A. Carl Helmholz August Carl Helmholz was an American nuclear physicist known for his contributions to high energy particle physics.
Aage Bohr Aage Niels Bohr (19 June 1922 – 9 September 2009) was a Danish nuclear physicist and Nobel laureate, and the son of the famous physicist and Nobel laureate Niels Bohr.
Aaron Novick Aaron Novick (1919–2000) was a member of the Manhattan Project.
Alan Nunn May Alan Nunn May (2 May 1911 – 12 January 2003) was a British physicist, and a confessed and convicted Soviet spy, who supplied secrets of British and United States atomic research to the Soviet Un...
Albert G. Mumma Albert G. Mumma (2 June 1906–15 July 1997) was a rear admiral in the United States Navy who played a pivotal role in the development of nuclear propulsion for warships.
Albert Ghiorso Albert Ghiorso (July 15, 1915 – December 26, 2010) was an American nuclear scientist and co-discoverer of a record 12 chemical elements on the periodic table.
Albert Stevens Albert William Stevens (March 13, 1886 in Belfast, Maine, United States - March 26, 1949 in Redwood City, California) was an officer in the United States Army Air Corps, balloonist and aerial ph...
Alexander Langsdorf, Jr. Alexander Langsdorf, Jr. (May 30, 1912 – May 24, 1996) was an American physicist on the team that developed the atomic bomb and several devices related to nuclear physics.
Alfred O. C. Nier Alfred Otto Carl Nier was an American physicist who pioneered the development of mass spectrometry and used it in innovative ways to establish some major scientific results.
Alvin M. Weinberg Alvin Martin Weinberg (April 20, 1915 – October 18, 2006) was an American nuclear physicist who was the administrator at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) during and after the Manhattan Proje...
Anthony French Anthony Philip French (born November 19, 1920) is an emeritus professor of physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Arnold Anderson (scientist) Arnold Anderson was a Six Nations Tuscarora tribal member who worked with Albert Einstein as a chemical engineer on the Manhattan Project to help the United States develop the first atomic bomb ...
Arnold Kramish Arnold Kramish (June 6, 1923 – June 15, 2010) was an American nuclear physicist and author who was associated with the Manhattan Project.
Arthur Compton Arthur Holly Compton (September 10, 1892 – March 15, 1962) was an American physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1927 for his discovery of the Compton effect.
Arthur Jeffrey Dempster Arthur Jeffrey Dempster (August 14, 1886 - March 11, 1950) was a Canadian-American physicist best known for his work in mass spectrometry and his discovery of the uranium isotope 235U.
Arthur W. Adamson Arthur Wilson Adamson (1919–2003) was an American chemist who is considered a pioneer in inorganic photochemistry.
Arthur Wahl Arthur C. Wahl (September 8, 1917 – March 6, 2006) was an American chemist who, as a PhD student of Glenn T. Seaborg at UC Berkeley, first isolated plutonium in February 1941.
Arthur Widmer Arthur Widmer was an American film special effects pioneer.
Berlyn Brixner Berlyn B. Brixner (May 21, 1911 – August 1, 2009) was the head photographer for the Trinity test, the first detonation of a nuclear weapon in July 1945.
Bernard T. Feld Bernard T. Feld (December 21, 1919 - February 19, 1993) was a professor of physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Bernard Waldman Bernard Waldman (October 12, 1913 – November 1, 1986) was an American physicist who flew on the Hiroshima atomic bombing mission as a cameraman during World War II.
Boris Pash Boris Theodore Pash (born Boris Theodore Pashkovsky; 20 June 1900 – 11 May 1995) was a United States Army military intelligence officer who retired with the rank of colonel.
Boyce McDaniel Boyce Dawkins McDaniel (June 11, 1917 - May 8, 2002) was an American nuclear physicist who worked on the Manhattan Project and later directed the Cornell University Laboratory of Nuclear Studies...
Bruno Pontecorvo Bruno Pontecorvo (Бру́но Макси́мович Понтеко́рво, Bruno Maksimovich Pontekorvo; August 22, 1913 – September 24, 1993) was an Italian nuclear physicist, an early assistant of Enrico Fermi and...
Bruno Rossi Bruno Benedetto Rossi (13 April 1905 – 21 November 1993) was an experimental physicist.
Bud Uanna William Lewis "Bud" Uanna was a United States security expert.
Charles Allen Thomas Charles Allen Thomas (February 15, 1900 – March 29, 1982) was a noted American chemist and businessman, and an important figure in the Manhattan Project.
Charles Critchfield Charles Louis Critchfield (June 7, 1910 – February 12, 1994) was an American mathematical physicist.
Charles D. Coryell Charles DuBois Coryell (February 21, 1912 – January 7, 1971) was an American chemist who was one of the discoverers of the element promethium.
Charles Phelps Smyth Charles Phelps "Charlie" Smyth (February 10, 1895 – March 18, 1990) was an American chemist.
Charles Tanford Charles Tanford (December 29, 1921 to October 1, 2009) was a well known protein biochemist.
Chauncey Starr Chauncey Starr (April 14, 1912–April 17, 2007) was an American electrical engineer and an expert in nuclear energy.
Chien-Shiung Wu Chien-Shiung Wu was a Chinese American experimental physicist who made significant contributions in the research of radioactivity. Wu worked on the Manhattan Project, where she helped develop the process for separating uranium metal into the U-235 and U-238 isotopes by gaseous diffusion.
Clarence Hiskey Clarence Francis Hiskey (1912–1998), born Clarence Szczechowski, became active in the Communist Party USA (CPUSA) when he attended graduate school at the University of Wisconsin.
