Abner Louima Abner Louima (b. 1966 in Thomassin, Haiti) is a Haitian who was assaulted, brutalized and forcibly sodomized with the handle of a plunger by New York City police officers after being arrested ou...
Abubadika Sonny Carson Mwlina Imiri Abubadika (May 22, 1936 — December 20, 2002), also known as Sonny Carson (born Robert Carson), was a controversial activist and a community leader in Brooklyn.
Afeni Shakur Afeni Shakur Davis (born Alice Faye Williams: January 22, 1947) is an African-American music businesswoman, philanthropist, former political activist and ex-Black Panther.
Alicia Keys Alicia Augello Cook (born January 25, 1981), known professionally as Alicia Keys, is an American R&B singer-songwriter, pianist, musician, record producer, and actress.
Amelia Boynton Robinson Amelia Platts Boynton Robinson (born August 18, 1911) is an American woman who was a leader of the American Civil Rights Movement in Selma, Alabama and a key figure in the 1965 march that became...
Angela Davis Angela Yvonne Davis (born January 26, 1944) is an American political activist, scholar, and author.
Angelo Herndon Angelo Braxton Herndon (May 6, 1913, Wyoming, Ohio – December 9, 1997, Sweet Home, Arkansas) was an African-American labor organizer arrested and convicted for insurrection after attempting to o...
Anne Moody Anne Moody (born September 15, 1940) is an African-American author who has written about her experiences growing up poor and black in rural Mississippi, joining the Civil Rights Movement, and fi...
Anne Spencer Annie Bethel Spencer (better known as Anne Spencer) (February 6, 1882, Henry County, Virginia – July 27, 1975, Lynchburg, Virginia) was an American poet and active participant in the New ...
Askia M. Touré Askia Muhammad Touré (Roland Snellings) (born October 13, 1938, in Raleigh, North Carolina) is an African-American poet, essayist, political editor, and leading voice of the Black Arts Movement.
Aurelia Browder Aurelia Shines Browder Coleman (January 29, 1919 – February 4, 1971) was an African-American civil rights activist in Montgomery, Alabama.
Bali White Bali White (born January 10, Indianapolis, Indiana) is a researcher and writer interested in African, environmental, and gender studies.
Bell hooks Gloria Jean Watkins (born September 25, 1952), better known by her pen name bell hooks, is an American author, feminist, and social activist.
Ben Fletcher Benjamin Harrison Fletcher (April 1890 – 1949) was an early 20th-century African-American labor leader and public speaker.
Benjamin Bronfman Benjamin Zachary Bronfman (born August 6, 1982) is an environmentalist, entrepreneur, and musician.
Bertha Gilkey Bertha Knox Gilkey (born March 18, 1949, in Round Pound, Arkansas) is an African-American activist of tenant management of public housing properties.
Bill Cosby William Henry "Bill" Cosby Jr. (born July 12, 1937) is an American comedian, actor, author, television producer, educator, musician and activist.
Brenda Cherry Brenda Cherry (born March 19, 1958), is an American Civil Rights Activist from Paris, Texas.
Byllye Avery Byllye Yvonne Avery (born October 20, 1937) is an American health care activist, who has worked to improve the welfare of African-American women by creating the National Black Women's Health Pro...
C. Bette Wimbish C. Bette Wimbish; March 24, 1924November 30, 2009) was born in Perry, Florida to Tom and Ola Mae Davis.
Camille Yarbrough Camille Yarbrough is an American musician, actress, poet, activist, television producer, and author.
Charleszetta Waddles Charleszetta Waddles (October 7, 1912 - July 12, 2001), also known as Mother Waddles, was an African-American activist, Pentecostal church minister, and founder of Mother Waddles Perpetual Missi...
Clara Luper Clara Shepard Luper (born Clara Mae Shepard May 3, 1923 – June 8, 2011) was a civic leader, retired schoolteacher, and a pioneering leader in the American Civil Rights Movement.
Claudette Colvin Claudette Colvin (born September 5, 1939) is a pioneer of the African-American civil rights movement.
