Actinic cheilitis Actinic cheilitis (also known as "actinic cheilosis", "sailor's lip"), is a form of cheilitis which is the counterpart of actinic keratosis of the skin and can develop into squamous cell ...
Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG) or necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (NUG) is a sub-classification of necrotizing periodontal disease, an infection of the gum tissue.
Aerosinusitis Aerosinusitis, also called barosinusitis, sinus squeeze or sinus barotrauma is a painful inflammation and sometimes bleeding of the membrane of the paranasal sinus cavities, no...
Alveolar osteitis Alveolar osteitis is inflammation of the alveolar bone (i.e., the alveolar process of the maxilla or mandible).
Amalgam tattoo Amalgam tattoo (also termed localized argyrosis, or focal argyrosis) is a grey, blue or black area of discoloration on the oral mucosa of the mouth, typically on the gums of the lower jaw.
Ameloblastic fibroma The ameloblastic fibroma is an odontogenic tumor arising from the enamel organ or dental lamina.
Ameloblastoma Ameloblastoma (from the early English word amel, meaning enamel + the Greek word blastos, meaning germ) is a rare, benign tumor of odontogenic epithelium (ameloblasts, or outside portion...
Amelogenesis imperfecta Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) presents with a rare abnormal formation of the enamel or external layer of the crown of teeth.
Angular cheilitis Angular cheilitis, is inflammation of one, or more commonly both, of the corners of the mouth. It is a type of cheilitis.
Ankyloglossia Ankyloglossia, commonly known as tongue tie, is a congenital oral anomaly which may decrease mobility of the tongue tip and is caused by an unusually short, thick lingual frenulum, a membr...
Anodontia In dentistry, anodontia, also called anodontia vera, is a rare genetic disorder characterized by the congenital absence of all primary or permanent teeth.
Aphthous stomatitis An aphthous ulcer also known as a canker sore, is a type of mouth ulcer, appears as a painful open sore inside the mouth or upper throat characterized by a break in the mucous membrane.
Aphthous ulcer Aphthous ulcer, also known as a canker sore, is a type of mouth ulcer that presents as a painful open sore inside the mouth or upper throat characterized by a break in the mucous membrane.
Atrophic glossitis Smooth tongue (also known as "Atrophic glossitis," "Bald tongue," "Hunter glossitis," and "Moeller glossitis") is a condition characterized by a smooth glossy tongue that is often tender/painful.
Attrition (dental) Attrition is the loss of teeth structure by mechanical forces from opposing teeth.
Balsam of Peru Myroxylon J.R.Forst. & G.Forst is a synonym of Xylosma.
Barodontalgia Barodontalgia, commonly known as tooth squeeze and previously known as aerodontalgia, is a pain in tooth caused by a change in atmospheric pressure.
Bednar's aphthae A mouth ulcer (, from Latin ulcus and that from Greek "ἕλκος" - elkos, "wound"), oral ulcer, or, in American English, canker sore is an open sore inside the mouth, or rarely ...
Bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis of the jaw Bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis of the jaw or bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw is osteonecrosis of the jaw in a person with a history of bisphosphonate use who undergoes subsequent dental surgery.
Black hairy tongue Black hairy tongue (BHT, also termed lingua villosa nigra) refers to a condition of the tongue where the filiform papillae elongate with black or brown discoloration, giving a black and ha...
Bruxism Bruxism is the excessive grinding of the teeth and/or excessive clenching of the jaw.
Buccal bifurcation cyst Buccal bifurcation cyst is an inflammatory odontogenic cyst, that typically appear in the buccal bifurcation region of the mandibular first molars in the second half of the first decade of life.
Buccal exostosis A buccal exostosis is the formation of an exostosis (bone mass) on the outer, cheek-facing side of the maxilla just above the teeth or the cheek-facing side of the mandible.
Buccal space The buccal space (also termed the buccinator space) is a fascial space of the head and neck (sometimes also termed fascial spaces or tissue spaces).
Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor The calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor, also known as a Pindborg tumor or CEOT, is an odontogenic tumor first recognized by the Dutch pathologist Jens Jørgen Pindborg in 1955.
Calcifying odontogenic cyst The calcifying odotogenic cyst, also known as the Gorlin cyst, is a cyst most likely to affect the anterior areas of the jaws.
Calculus (dental) In dentistry, calculus or tartar is a form of hardened dental plaque.
Canalicular adenoma Canalicular adenoma is a type of benign salivary gland tumor that occurs most often in minor salivary glands.
Canine space The canine space (also termed the infra-orbital space), is a fascial space of the head and neck (sometimes also termed fascial spaces or tissue spaces).
Cemento-osseous dysplasia Cemento-osseous dysplasia (COD) is a benign condition of the jaws that may arise from the fibroblasts of the periodontal ligaments.
Cementoblastoma Cementoblastoma, or benign cementoblastoma, or cementoma, is a relatively uncommon benign neoplasm of the cementum of the teeth.
Cementoma Cementoma is an odontogenic tumor of cementum.It occurs in usually after root development is finished but before the age of 25.
Central ossifying fibroma Central ossifying fibroma is a benign neoplasm that may arise from the fibroblasts of the periodontal ligaments.
Cheilitis Cheilitis is inflammation of the lips. This inflammation may include the perioral skin, the vermilion border, and/or the labial mucosa. The skin and the vermilion border are more commonly involved, as the mucosa is less affected by inflammatory and allergic reactions.
Dilaceration Dilaceration is a developmental disturbance in shape of teeth.
Drooling Drooling (also known as driveling, dribbling, slobbering, or, in a medical context, sialorrhea) is the flow of saliva outside the mouth.
Eagle syndrome Eagle syndrome or styloid–carotid artery syndrome is a rare condition where an elongated temporal styloid process (more than 30mm) is in conflict with the adjacent anatomical structures.
Enamel pearl An enamel pearl is a condition of teeth where enamel is found on locations where enamel is not supposed to be, such as on a root surface.
Eruption cyst An eruption cyst, or eruption hematoma, is a bluish swelling that occurs on the soft tissue over an erupting tooth.
Erythroplakia Erythroplakia (also known as "Erythroplasia") is a flat red patch or lesion in the mouth that cannot be attributed to any other pathology.
External resorption External resorption is a condition of a tooth where the root surface is lost.
Facial trauma Facial trauma, also called maxillofacial trauma, is any physical trauma to the face.
Fissured tongue Fissured tongue (also known as "scrotal tongue," "lingua plicata," "Plicated tongue," and "furrowed tongue") is a benign condition characterized by deep grooves (fissures) in the dorsum of the t...
Fordyce spots Fordyce's spots are small, painless, raised, pale, red or white spots or bumps 1 to 3 mm in diameter that may appear on the shaft of the penis or on the labia, as well as the inner surface (retromolar mucosa) and vermilion border of the lips of the face.
Fordyce's spot Fordyce spots (also termed Fordyce granules), are ectopic sebaceous gland which are present in many individuals, on the genitals and/or in the mouth.They appear as small, painless, raised,...
Frey's syndrome Frey's syndrome (also known as Baillarger’s syndrome, Dupuy’s syndrome, auriculotemporal syndrome, or Frey-Baillarger syndrome) is a rare neurological disorder resulting ...
Gardner's syndrome Gardner syndrome, also known as familial colorectal polyposis, is an autosomal dominant form of polyposis characterized by the presence of multiple polyps in the colon together with tumors...
Garre's sclerosing osteomyelitis Garre's sclerosing osteomyelitis is a type of chronic osteomyelitis also called proliferative periostitis, periostitis ossificans and Garré's sclerosing osteomyelitis.
Gingivitis Gingivitis is a non-destructive periodontal disease.
Gingivostomatitis Gingivostomatitis (also known as primary herpetic gingivostomatitis or orolabial herpes) is a combination of gingivitis and stomatitis, or an inflammation of the oral mucosa and gingiva.
