Aben Humeya Aben Humeya (1520–1569), also known as Muhammad ibn Umayyah, was a Spanish leader who commanded the Morisco Revolt against Philip II of Spain in the Alpujarras region, near Granada.
Alfonso de Valdés Alfonso de Valdés (c. 1490 – October 1532) was Spanish humanist, who became chancellor of the Emperor Charles V. He was the twin brother of Juan de Valdés.
Alfonso Salmeron Alfonso (Alphonsus) Salmeron (September 8, 1515 – February 13, 1585) was a biblical scholar and one of the first Jesuits.
Alonso de Alvarado Alonso de Alvarado Montaya González de Cevallos y Miranda (1500–1556) was a Spanish conquistador and knight of the Order of Santiago.
Alonso de Arellano Alonso de Arellano was a 16th-century Spanish explorer who commanded one ship out of five fleets that re-discovered the Philippines after the Magellan and López de Villalobos expedition.
Alonso de Bazán Don Alonso de Bazán, son of Don Álvaro de Bazán the Elder, Marquis del Viso, and brother of Don Álvaro de Bazán, 1st Marquis of Santa Cruz, was a famous Spanish naval commander during the Anglo–...
Alonso de Cáceres Alonso de Cáceres y Retes (Alcántara, Cáceres, late fifteenth century - ?) was a ruthless Spanish conquistador and governor-captain of Santa Marta, who despite his prolonged military nomadism t...
Alonso de Córdoba Alonso de Córdoba Gómez (1505–1589) was a Spanish nobleman's (rico-hombre's) son who sought his fortune in the New World.
Alonso de Ercilla Alonso de Ercilla y Zúñiga was a Spanish nobleman, soldier and epic poet, born in Madrid.
Alonso de Góngora Marmolejo Alonso de Góngora Marmolejo (1523–1575) was a Spanish conquistador and chronicler of the early conquest and settlement of the Kingdom of Chile, and the start of the Arauco War.
Alonso de Montúfar Alonso de Montúfar y Bravo de Lagunas, O.P., was a Spanish Dominican friar and prelate of the Catholic Church, who ruled as the second Archbishop of Mexico from 1551 to his death in 1572.
Alonso de Ojeda Alonso de Ojeda (ca.1468 (some sources state 1466) – 1515) was a Spanish navigator, governor and conquistador.
Alonso de Reinoso Alonso de Reinoso (or Reynoso) (1518–1567) was a Spanish Conquistador in Honduras, Mexico, Peru and Chile.
Alonso de Salazar Toribio Alonso de Salazar was the Spaniard, born in Las Encartaciones who discovered the Marshall Islands on August 21, 1526.
Alonso de Sotomayor Alonso de Sotomayor y Valmediano was a Spanish conquistador from Extremadura, and a Royal Governor of Chile.
Alonso de Tenza, Lord of Espinardo Alonso de Tenza Pacheco, Lord of Espinardo, (in full, Don Alonso de Tenza Pacheco, señor de las villas de Espinardo, Ontur y del mayorazgo de Celdrán), was a Spanish nobleman.
Alonso Fernández de Lugo Javier Alonso Luis Fernández de Lugo was a Spanish military man, conquistador, city founder, and administrator. He conquered the islands of La Palma and Tenerife for the Castilian Crown; they were the last of the Canary Islands to be conquered by Europeans.
Alonso Manrique de Lara Alfonso or Alonso Manrique de Lara y Solís, (1476 - 28 September 1538), Bishop of Badajoz (September 1499 until before 1516), was a Spanish churchman.
Alonso Manso Bishop Alonso Manso (1460 – September 27, 1539) was a Spanish bishop born in Becerril de Campos, Spain.
Alonso Rodriguez Alphonsus (Alonso) Rodriguez (not to be confused with St. Alphonsus Rodriguez), born in 1526 at Valladolid (Spain), Spain and died the 21 February 1616 at Seville (Spain), was a Spanish Jesuit p...
Alonso Sánchez Coello Alonso Sánchez Coello was a Spanish portrait painter, of Portuguese origin, of the Spanish Renaissance and one of the pioneers of the great tradition of Spanish portrait painting.
Alonso Valiente Alonso Valiente (Medina de las Torres 1482? - Nueva España 1564?) was a Spanish conqueror.
Alonzo de Alvarado Alonzo de Alvarado was a Spanish Conquistador and loyal follower of Francisco Pizarro in Peru.
Alonzo de Barcena Alonzo de Barcena (also called de Barzana) was a Spanish Jesuit missionary and linguist.
Alonzo de Santa Cruz Alonzo de Santa Cruz (or Alonso, Alfonso) was a Spanish cartographer, mapmaker, instrument maker, historian and teacher.
Alonzo Sánchez Alonso Sánchez was a Spanish Jesuit missionary, one of the first Jesuits in the Philippines.
Alphonsus Rodriguez Saint Alphonsus Rodríguez, S.J. (Alonso) (July 25, 1532 – October 31, 1617) was a Spanish Jesuit lay brother, now venerated as a saint.
Ana de Jesús Ana de Jesús, O.C.D., translated into English as Ann of Jesus, also known as Ann Lobera (25 November 1545 – 4 March 1621), was a Spanish Discalced Carmelite nun and writer.
Ana de Mendoza, Princess of Eboli Doña Ana de Mendoza y de la Cerda, Princess of Eboli, Duchess of Pastrana, (in full, Doña Ana de Mendoza y de la Cerda), (29 June 1540 – 2 February 1592) was a Spanish aristocrat, suo jure 2...
Andrés de Urdaneta Friar Andrés de Urdaneta, O.S.A., (November 30, 1498 – June 3, 1568) was a Spanish circumnavigator, explorer and Augustinian friar.
Andrés Pacheco Andrés Pacheco (1550–1626) was a Spanish churchman and theologian.
Anne of Saint Bartholomew Anne of St. Bartholomew, O.C.D. (Ana de San Bartolomé) (Almendral de la Cañada, Old Castile, 1 October 1549 – Antwerp, 7 June 1626), was a Spanish Discalced Carmelite nun, and companion to...
Anton Higueras de Santana Anton Higueras de Santana 1557-1619 was an Spanish military expeditionary, conqueror resident and Mayor of Ciudad de La Santísima Trinidad y Puerto de Santa María del Buen Ayres, he arrived toge...
Antoni Clarassó i Terès Antoni Clarassó i Terès was a Spanish canon of the diocese of Urgell, treasurer-canon of the Cathedral of Barcelona, guest priest at the archdiocese of Tarragona, and vicar general of archbisho...
Antoni Terès i Cabiscol Antoni Terès i Cabiscol was a Spanish canon of la Seu d'Urgell and vicar general of the archbishop of Tarragona and viceroy of Catalonia Joan Terès i Borrull, who was his uncle, between 1587 and...
