1860 Wiyot Massacre The Wiyot Massacre refers to the incidents on 26 February 1860, at Tuluwat on what is now known as Indian Island, near Eureka in Humboldt County, California.
1932 Summer Olympics The 1932 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the X Olympiad, was a major world wide multi-athletic event which was celebrated in 1932 in Los Angeles, California, United States.
1960 Winter Olympics The 1960 Winter Olympics was a winter multi-sport event held between February 18–28, 1960 in Squaw Valley, California, United States.
Automobile Club of Southern California The Automobile Club of Southern California is the Southern California affiliate of the American Automobile Association (AAA) federation of motor clubs.
Bald Hills War Bald Hills War (1858–1864) was a war fought by the forces of the California Militia, California Volunteers and soldiers of the U. S. Army against the Chilula, Lassik, Hupa, Mattole, Nongatl, Si...
Barrington Hall (Berkeley, California) Barrington Hall was a student housing cooperative in the University Students' Cooperative Association (USCA) system in Berkeley, California, from 1935 to 1990.
Battle of Kelley Creek The Battle of Kelley Creek was one of the last armed conflicts between the United States and native Americans during the Indian wars era.
Battle of Stone Corral The Battle of Stone Corral, also known as the Gunfight at Stone Corral, occurred in June 1893 and was the final shootout during the pursuit of the Sontag-Evans Gang.
Benjamin Ignatius Hayes Benjamin Ignatius Hayes (1815–1877), lawyer, first Judge of the Southern District of California from 1852-1864.
Benjamin Kelsey Benjamin or Ben Kelsey (1813–1889) was an early American pioneer of California with his brothers Andy and Sam Kelsey.
Big Four (Central Pacific Railroad) The Big Four was the name popularly given to the businessmen and philanthropists who built the Central Pacific Railroad, the western portion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in the United ...
Bombardment of Ellwood The Bombardment of Ellwood during World War II was a naval attack by a Japanese submarine against United States coastal targets near Santa Barbara, California.
Calico Print The Calico Print was a newspaper, established in 1882 and published during the heyday of the silver mining camp of Calico, California prior to 1902.
California Agricultural Strike 1933 The strike began in the beginning of October 1933. An article written on October 3, 1933 in the Los Angeles Times noted the official beginning of the strike with the gathering of workers tak...
California Constitution The California Constitution is the document that establishes and describes the duties, powers, structure and function of the government of the U.S. state of California.
California Development Company The California Development Company was formed in 1896 as a replacement for the defunct Colorado River Irrigation Company, which had been started a few years earlier for the purpose of planning a...
California Dream California Dream is the psychological motivation to gain fast wealth or fame in a new land.
California Ethnic and Multicultural Archives California Ethnic and Multicultural Archives (CEMA) is an archival institution that houses collections of primary source documents from the history of minority ethnic groups in California.
California Hall of Fame The California Hall of Fame honors individuals and families who embody California’s innovative spirit and have made their mark on history.
California Historical Landmark California Historical Landmarks (CHLs) are buildings, structures, sites, or places in the state of California that have been determined to have statewide historical landmark significance.
California Indian Wars California Indian Wars (1850–80) Following the acquisition of the Mexican Cession in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo that ended the Mexican American War, the small Federal garrison west of the R...
California Proposition 13 (1978) Proposition 13 (officially named the People's Initiative to Limit Property Taxation) was an amendment of the Constitution of California enacted during 1978, by means of the initiative process.
California State Automobile Association AAA Northern California, Nevada and Utah (AAA NCNU), formerly known as the California State Automobile Association (CSAA), is one of the largest motor clubs in the American Automobile Asso...
California Water Wars The California Water Wars were a series of conflicts between Los Angeles, farmers and ranchers in the Owens Valley of Eastern California.
Californio Californio (historic and regional Spanish for "Californian") is a term used to identify a Spanish-speaking, mostly Roman Catholic people, or of Latin American descent, regardless of race, born i...
