Abel J. Jones Abel John Jones OBE (26 May 1878 – 8 May 1949), was a Welsh writer.
Adolf Bastian Adolf Bastian (26 June 1826 – 2 February 1905) was a 19th-century polymath best remembered for his contributions to the development of ethnography and the development of anthropology as a discipline.
Adolf Slaby Adolf Karl Heinrich Slaby (April 18, 1849 — April 6, 1913) was a German electronics pioneer and the first Professor of electro-technology at the Technical University of Berlin (1886).
Ahasverus Fritsch Ahasverus Fritsch was a German jurist, poet and hymn writer of the Baroque era.
Alexander Dianin Alexander Pavlovich Dianin was a Russian chemist from Saint Petersburg.
Alexander Nicolaus Scherer Alexander Nicolaus Scherer (30 December 1771, St. Petersburg – 16 October 1824, St. Petersburg) was a German chemist and pharmacologist.
Alexander von Humboldt Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander von Humboldt (September 14, 1769 – May 6, 1859) was a Prussian geographer, naturalist and explorer, and the younger brother of the Prussian minister, philoso...
Alfred Eisenack Alfred Eisenack (born 13 May 1891 in Altfelde, West Prussia, died 19 April 1982 in Reutlingen) was a German paleontologist.
Alfred Kirchhoff Alfred Kirchhoff (23 May 1838 Erfurt - 8 February 1907 Mockau) was a German geographer and naturalist.
Andrew Seth Pringle-Pattison Andrew Seth, who changed his name to Andrew Seth Pringle-Pattison to fulfill the terms of a bequest, was a Scottish philosopher.
Arne Somersalo Arne Sakari Somersalo (born 18 March 1891 in Tampere as Arne Sommer - died 17 August 1941 near Kiestinki, Soviet Union) was a Finnish officer and anti-communist activist.
Arnold Edward Ortmann Arnold Edward Ortmann (April 8, 1863 – January 3, 1927) was a Prussian-born United States naturalist and zoologist who specialized in malacology.
Arnold Genthe Arnold Genthe (January 8, 1869 – August 9, 1942) was a photographer, best known for his photos of San Francisco's Chinatown, the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake and his portraits of noted people, ...
Arnold Ruge Arnold Ruge was a German philosopher and political writer.
Ashbel P. Fitch Ashbel Parmelee Fitch (October 8, 1848 – May 4, 1904) was a U.S. Representative from New York.
August Breithaupt Johann Friedrich August Breithaupt was a German mineralogist and professor at Freiberg Mining Academy in Freiberg, Saxony.
Christian Ludwig Brehm Christian Ludwig Brehm (24 January 1787 – 23 June 1864) was a German pastor and ornithologist.
Christian Rutenberg Diedrich Christian Rutenberg (11 June 1851, Bremen – 25 August 1878) was a German explorer and botanical collector.
Christoph Cellarius Christoph (Keller) Cellarius (22 November 1638 – 4 June 1707) was a German classical scholar from Schmalkalden who held positions in Weimar and Halle.
Christoph Wilhelm Hufeland Christoph Wilhelm Friedrich Hufeland (12 August 1762, Langensalza – 25 August 1836, Berlin) was a German physician.
Cyriakus Schneegass Cyriakus Schneegass (also: Schneegaß or Snegassius, 5 October 1546 – 23 October 1597) was a German Lutheran pastor, hymn writer, composer and music theorist.
David Caspari David Caspari (5 March 1648 – 28 February 1702) was a German Lutheran theologian.
Eberhard Achterberg Eberhard Achterberg (9 January 1910, in Oliva, West Prussia, now part of Gdansk, Poland – 11 August 1983, in Neumünster) was a religious scholar, a journalist, a high-ranking Nazi official...
Edith Diehl Edith Diehl (&ndash) is an American bookbinder and author of Bookbinding, its Background and Technique (Rinehart and Co., 1946), a classic text and manual on the history and craft of bookbin...
Elisabeth Blochmann Elisabeth Blochmann (14 April 1892 in Apolda, Germany – 27 January 1972 in Marburg, Germany) was an eminent scholar of education, as well as of philosophy, and a pioneer in and researcher of wom...
Emil Bessels Dr. Emil Bessels was a German Jewish physician and Arctic explorer. Born in Heidelberg, Germany, he studied medicine and natural sciences in his home town and at the university of Jena. Bessels spent much of his scientific career working for the Smithsonian Institution.