Globulomaxillary cyst The globulomaxillary cyst is a cyst that appears between a maxillary lateral incisor and the adjacent canine.
Glossitis Glossitis can mean soreness of the tongue, or more usually inflammation with depapillation of the dorsal surface of the tongue (loss of the lingual papillae), leaving a smooth and erythematous (...
Granular cell tumor Granular cell tumor (also known as "Abrikossoff's tumor," "Granular cell myoblastoma," "Granular cell nerve sheath tumor," "Granular cell schwannoma") is a tumor that can develop on any skin or ...
Grinspan's syndrome Grinspan syndrome is a syndrome characterized by presence of the triad : essential hypertension, diabetes mellitus & oral lichen planus.
Hairy leukoplakia Hairy leukoplakia (also known as oral hairy leukoplakia OHL, or HIV-associated hairy leukoplakia), is a white patch on the side of the tongue with a corrugated or hairy appearance.
Head and neck cancer Head and neck cancer refers to a group of biologically similar cancers that start in the lip, oral cavity (mouth), nasal cavity (inside the nose), paranasal sinuses, pharynx, and larynx.
Intraoral dental sinus Intraoral dental sinus (also termed a parulis and commonly, a gumboil) is an oral lesion characterized by a soft erythematous papule (red spot) that develops on the alveolar process ...
Keratocystic odontogenic tumour A keratocystic odontogenic tumour (also keratocystic odontogenic tumor), abbreviated KCOT, is a rare and benign but locally aggressive developmental cystic neoplasm.
Lateral periodontal cyst The lateral periodontal cyst is a cyst that arises from the epithelial rest of Malassez which is a remnant from odontogenesis.
Leukoedema Leukoedema (also termed leucoedema) is a blue, grey or white appearance of mucosae, particularly the buccal mucosa (the inside of the cheeks), but may also occur on the mucosa of the laryn...
Leukoplakia Leukoplakia, normally refers to a condition where areas of keratosis appear as firmly attached white patches on the mucous membranes of the oral cavity, although the term is sometimes used for white patches of other gastrointestinal tract mucosal sites, or mucosal surfaces of the urinary tract...
Lichen planus Lichen planus is a disease of the skin and/or mucous membranes that resembles lichen. The cause is unknown, but it is thought to be the result of an autoimmune process with an unknown initial trigger.
Lichenoid reaction of graft-versus-host disease Lichenoid reaction of graft-versus-host disease presents with chronic graft-versus-host disease, characterized by a lichenoid eruption indistinguishable clinically and histologically from lichen...
Lie bumps Lie bumps (transient lingual papillitis and fungiform papillary glossitis) are painful, hypertrophic, red and white papillae on the tongue.
Lingual papilla Lingual papillae are small nipple or hair like structures on the dorsum of the tongue, giving it a rough texture.
Lip frenulum piercing A lip piercing is a type of body piercing that penetrates the lips or the area surrounding the lips, which can be pierced in a variety of ways.
Lip piercing A lip piercing is a type of body piercing that penetrates the lips or the area surrounding the lips, which can be pierced in a variety of ways.
Ludwig's angina Ludwig's angina, otherwise known as angina ludovici, is a serious, potentially life-threatening cellulitis or connective tissue infection, of the floor of the mouth, usually occurring in a...
Macrodontia (tooth) Macrodontia is a condition in which any tooth or teeth appear larger than normal for that particular type of tooth.
Macroglossia Macroglossia is the medical term for an unusually large tongue.
Median alveolar cyst The median alveolar cyst is a rare cyst, occurring in the bony alveolus between the maxillary central incisors.
Median mandibular cyst A median mandibular cyst is a type of cyst that occurs in the midline of the mandible, thought to be created by proliferation and cystic degeneration of resting epithelial tissue that is left tr...
Median rhomboid glossitis Median rhomboid glossitis (MRG, also known as central papillary atrophy, or glossal central papillary atrophy.
Mental space (anatomy) The mental space is a fascial space of the head and neck (also termed fascial spaces or tissue spaces).
Microdontia Microdontia is a condition in which teeth appear smaller than normal.