Camp Low Camp Low or San Juan Bautista Post, was a military post first established at San Juan Bautista in December 1864 by California Volunteers, in response to the attacks of the Mason Henry Gang...
Camp Redwood Camp Redwood was established in 1862 as a midway point between the communities of Trinidad and Elk Camp in Humboldt County as a result of the bitter conflict between settlers and Indians in the ...
Central Pacific Railroad The Central Pacific Railroad (CPRR) is the former name of the railroad network built between California and Utah, USA that formed part of the "First Transcontinental Railroad" in North America.
Central Valley Project The Central Valley Project (CVP) is a federal water management project in the U.S. state of California under the supervision of the United States Bureau of Reclamation.
Cohen v. California Cohen v. California, 403 U.S. 15 (1971), was a United States Supreme Court case dealing with freedom of speech.
Constitution of California The Constitution of the State of California is the document that establishes and describes the duties, powers, structure and function of the government of the U.S. state of California.
David C. Broderick David Colbreth Broderick (February 4, 1820 – September 16, 1859) was a Democratic U.S. Senator from California.
David Matuszak David F. Matuszak is an author, teacher, and Westerner.
Delilah L. Beasley Delilah Leontium Beasley (September 9, 1871 – August 18, 1934), was an American historian, and newspaper columnist for the Oakland Tribune, Oakland, California, US. Beasley becomes the first...
Diamond hoax of 1872 The diamond hoax of 1872 was a swindle in which a pair of prospectors sold a false American diamond deposit to prominent businessmen in San Francisco and New York.
E Clampus Vitus The Ancient and Honorable Order of E Clampus Vitus (ECV) is a fraternal organization dedicated to the study and preservation of the heritage of the American West, especially the history of the M...
Early California Artists Early California Artists are a subset of American Western artists, painting in the mid-to-late 19th century.
Edwin Augustus Rigg Edwin Augustus Rigg (1822–1882), 49er, was a military officer in the American Civil War and the Apache Wars.
El Camino Viejo El Camino Viejo à Los Angeles (the old road to Los Angeles), also known as the Old Los Angeles Trail, well established by the 1820s, was the oldest north-south trail in the interior of Alt...
Elk Camp, California Elk Camp was an American settlement between Redwood Creek and the Klamath River, fifteen miles northwest of Fort Anderson in modern Humboldt County, California it was formerly located in Klamath...
Elk Hills oil field The Teapot Dome Scandal was a bribery incident which took place in the United States in 1922-1923, during the administration of President Warren G. Harding.
Etymology of California "California" is a place name used by three North American states: in the United States by the state of California, and in Mexico by the states of Baja California and Baja California Sur.
First Battle of Tijuana The First Battle of Tijuana was an early engagement of the Mexican Revolution and the first significant victory for the Magonistas.
Fort Anderson (California) Fort Anderson or Camp Anderson, was a military post first established in May 1862 by California Volunteers during the Bald Hills War.
Francis Marion Smith Francis Marion Smith (February 2, 1846 – August 27, 1931) (once known nationally and internationally as "Borax Smith" and "The Borax King") was an American miner, business magnate and civic builder in the Mojave Desert, the San Francisco Bay Area, and Oakland, California.
French laundries of California French hand laundries in California utilize the art of washing and ironing by hand, to launder fine linens and garments.
Golden spike The "Golden Spike" (also known as "The Last Spike") is the ceremonial final spike driven by Leland Stanford to join the rails of the First Transcontinental Railroad across the United State...
Grape boycott The Delano Grape Strike was a strike, boycott, and secondary boycott led by the United Farm Workers (UFW) against growers of table grapes in California.
Great Flood of 1862 The Great Flood of 1862 or Noachian Deluge was the largest flood in the recorded history of Oregon, Nevada and California, occurring from December 1861 to January 1862.
Half-union The Half-Union was a United States coin minted as a pattern.
Ham and Eggs Movement The Ham and Eggs movement was an old-age pension movement in California during the 1930s.
Hearst Castle Hearst Castle is a National and California Historical Landmark mansion located on the Central Coast of California, United States.