Antonio Agustín y Albanell Antonio Agustín y Albanell (1516–1586), also referred to as Augustinus, was a Spanish Humanist historian, jurist and Roman Catholic archbishop of Tarragona who pioneered the historical res...
Antonio de Arfian Antonio de Arfian, (fl. 1554–87) was a 16th-century Spanish painter.
Antonio de Espejo Antonio de Espejo was a Spanish explorer who led an expedition into New Mexico and Arizona in 1582–83.
Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas was a chronicler, historian, and writer of the Spanish Golden Age, author of Historia general de los hechos de los castellanos en las Islas y Tierra Firme del ...
Antonio de Zúñiga Antonio de Zuñiga y Guzman,(c.1458 - 1533), Prior of Castile, Order of Saint John of Jerusalem, Plasencia, Spain, was the general of the Royal Army against the Revolt of the Comuneros and a Vice...
Antonio Folc de Cardona y Enriquez Antonio Folc de Cardona y Enriquez, Viceroy of Sardinia, 1534 - 1549, deceased 1555, was a cadet son of Joan Ramon Folc de Cardona, 1st Duke of Cardona, a.k.a. Joan Ramon Folc IV de Cardona,,...
Antonio Osorio de Acuña Don Antonio Osorio de Acuña (1459 in Valladolid – 23 March 1526) was a Spanish bishop of Zamora, appointed 4 January 1507, during the reigns of Ferdinand II and Charles V. He filled that see in ...
Antonio Pérez Antonio Pérez (1540–1611) was a Spanish statesman, secretary of king Philip II of Spain.
Antonio Zapata y Cisneros Antonio Zapata y Cisneros (Madrid, 8 October 1550 – Madrid, c. 27 April 1635) was a Spanish bishop.
Balthazar Alvarez Balthazar Alvarez (1533 – July 25, 1580) was a Spanish Catholic mystic and was the spiritual director of St. Teresa.
Bartolomé Carranza Bartolomé Carranza (1503 – May 2, 1576), Spanish priest of the Dominican Order, theologian and Archbishop of Toledo, sometimes called de Miranda or de Carranza y Miranda, who spent much of his later life imprisoned on (eventually disproven) charges of heresy.
Bartolomé de las Casas Bartolomé de las Casas, O.P. (Seville, c. 1484 – Madrid, 18 July 1566), was a 16th-century Spanish historian, social reformer and Dominican friar.
Bartolomé de Medina Bartolomé de Medina, Spanish theologian and mining specialist, was born in Medina de Rioseco, Spain in 1527. A member of the Dominican Order and a student of Francisco de Vitoria, he was professor of theology at the University of Salamanca and a member of the School of Salamanca.
Bartolomé Ferrelo Bartolomé Ferrelo, also known as Bartolomé Ferrer, born in 1499 in the region of Levante, Spain, died 1550 in Mexico.
Bartomeu Càrceres Bartomeu Càrceres (fl. 1546) was a Catalan composer, notably of ensaladas.
Beltrán de Cetina Beltrán de Cetina y del Castillo (Alcalá de Henares 1521 - Mérida de Yucatán 1600?) was one of the original conquistador-founders of Mérida in the modern Mexican state of Yucatán.
Benedict Pereira Benedict Pereira (also Pereyra, Perera, Pererius) (March 4, 1536 – 6 March 1610) was a Spanish Jesuit philosopher, theologian, and exegete.
Bernal Díaz del Castillo Bernal Díaz del Castillo (1492 to 1498, birth date is uncertain, – 1584) was a Spanish conquistador, who participated as a foot soldier in the conquest of Mexico with Hernán Cortés.
Bernardino de Anaya Bernardino de Anaya came to Peru in the middle of the 16th century and founded the city of Chachapoyas.
Bernardino de Mendoza Bernardino de Mendoza (c. 1540 – August 3, 1604) was a Spanish military commander, a diplomat and a writer on military history and politics.
Bernardo de la Torre Bernardo de la Torre was a Spanish sailor, primarily noted for having explored parts of the Western Pacific Ocean south of Japan in the 16th century.
Bernardo de Sandoval y Rojas Bernardo de Sandoval y Rojas (1546–1618) was a Spanish bishop and cardinal who was Grand Inquisitor of Spain from 1608 to 1618.
Blas Ruiz Blas Ruiz de Hernán González or Blas Ruiz de Fernán González was an explorer from Ciudad Real, Spain.
Carlos Logario Carlos Logario was a Spanish doctor practising in England in the 16th century.
Cosme de Torrès Cosme de Torres, a Spanish Jesuit of the sixteenth century, was one of the first Christian missionaries in Japan.
Cristóbal de Olid Cristóbal de Olid was a Spanish adventurer, conquistador and rebel who played a part in the conquest of Mexico and Honduras.
Cristóbal de Tapia Cristóbal de Tapia was an inspector sent to New Spain in 1521 to investigate the conduct of the conquistador Hernán Cortés, and if he deemed it necessary, to arrest him and bring him to trial.
Diego Caballero Diego Caballero was a Spanish merchant and minor Conquistador in the Caribbean area and in the islands off the coast of Venezuela.
Diego Columbus Diego Colón Moniz (also, in Diogo Colombo) was the 2nd Admiral of the Indies, 2nd Viceroy of the Indies and 3rd Governor of the Indies.
Diego Colón Diego Colón Moniz (also, in Diogo Colombo) was the 2nd Admiral of the Indies, 2nd Viceroy of the Indies and 3rd Governor of the Indies.
Diego Colón de Toledo, 4th Admiral of the Indies Diego Colón de Toledo y Pravia, 4th Admiral of the Indies (died 28 January 1578) was a paternal grandson of Diego Colón and his wife María de Toledo y Rojas, making him a great-grandson of Chris...
Diego de Almagro Diego de Almagro, (c. 1475 – July 8, 1538), also known as El Adelantado and El Viejo (The Elder), was a Spanish conquistador and a companion and later rival of Francisco Pizarro.
Diego de Estella Diego de Estella (Didacus Stella) was a 16th-century Spanish Franciscan mystic and theologian, born 1524 in Estella, Navarra, died 1578 in Salamanca.
Diego de Guevara Don Diego de Guevara (1450–1520) was a Spanish courtier and ambassador who served four, possibly five, successive Dukes of Burgundy, spanning the Valois and Habsburg dynasties, mostly in the L...
Diego de Holguin Diego de Holguín (1486-?) was a Spanish conquistador and the first mayor of San Salvador, in April of 1525.
Diego de Holguín Diego de Holguín, 1486 -?, was a Spanish conquistador and the first mayor of San Salvador, in April 1525.
Diego de Losada Diego de Losada (1511 – 1569) was a Spanish conquistador and the founder of Santiago de León de Caracas, the current capital of Venezuela.