Clarence Larson Clarence Edward Larson was an American chemist, nuclear physicist and industrial leader.
Cyril Stanley Smith Cyril Stanley Smith (October 4, 1903–August 25, 1992) was a renowned metallurgist and historian of science.
Dale R. Corson Dale Raymond Corson was the eighth president of Cornell University.
David Bohm David Joseph Bohm FRS (20 December 1917 – 27 October 1992) was an American-British theoretical physicist who contributed innovative and unorthodox ideas to quantum theory, philo...
David Greenglass David Greenglass was an atomic spy for the Soviet Union who worked on the Manhattan project. He provided testimony that helped convict his sister and brother-in-law Ethel and Julius Rosenberg, who were executed for their spying activity. Greenglass served nine and half years in prison.
David H. Frisch David H. Frisch (March 12, 1918- 1991) was an American physicist who helped develop the atom bomb in World War II and later became active in the disarmament movement.
Dieter Gruen Dieter M. Gruen is a senior scientist in the Materials Science Division at Argonne National Laboratory.
Donald Cooksey Donald Cooksey (May 15, 1892 – August 19, 1977), was a son of George Cooksey from Birmingham, England and Linda Dows from New York.
Donald J. Hughes Donald J. Hughes (April 2, 1915- April 12, 1960) was an American nuclear physicist, chiefly notable as one of the signers of the Franck Report in June, 1945, recommending that the United States ...
Ed Westcott James Edward Westcott (born January 20, 1922) is a photographer who worked for the U.S. government in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, during the Manhattan Project and the Cold War.
Edgar Sengier Edgar Sengier KBE (19 October 1879, Kortrijk – 26 July 1963) was the director of the Belgian Union Minière du Haut Katanga (UMHK) mining company during World War II. Sengier is credited with...
Edward Condon Edward Uhler Condon (March 2, 1902 – March 26, 1974) was a distinguished American nuclear physicist, a pioneer in quantum mechanics, and a participant in the development of radar and nucle...
Edward Teller Edward Teller was a Hungarian-born American theoretical physicist who, although he claimed he did not care for the title, is known colloquially as "the father of the hydrogen bomb". He made numerous contributions to nuclear and molecular physics, spectroscopy and surface physics.
Edwin McMillan Edwin Mattison McMillan (September 18, 1907 – September 7, 1991) was an American physicist and Nobel laureate credited with being the first ever to produce a transuranium element.
Eger V. Murphree Eger Vaughan Murphree was an American chemist, best known for his co-invention of the process of fluid catalytic cracking.
Elmer E. Kirkpatrick Colonel Elmer Ellsworth Kirkpatrick, Jr., was a United States Army Quartermaster Corps and Army Corps of Engineers officer who worked on the Alaska Highway, the Canol project, and the Manhattan ...
Emil Konopinski Emil John (Jan) Konopinski (December 25, 1911 in Michigan City, Indiana - May 26, 1990 in Bloomington, Indiana) was an American nuclear scientist of Polish origin.
Emilio G. Segrè Emilio Gino Segrè (30 January 1905 – 22 April 1989) was an Italian physicist and Nobel laureate who discovered the elements technetium and astatine, and the antiproton, a sub-atomic antiparticl...
Enrico Fermi Enrico Fermi (29 September 1901 – 28 November 1954) was an Italian physicist, best known for his work on Chicago Pile-1 (the first nuclear reactor), and for his contributions to the development of quantum theory, nuclear and particle physics, and statistical mechanics.
Ernest Lawrence Ernest Orlando Lawrence (August 8, 1901 – August 27, 1958) was an American scientist who won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1939 for his invention of the cyclotron.
Ernest O. Wollan Ernest Omar Wollan (November 6, 1902 – March 11, 1984) was an American physicist who made major contributions in the fields of neutron scattering and health physics.
Eugene Gardner Milton Eugene Gardner (February 10, 1901 - 1986) was a physicist who worked on radar systems at the Radiation Laboratory in Massachusetts.
Eugene Rabinowitch Eugene Rabinowitch (1901–1973) was a Russian-born American biophysicist who is best known for his work in relation to nuclear weapons, especially as a co-author of the Franck Report and a co-fou...
Eugene T. Booth Eugene Theodore Booth was an American nuclear physicist. He was a member of the historic Columbia University team which made the first demonstration of nuclear fission in the United States. During the Manhattan Project, he worked on gaseous diffusion for isotope separation.
Eugene Wigner Eugene Paul "E. P." Wigner (Wigner Jenő Pál; November 17, 1902 – January 1, 1995), was a Hungarian American theoretical physicist and mathematician.
Felix Bloch Felix Bloch (October 23, 1905 – September 10, 1983) was a Swiss physicist, working mainly in the U.S.
Francis G. Slack Francis Goddard Slack (November 1, 1897 in Superior, Wisconsin – 1985) was an American physicist.
Frank Oppenheimer Frank Friedman Oppenheimer (August 14, 1912 – February 3, 1985) was an American particle physicist, professor of physics at the University of Colorado, and the founder of the Exploratorium in Sa...
Frank Spedding Frank Harold Spedding (22 October 1902 – 15 December 1984) was a Canadian chemist who led a group of chemists at Ames Laboratory which developed an efficient process (known as the Ames pro...
Frank W. Bubb, Sr. Frank Bubb (July 3, 1892 – May 3, 1961) was a scientist and a mathematician at Washington University.
Franklin Matthias Franklin T. Matthias (1908–1993) was an American nuclear engineer who directed construction of the Hanford nuclear site, a key facility of the Manhattan Project during World War II. As a 34-year...