Heine-Velox Heine-Velox was a large, expensive luxury car made by Gustav Heine.
Henry Comstock Henry Tompkins (or Thomas) Paige Comstock (1820–1870) was an American miner after whom the Comstock Lode was named.
History of California The history of California can be divided into: the Native American period; European exploration period from 1542 to 1769; the Spanish colonial period, 1769 to 1821; the Mexican period, 1821 to 1848; and United States statehood, which continues to the present day.
History of California bread The history of Northern California bread as a prominent factor in the field of bread baking dates from the days of the Gold Rush and the development of sourdough bread in San Francisco, and incl...
History of California to 1899 Human history in California begins with indigenous Americans first arriving in California some 13,000-15,000 years ago.
History of slavery in California A type of slavery in California existed among the native peoples of that region long before the arrival of the first European colonists.
History of Stanford Medicine Stanford Medicine traces its history back to 1858 when Elias Samuel Cooper, a physician in San Francisco, California, founded the first medical school in the Western United States.
History of the west coast of North America The human history of the west coast of North America is believed to stretch back to the arrival of the earliest people over the Bering Strait, or alternately along a now-submerged coastal plain,...
Horace Bell Horace Bell (December 11, 1830–June 29, 1918), Los Angeles Ranger, Filibuster, soldier, lawyer, journalist, author of two books about the early American period of Southern California history.
Humboldt Volunteers The Humboldt Volunteers, or Humboldt Dragoons, were a militia company formed by residents of the Eel River Valley, at Hydesville, Humboldt County, California in early February 1860.
Hutchings' Illustrated California Magazine Hutchings' Illustrated California Magazine was a magazine published between 1856 and 1861 which played an important role in popularizing California in general, and to a large extent Yosemite...
Hydesville Volunteer Company Hydesville Volunteer Company, a posse or local militia, formed in 1859 to fight Indian raids against the settlers in the Bald Hills War.
Imperial (book) Imperial is a 2009 study of south-east California by American author William T. Vollmann.
Japanese submarine I-23 I-23 was a Type B1 submarine of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II. After a raid on the West Coast of California she participated in an attempt at a second attack upon Pearl Harbor.
Jefferson (Pacific state) The State of Jefferson was a proposed U.S. state that would span the contiguous, mostly rural area of southern Oregon and northern California, where several attempts to secede from Oregon and Ca...
Jefferson (proposed Pacific state) The State of Jefferson is a proposed U.S. state that would span the contiguous, mostly rural area of southern Oregon and northern California, where several attempts to secede from Oregon and Cal...
Joaquin Jim Joaquin Jim, (183? - 1863 or 1866) was a Western Mono, war leader of the Owens Valley Indian War.
John Calhoun Johnson John Calhoun Johnson (died September 13, 1876) was a native of Deersville, Ohio, who practiced law and operated a ranch in California.
John M. Horner John M. Horner was a key figure in the early history of southern Alameda County, California especially what is now Fremont, California.
John Swett John Swett is considered to be the "Father of the California public school" system and the "Horace Mann of the Pacific".
John Work (fur trader) John Work (c. 1792 – 22 December 1861) was a chief factor of the Hudson's Bay Company and head of one of the original founding families in Victoria, British Columbia.
King Clone King Clone is thought to be the oldest Creosote bush ring in the Mojave Desert.
Klamath and Salmon River Indian War Klamath and Salmon River Indian War or Klamath War or Red Cap War of 1855, was an American Indian War which occurred in Klamath County California from January to March 1855.
Klamath and Salmon River War Klamath and Salmon River War, or Klamath War, or Red Cap War, was an American Indian War which occurred in Klamath County California from January to March 1855.
Klamath Basin Restoration Agreement (KBRA) The Klamath Basin Restoration Agreement (KBRA) is an American multi-party legal agreement determining river usage and water rights invoving the Klamath River and Klamath Basin in the states of C...
Ku Klux Klan in Inglewood, California Ku Klux Klan activities in Inglewood, California, were highlighted by the 1922 arrest and trial of 36 men, most of them masked, for a night-time raid on a suspected bootlegger and his family.