Diego de Nicuesa Diego de Nicuesa (died 1511) was a Spanish conquistador and explorer.
Diego de Pantoja Diego de Pantoja or Diego Pantoja (Chinese: 龐迪我, Pang Diwo; April 1571, Valdemoro, Spain – January 1618, Portuguese Macau, China) was a Spanish Jesuit and missionary to China who is be...
Diego de Rojas Diego de Rojas (died 1544) was a 16th-century Spanish Conquistador.
Diego Deza Diego de Deza (1444 – 9 June 1523) was a theologian and inquisitor of Spain.
Diego Durán Diego Durán (c. 1537–1588) was a Dominican friar best known for his authorship of one of the earliest Western books on the history and culture of the Aztecs, The History of the Indies of New Spain, a book that was much criticized in his lifetime for helping the "heathen" maintain...
Diego Fernández Diego Fernández (c. 1520 - c. 1581) was a Spanish adventurer and historian of the 16th century.
Don Pedro de Padilla Pedro de Padilla, (Talavera de la Reina, ? – Granada, Spain, 1599), a prominent member of the Military Order of Santiago after 1597, captain of the Infantry in Flanders and Maestro de Cam...
El Greco El Greco, born Doménikos Theotokópoulos (1541 7 April 1614), was a painter, sculptor and architect of the Spanish Renaissance.
Eleanor of Toledo Eleanor of Toledo (Italian: Eleonora di Toledo (1522 – 17 December 1562), born Doña Leonor Álvarez de Toledo y Osorio, was a Spanish noblewoman who was Duchess of Florence from 1539.
Elvira Fernández de Córdoba y Manrique Elvira Fernández de Córdoba y Manrique (died 1524) was a Spanish noblewoman, the only surviving daughter of Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, a Spanish general involved with the Italian Wars and vic...
Elvira Manuel Doña Elvira Manuel was a Spanish noblewoman and duenna of Princess Catherine of Aragon.
Enrique de Guzmán, 2nd Count of Olivares Enrique de Guzmán y Ribera, 2nd Count of Olivares (Sp.: Don Enrique de Guzmán y Ribera, segundo Conde de Olivares; 1 March 1540–1607) was a Spanish nobleman and statesman.
Epifani Olives i Terès Epifani Olives i Terès was a Royal commissioner of King Philip III of Spain and nephew of archbishop of Tarragona and viceroy of Catalonia Joan Terès i Borrull.
Eugenio de Salazar Eugenio de Salazar was a Spanish explorer who crossed the Atlantic ocean in Spanish ship in the 16th century.
Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo, 4th Duke of Alba Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo y Enríquez de Guzmán, 4th Duke of Alba, Grandee of Spain, (in full, Don Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo y Enríquez de Guzmán, cuarto Duque de Alba de Tormes, Duque de Huésc...
Famous Thirteen The Famous Thirteen (Spanish Los trece de la fama, the thirteen of the fame) were a group of 16th century Spanish conquistadors that participated in the Spanish conquest of Peru (secon...
Fernando de Valdés y Salas Fernando de Valdés y Salas, (Salas, Asturias, 1483-Madrid, 1568, aged 85) was a Spanish churchman and jurist, Professor of Canon Law at the University of Salamanca, and later its Chancellor.
Fernando Niño de Guevara Fernando Niño de Guevara (1541–1609) was a Spanish cardinal who was also Archbishop of Seville and Grand Inquisitor of Spain.
Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba Fernando Álvarez de Toledo y Pimentel or Ferdinandus Toletanus Dux Albanus (Piedrahita, 29 October 1507 – Lisbon, 11 December 1582), known as the Grand Duke of Alba in Spain and the ...
Fortún Ximénez Fortún Ximénez (died 1533) was Spanish sailor who led a mutiny during an early expedition along the coast of Mexico and is the first European known to have landed in Baja California.
Francis Borgia Saint Francis Borgia, 4th Duke of Gandia, 3rd Father General of the Jesuit Order, Grandee of Spain, was a Spanish Jesuit and third Superior General of the Society of Jesus.
Francis Borgia, 4th Duke of Gandía Saint Francis Borgia, S.J., 4th Duke of Gandía (Valencian: Francesc de Borja, Francisco de Borja) (28 October 1510 – 30 September 1572) was a Grandee of Spain, a Spanish Jesuit, and third Superi...
Francis Xavier Francis Xavier, SJ, born Francisco de Jasso y Azpilicueta (7 April 1506 – 3 December 1552), was a Roman Catholic missionary born in Xavier, Kingdom of Navarre (now part of Spain), and co-f...
Francisca de Lebrija Francisca de Lebrija was a 16th-century lecturer at the University of Alcalá de Henares in Spain.
Francisco Arias Francisco Arias (1533 – 15 May 1605) was a Spanish Catholic author, known as a writer of ascetical treatises.
Francisco Bahamonde De Lugo Francisco Bahamonde De Lugo is the (4 time Great) Grandson of Inés de Lugo (sister of I Adelantado Mayor Alonso Fernández de Lugo), a Spanish Military man, conquistador, city founder, and admini...
Francisco Cano Francisco Cano is a marketing manager who helped improve several global companies in Mexico, Guatemala and now in New York.
Francisco de Amberes Francisco de Amberes, a painter of Toledo, the cathedral of which he ornamented with his pictures in 1502.
Francisco de Carvajal Francisco de Carvajal (1464 – April 10, 1548) was a Spanish military officer, conquistador, and explorer remembered as "the demon of the Andes" due to his brutality and uncanny militar...
Francisco de Cuellar Francisco de Cuellar was a Spanish sea captain who sailed with the Spanish Armada in 1588 and was wrecked on the coast of Ireland.
Francisco de Enzinas Francisco de Enzinas, also known by the humanist name Francis Dryander, was a classical scholar, translator, author, and Protestant apologist of Spanish origin.
Francisco Ribalta Francesc Ribalta (2 June 1565 – 14 January 1628), also known as Francisco Ribaltá or de Ribalta, was a Spanish painter of the Baroque period, mostly of religious subjects.
Francisco Suárez Francisco Suárez (5 January 1548 – 25 September 1617) was a Spanish Jesuit priest, philosopher and theologian, one of the leading figures of the School of Salamanca movement, and generally...
Francisco Vásquez de Coronado Francisco Vázquez de Coronado y Luján (1510 – 22 September 1554) was a Spanish conquistador, who visited New Mexico and other parts of what are now the southwestern United States between 1540 and 1542.
Francisco Xerez Francisco Xerez or Francisco de Jerez was a Spanish explorer-turned-historian, the personal secretary of conquistador Francisco Pizarro.
Franciscus Toletus Franciscus Toletus (Francisco de Toledo Herrara) (1532–1596) was a Spanish Jesuit theologian, Biblical exegete and the first Jesuit Cardinal.
