Abel Lefranc Maurice Jules Abel Lefranc (27 July 1863 – 26 November 1952) was a historian of French literature, expert on Rabelais, and the principal advocate of the Derbyite theory of Shakespeare authorship.
Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres The Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres is a French learned society devoted to the humanities, founded in February 1663 as one of the five academies of the Institut de France.
Adolphe-André Porée Adolphe-André Porée, known as Chanoine Porée (14 March 1848, Bernay – 28 February 1939, Saint-Aubin-d'Écrosville), was a French archaeologist and historian.
Alexandre Bertrand Alexandre Louis Joseph Bertrand (June 11, 1820 – 1902) was a French archaeologist born in Rennes.
Alexandre de Laborde Comte Louis-Joseph-Alexandre de Laborde (17 September 1773 – 20 October 1842) was a French antiquary, liberal politician and writer, a member of the Académie des Sciences morales et politiques (...
André Félibien André Félibien (May 1619 – 11 June 1695), sieur des Avaux et de Javercy, was a French chronicler of the arts and official court historian to Louis XIV of France.
André Leroi-Gourhan André Leroi-Gourhan (August 25, 1911 – February 19, 1986) was a French archaeologist, paleontologist, paleoanthropologist, and anthropologist with an interest in technology and aesthetics ...
André Vauchez André Vauchez is a French medievalist specialising in the history of Christian spirituality.
André-Hercule de Fleury André-Hercule de Fleury, Bishop of Fréjus was a French cardinal who served as the chief minister of Louis XV.
Angeliki Laiou Angeliki Laiou (Αγγελική Λαΐου; Athens, 6 April 1941 – Boston, 11 December 2008) was a Greek Byzantinist.
Anne Claude de Caylus Anne Claude de Tubières-Grimoard de Pestels de Lévis, comte de Caylus, marquis d'Esternay, baron de Bransac, French antiquarian, proto-archaeologist and man of letters, was born at Paris.
Anselmo Banduri Anselmo Banduri (August 18, 1671 or 1675 – January 4, 1743) was a Benedictine scholar, archaeologist and numismatologist from the Republic of Ragusa.
Antoine Anselme Antoine Anselme, born in L'Isle-Jourdain in Armagnac on 13 January 1652 and died in his abbey of Saint-Sever on 8 August 1737, was a widely noted French preacher.
Antoine Banier The abbé Antoine Banier (1673–1741), a French clergyman and member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres from 1713, was a historian and translator, whose rationalizing interpret...
Antoine Galland Antoine Galland (April 4, 1646 – February 17, 1715) was a French orientalist and archaeologist, most famous as the first European translator of One Thousand and One Nights which he called ...
Antoine Meillet Paul Jules Antoine Meillet (November 11, 1866, Moulins, Allier – September 21, 1936, Châteaumeillant) was one of the most important French linguists of the early 20th century.
Antoine-Jean Amelot de Chaillou Antoine-Jean Amelot de Chaillou (November 19, 1732 - April 20, 1795, the 1st of Floréal in year III of the Revolutionary calendar) was a French politician.
Arnaldo Momigliano Arnaldo Dante Momigliano KBE (September 5, 1908, Caraglio, Piemont – September 1, 1987, London) was an Italian historian known for his work in historiography, characterized by Donald Kagan as "t...
Arthur Giry Jean-Marie-Joseph-Arthur Giry (28/29 February 1848–13 November 1899) was a French historian, noted for his studies of France in the Middle Ages.
Arthur Le Moyne de La Borderie Arthur Le Moyne de La Borderie, (5 October 1827, Vitré, Ille-et-Vilaine - 17 February 1901, Vitré) was a Breton historian, regarded as a father of Brittany's historiography.
Auguste Le Prévost Auguste Le Prévost (3 June 1787, Bernay, Eure – 14 July 1859, La Vaupalière) was a French geologist, philologist, archaeologist and historian.
Auguste Mariette François Auguste Ferdinand Mariette (February 11, 1821 – January 19, 1881) was a French scholar, archaeologist and Egyptologist, and founder of the Egyptian Department of Antiquities (late...