Emil Huschke Emil Huschke was a German anatomist and embryologist who was a native of Weimar.
Emil Osann Emil Osann (May 25, 1787 – January 11, 1842) was a German physician and physiologist from Weimar.
Erich Kästner (World War I veteran) Erich Kästner (10 March 1900 – 1 January 2008) was the last documented World War I veteran who fought for the German Empire (including all nationalities and ethnic groups) and the last who was b...
Erich Roth (SS officer) Erich Roth (born 25 May 1910 in Auschwitz – executed in 1947 in Yugoslavia) was an SS-Sturmbannführer, head of Unit IV B1 and B2 (Political Catholicism and Political Protestantism) and a dep...
Erich Wagler Erich Wagler (7 September 1884, Zwickau – 29 August 1951) was a German ichthyologist and malacologist.
Erich Werdermann Erich Werdermann (2 March 1892 – 20 April 1959) was a German botanist.
Ernst Abbe Ernst Karl Abbe was a German physicist, optical scientist, entrepreneur, and social reformer. Together with Otto Schott and Carl Zeiss, he laid the foundation of modern optics. Abbe developed numerous optical instruments.
Ernst Gaupp Ernst Wilhelm Theodor Gaupp was a German anatomist from Beuthen in Upper Silesia.
Ernst Gottfried Baldinger Ernst Gottfried Baldinger (13 May 1738 – 21 January 1804), German physician, was born in Großvargula near Erfurt.
Ernst Ludwig Theodor Henke Ernst Ludwig Theodor Henke (1804 in Helmstedt – 1872 in Marburg), was a German theologian and historian, and the son of the theologian Heinrich Henke (1752-1809).
Ernst von Dobschütz Ernst Adolf Alfred Oskar Adalbert von Dobschütz (9 October 1870 – 20 May 1934) was a German theologian, textual critic, author of numerous books and professor at the University of Halle, the University of Breslau, and the University of Strasbourg.
Ernst Zinner Ernst Zinner was a German astronomer and noted historian of astronomy.
Erwin Stresemann Erwin Stresemann (22 November 1889, Dresden – 20 November 1972, Berlin) was a German naturalist and ornithologist.
Ferdinand Tönnies Ferdinand Tönnies (26 July 1855, near Oldenswort, Eiderstedt, North Frisia, Schleswig – 9 April 1936, Kiel, Germany) was a German sociologist and philosopher.
Francis Huebschmann Francis (Franz) Huebschmann (born in Riethnordhausen, Grand Duchy of Weimar, 19 April 1817; died in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 21 March 1880) was a noted surgeon of the American Civil War for the Uni...
Francis Lieber Francis Lieber (March 18, 1798 or 1800 – October 2, 1872), known as Franz Lieber in Germany, was a German-American jurist, gymnast and political philosopher.
Frank Morton McMurry Frank Morton McMurry was an American educator and a brother of Charles Alexander McMurry.
Franz Aepinus Franz Ulrich Theodor Aepinus (December 13, 1724 – August 10, 1802) was a German and Russian Empire natural philosopher.
Franz Overbeck Franz Camille Overbeck (16 November 1837 – 26 June 1905) was a German Protestant theologian.
Friedrich August Ukert Friedrich August Ukert (28 October 1780 – 18 May 1851) was a German history scholar, teacher and humanitarian.
Friedrich Buchardt Friedrich Buchardt was a Baltic German SS-Obersturmbannführer who commanded Vorkommando Moskau, one of the divisions of Einsatzgruppe B. He then worked for MI6 until 1947, and then, presumably, for the CIA. Buchardt was never molested by the law, being one of the agents of more sinister...
Friedrich Carl von Savigny Friedrich Carl von Savigny (21 February 1779 – 25 October 1861) was a famous 19th-century jurist and historian.
Friedrich Hoffmann Friedrich Hoffmann (February 19, 1660 – November 12, 1742) was a German physician and chemist.
Friedrich Hund Friedrich Hermann Hund (4 February 1896 – 31 March 1997) was a German physicist from Karlsruhe known for his work on atoms and molecules.
Friedrich Karl von Tettenborn Baron Friedrich Karl of Tettenborn (19 February 1778, in what was then the Baden part of the County of Sponheim - 9 December 1845, Vienna) was a famous cavalry general in the Austrian and Russia...
Friedrich Michael Ziegenhagen The Reverend Friedrich Michael Ziegenhagen (1694 - 24 January 1776) was a German-English clergyman, who worked as a court preacher for the Hanoverian King George I of Great Britain.