Migratory stomatitis Migratory stomatitis is an uncommon form of the prevalent geographic tongue condition, in which, aside from occurring on the dorsal and lateral tongue as always occurs in geographic tongue, lesi...
Morsicatio buccarum Morsicatio buccarum (also termed chronic cheek biting and chronic cheek chewing) is a condition characterized by chronic irritation or injury to the buccal mucosa (the lining of the ...
Mouth disease Stomatognathic disease or mouth disease refers to the diseases of the mouth ("stoma") and jaw ("gnath").
Mouth ulcer A mouth ulcer is an ulcer that occurs on the mucous membrane of the oral cavity. More plainly, a mouth ulcer is a sore or open lesion in the mouth.
Mucosal lichen planus Mucosal lichen planus, or oral lichen planus (OLP), is lichen planus (an inflammatory auto-immune disease) that affects oral mucosa, with or without the involvement of the skin and other m...
Mucous cyst of the oral mucosa A "mucous cyst of the oral mucosa" (also known as a "mucocele") is a clinical term that refers to two related phenomena: mucus extravasation phenomenon, and mucus retention cyst.
Mucous retention cyst A mucous retention cyst is a cyst caused by an obstruction of a duct, usually belonging to the parotid gland or a minor salivary gland.
Mumps Mumps (epidemic parotitis) is a viral disease of the human species, caused by the mumps virus.
Myroxylon Myroxylon, which is the source of Balsam of Peru, is a genus of tree grown in Central America (primarily in El Salvador) and South America.
Nasolabial cyst This nasolabial cyst, also known as a nasoalveolar cyst, is located superficially in the soft tissues of the upper lip.
Nasopalatine cyst This cyst, also known as a nasopalatine duct cyst or elevator shaft cyst, occurs in the median of the palate, usually anterior to first molars.
Nasopalatine duct cyst The nasopalatine duct cyst occurs in the median of the palate, usually anterior to first molars.
Necrotizing periodontal diseases Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG) or necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (NUG) is a sub-classification of necrotizing periodontal disease, an infection of the gum tissue.
Odontogenic cyst Odontogenic cyst are a group of jaw cysts that are formed from tissues involved in odontogenesis (tooth development).
Odontogenic infection Dental caries, also known as tooth decay or a cavity, is an infection, bacterial in origin, that causes demineralization and destruction of the hard tissues, usually by production of...
Odontogenic myxoma The odontogenic myxoma is an uncommon benign odontogenic tumor arising from embryonic connective tissue associated with tooth formation.
Odontogenic tumor A odontogenic tumor is a neoplasm of the cells or tissues that initiate Odontogenic processes.
Odontoma The odontoma is a hamartoma of odontogenic origin.
Open contact An open contact is a term used in dentistry to describe the space between adjacent teeth when the teeth are neither touching nor a sufficient distance from each other to potentially allow the sp...
Overbite Overbite refers to the extent of vertical overlap of the maxillary central incisors over the mandibular central incisors; it does not refer to a lower jaw being too far behind the upper jaw ...
Paradental cyst Paradental cysts constitute a family of inflammatory odontogenic cyst, that typically appear in relation to crown or root of partially erupted molar tooth.
Parotitis Parotitis is an inflammation of one or both parotid glands, the major salivary glands located on either side of the face, in humans.
Pemphigus Pemphigus (or) is a rare group of blistering autoimmune diseases that affect the skin and mucous membranes.
Periapical cyst The periapical cyst (also termed Radicular cyst, and to a lesser extent Dental cyst) is the most common odontogenic cyst.
Periapical periodontitis Periapical periodontitis (also termed apical periodontitis, AP, or periradicular peridontitis) is an acute or chronic inflammatory lesion around the apex of a tooth root which ...
Periodontitis Periodontitis is a set of inflammatory diseases affecting the periodontium, i.e., the tissues that surround and support the teeth.
Peripheral giant-cell granuloma Peripheral giant-cell granuloma is an oral pathologic condition that appears in the mouth as an overgrowth of tissue due to irritation or trauma.