Augustin Nadal The abbé Augustin Nadal (1659 – 7 August 1741) was the author of plays, through the failure of which he became the butt of a withering public reply from Voltaire that has rendered the abbé immortal.
Augustin Thierry Augustin Thierry (or Jacques Nicolas Augustin Thierry, 10 May 1795 - 22 May 1856) was a French historian.
Barthélemy Hauréau Jean-Barthélémy Hauréau (November 9, 1812 – April 29, 1896) was a French historian and writer.
Bernard de Montfaucon Dom Bernard de Montfaucon, O.S.B., was a French Benedictine monk, and a scholar who founded the discipline of palaeography, as well as being an editor of works of the Fathers of the Church.
Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle (11 February 1657 – 9 January 1757), also called Bernard le Bouyer de Fontenelle, was a French author.
Camille Jullian Camille Jullian (March 15, 1859 - December 12, 1933) was a French historian, philologist, archaeologist and historian of French literature, student of Fustel de Coulanges, whose posthumous work ...
Camille le Tellier de Louvois Camille Le Tellier de Louvois was a French clergyman and member of several royal academies in the reign of Louis XIV of France.
Camille Le Tellier de Louvois Camille Le Tellier de Louvois (11 April 1675 – 5 November 1718) was a French clergyman and member of several royal academies in the reign of Louis XIV of France.
Charles Juste de Beauvau, Prince of Craon Charles Juste de Beauvau, Prince of Craon (10 September 1720 – 21 May 1793), 2nd Prince of Craon (1754), Marshal of France (1783) was a French scholar, nobleman and general.
Charles le Beau Charles le Beau (October 18, 1701 – March 13, 1778) was a French historical writer.
Charles Virolleaud Jean Charles Gabriel Virolleaud was a French archaeologist, one of the excavators of Ugarit.
Charles-Alexis-Adrien Duhérissier de Gerville Charles-Alexis-Adrien Duhérissier de Gerville (Gerville-la-Forêt (Manche) 19 September 1769 — Valognes (Manche) 26 July 1853) was a scholarly French antiquarian, historian, naturalist and archae...
Charles-Edmond Perrin Charles-Edmond Perrin (1887 – 1974) was a French medieval historian, a professor at the University of Strasbourg and then the Sorbonne, and a member of the Académie des inscriptions et belles-le...
Charles-François Dupuis Charles François Dupuis (26 October 1742 – 29 September 1809) was a French savant a professor (from 1766) of rhetoric at the Collège de Lisieux, Paris, who studied for the law in his spare...
Charles-Frédéric Reinhard Charles-Frédéric, comte Reinhard (born Karl Friedrich Reinhard; 2 October 1761-25 December 1837) was a Württembergian-born French diplomat, essayist, and politician who briefly s...
Charles-Jean-Melchior de Vogüé Charles-Jean-Melchior de Vogüé (1829–1916) was a French archeologist, diplomat, and member of the Académie française in seat 18.
Charles-Victor Langlois Charles-Victor Langlois (May 26, 1863, in Rouen - June 25, 1929, in Paris) was a French historian and paleographer, who specialized in the study of the Middle Ages and taught at the Sorbonne whe...
Christian Gottlob Heyne Christian Gottlob Heyne (25 September 1729 – 14 July 1812) was a German classical scholar and archaeologist as well as long-time director of the Göttingen State and University Library.
Edme-François Jomard Edme-François Jomard (1777–September 22, 1862) was a French cartographer, engineer, and archaeologist.
Edmond de Coussemaker Charles Edmond Henri de Coussemaker, known as Edmond de Coussemaker, born on 19 April 1805 in Belle, died on 10 January 1876 in Bourbourg, was a schooled jurist.
Edmond Faral Edmond Faral (1882-1958) was a French medievalist.
Ekrem Akurgal Ekrem Akurgal (March 30, 1911 – November 1, 2002) was a Turkish archaeologist.