Coretta Scott King Coretta Scott King was an American author, activist, and civil rights leader. The widow of Martin Luther King, Jr., Coretta Scott King helped lead the African-American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s.
Darlene Garner Darlene Garner is an American clergyperson and LGBT activist, and a co-founder of the National Coalition of Black Lesbians and Gays (NCBLG).
Darrius Garrett Diary of a Freedom Writer: The Experience is a 2013 non-fiction, memoir by Darrius Garrett.
Dorothy Cotton Dorothy Cotton (born 1930) was a leader of the 1960s African-American Civil Rights Movement and a member of the inner-circle of one of its main organizations, the Southern Christian Leadership C...
Dorothy Height Dorothy Irene Height (March 24, 1912 – April 20, 2010) was an American administrator, educator, and a civil rights and women's rights activist specifically focused on the issues of African...
Dorothy Mae Richardson Dorothy Mae Richardson (1923?-April 28, 1991) was an African-American community activist who is credited with introducing a new model of community development in the late 1960s when she led a re...
Edmonson sisters Mary Edmonson (1832–1853) and Emily Edmonson (1835–1895), "two respectable young women of light complexion", were African Americans who became celebrities in the United States abolitionist...
Edythe Scott Bagley Edythe Scott Bagley (December 13, 1924June 11, 2011) was an American author, activist, and educator.
Elizabeth Jennings Graham Elizabeth Jennings Graham (1827– June 5, 1901), became a 19th-century African-American civil rights figure after she insisted on her right to ride on a New York City streetcar in 1854.
Ella Baker Ella Josephine Baker (December 13, 1903 – December 13, 1986) was an African-American civil rights and human rights activist.
Esther Cooper Jackson Esther Cooper Jackson (born August 21, 1917 in Arlington, Virginia) is an African-American civil rights activist, former social worker and, along with Shirley Graham Du Bois, W. E. B. Du Bois, E...
Ethel Minor Ethel Minor (November 26, 1922 - June 25, 2012 in San Antonio, Texas) is a political figure and civil rights activist.
Ethel Ray Nance Ethel Ray Nance was an African American civil rights activist.
Fannie Lou Hamer Fannie Lou Hamer (born Fannie Lou Townsend; October 6, 1917 – March 14, 1977) was an American voting rights activist and civil rights leader.
Faye Wattleton Faye Wattleton (born Alyce Faye Wattleton; July 8, 1943) is the first African-American and youngest president ever elected to Planned Parenthood Federation of America, and is also the firs...
Florynce Kennedy Florynce Rae "Flo" Kennedy (February 11, 1916 – December 22, 2000), was an American lawyer, activist, civil rights advocate, and feminist.
Fred Hampton Fred Hampton (August 30, 1948 – December 4, 1969) was an African-American activist and deputy chairman of the Illinois chapter of the Black Panther Party (BPP).
Frederick Douglass Frederick Douglass (born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, c. February 1818 – February 20, 1895) was an African-American social reformer, orator, writer and statesman.
Free African Society The Free African Society was founded in Philadelphia in April 1787, the first black mutual aid society in the city.
Gaylon Alcaraz Gaylon Alcaraz (born October 26, 1970) is a community organizer and human rights activist in Chicago, Illinois.
Harriet Tubman Harriet Tubman (born Araminta Ross; circa 1822 – March 10, 1913) was an African-American abolitionist, humanitarian, and Union spy during the American Civil War.
Harriette Moore Harriette Vyda Simms Moore (June 19, 1902 – January 3, 1952) was an African-American teacher and civil rights worker.
Heman Marion Sweatt Sweatt v. Painter, was a U.S. Supreme Court case that successfully challenged the "separate but equal" doctrine of racial segregation established by the 1896 case Plessy v. Ferguson.
Ida B. Wells Ida Bell Wells-Barnett (July 16, 1862 – March 25, 1931) was an African-American journalist, newspaper editor, suffragist, sociologist and, with her husband, newspaper owner Ferdinand L. Barnett, an early leader in the civil rights movement.