Frederick Ashworth Vice Admiral Frederick Lincoln "Dick" Ashworth (24 January 1912 – 3 December 2005) was a United States Navy officer who served as the weaponeer on the B-29 Bockscar that dropped a Fat Man a...
G. B. Pegram George Braxton Pegram (October 24, 1876 – August 12, 1958) was an American physicist who played a key role in the technical administration of the Manhattan Project.
G. I. Taylor Sir Geoffrey Ingram Taylor OM (7 March 1886 – 27 June 1975) was a physicist, mathematician and expert on fluid dynamics and wave theory.
G. N. Glasoe G. Norris Glasoe (29 October 1902 – May 1987) was an American nuclear physicist.
Geoffrey Ingram Taylor Sir Geoffrey Ingram Taylor OM was a British physicist, mathematician and expert on fluid dynamics and wave theory.
George A. Economou George Aristotle Economou (June 24, 1923 – April 2, 2003) was an American optical systems expert, who helped set up special cameras to photograph and study the first test of the atomic bom...
George Cowan George A. Cowan (February 15, 1920 – April 20, 2012) was an American physical chemist, a businessman and philanthropist.
George Kistiakowsky George Bogdanovich Kistiakowsky (November 18, 1900 – December 7, 1982) (Георгій Богданович Кістяківський) was a Ukrainian-American physical chemistry professor at Harvard who participated ...
George Koval George Abramovich Koval was an American who acted as a Soviet intelligence officer. According to Russian sources, Koval's infiltration of the Manhattan Project as a Glavnoye Razvedyvatel'noye Upravleniye agent "drastically reduced the amount of time it took for Russia to develop nuclear weapons.
George Laurence George Craig Laurence (21 January 1905 – 6 November 1987) was a Canadian nuclear physicist.
George Placzek Georg Placzek (September 26, 1905 - October 9, 1955) was a Czech physicist.
Glenn T. Seaborg Glenn Theodore Seaborg (April 19, 1912February 25, 1999) was an American scientist whose involvement in the synthesis, discovery and investigation of ten transuranium elements earned him a share of the 1951 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
Gregory Breit Gregory Breit (Григорий Альфредович Брейт-Шнайдер; July 14, 1899, Mykolaiv – September 11, 1981, Salem, Oregon) was an American physicist and professor at NYU (1929–1934), U. of Wisconsin–...
Hans Bethe Hans Albrecht Bethe (July 2, 1906 – March 6, 2005) was a German and American nuclear physicist who, in addition to making important contributions to astrophysics, quantum electrodynamics an...
Hans von Halban Hans Heinrich von Halban (Leipzig, 24 January 1908 – Paris, 28 November 1964) was a French physicist, of Austrian-Jewish descent.
Harold Agnew Harold Melvin Agnew (March 28, 1921 – September 29, 2013) was an American physicist, best known for having flown as a scientific observer on the Hiroshima bombing mission and, later, as the third director of the Los Alamos National Laboratory.
Harold Urey Harold Clayton Urey was an American physical chemist whose pioneering work on isotopes earned him the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1934 for the discovery of deuterium.
Harry Gold Harry Gold (11 December 1911 – 28 August 1972) was a laboratory chemist who was convicted of being the “courier” for a number of Soviet spy rings during the Manhattan Project.
Harry K. Daghlian, Jr. Haroutune Krikor Daghlian, Jr. (May 4, 1921 – September 15, 1945) was an Armenian American physicist with the Manhattan Project who accidentally irradiated himself on August 21, 1945, durin...
Henry A. Schade Henry Adrian "Packy" Schade (December 3, 1900 - August 12, 1992) was a United States Navy officer, naval architect, and professor.
Henry DeWolf Smyth Henry DeWolf "Harry" Smyth ( May 1, 1898 – September 11, 1986) was an American physicist, diplomat, and bureaucrat.
Henry Hurwitz, Jr. Henry Hurwitz, Jr. (December 25, 1918 – April 14, 1992), was a physicist at General Electric Company who pioneered the theory and design of nuclear power plants and helped engineer the reactor f...
Henry Margenau Henry Margenau (1901 - February 8, 1997) was a German-U.S. physicist, and philosopher of science.
Herbert Callen Herbert Bernard Callen (1919 – May 22, 1993) was an American physicist best known as the author of the textbook Thermodynamics and an Introduction to Thermostatistics, the most frequently ci...
Herbert L. Anderson Herbert Lawrence Anderson (May 24, 1914 – July 16, 1988) was an American nuclear physicist who contributed to the Manhattan Project.
Herbert Parker (scientist) Herbert M. Parker (13 April 1910, Accrington – 5 March 1984, Richland, Washington) was an English, and American immigrant, medical physicist.
Herbert York Herbert Frank York (24 November 1921 – 19 May 2009) was a Mohawk American nuclear physicist.
Hugh Bradner Hugh Bradner (November 5, 1915 – May 5, 2008) was an American physicist at the University of California who is credited with inventing the neoprene wetsuit, which helped to revolutionize scuba d...
Isabella Karle Isabella Helen Lugoski Karle (born December 2, 1921) is an American x-ray crystallographer.
J. Carson Mark Jordan Carson Mark (July 6, 1913 – March 2, 1997) was a Canadian-born American mathematician known especially for his work on developing nuclear weapons for the United States at Los Alamos...
J. Ernest Wilkins, Jr. Jesse Ernest Wilkins, Jr. (November 27, 1923 – May 1, 2011) was an African American nuclear scientist, engineer, mathematician, who gained first fame on entering the University of Chicago at age 13, becoming its youngest ever student.