Fray Thomas de San Martín Fray Thomas de San Martín was the founder of the National University of San Marcos in Lima, Peru, and a notable Spanish scholar.
Gabriel de Castilla Gabriel de Castilla (1577 – c. 1620), was a Spanish explorer and navigator.
Gabriel Vásquez Gabriel Vasquez (born in Villaescusa de Haro, near Belmonte, Cuenca, 1549 or 1551; died in Alcalá de Henares, 23 September 1604) was a Spanish Jesuit theologian.
Garcí Manuel de Carbajal Don Garcí Manuel de Carbajal was a Spanish lieutenant and occasional soldier who founded the city of Arequipa in Peru on August 15, 1540, calling it "La Villa Hermosa de Arequipa."
García de Loaisa Garcia de Loaisa (b. in Talavera, Spain, c. 1479; d. at Madrid, 21 April 1546) was a Spanish Archbishop of Seville and Cardinal.
García de Loaysa Juan García de Loaysa y Mendoza (Talavera de la Reina, near Toledo, Spain, 1478 – Madrid, Spain, 22 April 1546) was a Spanish Archbishop of Seville and Cardinal.
García de Silva Figueroa Don García de Silva Figueroa (December 29, 1550 – July 22, 1624) was a Spanish diplomat, and the first Western traveller to correctly identify the ruins of Takht-e Jamshid in Persia as the...
García Hurtado de Mendoza, 5th Marquis of Cañete García Hurtado de Mendoza y Manrique, 5th Marquis of Cañete (July 21, 1535 – May 19, 1609) was a Spanish soldier, governor of Chile, and viceroy of Peru (from January 8, 1590 to July 24, 1596).
Gaspar Cervantes de Gaeta Gaspar Cervantes de Gaeta (Trujillo, 1511 – Tarragona, October 17, 1575) was a Spanish cardinal of the 16th century.
Gaspar de Carvajal Gaspar de Carvajal (c. 1500–1584) was a Spanish Dominican missionary to the New World, known for chronicling some of the explorations of the Amazon.
Gaspar de Espinosa Gaspar de Espinosa y Luna (Medina de Rio Seco, Spain, 1484 - Cuzco, Peru, February 14, 1537) was an explorer, conquistador and Spanish politician.
Gaspar de Quiroga y Vela Gaspar de Quiroga y Vela (Madrigal de las Altas Torres, Ávila, 13 January 1512 - 20 November 1595) was a prominent Catholic official who rose to become General Inquisitor of Spain, from 1573 ...
Gaspar de Rodas Gaspar de Rodas (1518–1607) was a Spanish administrator in the area that now comprises the present-day departments of Antioquia, Caldas, Quindío and Risaralda, in what is now Colombia.
Gaspar Méndez Gaspar Méndez was a Spanish architect of the 16th century.
Gaspar Pérez de Villagrá Gaspar Pérez de Villagrá (1555–1620) was a captain in Juan de Oñate’s expedition that first colonized New Mexico in 1598.
George de Athequa George de Athequa was a Bishop of Llandaff in the early days of the Reformation.
Gerónimo de Aguilar Gerónimo de Aguilar O.F.M. (1489–1531) was a Franciscan friar born in Écija, Spain.
Gil González Dávila Gil González Dávila (a.k.a. Gil González de Ávila) was a Spanish Conquistador and the first European to arrive in present-day Nicaragua.
Ginés de Mafra Ginés de Mafra (1493–1546) was a Spanish explorer who sailed to the Philippines in the 16th century.
Gomez das Mariñas Gomez das Mariñas, who came from San Miguel das Negradas, Galicia, Spain, was firstly a Comendador in Spain and later was appointed Spanish Governor ("Virrey") of the Philippines from 1590&ndash...
Gonzalo de Mendoza Gonzalo de Mendoza (b. Baeza, Spain; d. 1558 Asunción, Paraguay) was a Spanish conquistador and colonizer.
Gonzalo de Sandoval Gonzalo de Sandoval was a Spanish conquistador in New Spain and briefly co-governor of the colony while Hernan Cortés was away from the capital.
Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, or simply Gonzalo de Córdoba (1 September 1453 – 2 December 1515), (Italian: Gonsalvo or Consalvo Ernandes di Cordova), Duke of Terranova and San...
Gonzalo Guerrero Gonzalo Guerrero (also known as Gonzalo Marinero, Gonzalo de Aroca and Gonzalo de Aroza) was a sailor from Palos, in Spain who shipwrecked along the Yucatán Peninsula and was t...
Gonzalo II Fernández de Córdoba (1520-1578) Gonzalo II Fernández de Córdoba (Cartagena, 27 July 1520 – 3 December 1578 in Odón), 3rd duke of Sessa, was the grandson of famous Viceroy of Naples, Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, 1st du...
Gonzalo II Fernández de Córdoba (1520–1578) Gonzalo II Fernández de Córdoba (Cartagena, 27 July 1520 – 3 December 1578 in Odón), 3rd duke of Sessa, was the grandson of famous Viceroy of Naples, Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, 1st du...
Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada was a Spanish explorer and conquistador in Colombia. He explored the northern part of South America. A well-educated lawyer he was one of the few intellectuals of the Spanish conquest.
Gonzalo Pizarro Gonzalo Pizarro y Alonso (1502 – April 10, 1548) was a Spanish conquistador and younger paternal half-brother of Francisco Pizarro, the conqueror of the Inca Empire.
Gregorio de Valencia Gregorio de Valencia (Medina del Campo, 1549 – Naples, 25 March 1603) was a Spanish Jesuit and theologian.
Hayyim ben Abraham Uziel Hayyim ben Abraham Uziel was a scholar and author of Jewish Spanish extraction who flourished in the latter half of the 16th century in Greece and Asia Minor.
Hernando de Alarcón Hernando de Alarcón, a Spanish navigator of the 16th century, born in Trujillo, Extremadura, noted for having led an early expedition to the Baja California peninsula, meant to be coordinated wi...
Hernando de Lerma Hernando de Lerma (born November 1, 1541) was a conqueror, politician, lawyer and city founder from Seville, Spain.
Hernando de los Llanos Hernando de los Llanos (active in the 16th century) was a Spanish painter active primarily around Cuenca for the duration of his career.
Hernando de Luque Hernando de Luque (Unknown – 1532) was a Spanish priest who travelled to the New World in the 16th century.
Hernando de Soto Hernando de Soto (c.1496/1497–1542) was a Spanish explorer and conquistador who led the first European expedition deep into the territory of the modern-day United States, and the first docum...
Hernando de Talavera Hernando de Talavera (Talavera de la Reina, Spain, 1428 - Granada, Spain, 14 May 1507), was a Spanish monk of the Order of Saint Jerome of converso origins.
Hernando de Ávila Hernando de Ávila, painter and sculptor to Philip II of Spain, flourished in the middle of the 16th century.