Friedrich Ratzel Friedrich Ratzel (August 30, 1844, Karlsruhe, Baden – August 9, 1904, Ammerland) was a German geographer and ethnographer, notable for first using the term Lebensraum ("living space") in the sense that the National Socialists later would.
Fritz Römer Hermann Joseph Fritz Römer (10 April 1866, Mörs – 20 March 1909, Frankfurt am Main) was a German zoologist.
Georg Balthasar Metzger Georg Balthasar Metzger (23 September 1623 – 9 October 1687) was a German physician and scientist notable as one of the four founding members of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina in Schweinfurt.
Georg Böhm Georg Böhm (2 September 1661 – 18 May 1733) was a German Baroque organist and composer.
Georg Erhard Hamberger Georg Erhard Hamberger (21 December 1697 – 22 July 1755) was a German professor of medicine, surgery, and botany.
Georg Ernst Stahl Georg Ernst Stahl (22 October 1659 – 24 May 1734) was a German chemist, physician and philosopher.
Georg Feigl Georg Feigl (October 13, 1890 – April 20, 1945) was a German mathematician.
Georg Heinrich von Görtz Georg Heinrich von Görtz, Baron of Schlitz (1668 – February 19, 1719), diplomat in Swedish service, was born in Holstein and educated at Jena.
Georg von der Gabelentz Hans Georg Conon von der Gabelentz was a German general linguist and sinologist. His Chinesische Grammatik, according to a critic, "remains until today recognized as probably the finest overall grammatical survey of the Classical Chinese language to date."
Georg Wilhelm Richmann Georg Wilhelm Richmann (Russian: Георг Вильгельм Рихман) (July 22, 1711 – August 6, 1753 (old style: July 11, 1711 – July 26, 1753)) was a German physicist who lived in Russia.
Georg Wolfgang Wedel Georg Wolfgang Wedel (12 November 1645 – 6 September 1721) was a German professor of surgery, botany, theoretical and practical medicine, and chemistry.
George M.A. Hanfmann George Maxim Anossov Hanfmann (born November 1911, in St. Petersburg, Russia; died March 13, 1986, in Watertown, Massachusetts) was a famous archaeologist and scholar of ancient Mediterranean art.
Gerhard Hund Gerhard Friedrich Hund (February 4, 1932 Leipzig) is a German chess player, mathematician and computer scientist.
Gottfried Achenwall Gottfried Achenwall (20 October 1719 – 1 May 1772) was a German philosopher, historian, economist, jurist and statistician.
Gottfried Kirch Gottfried Kirch (Kirche, Kirkius) (December 18, 1639 – July 25, 1710) was a German astronomer and the first 'Astronomer Royal' in Berlin and, as such, director of the nascent Berlin ...
Gottlieb Christoph Harless Gottlieb Christoph Harless (originally Harles) (21 June 1738 – 2 November 1815) was a German classical scholar and bibliographer.
Gottlieb Hufeland Gottlieb Hufeland (29 October 1760 – 25 February 1817) was a German economist and jurist.
Gottlieb Mohnike Gottlieb Christian Friedrich Mohnike (January 6, 1781 – July 6, 1841) was a German theologian and philologist who was a native of Grimmen.
Gottlob Frege Friedrich Ludwig Gottlob Frege was a German mathematician, logician and philosopher. He is considered to be one of the founders of modern logic and made major contributions to the foundations of mathematics.
Gustav Cohn Gustav Cohn was a German economist, noted for his pioneering contributions to the theory and policy of transportation and public finance. He was educated at Berlin and Jena universities.
Hanns Bruno Geinitz Hanns Bruno Geinitz (16 October 1814 – 28 January 1900) was a German geologist, born at Altenburg, the capital of Saxe-Altenburg.
Hans Fleischhacker Hans Fleischhacker (10 March 1912 in Töttleben, Erfurt – 1992) was a German anthropologist with the Ahnenerbe and a Schutzstaffel Obersturmführer.
Hermann Baumgarten Hermann Baumgarten was a German historian and a political publicist whose work had a major impact on liberalism during the unification of Germany.
Hermann Fol Hermann Fol (23 July 1845, Saint-Mandé-13 March 1892) was a Swiss zoologist and the father of modern cytology.
Hermann Höpker-Aschoff Hermann Höpker-Aschoff (31 January 1883 - 15 January 1954) was a German politician, finance minister, a member of Parlamentarischer Rat and a jurist.