J. J. Nickson James Joseph Nickson, MD (1915-1985) was an American physician and radiation oncologist.
J. Robert Oppenheimer Julius Robert Oppenheimer was an American theoretical physicist and professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley.
Jack Aeby Jack W. Aeby (born August 16, 1923) is an American environmental physicist most famous for having taken the only well-exposed color photograph of the first detonation of a nuclear weapon on July...
Jack Beers & "Holes In My Shoes" Star of the award-winning feature film documentary, "Holes In My Shoes", Jack Beers (1910–2009) was known as "New York City's Strongest Boy".
Jacob A. Marinsky Jacob Akiba Marinsky (1918 – September 1, 2005) was a chemist who was the co-discoverer of the element promethium.
Jacob Beser Jacob Beser (May 15, 1921 – June 16, 1992) was a lieutenant in the United States Army Air Forces who served during World War II. Beser was the radar specialist aboard the Enola Gay on August 6,...
Jacob Bigeleisen Jacob Bigeleisen was an American chemist who worked on the Manhattan Project on techniques to extract uranium-235 from uranium ore, an isotope that can sustain nuclear fission and would be used...
Jacob Pieter Den Hartog Jacob Pieter Den Hartog (born July 23, 1901 Ambarawa, Dutch East Indies — died March 17, 1989) was professor of Mechanical Engineering at MIT.
James Bryant Conant James Bryant Conant (March 26, 1893 – February 11, 1978) was an American chemist, a transformative President of Harvard University, and the first U.S. Ambassador to West Germany.
James C. Keck James Collyer Keck (June 11, 1924 – August 9, 2010) was an American physicist and engineer recognized for his work on the Manhattan Project and for developing new methods for combustion engine m...
James Chadwick Sir James Chadwick (20 October 1891 – 24 July 1974) was an English physicist who was awarded the 1935 Nobel Prize in physics for his discovery of the neutron in 1932.
James Franck James Franck (26 August 1882 – 21 May 1964) was a German physicist and Nobel laureate.
James L. Hoard James Lynn Hoard was an American chemist, a member of the Manhattan Project.
James L. Tuck James Leslie Tuck OBE, (January 9, 1910 – December 15, 1980) was a British physicist.
James R. Arnold James Richard Arnold was the Harold C. Urey Professor of Chemistry, and a noted pioneer in the field of planetary and space chemistry at the University of California at San Diego, where an endow...
James Rainwater Leo James Rainwater (December 9, 1917 – May 31, 1986) was an American physicist who shared the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1975 for his part in determining the asymmetrical shapes of certai...
James Sayers (physicist) The cavity magnetron is a high-powered vacuum tube that generates microwaves using the interaction of a stream of electrons with a magnetic field.
Jean Tatlock Jean Frances Tatlock, M.D. (February 21, 1914 – January 5, 1944), was an American psychiatrist, physician, and a member of the Communist Party.
Jerome Karle Jerome Karle (born Jerome Karfunkle; June 18, 1918 - June 6, 2013) was an American physical chemist.
Jerrold R. Zacharias Jerrold Reinach Zacharias (January 23, 1905–July 16, 1986) was an American physicist and Institute Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Jesse Beams Jesse Wakefield Beams was an American physicist at the University of Virginia.
Joan Hinton Joan Hinton (Chinese name: 寒春, Pinyin: Hán Chūn; 20 October 1921 – 8 June 2010) was a nuclear physicist and one of the few female scientists who worked for the Manhattan Project in Los Alamos.
John Alexander Simpson John Alexander Simpson (November 3, 1916 – August 31, 2000) worked as an experimental nuclear, and cosmic ray physicist who was deeply committed to educating the public and political leaders abo...
John Archibald Wheeler John Archibald Wheeler (July 9, 1911 – April 13, 2008) was an American theoretical physicist who was largely responsible for reviving interest in general relativity in the United States after Wo...
John G. Kemeny John George Kemeny (Kemény János György) (May 31, 1926 – December 26, 1992) was a Hungarian American mathematician, computer scientist, and educator best known for co-developing the BASIC ...
John George Kemeny John George Kemeny was a Jewish-Hungarian American mathematician, computer scientist, and educator best known for co-developing the BASIC programming language in 1964 with Thomas E. Kurtz.
John Gofman John William Gofman (September 21, 1918 – August 15, 2007) was an American scientist and advocate.
John H. Manley John H. Manley (July 21, 1907 – June 11, 1990) was an American physicist who worked with J. Robert Oppenheimer at the University of California, Berkeley before becoming a group leader duri...
John Hasbrouck Van Vleck John Hasbrouck Van Vleck (March 13, 1899 – October 27, 1980) was an American physicist and mathematician, co-awarded the 1977 Nobel Prize in Physics, for his contributions to the understanding of the behavior of electrons in magnetic solids.
John Henry Manley John H. Manley (July 21, 1907 – June 11, 1990) was an American physicist who worked with J. Robert Oppenheimer at the University of California, Berkeley before becoming a group leader duri...
John I. Yellott John I. Yellott (October 25, 1908 – December 30, 1986) was a scientist internationally recognized as a pioneer in passive solar energy, and an inventor with many patents to his credit.
John Kemeny (computer scientist) John George Kemeny was a Jewish-Hungarian American mathematician, computer scientist, and educator best known for co-developing the BASIC programming language in 1964 with Thomas E. Kurtz.
John Lansdale, Jr. John Lansdale, Jr. (09 January 1912 – 22 August 2003) was a United States Army colonel who was in charge of intelligence and security for the Manhattan Project.
