Henry Norman Bethune (March 4, 1890 – November 12, 1939;) was a Canadian physician, medical innovator, noted Anti-fascist and arguably the single best known Canadian of all time. Bethune came to international prominence first for his service as a frontline surgeon supporting the democratically-elected Republican government during the Spanish Civil War. But it was his service with the Communist Eighth Route Army (Ba Lu Jun) during the Second Sino-Japanese War that would earn him enduring acclaim. Dr. Bethune effectively brought modern medicine to rural China and frequently treated sick villagers inasmuch as wounded soldiers. His selfless commitment to the Chinese people would leave an enduring impression on Mao Zedong, so much so that the Chairman's eulogy of Dr. Bethune was committed to memory by generations of Chinese students.