Labouchere (paddle steamer) The Labouchere was a paddle steamer in the service of the Hudson's Bay Company, built in 1858 at Green's in Blackwall, London, England.
Lassic Phantasy Star (ファンタシースター) is a series of console role-playing video games and other supplementary media created by Sega.
Lincoln Motion Picture Company The Lincoln Motion Picture Company was an American film production company founded by the Johnson brothers in 1915 in Omaha, Nebraska; it was incorporated in 1916 in Los Angeles, California.
Little Ethiopia, Los Angeles Little Ethiopia refers to the stretch of Fairfax Avenue in the Carthay Square and Wilshire Vista districts in the Westside of the city of Los Angeles, California and part the P.I.C.O. Neighborho...
Magonista rebellion of 1911 The Magonista rebellion of 1911 was an early uprising of the Mexican Revolution organized by the Liberal Party of Mexico (known in Spanish as the "Partido Liberal Mexicano" or PLM), which was on...
Manzanar Manzanar is most widely known as the site of one of ten camps where over 110,000 Japanese Americans were incarcerated during World War II. Located at the foot of the Sierra Nevada in California'...
Mar Y Cel Mar Y Cel or, more correctly, Mar i Cel (Catalan: "Sea and Sky") is an open space preserve conserved by the Land Trust for Santa Barbara County, in Santa Barbara County, California, USA. ...
Mariposa Battalion Mariposa Battalion was a California State Militia unit formed in 1851 to fight the Yosemites and Chowchillas in the Mariposa War.
Mariposa War The Mariposa War (December 1850 - June 1851) was a conflict between Native Americans and miners in what was then the immense county of Mariposa in California.
Maritime history of California The maritime history of California can be divided into several periods: the Native American period; European exploration period from 1542 to 1769; the Spanish colonial period, 1769 to 1821; th...
Mendocino War The Mendocino War was a violent conflict from July 1859 to January 18, 1860, between white settlers and local natives (mainly Yuki tribes) in Mendocino County, California.
Methuselah (tree) Methuselah is a -year-old Great Basin bristlecone pine (Pinus longaeva) tree growing high in the White Mountains of Inyo County in eastern California.
Mission Revival architecture The Mission Revival Style was an architectural movement that began in the late 19th century for a colonial style's revivalism and reinterpretation, which drew inspiration from the late 18th and ...
Mission Revival Style architecture The Mission Revival Style was an architectural movement that began in the late 19th century for a colonial style's revivalism and reinterpretation, which drew inspiration from the late 18th and ...
Mother Orange Tree The Mother Orange Tree is the oldest living orange tree in Northern California.
Murder of Stuart Tay The murder of Stuart Tay occurred in Buena Park, California in Greater Los Angeles on December 31 (New Year's Eve), 1992.
Mussel Slough Tragedy The Mussel Slough Tragedy was a dispute over land titles between settlers and the Southern Pacific Railroad (SP) that took place on May 11, 1880, on a farm located northwest of Hanford, Califor...
Nataqua Territory The Nataqua Territory was a short lived and unofficial territory of the United States.
New Albion New Albion, also known as Nova Albion, was the name of all North America north of New Spain, from "sea to sea," claimed by Sir Francis Drake for England in 1579.
Nome Cult Trail The Nome Cult Trail is a northern Californian historic trail located in present-day Mendocino National Forest which goes along Round Valley Road and through Rocky Ridge and the Sacramento Valley.
North Bloomfield Mining and Gravel Company The North Bloomfield Mining and Gravel Company of North Bloomfield, California, was established in 1866 and operated a hydraulic gold-mining operation at the Malakoff Mine subsequent to the Cali...
Northwest Forest Plan The Northwest Forest Plan (NWFP) is a series of federal policies and guidelines governing land use on federal lands in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.
Origin of the name California California is a place name used by three North American states: in the United States by the state of California, and in Mexico by the states of Baja California and Baja California Sur.