John R. Dunning John Ray Dunning was an American physicist who played key roles in the development of the atomic bomb. He specialized in neutron physics and did pioneering work in gaseous diffusion for isotope separation.
John R. Huizenga John R. Huizenga (April 21, 1921 – January 25, 2014) was an American physicist who helped build the world’s first atomic bomb and who also received more recent fame for debunking Utah scientists...
John T. Hayward John Tucker "Chick" Hayward (15 November 1908 – 23 May 1999) was a World War II naval aviator.
John von Neumann John von Neumann (December 28, 1903 – February 8, 1957) was a Hungarian-American pure and applied mathematician, physicist, and polymath.
Joseph Gilbert Hamilton Joseph Gilbert Hamilton was an American professor of Medical Physics, Experimental Medicine, General Medicine, and Experimental Radiology as well as director of the Crocker Laboratory, part of t...
Joseph O. Hirschfelder Joseph Oakland Hirschfelder (May 27, 1911 – March 30, 1990) was an American physicist who participated in the Manhattan Project and in the creation of the nuclear bomb.
Joseph Rotblat Sir Joseph (Józef) Rotblat KCMG CBE FRS (4 November 1908 – 31 August 2005) was a British-naturalised Polish physicist.
Joseph W. Kennedy Joseph William Kennedy was an American chemist who was a co-discoverer of plutonium, along with Glenn T. Seaborg, Edwin McMillan and Arthur Wahl.
Józef Rotblat Sir Joseph Rotblat, KCMG, CBE, FRS, (born Józef Rotblat on 4 November 1908, died 31 August 2005) was a Polish-born and British-naturalised physicist.
Karl Taylor Compton Karl Taylor Compton (September 14, 1887 – June 22, 1954) was a prominent American physicist and president of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) from 1930 to 1948.
Karl Z. Morgan Karl Ziegler Morgan (September 27, 1907 – June 8, 1999), was an American physicist who was one of the founders of the field of radiation health physics.
Katharine Way Katharine "Kay" Way (February 20, 1902 – December 9, 1995) was an American physicist best known for her work on the Nuclear Data Project.
Kenneth Bainbridge Kenneth Tompkins Bainbridge (July 27, 1904 – July 14, 1996) was an American physicist at Harvard University who did work on cyclotron research.
Kenneth Greisen Kenneth Ingvard Greisen was an American physicist who worked on nuclear physics and the astrophysics of cosmic rays and gamma radiation.
Kenneth Nichols Major General Kenneth David "Nick" Nichols (13 November 1907 – 21 February 2000) was a United States Army officer and an engineer.
Klaus Fuchs Emil Julius Klaus Fuchs (29 December 1911 – 28 January 1988) was a German theoretical physicist and atomic spy who in 1950 was convicted of supplying information from the American, British ...
Lawrence H. Johnston Lawrence Harding "Larry" Johnston (February 11, 1918 – December 4, 2011) was an American physicist.
Leo Brewer Leo Brewer 1919-2005 was an American physical chemist, considered by many to be the founder of modern high-temperature chemistry.
Leon Davidson Leon Davidson (October 18, 1922 – January 1, 2007) was a chemical engineer and scientist, one of the team that developed the atomic bomb.
Leon Henkin Leon Albert Henkin (19 April 1921, Brooklyn – 1 November 2006, Oakland, California) was a logician at the University of California, Berkeley.
Leona Woods Leona Woods (August 9, 1919 – November 10, 1986), later known as Leona Woods Marshall and Leona Woods Marshall Libby, was an American physicist who helped build the first nuclea...
Leslie Groves Lieutenant General Leslie Richard Groves, Jr. (17 August 1896 – 13 July 1970) was a United States Army Corps of Engineers officer who oversaw the construction of the Pentagon and directed the Ma...
Lew Kowarski Lew Kowarski (10 February 1907, Saint Petersburg - 30 July 1979, Geneva) was a naturalized French physicist.
Leó Szilárd Leó Szilárd (Szilárd Leó; Leo Spitz until age 2; February 11, 1898 – May 30, 1964) was a Hungarian-American physicist and inventor.
Lloyd Quarterman Lloyd A. Quarterman was an African American chemist working mainly with fluorine.
Lona Cohen Leontine Theresa "Lona" Cohen (January 11, 1913 – December 23, 1992), also known while she was in London as Helen Kroger, was an American spy for the Soviet Union.
Louis Rosen Louis Rosen (June 10, 1918 – August 15, 2009) was a nuclear physicist, the "father" of the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center.
Louis Slotin Louis Alexander Slotin (1 December 1910 – 30 May 1946) was a Canadian physicist and chemist who worked on the Manhattan Project.
Luis Walter Alvarez Luis Walter Alvarez (June 13, 1911 – September 1, 1988) was an American experimental physicist, inventor, and professor who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1968.
Lyman James Briggs Lyman James Briggs was an American engineer, physicist and administrator.
Manson Benedict Manson Benedict (October 9, 1907 – September 18, 2006) was an American nuclear engineer and a professor of nuclear engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
Margaret D. Foster Margaret Dorothy Foster (March 4, 1895 – November 5, 1970) was an American chemist.
Maria Goeppert-Mayer Maria Goeppert Mayer (June 28, 1906 – February 20, 1972) was a German-born American theoretical physicist, and Nobel laureate in Physics for proposing the nuclear shell model of the atomic nucleus.
Marian Koshland Marian "Bunny" Koshland was an American immunologist who discovered that the differences in amino acid composition of antibodies explains the efficiency and effectiveness with which they combat a huge range of foreign invaders.
Mark Oliphant Sir Marcus "Mark" Laurence Elwin Oliphant, (8 October 190114 July 2000) was an Australian physicist and humanitarian who played an important role in the first experimental demonstration of nucl...
