret.) Surayud Chulanont (สุรยุทธ์ จุลานนท์, RTGS: Surayut Chulanon; born 28 August 1943) is a Thai politician.
Sékouba Konaté Brigadier General Sékouba Konaté (born 6 June 1964) is an officer of the Guinean army and formerly served as the Vice President of its military junta, the National Council for Democracy and Deve...
Tengiz Kitovani Tengiz Kitovani (თენგიზ კიტოვანი) (born June 9, 1938) is a retired Georgian politician and military commander with high-profile involvement in the Georgian Civil War early in the 1990s when he c...
Tengiz Sigua Tengiz Sigua (born 9 November 1934) is a Georgian politician and former Prime Minister of the country.
Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (born 5 June 1942) is an Equatoguinean politician who has been President of Equatorial Guinea since 1979.
Thanom Kittikachorn Field Marshal Thanom Kittikachorn (Thai ถนอม กิตติขจร, August 11, 1911 – June 16, 2004) was a military dictator of Thailand.
Theodoros Pangalos (general) Lieutenant General Theodoros Pangalos (Θεόδωρος Πάγκαλος) (11 January 1878 – 26 February 1952) was a Greek soldier, politician and dictator.
Thomas Sankara Thomas Isidore Noël Sankara (December 21, 1949 – October 15, 1987) was a Burkinabé military captain, Marxist revolutionary, pan-Africanist theorist, and President of Burkina Faso from 1983 to 1987.
Tito Okello General Tito Lutwa Okello (1914–1996), was a Ugandan military officer and politician.
Tomás Gutiérrez Tomás Gutiérrez was a Peruvian military man who led a coup against President José Balta Montero.
Tran Thien Khiem General Trần Thiện Khiêm (born 15 December 1925) was an officer in the Army of the Republic of Vietnam during the Vietnam War.
Valentine Strasser Valentine Esegragbo Melvine Strasser (born on April 26, 1967 in Freetown, Sierra Leone) served as head of state of Sierra Leone from 1992 to 1996.
Venancio Roberto Venancio Roberto was a resident of Hagåtña, Guam who briefly seized the office of Commissioner of Guam from December 31, 1898 to January 2, 1899 before his rule was declared illegitimate by Lieu...
Vicente Herrera Zeledón Vicente de las Mercedes Herrera Zeledón (20 January 1821-10 November 1888) was President of Costa Rica from 30 July 1876 to 11 September 1877.
Victoriano Huerta José Victoriano Huerta Márquez (22 December 1850 – 13 January 1916) was a Mexican military officer and president of Mexico.
Vladimir Lenin Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (born Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov; – 21 January 1924) was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist.
Walther von Lüttwitz Walther von Lüttwitz or Walther Freiherr von Lüttwitz (2 February 1859 – 20 September 1942) was a German general who fought in World War I. Lüttwitz is best known for being the drivi...
William Walker (filibuster) William Walker (May 8, 1824 – September 12, 1860) was an American lawyer, journalist and adventurer, who organized several private military expeditions into Latin America, with the intention of ...
Yahya Jammeh Yahya Abdul-Aziz Jemus Junkung Jammeh (born 25 May 1965) is the president of the Gambia.
Yahya Kanu Colonel Yahya Kanu (born in Magburaka, Tonkolili District, Sierra Leone) Kanu was a loyalist to president Joseph Saidu Momoh, and his position in the coup is unclear.
Yakubu Gowon General Yakubu "Jack" Dan-Yumma Gowon (born 19 October 1934) was the head of state (Head of the Federal Military Government) of Nigeria from 1966 to 1975.
Zine El Abidine Ben Ali Zine El Abidine Ben Ali was the second President of Tunisia from 1987 to 2011. Ben Ali was appointed Prime Minister in October 1987, and he assumed the Presidency on 7 November 1987 in a bloodless coup d'état that ousted President Habib Bourguiba, who was declared incompetent.
Émile Derlin Zinsou Emile Derlin Zinsou (born 23 March 1918) is a Beninese political figure who was the President of Dahomey (now Benin) from 17 July 1968 until 10 December 1969, supported by the military regime that took power in 1967.