Hermann Samuel Reimarus Hermann Samuel Reimarus (December 22, 1694, Hamburg – March 1, 1768, Hamburg), was a German philosopher and writer of the Enlightenment who is remembered for his Deism, the doctrine that human r...
Hermann von der Hardt Hermann von der Hardt (November 15, 1660 – February 28, 1746) was a German historian and orientalist.
Herzl Berger Dr Herzl Berger was a Minsk-born Israeli activist and politician.
Immanuel Gottlieb Huschke Immanuel Gottlieb Huschke (8 January 1761, Greußen - 18 February 1828) was a German classical philologist.
Ingo Schulze Ingo Schulze (born 15 December 1962) is a German writer born in Dresden in former East Germany.
Jacob Paul von Gundling Jacob Paul Freiherr von Gundling (19 August 1673 in Hersbruck - 11 April 1731 in Potsdam) was a German historian.
Jan Baudouin de Courtenay Jan Niecisław Ignacy Baudouin de Courtenay (March 13, 1845 – November 3, 1929) was a linguist and Slavist, best known for his theory of the phoneme and phonetic alternations.
Jan Niecisław Baudouin de Courtenay Jan Niecisław Ignacy Baudouin de Courtenay (March 13, 1845 – November 3, 1929) was a linguist and Slavist, best known for his theory of the phoneme and phonetic alternations.
Jens Franke Jens Franke (born June 29, 1964) is a German mathematician.
Johann Friedrich Blumenbach Johann Friedrich Blumenbach (11 May 1752 – 22 January 1840) was a German physician, naturalist, physiologist, and anthropologist.
Johann Friedrich Herbart Johann Friedrich Herbart (May 4, 1776 – August 14, 1841) was a German philosopher, psychologist, and founder of pedagogy as an academic discipline.
Johann Friedrich Mayer (agriculturist) Johann Friedrich Georg Hartmann Mayer (September 21, 1719 – March 17, 1798) was a German Reformed pastor and agricultural reformer, who is considered one of the most important writers on ...
Johann Georg Abicht Johann Georg Abicht (21 March 1672 – 5 June 1740) was a German Lutheran theologian, born at Königsee, Schwarzburg-Sondershausen.
Johann Georg Estor Johann Georg Estor, was a German theorist of public law, historian and book collector.
Johann Georg Ludwig Hesekiel Johann George Ludwig Hesekiel (12 August 1819 – 26 February 1874) was a German author from Halle, where his father, distinguished as a writer of sacred poetry, was a Lutheran pastor.
Johann Heinrich Gottlob Justi Johann Heinrich Gottlob von Justi (28 December 171721 July 1771) was one of the leading German political economists in the 18th century.
Johann Jakob Wilhelm Heinse (Johann Jakob) Wilhelm Heinse (February 16, 1746, Langewiesen, Schwarzburg-Sondershausen – June 22, 1803), German author, was born at Langewiesen in Schwarzburg-Sondershausen (now in Thuringia).
Johann Karl August Musäus Johann Karl August Musäus (29 March 1735 – 28 October 1787) was a popular German author and one of the first collectors of German folk stories, most celebrated for his Volksmärchen der Deutsch...
Johann Matthias Gesner Johann Matthias Gesner (9 April 1691 – 3 August 1761) was a German classical scholar and schoolmaster.
Johann Matthäus Bechstein Johann Matthäus Bechstein (11 July 1757 – 23 February 1822) was a German naturalist, forester, ornithologist, entomologist, and herpetologist.
John F. Cammerhoff John Frederick Cammerhoff (28 July 1721, Hillersleben, Germany - 28 April 1751) was a Moravian bishop and missionary.
John Lhotsky John Lhotsky (1795 - 1866) was a Galicia-born Austrian naturalist, lecturer, artist and author.
Jonathan Carl Zenker Jonathan Carl (or Karl) Zenker (1 March 1799 – 6 November 1837) was a German naturalist born in Sundremda, located in the Saalfeld-Rudolstadt district.
Juan Max Boettner Juan Max Boettner, was a Paraguayan medical doctor and musical composer.
Julius Fröbel Julius Fröbel (16 June 1805, Griesheim, Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt - 7 November 1893, Zurich, Switzerland) was a journalist, diplomat and author.
Julius Stinde Julius Stinde (28 August 1841 – 5 August 1905), German author, was born at Kirchnüchel in Holstein, the son of a clergyman.