Martin Deutsch Martin Deutsch (29 January 1917 – 16 August 2002) was an Austrian-American physicist, who was emeritus professor of physics at MIT. He is best known for being the discoverer of positronium.
Martin Kamen Martin David Kamen (August 27, 1913, Toronto – August 31, 2002) was a physicist inside the Manhattan project.
Maurice Wilkins Maurice Hugh Frederick Wilkins CBE FRS (15 December 1916 – 5 October 2004) was a New Zealand-born English physicist and molecular biologist, and Nobel Laureate whose research contributed to the ...
Max Elitcher Max Elitcher was a prosecution witness in the Julius and Ethel Rosenberg trial in 1951.
McAllister Hull McAllister Hull (1923–2011) was an American theoretical physicist who took part in the creation of the atomic bomb that was dropped over Nagasaki in 1945, ending World War II.
Morris Cohen (Soviet spy) Morris Cohen also known in London as Peter Kroger (2 July 1910 – 23 June 1995) was an American convicted of espionage for the Soviet Union.
Morris Cohen (spy) Morris Cohen also known in London as Peter Kroger (July 2, 1910 – June 23, 1995) was an American convicted of espionage for the Soviet Union.
Mortimer Taube Mortimer Taube(1910–1965) was born in Jersey City, New Jersey on December 6, 1910.
Muhammad Raziuddin Siddiqui Muhammad Raziuddin Siddiqui, FPAS, NI, HI, SI, Ph.D. (Urdu: January 8, 1908 – January 8, 1998), also known as Dr. Razi, was an eminent Pakistani theoretical physicist and a renowned...
Myrtle Bachelder Myrtle Claire Bachelder (March 13, 1908 – May 22, 1997) was an American chemist and Women's Army Corps officer, who is noted for her secret work on the Manhattan Project atomic bomb program, and for the development of techniques in the chemistry of metals.
Nicholas Kemmer Nicholas Kemmer, FRS (7 December 1911 – 21 October 1998), was a Russian-born British nuclear physicist who played an integral and leading edge role in United Kingdom's nuclear programme, and was...
Nicholas Kurti Professor Nicholas Kurti (Kürti Miklós) FRS (14 May 1908 - 24 November 1998) was a Hungarian-born physicist who lived in Oxford, UK, for most of his life.
Nicholas Metropolis Nicholas Constantine Metropolis (Greek: June 11, 1915 – October 17, 1999) was a Greek American physicist.
Niels Bohr Niels Henrik David Bohr (7 October 1885 – 18 November 1962) was a Danish physicist who made foundational contributions to understanding atomic structure and quantum theory, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1922.
Norman Feather Norman Feather FRS FRSE PRSE (16 November 1904, Pecket Well, Yorkshire – 14 August 1978, Christie Hospital, Manchester), was an English nuclear physicist who, together with a colleague at the Ca...
Norman Foster Ramsey, Jr. Norman Foster Ramsey, Jr. (August 27, 1915 – November 4, 2011) was an American physicist who was awarded the 1989 Nobel Prize in Physics, together with Hans G. Dehmelt from University of Washing...
Norman Joseph Woodland Norman Joseph Woodland (also known as N. Joseph Woodland and N. J. Woodland; September 6, 1921 – December 9, 2012) was best known as one of the inventors of the barcode, for which he...
Norris Bradbury Norris Edwin Bradbury (30 May 1909 – 20 August 1997), was an American physicist who served as Director of the Los Alamos National Laboratory for 25 years from 1945 to 1970.
Oliver Haywood Oliver Garfield Haywood, Jr., (29 November 1911 – 25 May 2002) was a United States Army officer during World War II who served with the Manhattan Project.
Otto Robert Frisch Otto Robert Frisch FRS (1 October 1904 – 22 September 1979) was an Austrian-British physicist.
Owen Chamberlain Owen Chamberlain (July 10, 1920 – February 28, 2006) was an American physicist, and Nobel laureate in physics for his discovery, with collaborator Emilio Segrè, of antiprotons, a sub-atomi...
Paul Hugh Emmett Paul Hugh Emmett (September 22, 1900 – April 22, 1985) was an American chemical engineer.
Paul L. Kirk Paul Leland Kirk (May 9, 1902 – June 5, 1970) was a chemist, forensic scientist and participant in the Manhattan Project who was specialized in microscopy.
Paul Nemenyi Paul Felix Nemenyi (June 5, 1895 – March 1, 1952) was a Hungarian mathematician and physicist specializing in continuum mechanics.
Paul Olum Paul Olum (August 16, 1918 – January 19, 2001) was an American mathematician (algebraic topology), professor of mathematics, and university administrator.
Perseus (spy) Perseus was the codename of a possible Soviet spy alleged to have breached U.S. national security at Los Alamos during the Manhattan project.
Philip Abelson Philip Hauge Abelson (April 27, 1913 – August 1, 2004) was an American physicist, a scientific editor, and a science writer.
Philip Burton Moon Philip Burton Moon FRS (17 May 1907 – 9 October 1994) was a British nuclear physicist.
Philip J. Dolan Philip Jarvis Dolan (October 5, 1923 - January 5, 1992) graduated in physics from West Point in 1945, was assigned to the Manhattan Project, Los Alamos, in 1948 received his MSc in physics from ...
Philip Morrison Philip Morrison (November 7, 1915 – April 22, 2005) was a professor of physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
Piara Singh Gill Piara Singh Gill (28 October 1911 – 23 March 2002) was an Indian nuclear physicist who was a pioneer in cosmic ray nuclear physics and worked on the American Manhattan project.