Ennio Quirino Visconti Ennio Quirino Visconti (November 1, 1751 – February 7, 1818) was an Italian antiquarian and art historian, papal Prefect of Antiquities, and the leading expert of his day in the field of ancient...
François Pouqueville François Charles Hugues Laurent Pouqueville (4 November 1770 – 20 December 1838) was a French diplomat, writer, explorer, physician and historian, member of the Institut de France.
François Xavier Bon de Saint Hilaire François Xavier Bon de Saint Hilaire, president of the Court of Auditors of Montpelier, demonstrated in 1709 that he could make fabric from spider silk.
Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel Frederick II (Landgraf Friedrich II von Hessen-Kassel) (14 August 1720 – 31 October 1785) was Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) from 1760 to 1785.
Gabriel-Henri Gaillard Gabriel-Henri Gaillard (1726 – 13 February 1806), French historian, was born at Ostel, Picardy.
Garcin de Tassy Joseph Héliodore Sagesse Vertu Garcin de Tassy (25 January 1794, Marseille - 2 September 1878) was a French orientalist.
Gaston Maspero Gaston Camille Charles Maspero (June 23, 1846 – June 30, 1916) was a French Egyptologist.
Gaston Paris Bruno Paulin Gaston Paris (August 9, 1839 – March 5, 1903) was a French writer and scholar.
Georg Friedrich Creuzer Georg Friedrich Creuzer (10 March 1771 – 6 February 1858) was a German philologist and archaeologist.
Georges Aaron Bénédite Georges Aaron Bénédite (10 August 1857 26 March 1926) was a French Egyptologist and curator at the Louvre.
Georges Charachidzé Georges Charachidzé was a French-Georgian scholar of the Caucasian cultures.
Georges Cuvier Jean Léopold Nicolas Frédéric Cuvier (August 23, 1769 – May 13, 1832), known as Georges Cuvier, was a French naturalist and zoologist.
Georges Duby Georges Duby (October 7, 1919 – December 3, 1996) was a French historian specializing in the social and economic history of the Middle Ages.
Georges Dumézil Georges Dumézil (4 March 1898 – 11 October 1986, Paris) was a French comparative philologist best known for his analysis of sovereignty and power in Proto-Indo-European religion and society.
Georges Perrot Georges Perrot (12 November 1832 - June 30 1914) was a French archaeologist.
Gervais de La Rue Gervais de La Rue (7 September 1751 – 24 September 1835), French historical investigator, formerly regarded as one of the chief authorities on Norman and Anglo-Norman literature, was a native of...
Gilbert Lazard Gilbert Lazard (born in Paris, 4 February 1920) is a French linguist and iranologist.
Guillaume-Chrétien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes Guillaume-Chrétien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes (6 December 1721 – 23 April 1794), often referred to as Malesherbes or Lamoignon-Malesherbes, was a French statesman, minister, and aft...
Gustave Glotz Gustave Glotz (February 17, 1862; Haguenau, Bas-Rhin - April 16, 1935; Paris) was a French historian of ancient Greece.
Gustave Schlumberger Léon Gustave Schlumberger was a French historian and numismatist who specialised in the era of the crusades and the Byzantine Empire.
Henri Cordier Henri Cordier was a French linguist, historian, ethnographer, author, editor and Orientalist.
Henri Gouraud (French Army officer) Henri Joseph Eugène Gouraud (17 November 1867, Paris – 16 September 1946) was a French general, best known for his leadership of the French Fourth Army at the end of the World War I.
Henri Léonard Jean Baptiste Bertin Henri Léonard Jean Baptiste Bertin (born March 24, 1720, Périgueux – September 16, 1792, Spa (Belgium)) was a French statesman, and controller general of finances of Louis XV (1759–1763).
Henri Maspero Henri Maspero (December 15, 1882 - March 17, 1945) was a French sinologist, today particularly remembered for his pioneering works on Taoism.
Henri Omont Henri Auguste Omont, was a librarian, philologist and French historian, born on September 15, 1857, died December 9, 1940.