Irene Morgan Irene Morgan (April 9, 1917 – August 10, 2007), later known as Irene Morgan Kirkaldy, was an African-American woman who was arrested in Middlesex County, Virginia, in 1944 for refusing to ...
Iris Rideau Iris Rideau (c.1937-) is an American winemaker, businesswoman and activist.
Ishmael Beah Ishmael Beah (born on November 23, 1980) is a former Sierra Leonean child soldier and the author of the published memoir, A Long Way Gone: Memoirs of a Boy Soldier.
James R. Ford James R. Ford (born December 1, 1925, in Leon County, Florida) is an American educator, politician, businessman and community activist.
Jew Don Boney Jew Don Boney, Jr. was a member of the Houston, Texas, City Council from 1995 until 2001^^^, representing the historically African-American District D. In addition, Boney served as Mayor Pro Tem...
Jim Brown James Nathaniel "Jim" Brown (born February 17, 1936) is an American former professional football player and actor.
John Africa John Africa (born Vincent Leaphart, July 26, 1931 – May 13, 1985), was a founder of MOVE, a Philadelphia-based black liberation group prominent in the United States in the early 1970s.
Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin (August 31, 1842 – March 13, 1924) was an African-American publisher, journalist, civil rights leader, suffragist, and editor of Women’s Era, the first newspaper ...
Juliette Derricotte Juliette Derricotte (April 1, 1897 in Athens, Georgia - November 7, 1931 in Chattanooga, Tennessee) was an African-American educator and political activist whose death after receiving racist tre...
Jurnee Smollett Jurnee Diana Smollett-Bell (born October 1, 1986) is an American actress.
Kathleen Neal Cleaver Kathleen Neal Cleaver (May 13, 1945) is an American professor of law, known for her involvement with the Black Panther Party.
Keith Ellison Keith Maurice Ellison (born August 4, 1963) is the U.S. Representative for MN's 5, serving since 2007.
Keke Palmer Lauren Keyana "Keke" Palmer is an American actress, singer, songwriter, dancer, fashion designer, philanthropist, entrepreneur, activist, and voice actress. Palmer was born in Harvey, Illinois and raised in Robbins, Illinois.
Kendra Ross Kendra Ross (born Kendra Janelle Ross on December 4, 1975) is an American singer-songwriter, record producer, music business executive, and social activist.
Kesha Rogers Texas District 22 of the United States House of Representatives is the Congressional district that covers a south-central portion of the Rosenberg as well as portions of Missouri City and Pearla...
Kim Ruff Kimberly Sha Green Ruff (born January 17, 1972) is an American Stellar Award winning singer-songwriter, record producer, lyricist, activist against domestic violence and author.
Koritha Mitchell Koritha Mitchell is an associate professor of African-American literature at the Ohio State University who obtained her Ph.D. from the University of Maryland.
Langston Hughes James Mercer Langston Hughes (February 1, 1902 – May 22, 1967) was an American poet, social activist, novelist, playwright, and columnist.
Leeah D. Jackson Leeah Deneen Jackson (born January 26, 1998) is an American teen actress.
Leon Bates (American labor leader) Leon E. Bates Sr. (December 3, 1899 – July 25, 1972) was an American labor union leader with the United Auto Workers union (UAW) from 1937 to 1964 when he retired as an "International Representa...
Lewis H Michaux Lewis H. Michaux (1884/5–1976) was a Harlem bookseller and civil rights activist.
Lillian Roberts Lillian Davis Roberts (born January 2, 1928) is the Executive Director of District Council 37 (DC37), the largest municipal union in New York City.
Lillie Mae Carroll Jackson Lillie May Carroll Jackson (May 25, 1889 Baltimore, Maryland – July 5, 1975 Baltimore, Maryland), pioneer civil rights activist, organizer of the Baltimore Branch of the NAACP.
Lola Hendricks Lola Mae Hendricks (née Haynes) (born December 1932) was corresponding secretary for Fred Shuttlesworth's Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights from 1956 to 1963.