Raemer Schreiber Raemer Edgar Schreiber (November 11, 1910 – December 24, 1998) was an American physicist from McMinnville, Oregon who served Los Alamos National Laboratory during World War II, participating in...
Ralph Lapp Ralph Eugene Lapp (August 24, 1917 – September 7, 2004) was an American physicist who participated in the Manhattan Project.
Ray Crist Ray Crist (March 8, 1900 – July 23, 2005) was an American chemist who participated in the Manhattan Project.
Raymond E. Zirkle Dr. Raymond Elliott Zirkle was a pioneer in the field of radiation biology, a principal in the Manhattan Project, director of the Institute of Radio-Biology and Biophysics at the University of C...
Raziuddin Siddiqui Muhammad Raziuddin Siddiqui, FPAS, NI, HI, SI, Ph.D. (Urdu: January 8, 1908 – January 8, 1998), also known as Dr. Razi, was an eminent Pakistani theoretical physicist and a renowned...
Richard C. Tolman Richard Chace Tolman was an American mathematical physicist and physical chemist who was an authority on statistical mechanics. He also made important contributions to theoretical cosmology in the years soon after Einstein's discovery of general relativity.
Richard Davisson Professor Richard Joseph "Dick" Davisson (December 29, 1922 – June 15, 2004) was an American physicist.
Richard Feynman Richard Phillips Feynman (May 11, 1918 – February 15, 1988) was an American theoretical physicist known for his work in the path integral formulation of quantum mechanics, the theory of quantum ...
Richard Hamming Richard Wesley Hamming (February 11, 1915 – January 7, 1998) was an American mathematician whose work had many implications for computer science and telecommunications.
Robert Bacher Robert Fox Bacher (August 31, 1905 – November 18, 2004) was an American nuclear physicist and one of the leaders of the Manhattan Project.
Robert Brode Robert Bigham Brode (June 12, 1900 – February 19, 1986) was an American physicist, who during World War II participated in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Robert Cornog Robert Alden Cornog (1912–1998), was a physicist and engineer who helped develop the atomic bomb and missile systems from the Snark to the Minuteman.
Robert F. Christy Robert Frederick Christy (May 14, 1916 – October 3, 2012) was a Canadian-American theoretical physicist and later astrophysicist who was one of the last surviving people to have worked on the Ma...
Robert Furman Robert Ralph Furman (August 21, 1915 – October 14, 2008) was a civil engineer who during World War II was the chief of foreign intelligence for the Manhattan Engineer District directing espionag...
Robert James Moon Robert James Moon (14 February 19111 November 1989) was an American physicist, chemist and engineer.
Robert Lyster Thornton Robert Lyster Thornton, was born at Wooton, Bedfordshire, England, the son of a mechanical engineer, Dudley L. Thornton, and his wife Katherine Foster.
Robert R. Wilson Robert Rathbun Wilson (March 4, 1914 – January 16, 2000) was an American physicist known for his work on the Manhattan Project during World War II, as a sculptor, and as an architect of the Ferm...
Robert Serber Robert Serber (March 14, 1909 – June 1, 1997) was an American physicist who participated in the Manhattan Project.
Robert Weitbrecht Robert Haig Weitbrecht was an engineer at SRI International and later the spin-off company Weitbrecht Communications who invented the teleprinter and the modem (a form of acoustic coupler).
Robin M. Williams Robert Martin "Robin" Williams, CB, CBE (30 March 1919 – 18 March 2013) was a Chairman of the State Services Commission in New Zealand from 1975 to 1981.
Roscoe Charles Wilson Roscoe Charles Wilson (11 June 1905 – 21 August 1986) was a United States Air Force general who was Commandant of the Air War College from 1951 to 1954 and Deputy Chief of Staff, Development, fr...
Ross Gunn Ross Gunn (May 12, 1897 — October 15, 1966) was an American physicist, a key player in the USA nuclear submarine program, and a principal in the Manhattan Project.
Roy J. Glauber Roy Jay Glauber (born September 1, 1925) is an American theoretical physicist.
Rubby Sherr Rubby Sherr was an American nuclear physicist who co-invented a key component of the first nuclear weapon while participating in the Manhattan Project during the Second Wo...
Rudolf Peierls Sir Rudolf Ernst Peierls, CBE (5 June 1907 – 19 September 1995) was a German-born British physicist.
Samuel Abraham Goudsmit Samuel Abraham Goudsmit (The Hague, July 11, 1902 — Reno, December 4, 1978) was a Dutch-American physicist famous for jointly proposing the concept of electron spin with George Eugene Uhle...
Samuel Curran Sir Samuel Crowe Curran (1912–1998), KBE, FRS, FRSE, was a physicist and the first Principal and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Strathclyde - the first of the new technical universities in Britain.
Samuel Glasstone Samuel Glasstone (May 3, 1897 – Nov 16, 1986) authored 40 popular textbooks on physical chemistry, reaction rates, nuclear weapons effects, nuclear reactor engineering, Mars, space science...
Samuel Goudsmit Samuel Abraham Goudsmit (The Hague, July 11, 1902 — Reno, December 4, 1978) was a Dutch-American physicist famous for jointly proposing the concept of electron spin with George Eugene Uhle...
Samuel Isaac Weissman Dr Samuel Isaac Weissman was an American chemist and professor best known for his work on the application of electron spin resonance to chemistry.
Samuel King Allison Samuel King Allison (November 13, 1900 – September 15, 1965) was an American physicist, most notable for his role in the Manhattan Project — where among other things he read the coun...