Henri Weil Henri Weil (August 27, 1818, Frankfort-on-the-Main - November 5, 1909) was a German-born French Jewish philologist.
Henri-Alexandre Wallon Henri-Alexandre Wallon (1812–1904) was a French historian and statesman whose decisive contribution to the creation of the Third Republic led him to be called the "Father of the Republic".
Henri-Irénée Marrou Henri-Irénée Marrou was a leading French historian of the mid-twentieth century.
Hubert-Pascal Ameilhon Hubert-Pascal Ameilhon (born in Paris, 7 April 1730; died 1811) was a French historian and librarian.
Jacqueline de Romilly Jacqueline Worms de Romilly (née David, 26 March 1913 – 18 December 2010) was a Franco-Greek philologist, classical scholar and fiction writer.
Jacques Bacot Jacques Bacot was an explorer and pioneering French Tibetologist.
Jacques Cassagne Jacques Cassagne or Jacques de Cassaigne (Nîmes, 1 January 1636 - Paris, 19 May 1679) was a French clergyman, poet and moralist.
Jacques de Tourreil Jacques de Tourreil was a French jurist, orator, translator and man of letters.
Jacques Gernet Jacques Gernet (born December 22, 1921, Algiers, French Algeria) is an eminent French sinologist of the second half of the 20th century.
Jacques Hardion Jacques Hardion (Tours, 17 October 1686 - Versailles, 2 October 1766) was a French historian, scholar and translator from ancient Greek.
Jean Antoine Letronne Jean Antoine Letronne (25 January 1787 – 14 December 1848) was a French archaeologist.
Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d'Anville Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d'Anville (born in Paris July 11, 1697 – January 28, 1782), was both a geographer and cartographer who greatly improved the standards of map-making.
Jean Boivin the Younger Jean Boivin the Younger or Jean Boivin de Villeneuve (Montreuil-l'Argillé, 1 September 1663 – Paris, 29 October 1726) was a French writer, scholar and translator.
Jean Chapelain Jean Chapelain (4 December 1595 – 22 February 1674) was a French poet and critic during the Grand Siècle, best known for his role as an organizer and founding member of the Académie française.
Jean Delumeau Jean Delumeau (b. June 18, 1923 Nantes) is a French historian specializing in the Catholic church history and author of several books regarding the subject.
Jean Denis, comte Lanjuinais Jean Denis, comte Lanjuinais (12 March 1753 – 13 January 1827) was a French politician, lawyer, jurist, journalist, and historian.
Jean Favier Jean Favier (born 2 April 1932) is a French historian, who specializes in Medieval history.
Jean Filliozat Jean Filliozat (4 November 1906 in Paris – 1982 in Paris) was a French author.
Jean Lebeuf Jean Lebeuf (7 March 1687 – 10 April 1760) was a French historian.
Jean Leclant Jean Leclant was a renowned Egyptologist who was an Honorary Professor at the College of France, Permanent Secretary of the Academy of Inscriptions and Letters of the Institut de France, and Ho...
Jean Mabillon Dom Jean Mabillon, O.S.B., was a French Benedictine monk and scholar, considered the founder of palaeography and diplomatics.
Jean Pouilloux Professor Jean Pouilloux, born October 31, 1917 in Le Vert (Deux-Sèvres), France and died at Pimontin (Rhone) May 23, 1996 was a French hellenist archaeologist.
Jean Richard (historian) Jean Barthélémy Richard (born 7 February 1921) is a French historian, who specializes in medieval history.
Jean Sylvain Bailly Jean-Sylvain Bailly (15 September 1736 – 12 November 1793) was a French astronomer, mathematician, freemason, and political leader of the early part of the French Revolution.
Jean Vercoutter Jean Vercoutter (January 20, 1911, Lambersart, Nord - July 16, 2000) was a French Egyptologist.
Jean-Baptiste Benoît Eyriès Jean-Baptiste Benoît Eyriès (24 June 176713 June 1846) was a French geographer, author and translator, best remembered in the English speaking world for his translation of German ghost stories '...