Louise Meriwether Louise Meriwether (born May 8, 1923) is an American novelist, essayist, journalist and activist.
Lugenia Burns Hope Lugenia Burns Hope, née Burns (February 19, 1871, St. Louis, Missouri – August 14, 1947, Nashville, Tennessee), was a social reformer whose Neighborhood Union and other community service org...
Lupe Fiasco Wasalu Muhammad Jaco (born February 16, 1982), better known by his stage name Lupe Fiasco, is an American rapper, record producer, and entrepreneur.
Madaline A. Williams Madaline A. (Worthy) Williams (May 5, 1894 – December 14, 1968) was an American Democratic Party politician who was the first African-American woman elected to the New Jersey Legislature.
Maggie L. Walker Maggie Lena Walker was an African-American teacher and businesswoman. Walker was the first female bank president of any race to charter a bank in the United States. As a leader, she achieved successes with the vision to make tangible improvements in the way of life for African Americans and women.
Marc Lamont Hill Marc Lamont Hill (born December 17, 1978) is an American academic, journalist, author, activist, and television personality.
Margaretta Forten Margaretta Forten (1806-1875) was an African-American suffragist and abolitionist.
Maria W. Stewart Maria W. Stewart (Maria Miller) (1803 – February 6, 1880) was an African American journalist, lecturer, abolitionist, and women's rights activist.
Marion Stamps Marion Nzinga Stamps was an African-American community activist who fought for equal rights of public housing residents in the Cabrini-Green housing project on the Near-North Side of Chicago, Illinois.
Mary Burnett Talbert Mary Burnett Talbert (September 17, 1866 – October 15, 1923) was an American orator, activist, suffragist and reformer.
Mary Church Terrell Mary Church Terrell (September 23, 1863 – July 24, 1954), daughter of former slaves, was one of the first African-American women to earn a college degree.
Mary E. Britton Mary Ellen Britton (1855–1925) was an African-American physician, educator, journalist and civil rights activist from Lexington, Kentucky.
Mary Morten Mary Morten, a lifelong activist in Chicago, has dedicated her voice to advocate for marginalized communities.
Maya Keyes Maya Jeane Marcel-Keyes (born May 23, 1985) is an American social and political activist and daughter of Alan Keyes, a candidate for the 2008 Republican presidential nomination.
Mildred Fay Jefferson Dr. Mildred Fay Jefferson (April 4, 1926 – October 15, 2010) was an American physician, political activist.
Modjeska Monteith Simkins Modjeska Monteith Simkins (December 5, 1899 – April 9, 1992) was an important leader of African-American public health reform, social reform and the civil rights movement in South Carolina.
Moses Grandy Moses Grandy (c. 1786? - ?), was an African-American author, abolitionist, and, for more than the first four decades of his life, an enslaved person.
Muriel S. Snowden Muriel Sutherland Snowden (1916–1988) was the founder and co-director of Freedom House, a community improvement center in Roxbury, Massachusetts.
Mýa Mýa Marie Harrison (born October 10, 1979), better known as Mýa is an American R&B singer, record producer, philanthropist, and actress.
Nas Nasir bin Olu Dara Jones (born September 14, 1973), better known simply as Nas is an American rapper, songwriter and actor.
Nellie Stone Johnson Nellie Stone Johnson (December 17, 1905 – April 2, 2002) was an American civil rights activist and union organizer.
Nina Simone Nina Simone (born Eunice Kathleen Waymon; February 21, 1933 – April 21, 2003) was an American singer, songwriter, pianist, arranger, and civil rights activist widely associated with ...
Ntozake Shange Ntozake Shange (phonetically n-to-zaki shan-gay; born October 18, 1948) is an American playwright, and poet.
Otto P. Snowden Otto Phillip Snowden (1914–1995) was an influential 20th century leader in Boston's African American community.
Patricia Stephens Due Patricia Stephens Due (December 9, 1939 – February 7, 2012) was one of the leading African-American civil rights activists in the United States, especially in her home state of Florida.
