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20th-century philosophy 20th-century philosophy saw the development of a number of new philosophical schools including logical positivism, analytic philosophy, phenomenology, existentialism and poststructuralism.
Advaita Guru Paramparā Thus, the advaita guru-paramparā (Lineage of Gurus in Non-dualism) begins with the Daiva-paramparā, followed by the Ṛṣi-paramparā, which includes the vedic seers Vaśiṣṭha, his son Śak...
Advaita Vedanta Advaita Vedanta अद्वैत वेदान्त literally, not-twois a sub-school of the Vedanta school of Vedic or Hindu philosophy and religious practice, gi...
Analytic philosophy Analytic philosophy (sometimes analytical philosophy) is a style of philosophy that came to dominate English-speaking countries in the 20th century.
Aristotelianism Aristotelianism is a tradition of philosophy that takes its defining inspiration from the work of Aristotle.
Classical Marxism Classical Marxism refers to the economic and sociological theories expounded by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, as contrasted with later developments in Marxism.
Continental philosophy Continental philosophy is a set of 19th- and 20th-century philosophical traditions from mainland Europe.
Dvaita Dvaita (Sanskrit: द्वैत) (also known as Bheda-vāda, Tattva-vāda and Bimba-pratibimba-vāda) is a school of Vedanta founded by Shri Madhvacharya (c.
Idealism In philosophy, idealism is the group of philosophies which assert that reality, or reality as we can know it, is fundamentally mental, mentally constructed, or otherwise immaterial.
Marxism Marxism is a worldview and method of societal analysis that focuses on class-relations and societal conflict, that uses a materialist interpretation of historical development, and a dialectical ...
Mimāṃsā The school of Mimamsa consists of both atheistic and theistic doctrines and is not deeply interested in the existence of God, but rather in the character of dharma.
Mīmāṃsā Mimāṃsā (मीमांसा), a Sanskrit word meaning "investigation" (compare Greek ἱστορία), is the name of an astika ("orthodox") school of Hindu philosophy whose primary enquiry is into the nature of dharma based on close hermeneutics of the Vedas.
Nyaya The Nyaya school of philosophical speculation is based on texts known as the Nyaya Sutras, which were written by Aksapada Gautama from around the 2nd century BCE.
Orthodox Marxism Orthodox Marxism is the version of Marxism that emerged after the death of Karl Marx and acted as the official philosophy of the socialist movement represented in the Second International up to ...
Pashupata Shaivism Pashupata Shaivism (Sanskrit:) is the oldest of the major Shaivite schools.
Platonism Platonism (with a capital "P") is the philosophy of Plato or the name of other philosophical systems considered closely derived from it.
Raja Yoga Rāja Yoga is concerned principally with the cultivation of the mind using meditation to further one's acquaintance with reality and finally achieve liberation.
Raseśvara Raseśvara was a philosophical tradition which arose around the commencement of Christian era.
Rāja yoga Rāja yoga ("royal yoga", "royal union", also known as classical yoga and aṣṭānga yoga) is one of the six schools of dharmic (astika) Hindu philosophy.
Samkhya Samkhya, also Sankhya, Sāṃkhya, or Sāṅkhya (सांख्य, IAST:), is one of the six orthodox (astika) schools of Hindu philosophy and classical Indian philosophy.
Scholasticism Scholasticism is a method of critical thought which dominated teaching by the academics ("scholastics," or "schoolmen") of medieval universities in Europe from about 1100–1700, and a program of ...
Vaisheshika Vaisheshika or (वैशेषिक) is one of the six Hindu schools of philosophy (Vedic systems) of India.
Vaiśeṣika Vaisheshika or is one of the six Hindu schools of philosophy of India.
Vedanta Vedanta (Devanagari: वेदान्त) originally meant the Upanishads, a collection of foundational texts in Hinduism.
Vishishtadvaita Vishishtadvaita Vedanta (IAST विशिष्टाद्वैत) is a sub-school of the Vedanta (literally, end or the goal of knowledge, Sanskrit) school of Hindu philosophy, the other major sub-schools of Ve...
Āstika and nāstika Āstika (आस्तिक "it exists") and Nāstika (नास्तिक "it doesn't exist") are technical terms in Hinduism used to classify philosophical schools and persons, according to whether they accept...