Julius Sturm Julius Sturm, German poet, was born at Köstritz in the principality of Reuss.
Justus Henning Böhmer Justus Henning Boehmer (born January 29, 1674 in Hanover, died August 23, 1749 in Halle) was an outstanding German jurist, ecclesiastical jurist, Professor of the University of Halle and also Ge...
Karl Andree Karl Andree (20 October 1808 – 10 August 1875) was a German geographer.
Karl Marx Karl Heinrich Marx (5 May 1818 – 14 March 1883) was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, historian, journalist, and revolutionary socialist.
Karl Wilhelm Gottlob Kastner Karl Wilhelm Gottlob Kastner (October 31, 1783 – July 13, 1857) was a German chemist, natural scientist and a professor of physics and chemistry.
Kaspar von Barth Kaspar von Barth (June 21, 1587 – September 17, 1658) was a German philologist and writer.
Lewis Feuchtwanger Lewis Feuchtwanger (11 January 1805 Fürth, Bavaria - 25 June 1876 New York City) was a chemist known primarily for his work on United States coinage.
Lorenz von Stein Lorenz von Stein was a German economist, sociologist, and public administration scholar from Eckernförde.
Ludwig Heinrich Bojanus Ludwig Heinrich Bojanus (July 16, 1776 – April 2, 1827) was a German physician and naturalist who spent most of his active career teaching at Vilnius University in Tsarist Russia.
Manfred Stolpe Manfred Stolpe (born May 16, 1936) was Federal Minister of Transport, Building and Housing of the Federal Republic of Germany from 2002 until 2005.
Martin Lichtenstein Martin Hinrich Carl Lichtenstein (10 January 1780 - 2 September 1857) was a German physician, explorer, botanist and zoologist.
Matthias Claudius Matthias Claudius (August 15, 1740 – January 21, 1815) was a German poet, otherwise known by the penname of “Asmus”.
Morgan Stanislaus Grace Morgan Stanislaus Grace, M.D., CMG, M.L.C (28 February 1837 – 19 April 1903) was a surgeon in Wellington, member of the Legislative Council of New Zealand, and a staunch Roman Catholic.
Moritz Brasch Moritz Brasch (born in Zempelburg, now Sępólno Krajeńskie, West Prussia, August 18, 1843; died in Leipzig, September 14, 1895) was a German philosopher and man of letters.
Nelson Glueck Nelson Glueck (4 June 1900 – 12 February 1971) was an American rabbi, academic and archaeologist.
Peter Dirck Keyser Peter Dirck Keyser (born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 8 February 1835; died same place, 8 March 1897) was a United States ophthalmologist.
Peter Griess Johann Peter Griess was an industrial chemist and an early pioneer of organic chemistry.
Richard Böhm Richard Böhm (1 October 1854 in Berlin -27 March 1884 in Katapana, Katanga) was a German zoologist and explorer.
Robert Döpel Georg Robert Döpel (3 December 1895 in Neustadt – 2 December 1982 in Ilmenau) was a German experimental nuclear physicist.
Robert Keller (botanist) Robert Keller (24 September 1854 – 8 July 1939) was a Swiss botanist from Oberembrach, a village near Winterthur.
Roberto Simanowski Roberto Simanowski (born 1963) is a German scholar of literature and media studies and editor of dichtung-digital, a journal for contributions on digital aesthetics, which he founded in 1999.
Roland Freisler Roland Freisler (30 October 1893 – 3 February 1945) was a prominent and notorious Nazi lawyer and judge.
Rudolf Aderhold Rudolf Ferdinand Theodor Aderhold (12 February 1865, Frankenhausen - 17 March 1907, Berlin-Dahlem) was a German mycologist and pomologist.
Rudolf Carnap Rudolf Carnap (May 18, 1891 – September 14, 1970) was a German-born philosopher who was active in Europe before 1935 and in the United States thereafter.
Rudolf Günsberg Herman Rudolf Günsberg (1827–1879) was a chemist originating in Pidkamin, near Brody who distinguished himself by his fostering of the economic development of Galicia.
Rudolf Lange Dr. Martin Franz Erwin Rudolf Lange (18 April 1910 – 23 February 1945?) was a prominent Nazi police official.
Rudolph Zacharias Becker Rudolph Zacharias Becker (9 April 1752 in Erfurt, Archbishopric of Mainz – 28 March 1822 in Gotha) was a German educator and author.