Samuel T. Cohen Samuel Theodore Cohen (January 25, 1921 – November 28, 2010) was an American physicist who invented the W70 warhead and is therefore generally credited as the father of the neutron bomb.
Scott Anderson (physicist) Scott Anderson (June 26, 1913 – October 1, 2006) was the founder of Anderson Physics Laboratory in Urbana, Illinois (the predecessor of APL Engineered Materials), a leading provider of metal hal...
Seth Neddermeyer Seth Henry Neddermeyer (September 16, 1907 – January 29, 1988) was an American physicist who co-discovered the muon, and later championed the implosion-style plutonium atomic bomb at the Ma...
Stafford L. Warren Stafford Leak Warren (July 19, 1896 - July 26, 1981) was an American physician and radiologist who was a pioneer in the field of nuclear medicine and best known for his invention of the mammogram.
Stan Frankel Stanley Phillips "Stan" Frankel (1919 – May, 1978) was an American computer scientist.
Stanislaw Ulam Stanisław Marcin Ulam (13 April 1909 – 13 May 1984), was a renowned Jewish-Polish-American mathematician.
Stanisław Mrozowski Stanisław Wojciech Mrozowski (February 9, 1902 – February 21, 1999) was a Polish born American physicist.
Stuart R. Schram Stuart Reynolds Schram (February 27, 1924 – July 8, 2012) was an American physicist, political scientist and sinologist who specialised in the study of modern Chinese politics.
Theodore Hall Theodore Alvin Hall (October 20, 1925 – November 1, 1999) was an American physicist and an atomic spy for the Soviet Union, who, during his work on US efforts to develop the first and secon...
Thomas Allibone Thomas Edward Allibone, CBE, FRS was an English physicist, his work included important research into particle physics, X-rays, high voltage equipment, and electron microscopes.
Thomas Farrell (general) Major General Thomas Francis Farrell (3 December 1891 – 11 April 1967) was the Deputy Commanding General and Chief of Field Operations of the Manhattan Project, acting as executive officer ...
Thomas H. Chilton Thomas H. Chilton (August 14, 1899 – September 15, 1972) was a chemical engineer and professor.
Tom Dowd Thomas John "Tom" Dowd (October 20, 1925 – October 27, 2002) was an American recording engineer and producer for Atlantic Records.
Val Logsdon Fitch Val Logsdon Fitch (born March 10, 1923, Merriman, Nebraska, USA) is an American nuclear physicist.
Vannevar Bush Vannevar Bush was an American engineer, inventor and science administrator, whose most important contribution was as head of the U.S. Office of Scientific Research and Development during World War II, through which almost all wartime military R&D was carried out, including initiation and early...
Victor Weisskopf Victor Frederick Weisskopf (September 19, 1908 – April 22, 2002) was an Austrian born Jewish American theoretical physicist.
Viki Weisskopf Victor Frederick "Viki" Weisskopf (September 19, 1908 – April 22, 2002) was an Austrian-born American theoretical physicist.
Walter G. Roman Walter Guy Roman (October 31, 1905 – May 31, 1992), was born in Aspen, Colorado and died in Gaithersburg, Maryland.
Walter Kauzmann Walter J. Kauzmann (18 August 1916 — 27 January 2009) was an American chemist and professor emeritus of Princeton University.
Walter Zinn Walter Henry Zinn (December 10, 1906, Kitchener, Ontario - February 14, 2000, Clearwater, Florida) was a nuclear physicist at the University of Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory.
Warren K. Lewis Warren Kendall Lewis (21 August 1882–9 March 1975) was an MIT professor who has been called the father of modern chemical engineering.
Wilhelm D. Styer Wilhelm Delp Styer was a Lieutenant General in the United States Army.
Willard Libby Willard Frank Libby (December 17, 1908 – September 8, 1980) was an American physical chemist noted for his role in the 1949 development of radiocarbon dating, a process which revolutionized arch...
William E. Wallace William E. Wallace (1917–2004), known as Ed Wallace to his friends and associates, was a preeminent physical chemist whose career coincided with the golden age of chemistry.
William Higinbotham William "Willy" A. Higinbotham (October 25, 1910 – November 10, 1994) was an American physicist.
William L. Laurence William Leonard Laurence (March 7, 1888 – March 19, 1977) was a Jewish Lithuanian-born American journalist known for his science journalism writing of the 1940s and 1950s while working for the '...
William L. Uanna William Lewis "Bud" Uanna (May 13, 1909 – December 22, 1961) was a United States security expert.
William Nierenberg William Aaron Nierenberg (February 13, 1919 – September 10, 2000) was an American physicist who worked on the Manhattan Project and was director of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography ...
William Penney, Baron Penney William George Penney, Baron Penney OM, KBE, PhD, DSc, FRS, FRSE, FIC, Hon FCGI (24 June 1909 – 3 March 1991), was an English mathematician and professor of mathematical physics at ...
William Perl William Perl, whose real name was William Mutterperl, was an American physicist and Soviet spy.
William R. Purnell Rear Admiral William Reynolds Purnell (6 September 1886 – 3 March 1955) was an officer in the United States Navy who served in World War I and World War II. A 1908 graduate of the United States ...
William Shurcliff William Shurcliff (March 27, 1909 - June 20, 2006) was a physicist and Harvard Professor who was a central participant in the Manhattan Project.
William Sterling Parsons Rear Admiral William Sterling "Deak" Parsons (26 November 1901 – 5 December 1953) was an American Naval officer who worked as an ordnance expert on the Manhattan Project during World War II. He...
William T. Miller William T. Miller was a professor of organic chemistry at Cornell University.