Hernando Pizarro Hernando Pizarro y de Vargas (born between 1478 and 1508, died 1578 or 1608) was a Spanish conquistador and one of the Pizarro brothers who ruled over Peru.
Hernán Cortés Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro, 1st Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca was a Spanish Conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire and brought large portions of...
Hernán Núñez Hernán Núñez de Toledo y Guzmán (Valladolid, 1475 - Salamanca, 1553) was a Spanish humanist, classicist, philologist, and paremiographer.
Infanta Isabella Clara Eugenia of Spain Infanta Isabella Clara Eugenia of Spain (12 August 1566 – 1 December 1633) was co-sovereign of the Spanish Netherlands in the Low Countries and the north of modern France, together with her husb...
Isabella Clara Eugenia, Duchess of Luxembourg Isabella Clara Eugenia (12 August 1566 – 1 December 1633) was sovereign of the Spanish Netherlands in the Low Countries and the north of modern France, together with her husband Albert.
Jerome de Prado Jerome de Prado (1547 – 13 January 1595) was a Spanish Jesuit Biblical scholar and exegete who interpreted the Book of Ezekiel.
Jerónima de la Asunción The Servant of God Mother Jeronima of the Assumption, P.C.C. (Gerónima de la Asunción García Yánez y De La Fuente) (May 9, 1555 – October 22, 1630) was the foundress of the first Catholic monast...
Jerónimo de Alderete Jerónimo de Alderete y Mercado (1518 – April 7, 1556) was a Spanish conquistador who was later named governor Chile, but died before he could assume his post.
Jerónimo de Vivar Jerónimo de Vivar was a Spanish historian of the early conquest and settlement of the Kingdom of Chile, and author of Crónica y relación copiosa y verdadera de los reinos de Chile.
Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera was a Spanish Conquistador, early colonial governor over much of what today is northwestern Argentina, and founder of the city of Córdoba.
Jerónimo Zurita y Castro Jerónimo (or Gerónimo) de Zurita y Castro (1512 – 3 November 1580) was an Aragonese historian of the sixteenth century who founded the modern tradition of historical scholarshi...
Joan Terès i Borrull Joan Terès i Borrull (Verdú, 29 September 1538 – Barcelona, 10 July 1603) was presbyter of Vic, auxiliary bishop of Morocco (1575–1579), bishop of Elne (1579–1586) and of Tortosa (1586–1587), an...
Joanna of Austria, Princess of Portugal Joanna of Austria (in Castilian, doña Juana de Austria; in Portuguese, Dona Joana de Áustria, 24 June 1535 – 7 September 1573) was the mother of Sebastian of Portugal, and later r...
Joanna of Castile Joanna (6 November 1479 – 12 April 1555), known as Joanna the Mad (Juana la Loca), was queen in her own right of Castile from 1504 and of Aragon from 1516.
John de Pineda John de Pineda was a Spanish Jesuit theologian and exegete.
John of Avila Saint John of Ávila, Apostle of Andalusia was a Roman Catholic priest, Spanish preacher, scholastic author, religious mystic and a saint.
John of God John of God was a Portuguese-born soldier turned health-care worker in Spain, whose followers later formed the Brothers Hospitallers of St. John of God, a worldwide Catholic religious institute ...
John of the Cross Saint John of the Cross, O.C.D. (San Juan de la Cruz; 1542 – 14 December 1591), was a major figure of the Counter-Reformation, a Spanish mystic, a Roman Catholic saint, a Carmel...
John of Vigo John of Vigo (also Giovanni de Vigo, Joannes de Vigo, Jean de Vigo, Juan de Vigo, ca.
John of Ávila Saint John of Avila, Apostle of Andalusia (6 January 1500, Almodóvar del Campo – 10 May 1569, Montilla, Spain) was a Spanish apostolic preacher, author, mystic and saint, canonized in 1970.
Jorge de Alvarado Jorge de Alvarado y Contreras (born 1460 Badajoz, Extremadura, Spaindied 1540 or 1541 or Madrid, 1553) was a Spanish conquistador, brother of the more famous Pedro de Alvarado.
Joseph Calasanctius Joseph Calasanctius, also known as Joseph Calasanz and Josephus a Matre Dei, was the founder of the Pious Schools and the Order of the Piarists.
Joseph Calasanz Saint Joseph Calasanctius (José de Calasanz) (September 11, 1557 – August 25, 1648), also known as Joseph Calasanz and Josephus a Matre Dei, was the founder of the Pious Schools and ...
Joseph Nasi Don Joseph Nasi (or Nassi; also known as João Miques/Micas and Dom João Migas Mendes in a Portuguese variant, Giuseppe Nasi in Italian, and as Yasef Nassi in ...
Joshua Boaz ben Simon Baruch Joshua Boaz ben Simon Baruch (died 1557), also known as the Shiltei Giborim after a work he authored, was a prominent Talmudist who lived at Sabbioneta, and later at Savigliano.
José Acosta (priest) José Acosta was a traveler and Jesuit priest who is remembered in the field of medicine for his original description of mountain sickness known as Acosta's disease.
José de Acosta José de Acosta (1539, Medina del Campo, Spain – February 15, 1600, Salamanca, Spain) was a Spanish 16th-century Jesuit missionary and naturalist in Latin America.
José de Anchieta José de Anchieta Llarena, S.J. (19 March 1534 – 9 June 1597) was a Spanish Jesuit missionary to the Portuguese colony of Brazil in the second half of the 16th century.
José de Sigüenza José de Sigüenza (Sigüenza, 1544 - El Escorial, 22 May 1606) was a historian, poet and Spanish theologian.
Juan Azor Juan Azor (1535 – 19 February 1603) was a Spanish philosopher and Jesuit priest.
Juan Bautista de Acevedo Juan Bautista de Acevedo y Muñoz was Bishop of Valladolid from 1601 to 1606 and Grand Inquisitor of Spain from 1603 to 1608.
Juan Damián López de Haro Friar Juan Damián López de Haro (September 27, 1581 – August 24, 1648) was a member of the House of Haro, a member of the Order of the Most Holy Trinity and served as Bishop of Puerto Ric...
Juan de Atienza Juan de Atienza (born at Tordehumos, near Valladolid, in Spain, in 1546) was a Spanish Jesuit missionary in South America.
Juan de Ayolas Juan de Ayolas (died c. 1537) was a conquistador born in Briviesca who explored the watershed of the Río de la Plata for the Spanish Crown.
Juan de Cartagena Juan de Cartagena (died about 1520) was a Spanish accountant and major participant in Ferdinand Magellan’s quest to find a western sea route to the Spice Islands.
Juan de Cartageña Juan de Cartageña was a Spanish accountant and major participant in Ferdinand Magellan’s quest to find a western sea route to the Spice Islands.