Jean-Baptiste Biot Jean-Baptiste Biot (21 April 1774 – 3 February 1862) was a French physicist, astronomer, and mathematician who established the reality of meteorites, made an early balloon flight, and studied th...
Jean-Baptiste Chabot Jean-Baptiste Chabot (February 16, 1860 – January 7, 1948) was a Roman Catholic secular priest and the leading French Syriac scholar in the first half of the twentieth century.
Jean-François Boyer Jean-François Boyer, born March 12, 1675 in Paris and died August 20, 1755 in Versailles, was a French bishop, best known for having been the bitter opponent of the Jansenists and philosophers.
Jean-François Champagne Jean-François Champagne (Semur-en-Auxois, 1 July 1751 - Paris, 14 September 1813, was a French scholar.
Jean-François Champollion Jean-François Champollion (Figeac 23 December 1790 – 4 March 1832 Paris) was a French scholar, philologist and orientalist, decipherer of the Egyptian hieroglyphs.
Jean-Jacques Ampère Jean-Jacques Ampère (12 August 1800 – 27 March 1864) was a French philologist and man of letters.
Karl Böttiger Karl August Böttiger (June 8, 1760 – November 17, 1835) was a German archaeologist and classicist, and a prominent member of the literary and artistic circles in Weimar and Jena.
Karl Theodor Anton Maria von Dalberg Karl Theodor Anton Maria von Dalberg (8 February 1744 – 10 February 1817) was Archbishop of Mainz, Arch-Chancellor of the Holy Roman Empire, Prince of Regensburg, Prince-Primate of the Confedera...
Louis Auguste Le Tonnelier de Breteuil Louis Charles Auguste le Tonnelier, baron de Breteuil, baron de Preuilly (7 March 1730 – 2 November 1807) was a French aristocrat, diplomat, statesman and politician.
Louis Boivin Louis Boivin (1649–1724) was a French writer and the elder brother of Jean Boivin the Younger.
Louis Bréhier Louis René Bréhier (August 5, 1868 – October 13, 1951) was a French historian who specialized in Byzantine studies.
Louis Charles de La Trémoille Louis Charles de La Trémoille (26 October 1838–4 July 1911), 9th duc de Thouars, was a French nobleman and the son of Charles Bretagne Marie de La Trémoille and his third wife, Valentine Eugénie...
Louis Duchesne Louis Marie Olivier Duchesne (13 September 1843 – 21 April 1922) was a French priest, philologist, teacher and a critical historian of Christianity and Roman Catholic liturgy and institutions.
Louis Dutens Louis Dutens was a French writer born in Tours, of Protestant parents, who lived most of his life in Britain or in British service on the continent.
Louis Faidherbe Louis Léon César Faidherbe (3 June 1818 – 29 September 1889) was a French general and colonial administrator.
Louis Ferdinand Alfred Maury Louis Ferdinand Alfred Maury (March 23, 1817 - February 11, 1892), was a French scholar and physician, important because his ideas about the interpretation of dreams and the effect of external ...
Louis-Mathieu Langlès Louis-Mathieu Langlès (23 August 1763 – 28 January 1824) was a French academic, philologist, linguist, translator, author, librarian and orientalist.
Louis-Pierre Anquetil Louis-Pierre Anquetil (February 21, 1723 – September 6, 1808) was a French historian.
Ludovic Vitet Ludovic Vitet (October 18, 1802 - 1873) was a French dramatist and politician.
Léon Gautier Émile Théodore Léon Gautier (8 August 1832 - 25 August 1897) was a French literary historian.
Léon Heuzey Léon Heuzey (1831 – 1922) was a noted French archaeologist and historian.
Léon Ménard Léon Ménard (12 September 1706 – 1 October 1767) was a French lawyer and historical writer.
Léopold Victor Delisle Léopold Victor Delisle (24 October 1826 – 21 July 1910), French bibliophile and historian, was born at Valognes (Manche).
Manfred Bietak Manfred Bietak (born 6 October 1940, Vienna) is an Austrian archaeologist.