Prathia Hall Rev. Dr. Prathia Hall (1940–2002) was a leader and activist in the 1960s Civil Rights Movement, womanist theologian, and ethicist.
R. Donahue Peebles Roy Donahue “Don” Peebles (born March 2, 1960) is a real-estate entrepreneur, author and political activist.
Ralph Waldo Tyler Ralph Waldo Tyler (1860–1921) was an African American journalist, war correspondent, government official, race man.
Rashad Robinson Rashad Robinson serves as Executive Director of Color of Change, having joined the organization in May 2011.
Robert "Sonny" Carson Robert "Sonny" Carson (also known as Mwlina Imiri Abubadika) (May 22, 1936 — December 20, 2002), was a controversial activist and a community leader in Brooklyn.
Rocky Williform Rocky De Aire Williform is an American entrepreneur, investor, and political activist.
Rosa Parks Rosa Louise McCauley Parks was an African-American civil rights activist, whom the United States Congress called "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom movement".
Rosalyn Terborg-Penn Rosalyn Terborg-Penn (born October 22, 1941) is an American historian and author.
Ruby Hurley Ruby Hurley (November 7, 1909 – August 9, 1980) was a leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement and administrator for the NAACP. She was known as the "queen of civil rights".
Ruth Carol Taylor Ruth Carol Taylor (born December 27, 1931) was the first African-American flight attendant in the United States.
Ruth Ellis (activist) Ruth Charlotte Ellis (July 23, 1899 – October 5, 2000) was an African-American woman who became widely known as the oldest surviving open lesbian, and LGBT rights activist at the age of 10...
Sallie Robinson Sallie Robinson (born 1851, date of death unknown), a 19th-century African-American civil rights activist.
Sarah J. Garnet Sarah J. Tompkins Garnet (née Smith) (July 31, 1831 - Sept.
Sarah Mae Flemming Sarah Mae Flemming Brown (June 28, 1933-June 16, 1993) was an African-American woman who was expelled from a bus in Columbia, South Carolina, seventeen months before Rosa Parks refused to surren...
Saundra Smokes Saundra Smokes (October 8, 1954 – August 8, 2012) was an award-winning journalist and playwright.
Shirley Graham Du Bois Shirley Graham Du Bois (November 11, 1896 – March 27, 1977) was an American award-winning author, playwright, composer, and activist for African-American and other causes.
Snoop Dogg Calvin Cordozar Broadus, Jr. (born October 20, 1971), best known by his stage name Snoop Dogg (formerly Snoop Doggy Dogg) and now also uses an alter ego pseudonym name Snoop Lion'...
Sojourner Truth Sojourner Truth was an African-American abolitionist and women's rights activist. Truth was born into slavery in Swartekill, Ulster County, New York, but escaped with her infant daughter to freedom in 1826.
Sonia Sanchez Sonia Sanchez (born Wilsonia Benita Driver, September 9, 1934) is an African-American poet most often associated with the Black Arts Movement.
Sonja Sohn Sonja Sohn (born 1964) is an American actress and community activist.
Sweet Alice Harris Alice Harris, also known as "Sweet Alice", is a community organizer based in the neighborhood of Watts, Los Angeles, California.
Toni Braxton Toni Michele Braxton is an American R&B singer-songwriter, pianist, musician, record producer, actress, television personality, and philanthropist. Braxton has won six Grammy Awards, seven American Music Awards, and nine Billboard Music Awards.
Tupac Shakur Tupac Amaru Shakur (June 16, 1971September 13, 1996), also known by his stage names 2Pac and briefly as Makaveli, was an American rapper and actor.
Unita Blackwell Unita Blackwell (born March 18, 1933) is an American civil rights activist who was the first African-American woman, and the tenth African American, to be elected mayor in the U.S. state of Miss...
Victoria Gray Adams Victoria Jackson Gray Adams (November 5, 1926 – August 12, 2006) was an American civil rights activist from Hattiesburg, Mississippi.