Juan de Celaya Juan de Celaya (Valencia, c.1490 - 6 December 1558) was a Spanish mathematician, physicist, cosmologist, philosopher and theologian.
Juan de Escobedo Juan de Escobedo (Colindres, Cantabria, 1530 - Madrid, March 31, 1578), Spanish politician, secretary of John of Austria (Don Juan de Austria), and chiefly notable as having been the victim ...
Juan de Garay Juan de Garay (1528–1583) was a Spanish conquistador.
Juan de Grijalva Juan de Grijalva (born around 1489 in Cuéllar - January 21, 1527) was a Spanish conquistador.
Juan de Zapata Juan de Zapata (fl. 1520s) was a leader of the Revolt of the Comuneros in Spain.
Juan de Zumárraga Juan de Zumárraga (1468 – June 3, 1548) was a Spanish Basque Franciscan prelate and first bishop of Mexico.
Juan Díaz (Spanish conquistador) Juan Díaz (1480–1549), born in Seville, Spain, was a 16th-century conquistador and the chaplain of the 1518 Grijalva expedition, the Itinerario (itinerary route) of which he wrote.
Juan Díaz de Solís Juan Díaz de Solís (1470 – 20 January 1516) was a 16th Century navigator and explorer.
Juan Enguera Juan Enguera (d. 1513) was the Grand Inquisitor of the Kingdom of Aragon from 1507 to 1513.
Juan Fernández (explorer) Juan Fernández (c. 1536 – c. 1604) was a Spanish explorer and navigator in the Pacific regions of the Viceroyalty of Peru and Captaincy General of Chile west of colonial South America.
Juan Garrido Juan Garrido (c. 1480-c. 1550) was a black African-Spanish conquistador.
Juan Gil Zambrano Juan Gil Zambrano was an Spanish captain, and government functionary of Ciudad de la Trinidad y puerto de Buenos Aires.
Juan González de Mendoza Juan González de Mendoza (1545 - 14 February 1618) was the author of the first Western history of China to publish Chinese characters for Western delectation.
Juan Gutiérrez de Garibay Don Juan Gutiérrez de Garibay was a famous Spanish naval commander, Admiral of the Spanish navy, and commander-in-chief of the Spanish treasure fleet, during the Anglo–Spanish War, the Eighty Ye...
Juan Jufré Juan Jufré de Loayza y Montesa (1516 – 1578) was a Spanish conquistador who participated in the 1541 expedition of Pedro de Valdivia to Chile.
Juan Maldonado Juan Maldonado (Juan Maldonato, Maldonatus) (1533 in Casas de Reina, Llerena, Extremadura – 5 January 1583 in Rome) was a Spanish Jesuit theologian and exegete.
Juan Núñez de Prado (conquistador) Juan Núñez de Prado was a 16th-century Spanish conquistador who is known for his conquest of Tucumán Province in what is now Argentina.
Juan Ortiz de Matienzo Juan Ortiz de Matienzo was a Spanish colonial judge and a member of the first Real Audiencia in the New World, that of Santo Domingo, in 1511.
Juan Pardo de Tavera Juan Pardo de Tavera was a cardinal and was Archbishop of Toledo and Primate of Spain from 1534 to 1545, and Grand Inquisitor of Spain from 1539 to 1545 Juan Pardo de Tavera was born in Toro, Za...
Juan Perez de Zurita Juan Pérez de Zurita (1516 - c. 1595) was a Spanish Conquistador, the son of Alonso Díaz de Zurita, native of Cañete de las Torres and Inés Fernández de Córdova.
Juan Pizarro (conquistador) Juan Pizarro y Alonso (born c. 1511 in Trujillo ; died July 1536) was a Spanish conquistador who accompanied his brothers Francisco, Gonzalo and Hernándo Pizarro for the conquest of Peru in 1532.
Juan Ponce de León Juan Ponce de León (1474 – July 1521) was a Spanish explorer and conquistador.
Juan Ponce de León y Loayza Juan Ponce de León y Loayza (born San Juan, Puerto Rico) was the son of Juan Ponce de León II (born Juan Troche-Ponce de León), an interim Spanish governor of Puerto Rico in 1579.
Juan Sebastián Elcano Juan Sebastián Elcano (1476, Getaria, Gipuzkoa, Spain – 4 August 1526, Pacific Ocean) was a Spanish Basque explorer who completed the first circumnavigation.
Juan Valiente Juan Valiente was a Spanish black conquistador who participated in the expeditions of Pedro de Almagro in present-day Guatemala and Chile.
Juan Velázquez de León Juan Velázquez of León was a Spanish conqueror, who along with Hernán Cortés participated in the third Spanish expedition to continental America (present day Mexico) in 1519.
Juan Vespucio Juan Vespucio (c. 1460after 1524) was an Italian-Spanish geographer, cartographer and cosmographer.
Juan Vásquez de Coronado Juan Vásquez de Coronado y Anaya (Salamanca, 1523 – Sanlúcar de Barrameda, 1565) was a Spanish conquistador, remembered especially for his role in the colonization of Costa Rica, in Centra...
Luis Cancer Luis Cancer de Barbastro or Luis de Cancer was a Dominican priest and pioneer Spanish missionary to the New World. He undertook a non-violent approach to converting the American Indians to Christianity, and had significant success in this regard in the Caribbean and later in Guatemala.
Luis Colón, 1st Duke of Veragua Luis Colón de Toledo, 1st Duke of Veragua, 1st Duke of la Vega, 1st Marquis of Jamaica and 3rd Admiral of the Indies (Santo Domingo, 1519/1520/1522 – 29 January 1572), was the first son of...
Luis de Bolaños Luis de Bolaños (1549? – 11 October 1629) was a Spanish Franciscan friar and missionary evangelist, initiator of the system of reductions (indigenous towns) in Paraguay and northeastern Argentina.
Luis de Carvajal Luis de Carvajal (b. about 1500; the date of his death is uncertain) was a Spanish Franciscan theologian of the Council of Trent.
Luis de la Puente Venerable Luis de la Puente (11 November 1554 – 16 February 1624) was a Spanish Jesuit theologian and ascetic writer.
Luis de la Torre Luis de la Torre was one of the Spanish conquistadors who governed New Spain while Hernán Cortés was absent from the capital.
Luis de Molina Luis de Molina (September 1535, Cuenca, Spain – 12 October 1600, Madrid, Spain), was a Spanish Jesuit priest and a staunch Scholastic defender of 'human liberty' in the Divine grace a...
Luis de Morales Luis de Morales (1512 - 9 May 1586) was a Spanish painter born in Badajoz, Extremadura.
Luis de Velasco y Velasco, 2nd Count of Salazar Luis de Velasco y Velasco, 2nd Count of Salazar, 1st Marquess of Belvedere, (Valladolid, Spain, 1559 – Dunkirk, Spanish Netherlands (present-day France), 1625), was a Spanish military commander ...