Overland Monthly Overland Monthly was a monthly magazine based in California, United States, and published in the 19th and 20th century.
Owens Valley Indian War The Owens Valley War was fought between 1862 and 1863, by California Volunteers and local settlers against the Owens Valley Paiutes, and their Shoshone and Kawaiisu allies, in the Owens Valley o...
Owens Valley War The Owens Valley War was fought between 1862 and 1864, by California Volunteers and local settlers against the Owens Valley Paiutes, and their Shoshone allies, among the Kawaiisu in the Sierra M...
Ranchos of California The Spanish, and later the Méxican government encouraged settlement of territory now known as California by the establishment of large land grants, many of which were later turned into Ranchos...
Richard C. Baker Richard C. Baker (b. 1858, d. 1937) was the British business partner of Francis Marion "Borax" Smith and eventually became president of the Pacific Coast Borax Company and the Tonopah and Tidewa...
Robinson v. California Robinson v. California, 370 U.S. 660 (1962) was a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that the use of civil imprisonment as punishment solely for the misdemeanor crime ...
Round Valley War The Round Valley War was an 1887 conflict between American Colonists and Yuki Indians on the Round Valley Indian Tribes of the Round Valley Reservation in California.
Roy's Motel and Cafe Roy's Motel and Café is a defunct motel, café, gas station, auto repair shop on the National Trails Highway of U.S. Route 66 in the Mojave Desert town of Amboy in San Bernardino County, California.
Roy's Motel and Café Roy's Motel and Café is a defunct motel, café, gas station and auto repair shop on the National Trails Highway of U.S. Route 66 in the Mojave Desert town of Amboy in San Bernardino County, Calif...
Russian-American Telegraph The Russian–American Telegraph, also known as the Western Union Telegraph Expedition and the Collins Overland Telegraph, was a $3,000,000 undertaking by the Western Union Telegraph C...
Russian–American Telegraph The Russian American Telegraph, also known as the Western Union Telegraph Expedition and the Collins Overland Telegraph, was a $3,000,000 undertaking by the Western Union Telegraph C...
Sacramento Northern Railway The Sacramento Northern Railway (reporting mark SN) was a electric interurban railway connecting Chico in northern California with Oakland via the California capital, Sacramento.
Sacramento Railyards The Sacramento Railyards is an urban infill brownfield project of approximately at the western terminus of the First Transcontinental Railroad in the Richards Boulevard neighborhood of the city...
Salad Bowl strike The Salad Bowl strike was a series of strikes, mass pickets, boycotts and secondary boycotts that began on August 23, 1970 and led to the largest farm worker strike in U.S. history.
San Diego Free Speech Fight The San Diego Free Speech Fight in San Diego, California in 1912–1913 was one of the most famous of the "free speech fights", class conflicts over the free speech rights of labor unions.
San Francisco Call The San Francisco Call was a newspaper that served San Francisco, California.
San Francisco Riot of 1877 The San Francisco Riot of 1877 was a two day pogrom waged against Chinese immigrants in San Francisco, California by the city's majority white population from the evening of July 23 through the ...
Sierra Club The Sierra Club is one of the oldest, largest, and most influential grassroots environmental organizations in the United States.
Sitgreaves Expedition The Sitgreaves Expedition was a combined American scientific and military mission to explore the Zuni River, the Little Colorado River and the Colorado River in 1851.
Snake War The Snake War (1864–1868) was a war fought by the United States of America against the "Snake Indians", the settlers' term for Northern Paiute, Bannock and Western Shoshone bands who lived along...
Southern Emigrant Trail Southern Emigrant Trail, also known as the Gila Trail, the Kearny Trail, and the Butterfield Stage Trail, was a major land route for immigration into California from the easter...
SS Ada Hancock SS Ada Hancock was a steam-powered tender owned by Phineas Banning used to transfer passengers and cargo to and from large coastal steamships in San Pedro Harbor in the early 1860s.
Stockton - Los Angeles Road Stockton-Los Angeles Road, also known as the Millerton Road, Stockton-Mariposa Road, Stockton-Fort Miller Road or the Stockton-Visalia Road was established about 1853 following the discovery of ...