Peutz-Jeghers syndrome Peutz–Jeghers syndrome, also known as hereditary intestinal polyposis syndrome, is an autosomal dominant genetic disease characterized by the development of benign hamartomatous polyps in ...
Pleomorphic adenoma Pleomorphic adenoma is a common benign salivary gland neoplasm characterised by neoplastic proliferation of parenchymatous glandular cells along with myoepithelial components, having a malignant...
Prognathism Prognathism is the positional relationship of the mandible and/or maxilla to the skeletal base where either of the jaws protrudes beyond a predetermined imaginary line in the coronal plane of th...
Pterygomandibular space The pterygomandibular space is a fascial space of the head and neck (sometimes also termed fascial spaces or tissue spaces).
Pulp polyp A pulp polyp, also called as Chronic Hyperplastic Pulpitis, is found in an open carious lesion, fractured tooth or when a dental restoration is missing.
Pyogenic granuloma Pyogenic granuloma (also known as a "Eruptive hemangioma", "Granulation tissue-type hemangioma", "Granuloma gravidarum", "Lobular capillary hemangioma", "Pregnancy tumor", and "Tumor of pregnanc...
Radicular cyst The periapical cyst, otherwise known as radicular cyst, is the most common odontogenic cyst.
Ranula A ranula is a type of mucocele found on the floor of the mouth.
Regional odontodysplasia Regional odontodysplasia is an uncommon developmental abnormality of teeth, usually localized to a certain area and nonhereditary.
Riga-Fede disease Riga-Fede disease (or syndrome) is an oral condition found, albeit rarely, in newborns that manifests as an ulceration on the ventral surface of the tongue or on the inner surface of the lower lip.
Riga–Fede disease Riga-Fede disease (or syndrome) is an oral condition found, albeit rarely, in newborns that manifests as an ulceration on the ventral surface of the tongue or on the inner surface of the lower lip.
Riggs' disease Riggs' disease, also known as pyorrhea of a toothsocket or gingivitis expulsiva, is a purulent inflammation of the dental periosteum named after American dentist John W. Riggs (1811–...
Robert Corruccini Robert Spencer Corruccini (born May 21, 1949) is an American anthropologist, distinguished professor, Smithsonian Institution Research Fellow, Human Biology Council Fellow (now the Human Biology...
Root resorption In dentistry, root resorption is the breakdown or destruction, and subsequent loss, of the root structure of a tooth.
Stafne defect The Stafne defect (also termed Stafne's idiopathic bone cavity, Stafne bone cyst, lingual mandibular salivary gland depression, lingual mandibular cortical defect, lat...
Stomatitis nicotina Stomatitis nicotina (also known as nicotine stomatitis, nicotinic stomatitis, nicotine palatinus, stomatitis palatini, leukokeratosis nicotina palate, palatal le...
Sublingual space The sublingual space is a fascial space of the head and neck (sometimes also termed fascial spaces or tissue spaces).
Submandibular space The submandibular space is a fascial space of the head and neck (sometimes also termed fascial spaces or tissue spaces).
Submasseteric space The submasseterric space (also termed the masseteric space) is a fascial space of the head and neck (sometimes also termed fascial spaces or tissue spaces).
Submental space The submental space is a fascial space of the head and neck (sometimes also termed fascial spaces or tissue spaces).
Superior mouth A superior mouth is a mouth that opens upward, with the lower jaw more anterior than the upper jaw.
Supernumerary root Supernumerary roots is a condition found in teeth there may be a larger number of roots than expected.
Talon cusp A talon cusp, also known as an "eagle's talon", is an extra cusp on an anterior tooth.
Taurodontism Taurodontism is a condition found in the molar teeth of humans whereby the body of the tooth and pulp chamber is enlarged vertically at the expense of the roots.
Temporomandibular joint dysfunction Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJD or TMD), or TMJ syndrome, is an umbrella term covering acute or chronic inflammation of the temporomandibular joint, which connects the mandible to the skull.