Luis Mercader Escolano Luis Mercader Escolano (1444–1516) was the Grand Inquisitor of the Kingdom of Aragon from 1513 to 1516.
Luis Pizano Luis Pizano (died c.1550) was a Spanish Captain General of Artillery and military engineer.
Luisa Sigea de Velasco Luisa Sigea de Velasco (Tarancón, 1522 — Burgos, October 13, 1560), also known as Luísa Sigeia, Luísa Sigea Toledana and in the Latinized form Aloysia Sygaea Toletana, was a poet and intellectua...
Magdalena de la Cruz Magdalena de la Cruz (1487–1560) was a Franciscan nun of Córdoba in Spain, who for many years was honored as a saint.
Marcos de Niza Fray Marcos de Niza (March 25, 1558) was a Franciscan friar.
Maria Pita María Mayor Fernández de Cámara y Pita (Sigrás, 1565 – 1643), known as María Pita, was a Galician heroine of the defense of Corunna in 1589 against the English Armada.
Marina de Escobar Venerable Marina de Escobar (8 February 1554 – 9 June 1633) was a Spanish nun, and foundress of a modified branch of the Brigittine Order.
Martin de Goiti Martín de Goiti (1534–1574) was a Spanish Basque conquistador and founder of the city of Manila in the Philippines.
Martin of Arles Martinus de Arles y Andosilla was doctor of theology and canon in Pamplona and archdeacon of Aibar, author of a tractatus de superstitionibus, contra maleficia seu sortilegia quae hodie vigent...
Martín de Rada Martín de Rada (Pamplona, Navarre, Spain June 30, 1533 - South China Sea, June 1578; also known as Herrada) was one of the first members of the Order of Saint Augustine to evangelize the P...
Martín de Valencia Martín de Valencia (born at Villa de Valencia, Spain, about the middle of the fifteenth century; died Tlalmanalco, Mexico, 31 August 1534) was a Spanish Franciscan missionary.
Martín García Óñez de Loyola Don Martín García Óñez de Loyola (1549 in Azpeitia, Gipuzkoa – December 24, 1598 at Curalaba) was a Spanish Basque soldier and Royal Governor of the Captaincy General of Chile.
Martín Ignacio de Loyola Martín Ignacio Martínez de Mallea, known as Martín Ignacio de Loyola, (Eibar, Spain, c.1550 – Buenos Aires 1606) was a Franciscan friar, best known for his two travels around the world in ...
Martín Ruiz de Gamboa Martín Ruiz de Gamboa de Berriz (1533 - 1590) was a Spanish Basque conquistador, and served as a Royal Governor of Chile.
María de Salinas María de Salinas, Lady Willoughby was a noblewoman from Spain, she served as confidante and lady-in-waiting to Catherine of Aragon, Queen of England.
María Estrada María de Estrada (b. c. 1475 or 1495? d. between 1537–48) was a Spanish woman who participated in the expedition of Hernán Cortés to Mexico in 1519-24.
Nicholas Bobadilla Nicolas Bobadilla (1511 – 23 September 1590) was one of the first Jesuits.
Nicolás Borrás Nicolás Borrás (Cocentaina, 1530 – Gandia, 1610) was a Spanish painter, active in Valencia.
Nicolás de Ovando Fray Nicolás de Ovando y Cáceres (Brozas, Extremadura, 1460 – Madrid, 29 May 1511) was a Spanish soldier from a noble family and a Knight of the Order of Alcántara.
Nicolás Factor Nicolás Factor (29 June 1520 – 23 December 1583) (blessed) was a Spanish painter of the Renaissance period.
Niño brothers The Niño Brothers were a family of sailors from the town of Moguer (in Huelva, Andalusia, Spain), who participated actively in Christopher Columbus's first voyage—generally considered to constit...
Pablo José Arriaga Pablo José Arriaga or Pablo José Arriga (Vergara, Biscay, 1564 – died at sea, 1622) was a Spanish Jesuit missionary in South America.
Paschal Baylon Saint Paschal Baylon (or Pascal Baylon) (24 May 1540 – 17 May 1592) was a Spanish friar and is a saint in the Roman Catholic Church.
Pedro Afán de Ribera Pedro Afán de Ribera, 1st Duke of Alcalá de los Gazules, Virrey y Capitán General de Cataluña y Nápoles, also known as Pedro Enriquez Afan de Ribera or Per Afán de Ribera y Portocarrero or Perafán de Ribera y Portocarrero, was a Spanish nobleman most notable for his twelve-year-long service as...
Pedro Agustín Bishop Pedro Agustin y Albanell was a Spanish Catholic bishop.
Pedro Almíndez Chirino Pedro Almíndez Chirino (or Pedro Almíndez Chirinos) was a conquistador born in Úbeda and member of several councils that governed New Spain while Hernán Cortés was traveling to Honduras, in ...
Pedro de Alvarado El Capitan Pedro de Alvarado y Contreras (Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain, ca. 1485 – Guadalajara, New Spain, 4 July 1541) was a Spanish conquistador and governor of Guatemala.
Pedro de Avendaño Pedro de Avendaño a Spanish soldier that had arrived in Chile with the army of García Hurtado de Mendoza in 1557.
Pedro de Ayala Don Pedro de Ayala (died 31 January 1513) was a 16th-century Spanish diplomat employed by Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile at the courts of James IV of Scotland and Henry VII of ...
Pedro de la Gasca Pedro de la Gasca (June 1485 – November 13, 1567) was a Spanish bishop, diplomat and the second (acting) viceroy of Peru, from April 10, 1547 to January 27, 1550.
Pedro de Lerma Pedro de Lerma (c. 1461 – August 11, 1541) was a Spanish theologian.
Pedro de los Ríos y Gutiérrez de Aguayo Pedro de los Ríos y Gutiérrez de Aguayo (died 1547) was a Spanish colonial administrator who succeeded Pedrarias Dávila as governor of Castilla del Oro (1526–1529) and of Nicaragua (1526–1527).
Pedro de Viscarra Pedro de Viscarra de la Barrera, twice Royal Governor of Chile, was an old lawyer who had arrived in the Captaincy General of Chile from Spain in 1590.
Pedro Díaz Pedro Díaz (1546 – 12 January 1618) was a Roman Catholic missionary.
Pedro Fernandes de Queirós Pedro Fernandes de Queirós (Pedro Fernández de Quirós), (1565–1614) was a Portuguese born navigator best known for his involvement with Spanish voyages of discovery in the Pacific Ocean, i...
Pedro Fernández de Lugo Pedro Fernández de Lugo (1475–1536) was the second adelantado of the Canary Islands and governor of Tenerife and La Palma, a title confirmed again by Charles I of Spain, in Barcelona, on August ...