Stockton Blues The Stockton Blues was a California state militia unit organized in 1857 and disbanded in 1861 due to secessionist dissension.
Stonewall Nation Stonewall Nation was the informal name given to a proposition by gay activists to establish a separatist community in Alpine County, California in 1970.
Sunkist Growers, Incorporated Sunkist Growers, Incorporated is a citrus growers' non-stock membership cooperative composed of 6,000 members from California and Arizona.
Sunset Strip curfew riots The Sunset Strip curfew riots, also known as the "hippie riots," were a series of early counterculture-era clashes that took place between police and young people on the Sunset Strip in Hollywoo...
Symbionese Liberation Army The Symbionese Liberation Army (SLA) was an American self-styled left-wing urban militant group active between 1973 and 1975 that considered itself a revolutionary vanguard army.
Synanon The Synanon organization, initially a drug rehabilitation program, was founded by Charles E. "Chuck" Dederich, Sr., (1913–1997) in 1958, in Santa Monica, California, United States.
Talley v. California Talley v. California, 362 U.S. 60 (1960), was a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States voided a Los Angeles city ordinance which forbade the distribution of any handbills in an...
Tankhouse A tankhouse (also spelled tank house or tank-house) is a water tower enclosed by siding.
Teapot Dome scandal The Teapot Dome scandal was a bribery incident that took place in the United States from 1920 to 1923, during the administration of President Warren G. Harding.
Tejon Creek Tejon Creek, originally in Spanish Arroyo de Tejon, is a stream in Kern County, California.
The Argonaut The Argonaut was a literary journal based in San Francisco, California that ran from 1877 to 1956, founded and published originally by Frank M. Pixley.
The Californian (1880s magazine) The Californian was a San Francisco literary periodical issued monthly during 1880–1882, published by Anton Roman who had helped found the earlier (and later) Overland Monthly.
The Daily Alta California The Alta California or Daily Alta California (often miswritten Alta Californian or Daily Alta Californian) was a 19th-century San Francisco newspaper.
The Indispensable Enemy The Indispensable Enemy: Labor and the Anti-Chinese Movement in California is a labor and California history book by Alexander Saxton, which became one of the founding texts of Asian America...
The Land of Sunshine The Land of Sunshine was a magazine published in Los Angeles, California between 1894 and 1923.
The Octopus: A Story of California The Octopus: A Story of California is a 1901 novel by Frank Norris and was meant to be the first part of an uncompleted trilogy, The Epic of the Wheat.
The Silverado Squatters The Silverado Squatters (1883) is Robert Louis Stevenson's travel memoir of his two-month honeymoon trip with Fanny Vandegrift (and her son Lloyd Osbourne) to Napa Valley, California, in 1880.
Tomol Tomols are plank-built boats, historically and currently used by the Chumash and Tongva Native Americans in the Santa Barbara and Los Angeles area.
Walker family The Walker family came to prominence via its progenitor, TB Walker.
Watts Riots The Watts Riots (or Watts Rebellion) was a race riot that took place in the Watts neighborhood of Los Angeles from August 11 to 17, 1965.
Wheatland Hop Riot The Wheatland Hop Riot was an outburst of physical violence which took place on August 3, 1913 at the Durst Ranch in Wheatland, California, which was embroiled in a strike of agricultural workers.
Workingman's Party The Workingman's Party was a California labor organization led by Denis Kearney in the 1870s.
Zachariah Montgomery Zachariah "Zach" Montgomery (March 6, 1825, Nelson County, Kentucky – September 3, 1900, Los Angeles, California) was a publisher, lawyer, politician, and author, particularly known for hi...
Zamorano Eighty The Zamorano Eighty is a list of books intended to represent the most significant early volumes published on the history of California.
Zoot Suit Riots The Zoot Suit Riots were a series of riots in 1943 during World War II that broke out in Los Angeles, California, between white sailors and Marines stationed in the city and Latino youths, who w...