Marc Fumaroli Marc Fumaroli (born June 10, 1932 in Marseille), is a French historian and essayist.
Marc-Pierre de Voyer de Paulmy d'Argenson Marc-Pierre de Voyer de Paulmy, comte d'Argenson (August 16, 1696, Paris – August 22, 1764, Paris) was a French politician, son of the 1st Marquis d'Argenson and the younger brother of René Loui...
Marcel-Auguste Dieulafoy Marcel-Auguste Dieulafoy (August 3, 1844 - February 25 1920) was a French archaeologist, noted for his excavations at Susa (modern-day Shush, Iran) in 1885 and for his work, L'Art antique de l...
Pierre Grimal Pierre Grimal was a French historian, classicist and Latinist.
Pierre Henri Larcher Pierre Henri Larcher (12 October 1726 – 22 December 1812) was a French classical scholar and archaeologist.
Pierre Lacau Pierre Lacau (November 25, 1873 – March 26, 1963) was a French Egyptologist and philologist.
Pierre Louis Jean Casimir de Blacas Pierre Louis Jean Casimir de Blacas d'Aulps, first comte, then duc, and finally prince de Blacas d'Aulps (10 January 1771, Avignon, Vaucluse, France – 17 November 1839, Vienna, A...
Pierre-Jean Grosley Pierre-Jean Grosley was a French man of letters, local historian, travel writer and observer of social mores in the Age of Enlightenment.
Prince Mikasa Prince Mikasa is a member of the Imperial House of Japan.
Prosper Mérimée Prosper Mérimée (September 28, 1803 – September 23, 1870) was a French dramatist, historian, archaeologist, and short story writer.
René Dussaud René Dussaud (December 24, 1868 – March 17, 1958) was a French Orientalist, archaeologist, and epigrapher.
René Louis de Voyer de Paulmy d'Argenson René-Louis de Voyer de Paulmy, marquis d'Argenson was a French statesman, son of Marc-René de Voyer de Paulmy d'Argenson, the first Marquis d'Argenson, and brother of Marc-Pierre d'Argenson.
René-Aubert Vertot René-Aubert Vertot (b. Bennetot, Normandy, 25 Nov., 1655; d. in Paris, 15 June 1735) was a French historian.
Victor-Marie d'Estrées Victor Marie d'Estrées, Duke of Estrées count then duke (1723) d'Estrées (November 30, 1660, Paris – December 27, 1737, Paris) was a Marshal of France.
Wilhelm von Humboldt Friedrich Wilhelm Christian Karl Ferdinand von Humboldt (22 June 1767 – 8 April 1835) was a Prussian philosopher, government functionary, diplomat, and founder of the University of Berlin, which...
William Henry Waddington William Henry Waddington (11 December 1826 – 13 January 1894) was a French statesman who was Prime Minister of France in 1879.
William Marçais William Ambroise Marçais, was a French Orientalist, particularly noted as an expert on the Maghrebi Arabic dialects.
Édouard Chavannes Édouard Chavannes (October 5, 1865–January 29, 1918) was a French sinologist and expert of Chinese history.
Émile Benveniste Émile Benveniste (27 May 1902 – 3 October 1976) was a French structural linguist and semiotician.
Émile Egger Émile Egger (18 July 1813 – 1 September 1885) was a French scholar who was born in Paris.
Émile Littré Émile Maximilien Paul Littré (1 February 1801 – 2 June 1881) was a French lexicographer and philosopher, best known for his Dictionnaire de la langue française, commonly called "The Li...
Émile Mâle Émile Mâle (2 June 1862 – 6 October 1954) was a French art historian, one of the first to study medieval, mostly sacral French art and the influence of Eastern European iconography thereon.
Étienne Fourmont Étienne Fourmont (23 June 1683 – 8 December 1745) was a French orientalist who published early studies of Chinese and Arabic languages.
Étienne Lamotte Étienne Paul Marie Lamotte (1903–1983) was a Belgian priest and Professor of Greek at the Catholic University of Louvain, but was better known as an Indologist and the greatest authority on Budd...