Pedro Mariño de Lobera Pedro Mariño de Lobera (1528–1594) was a Galician soldier and chronicler of the Arauco War in the Kingdom of Chile.
Pedro Menéndez de Avilés Pedro Menéndez de Avilés (15 February 1519–17 September 1574) was a Spanish admiral and explorer from the region of Asturias, Spain, remembered for planning the first regular trans-oceanic conv...
Pedro Pacheco de Villena Pedro Pacheco de Villena (29 June 1488, La Puebla de Montalban, near Toledo - 5 March 1560, Rome) also known as Pedro Pacheco Ladrón de Guevara, was a Spanish cardinal.
Pedro Pizarro Pedro Pizarro (c. 1515 – c. 1602) was a Spanish chronicler and conquistador.
Pedro Ponce de León Dom Pedro Ponce de Leon, O.S.B., (1520–1584) was a Spanish Benedictine monk who is often credited as being "the first teacher for the deaf".
Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa (1532–1592) was a Galician (Spanish) explorer, author, historian, astronomer, and scientist.
Pedro Serrano Pedro Luis Serrano was a Spanish sailor who was supposed to have been marooned for seven or eight years in the sixteenth century on a small desert island.
Peter Claver Saint Peter Claver, S.J., was a Spanish Jesuit priest and missionary born in Verdú who, due to his life and work, became the patron saint of slaves, the Republic of Colombia and ministry to African Americans.
Philip of Jesus Saint Philip of Jesus (Spanish: San Felipe de Jesús) was a Mexican Catholic missionary who became one of the Twenty-six Martyrs of Japan, the first Mexican saint and patron saint of Mexico City.
Pope Alexander VI Pope Alexander VI, born Roderic Llançol i de Borja was Pope from 11 August 1492 to his death on 18 August 1503.
Puná Booné Puná Booné was the Spanish conquistador who discovered and named Puná Island in 1524.
Pánfilo de Narváez Pánfilo de Narváez (1470–1528) was a Spanish conquistador and soldier in the Americas.
Rodrigo de Albornoz Rodrigo de Albornoz was an auditor and colonial official in New Spain during the period of Hernán Cortés's government, and before the appointment of the first viceroy.
Rodrigo de Bastidas Rodrigo de Bastidas (1460 – July 28, 1527) was a Spanish conquistador and explorer who mapped the northern coast of South America, discovered Panama, and founded the city of Santa Marta.
Saint Francis Borgia, 4th Duke of Gandía Saint Francis Borgia, S.J., 4th Duke of Gandía was the third Father General of the Jesuit Order, a Grandee of Spain, was a Spanish Jesuit and third Superior General of the Society of Jesus.
Samuel Shullam Samuel Shullam was a Jewish physician and historian who flourished in the second half of the 16th century.
Sancho Pardo Donlebún Sancho Pardo Donlebún, also called Sancho Pardo Osorio, (Donlebún, near Castropol, Asturias, Spain, circa 1537 - drowned in the Atlantic Ocean, near Lisbon, October, 1607) was a notorious seafarer.
Santiago de Vera Santiago de Vera was a native of Alcalá de Henares, Spain and the sixth Spanish governor of the Philippines, from May 16, 1584 until May 1590.
Sebastián Montero Sebastián Montero (born in Écija) was a Spanish secular priest who was active in the later half of the sixteenth century in North America.
Sebastián Vizcaíno Sebastián Vizcaíno (1548–1624) was a conquistador whose varied roles took him to New Spain, the Philippines, the Baja California peninsula, the California coast and Japan.
Serafina di dio Known as the Venerable Sister Serafina di Dio, (Seraphine of God), also known as Sister Seraphine of Capri or Seraphina, born October 24, 1621.
Teresa of Ávila Teresa of Ávila, also called Saint Teresa of Jesus, baptized as Teresa Sánchez de Cepeda y Ahumada (28 March 15154 October 1582), was a prominent Spanish mystic, Roman Catholic saint...
Thomas of Villanova St. Thomas of Villanova O.S.A. (1488–1555) was a Spanish friar of the Order of Saint Augustine who was a noted preacher, ascetic and religious writer of his day.
Thomas Sanchez Tomás Sánchez (1550 – 19 May 1610) was a 16th-century Spanish Jesuit and famous casuist.
Tomas de Lemos Tomás de Lemos was a Spanish Dominican theologian and controversialist.
Tomás de Santa María Fr. Tomás de Santa María O.P. was a Spanish music theorist, organist and composer of the Renaissance. He was born in Madrid but the date is highly uncertain; he died in Ribadavia.
Toribio de Benavente Motolinia Toribio of Benavente, O.F.M. (1482, Benavente, Spain-1568, Mexico City, New Spain), also known as Motolinía, was a Franciscan missionary, one of the famousTwelve Apostles of Mexico who arr...
Tristán de Luna y Arellano Tristán de Luna y Arellano was a Spanish Conquistador of the 16th century. Born in Borobia, Spain,to a noble family he came to New Spain, and was sent on an expedition to conquer Florida in 1559.
Turrianus Francisco Torres known as Turrianus, was a Spanish Jesuit Hellenist and polemicist.
Vicente Juan Masip Vicente Juan Masip (also Vicente Macip;Vicent Joan Masip; 1475– 1545) was a Spanish painter of the Renaissance period.
Vicente Yáñez Pinzón Vicente Yáñez Pinzón (Palos de la Frontera, Spain, c. 1462 – after 1514) was a Spanish navigator, explorer, and conquistador, the youngest of the Pinzón brothers.
Vincente de Valverde Vicente de Valverde y Alvarez de Toledo, O.P., was a Spanish Dominican friar, who was involved in the Conquest of the Americas.
Yñigo Ortiz de Retez Yñigo Ortiz de Retez was a 16th-century Spanish maritime explorer, who navigated the northern coastline of the Pacific - Melanesian island of New Guinea, and is credited with bestowing the islan...
Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca (Jerez de la Frontera, c. 1488/1490 – Seville, c. 1557/1558) was a Spanish explorer of the New World, one of four survivors of the 1527 Narváez expedition.
Álvarez de Paz Álvarez de Paz was a Spanish Jesuit mystic of the Society of Jesus, born at Toledo in 1560; died at Potosi, 17 January 1620.
Ángel de Villafañe Ángel de Villafañe (b. c. 1504) was the Spanish conquistador of Florida, Mexico, and Guatemala, and was an explorer, expedition leader, and ship captain (with Hernán Cortés), who worked with man...
Íñigo López de Mendoza y Zúñiga Don Íñigo López de Mendoza y Zúñiga, cardinal, archbishop of Burgos, bishop of Coria and abbot of Santa María de la Vid, was a Castilian clergyman and diplomat in the service of Emperor Charles V.
Ñuflo de Chaves Ñuflo de Chaves, also: "Ñuflo de Chávez", (1518–1568) was a Spanish conquistador.